References or a
bibliography of references, constitute an integral part of a
research work. Although given a smaller space at the end of a
publication, they can not be overlooked being foundation builder of
a research that an author intends to publish. In brief,
investigations need to be based upon all the prior works done in a
field. There are several aspects of bees people have been investing
such as taxonomy, morphology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry,
biology, ethology, behaviour, genetics, molecular biology,
productivity, pollination, artificial domestication, parasitology,
toxicology etc. etc., for many centuries.
There is no such record
available that provides a bird's eye view to the accumulated
references on all aspects of bees throughout the World. Separately
published short but incomplete bibliographies such as for honey
bees, bumble bees, honey and other products are available on
internet. Some attempts during the beginning of the previous
century, for the compilation of works of individual scientist such
as those of T. D. A. Cockerell were made. The segregated reference
wise database was prepared up to year 1970 by ARS, United States
Department of Agriculture. However, none succeeds in providing a
complete overview of the work done so far on bees. This author
initiated the effort approximately six and a half years ago and with
a hindrance of some years, resumed to the present form. The final
hindrance in a complete presentation came forward in the form of
limitation of freely accessible space on the Web. Therefore,
in this initial issue the compilation has been confined to nearly
years 1970 to 2002 A.D.
[Thousands of historic references have also been provided
Author is grateful to the
web server and hope that with the passage of time and when web will
recognize the significance of this work, little liberty will be
extended to this website in providing additional free space and the
volume of this bibliography will acquire its optimum shape within
next one or two years.
It is the time when people
cooperated in this effort should be remembered on this page.
Basically the list of contributors is large since hundreds have
provided their reprints to this author from all over the world since
1979. In spite, the active contributors in finalizing this work are
Dr. J. Woyke, Dr. C. D.
Michener, Dr. J. G. Rozen, Jr., Dr. J. H. Cane, Dr. S. W. T. Batra,
Dr. B. B. Norden, Dr. B. Strickler, Dr. D. W. Roubik, Dr. L. Packer,
Dr. T. F. Houston, Dr. J. O. Schmidt, Dr. P. G. Kevan, Dr. G. E.
Robinson, Dr. M. Beekman, Dr. M. Ayasse, Dr. R. Ayala, Dr. N. D.
Dobrynin, Dr. D. W. Goerzen, Dr. A. Hafetz, Dr. R. Paxton, Dr. S.
Shafir, Dr. D. W. Inouye, Dr. R. L. Minckley, Prof. J. Wilde and Dr. D. Yanega
actively cooperated in sending their complete list of publications.
My special thanks favours Dr. M. Schwarz, Dr. C. D. Michener and Dr.
J. H. Cane whose chain ultimately helped me occupying an active
membership with the Apoidea Server. The developed contacts with many
members helped me modulating the publication in its present shape.
This publication is the
resulted product of cooperation of several libraries and their
administrators of this country and abroad. My special thanks
are due to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, INSDOC,
Indian Museums (Kolkata & Madras), Bombay Natural History Society,
National Academy of Sciences, Indian National Academy of Sciences
[in India] and, International Bee Research Association, University
of Ohio, National Agricultural Library (AGRICOLA), North
Carolina State University Library and University of Moscow Library
[in various countries]. Some journals gratefully cooperated in the
attempt, a few are named here - Environmental Entomology, Journal of
Apicultural Research, Australian Journal of Zoology, Journal of the
Bombay Natural History Society, Bee World, American Bee Journal,
Indian Bee Journal, and the Web hosting Bio-Med Net and the ARS
In addition, libraries of
my own city Jodhpur have been very liberal in providing me
facilities concerning verification of thousands of publications with
the journals available with them. In this regard I pay my gratitude
to the Zoological Survey of India, Central Arid Zone Research
Institute, Arid Forest Research Institute and Jai Narain Vyas
The list of publications of
several authorities could be made complete or almost complete due to
extended help by many dignities in India, a few have been named
here: Dr. S. I. Farooqi, Dr. M. Naim, Dr. R. K. Anand (IARI,
N. Delhi), Dr. N. P. Goyal (Hissar), Dr. D. P. Abrol (Jammu), Dr. N.
P. Kashyap (Palanpur), Dr. M. S. Mani & Dr. K. V. Ramarao (Chennai),
Dr. O. V. Oomen (Trivendrum), Dr. A. G. Sathe (Poona), Dr. T. A.
George (Quilon), Dr. G. K. Srivastava (Kolkata), Dr. Rahlkar
(Mumbai), Dr. R. K. Bhola (Guwahati), Dr. Nalin Shashtri (Arrah),
Mrs. M. Thomas (Bangalore). The unforgettable cooperation extended
by the Scientists at Jodhpur need a place here - Dr. Q.
H. Baqri, Dr. N. S. Rathore, Dr. R. Sewak, Dr. S. Kumar, Dr. P. L. Kankane (Zoological
Survey of India); Dr. K. V. Singh, Dr. M. B. Singh & Dr. S. K. Bansal (Desert Medicine Research Centre); Dr. Seema Kumar (Arid
Forest Research Institute); Dr. Satya Bir, Dr. M. P. Singh & Dr. N.
M. Nahar (Central Arid Zone Research Institute) and, my colleagues -
Dr. G. Tripathi, Dr. S. P. Singh, Dr. D. Mohan, Dr. S. K. Sharma,
Dr. N. S. Shekhawat, Dr. S. P. Bohra, Dr. S. Ramarao, Dr. S.
Sunderamoorthy, Dr. A. Bohra, Dr. H. S. Gehlot etc. etc. in this
University. Many of them have kept my moral high and as required
inspired me to involve in the high task opted for.
I do not remember, for how
many times exactly my computer needed a sincere trouble shoot
however, it went on uninterrupted only because of all time grateful
help extended by Dr. Satish Kumar Sharma, a Hardware specialist
Assistant Professor in the Physics Department, of my Jai Narain Vyas
University, Jodhpur. I am grateful to Mr. Puneet Rao of 'Technosoft'
in providing help in uploading this book to the website 'Geocities.
My special thanks are due to the
authorities of Webserver
who generously provided me enough of webspace to upload the e-book.
Drs. S. K. Sharma, Dr. S.
L. Sharma, Dr. S. Simlote, Dr. S. Negi, Dr. S. Yadav, Dr. R. K. Naval, Dr.
Abhishek Rajpurohit, Dr. S. K. Charan, Mr. S. K. Naval, Mrs. Pooja Joshi,
Mr. Jagdish Saini, Mr. Suresh Kumar Rao and Mrs. Ishrat Jahan, my students, are remembered here since they
cooperated me in the collection of references from many libraries
during different years of their working in my laboratories at
different stations, with me. Their simultaneous labor in updating my
library has been indeed useful in presenting the document in its
I have been to various
libraries for many months to collect the literature and verifying
with reprints simultaneously worked uninterruptedly at home
computing the manuscript and finalizing it up to the present form of
WebPage designing. Therefore I should appreciate a very long patience of my
family who tolerated my ignorance from assigned tasks for at least
more than one and a half year busy all the nights sitting and
framing this document before computer. I pay my sincere thanks to
beloved Mrs. Mala, my wife; Prateek, Kritika and Prakriti my
children who often missed my care, postponing several engagements
This document would have
never been framed if the people listed in it as well as the people
going to be listed in it, might not have explored the knowledge
about bees to this World. Therefore, I dedicate this database to all
those workers on bees who allowed us to know this much about
friendly, useful bees.