An E-Book

Home      Alphabetical Author Reference Index       Acknowledgements       Authors Index     Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010




                                                                         Go back to B1


[Begins from Bo to the end of B alphabet]

[New file created from 3rd issue]


The references those have been included in Second to fourth issues of this updating book are black in colour. Please note the change in colour of text of references from fifth issue onwards.


  • Suggestions: This is best to download all/desired files then open them in Microsoft Word where you can easily use "find" to search your desired field/author/journal etc. mentioning specific words to be searched out.

  • Please do not forget to send me the inclusions [use e-mail given at bottom of address below] of references on all/any field known to you - of any/all categories of bees. This databank is manually maintained therefore only your cooperation can update it perfectly, for the benefit of the whole World.



Bobrzecki, J., Z. Łutowicz & J. Wilde, 1986. Powałkowy poławiacz pyłku [The top pollen trap]. Pszczelarstwo 37(1): 11-12.

Bobrzecki, J., Z. Łutowicz & J. Wilde, 1989. Udoskonalony powałkowy poławiacz  pyłku. [The improvement of board pollen trap]. Pszczelarstwo 40(5): 16-18.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1984. Gospodarka w pasiekach opanowanych przez warrozę. [Management in the apiary with Varroa jacobsoni infestation]. Pszczelarstwo 35(6): 11-13.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1985. Wychów matek w pasiekach opanowanych przez warrozę. [Queen breeding in the apiary with Varroa jacobsoni infestation]. Pszczelarstwo 36(1): 4-6.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1986. Odławianie pyłku przy użyciu różnych poławiaczy. [Pollen trapping with use of different pollen traps]. Pszczelarstwo 37(2): 13-14.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1987. The influence of pollen trapping upon the development and productivity of weak and strong honeybee colonies. Proc. Inter. Apic. Cong. (Apimondia) 31: 421-424.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1988. Vplyv odebrania pel'ovych obnozok na rozvoj a vykon vżelstiev.[The influence of pollen trapping upon the development and productivity of honeybee colonies]. Vćelar 62(6): 134.  [In Czech].

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989a.  Produkcja "jarzębinowego syropu pszczelego" w  rodzinach pszczelich o zróżnicowanej sile. [Production of "mountain-ash bee  syrup" in bee colonies with differentiated strength]. Acta Acad. Agricult.  Techn. Olst. Zootechnica 32: 421-251. [In Polish with English abstract].

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989b. Wpływ pozyskiwania obnóży pyłkowych na rozwój  rodzin pszczelich. [The influence of pollen trapping upon the development of  the honeybee colonies]. Acta Acad. Agricult. Techn. Olst., Zootechnica  32:  253-262. [In In Polish with English abstract].

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989c. Jakość matek wychowywanych w rodzinach pszczelich  porażonych warrozą. [Quality of queens reared in bee colonies attacked by  Varroa disease]. Pszczelarstwo 40(1): 3-5.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989d. Queen rearing under conditions of apiary  infestation with Varroa mite. Workshop on Parasitic Bee Mites and Their  Control, FAO UN, Rome: 15-23.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989e. Wpływ odymiania rodzinek weselnych Apiwarolem,  Warrosektem, Folbeksem lub Fumilatem na matki pszczele, czerw i pszczoły.  [The influence of fumigating of mating nuclei with Apiwarol, Warrosect,  Folbex or Fumilat on queen, brood and worker bees]. Pszczelarstwo 40(3):  2-3.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989f. Wpływ pozyskiwania obnóży pyłkowych przy użyciu  różnych rodzajów i technik poławiania na rodziny pszczele. [The influence of pollen trapping with use of different types and methods of pollen trapping upon the honeybee colonies]. Krajowe Sympozjum: "Pyłek kwiatowy -  pozyskiwanie, przetwarzanie i zastosowanie w lecznictwie". Częstochowa.  Materiały konferencyjne: 13-33.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1989g. Wymiana matek w pasiece doświadczalnej przed i po  pojawieniu się warrozy. [Requeening in an experimental apiary before and  after  occurrence of Varroa jacobsoni]. Pszczelarstwo 40(2): 2-3.

Bobrzecki, J. & J. Wilde, 1991. Wpływ pozyskiwania obnóży trzema rodzajami  poławiaczy pyłku na rozwój i produkcyjność rodzin pszczelich. [The influence  of pollen trapping of 3 types of pollen traps upon the development and  productivity of honeybee colonies]. Pszczeln. Zesz. Nauk. 35: 19-27. [In Polish with English abstract].

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde, Z. Drozdowska & J. Walicki, 1981. Stan pszczelarstwa w Rejonie Zamkniętym Hodowli Pszczoły Augustowskiej, część I. [Conditions of beekeeping in Closed Region of Breeding of the Augustowska honeybee.Part I]. Pszczelarstwo 32(8): 4-5 & 9.

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde & R. Krukowski, 1994a. Wpływ odymiania Apiwarolem,  Warrosektem oraz Folbexem lub Fumilatem na długość użytkowania matek oraz  rozwój i produkcyjność rodzin. [Influence of fumigating against Varroa jacobsoni on the life span of queens bees and brood area during spring and honey production]. Acta Acad. Agricult. Techn. Olst., Zootechnica  39: 213-220. [In Polish with English abstract].

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde & R. Krukowski, 1994b. Wpływ podkarmiania pobudzającego  pyłkiem kwiatowym na rozwój i produkcyjność rodzin. [Influence of stimulative feeding with pollen upon the development, and productivity of bee colonies]. Acta Acad. Agricult. Techn.  Olst., Zootechnica 39: 193-203. [In Polish with English abstract].

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde J. & Z. Łutowicz, 1989a. Dennica głęboka z poławiaczem pyłku.  [The deep bottom with pollen trap]. Pszczelarstwo 40(7): 17-18.

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde J. & Z. Łutowicz, 1989b. Szafkowa suszarka do pyłku. [The  cupboard of desiccator for pollen]. Pszczelarstwo 40(10-11-12): 16-17.

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde J. & Z. Łutowicz, 1990. Wialnia do pyłku. [The winnowing  machine to pollen]. Pszczelarstwo 41(6): 12-14.

Bobrzecki, J., J. Wilde, J. Turzyński, J. Walicki & M. Wyszyński, 1981. Stan pszczelarstwa w Rejonie Zamkniętym Hodowli Pszczoły Augustowskiej, część II. [Conditions of beekeeping in Closed Region of Breeding of the Augustowska Honeybee. Part II]. Pszczelarstwo 32(9): 2-4.  

Boch,  R. & R. A. Morse, 1979. Individual recognition of queens by honeybee swarms. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 72(1): 51-53. 

Boch, R. & R. A. Morse, 1981. Effects of artificial odors and pheromones on queen discrimination by honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74(1): 66-67.

Boch, R. & W. C. Rothenbuhler, 1974. Defensive behavior and production of alarm pheromone in honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research 13(4): 217-221.

Boch,  R., D. A. Shearer & H. Shimanuki, 1973.     Effect of ehtylene oxide fumigation on amino acid ecompsoition of pollen. Environmental Entomology 2(5): 937-938. 

Boch, R., D. A. Shearer & B. C. Stone, 1962. Identification of iso-amyl acetate as an active compound in the sting pheromone of the honey bee. Nature, London 195: 1018-1020. 

Boch, R., D. A. Shearer & J. C. Young,  1975. Honey bee pheromones: Field tests of natural and artificial queen substance.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 1(1): 133-148. 

Bodde, T. 1982. Killer  bees: cause  for  alarm? Apis mellifera scutelata. Bioscience [American  Institute of Biological Science] 32(8): 648-649. 

Bodenheimer, F. S. 1951.  Citrus entomology in the Middle East, with special references to Egypt, Iran, Irak, Palestine, Syria, Turkey.  W. Junk, The Hague, Netherlands.  663 pages. 

Bodenheimer, F. S. & O. Theodor, 1929. Ergebnisse der Sinai-Expedition 1927 der Hebraeischen Universitaet, Jerusalem., Leipzig. 142 pp. 

Bodkin, 1918.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London, 303 pp.  

Bodnarchuk, L. I. 1986.  The ways of protection and efficient use of pollinating insects in the Ukraine. Vestnik Zool. (3): 3-5. [In Russian.] 

Bodnarok, L. I. & V. G. Radchenko,  1985.  Rhophitoides bees and their use for the pollination of alfalfa seed plantings. Vestn. Zool. (6): 38-44. [In Russian.] 

Bodnarok, L. I., V. G. Radchenko & A. A. Vladimirskii, 1988. Megachile willughbiella: A promising alfalfa pollinator in the southeastern Ukrainian SSR [USSR}.  Vestn. Zool. (2): 38-40. [In Russian.] 

Boecking, O. 1992. Removal behavior of Apis mellifera colonies towards sealed brood cells infested with Varroa jacobsoni: techniques extent and efficacy. Apidologie 23: 127.

Boecking, O. 1999. Sealing up and non-removal of diseased and Varroa jacobsoni infested drone brood cells is part of the hygienic behavior in Apis cerana. Journal of Apicultural Research 38: 159-168.

Boecking, O. & Drescher, 1991. Response of Apis mellifera colonies infested with Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 22: 237-241.

Boecking, O. & Drescher, 1992. Apis mellifera removes Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae from sealed brood cells in the tropics. American Bee Journal 132: 732-734.

Boecking, O. & Drescher, 1992. The removal response of Apis mellifera L. colonies to brood in wax and plastic cells after artificial and natural infestation with Varroa jacobsoni Oud. and to freeze-killed brood. Experimental and Applied Acarology 16: 321-329.

Boecking, O. & W. Ritter, 1993. Grooming and removal behavior of Apis mellifera intermissa in Tunisia against Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Apicultural Research 32: 127.

Boecking, O. & W. Ritter, 1994. Current status of behavioral tolerance of the honey bee Apis mellifera to the mite Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 134(10): 689-694.

Boecking, O. & M. Spivak, 1999. Behavioral defenses of honey bees against Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 30: 141-158.

Bogdanov, S. 2004. Beeswax: quality issues today. Bee world 85(3): 46-50.

Bogdanov, Stefan et al. 1999. Influence of organic acids and components of essential oils on honey taste. American Bee Journal  January: 61-63. 

Bogdanov, S. & P. Blumer, 2001a. Natural antibiotic properties of honey. Agrarforschung 8(10): 438-442.

Bogdanov, S. & P. Blumer, 2001b. Natural antibiotic properties of honey. Revue Suisse d'Agriculture 33(5): 219-222.

Bogdanov, S., K. Ruoff & L. P. Oddo, 2004. Physico-chemical methods for the characterisation of unifloral honeys: a review. Apidologie 35: 4-17.

Boggino, P. A. 1971. My experiences with African bees in Paraguay. [Apis mellifera adansonii]. American Bee Journal 111(6): 232. 

Boggino, P. A. 1972a.  African  bees:  an  American  problem.  [Apis  mellifera  adanosnii]. Gac. Colmenar 34(7): 200-201. 

Boggino, P. A. 1972b.  African bees;  the present beekeeping situation in Paraguay. American Bee Journal 112(9): 341.

Boggino, P. A. 1980.  Some  facts on  African  honeybees [Apis mellifera adansonii, races].Gac. Colmenar 42(2): 68-70.

Bohart, G. E.  1947. Wild bees in relation to alfalfa pollination. Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Farm and Home Science 8: 13-14.

Bohart, G. E.  1950. The Alkali bee, Nomia melanderi Cockerell, a native pollinator of alfalfa. In 12th Alfalfa Impr. Conf. Rpt., pp. 32-35. Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.

Bohart, G. E.  1952.  Pollination by native insects. In: United States Department of Agriculture Yearbook (Agriculture) : 107-121.

Bohart, G. E.  1955a.  Gradual nest supersedure within the genus Osmia (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae).  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 57: 203-204.

Bohart, G. E.  1955b.  Notes on the habits of Osmia (Nothosmia) seclusa Sandhouse (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae).  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 57: 235-236.

Bohart, G. E. 1955c.  Alkali bees vs. drainage.  Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Farm & Home Science 16: 23-24.

Bohart, G. E. 1957. Pollination of alfalfa and red clover. Annual Review of Entomology (Palo Alto) 2: 355 - 380.

Bohart, G. E. 1958a. Transfer and establishment of the alkali bee. 16th Alfalfa Improvement Conference, Ithaca, N. Y., July 28-30, 1958: 1-4.

Bohart, G. E. 1958b. Alfalfa pollinators with special reference to species other than honeybees. In 10th lnternatl. Cong. Ent. Proc., Montreal, Aug. 1956, 4: 929-937.

Bohart, G. E. 1960.  Insect pollination of forage legumes.  Adv. Agron. 12: 72-88.

Bohart, G. E. 1962a. Introduction of foreign pollinators, prospects and problems. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Pollination, Copenhagen, Aug. 1960.  Swedish Seed Growers’ Association, No. 7: 181-188.

Bohart, G. E. 1962b.  How to manage the alfalfa leaf cutting bee for Alfalfa pollination.  Utah Agr. Exp. Sta. Circular No. 144: 1-7. 

Bohart, G. E. 1963.  How to manage the leaf cutting bee for Alfalfa pollination.  Utah Agr. Exp. Sta. Circular No. 144: 1-7 [Revised]. 

Bohart, G. E. 1964.  Notes on the biology and larval morphology of Xenoglossa strenua (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 40: 174-182. 

Bohart, G. E. 1965.  A new genus of dufoureine bee from Texas (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society Of America 58: 319-321.

Bohart, G. E. 1967. Management of wild bees. Pp. 109-118. In Beekeeping in the United States, United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 335.

Bohart, G. E. 1970a. Commercial production and management of wild bees-A new entomological industry. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 16(1): 8-9.

Bohart, G. E.  1970b. The evolution of parasitism among bees. 41st Honor Lecture, Utah State University, Logan. ii + 30 pp.

Bohart, G. E. 1970c. Should beekeepers keep wild bees for pollination? American Bee Journal 110(4): 137.

Bohart, G. E. 1971a. Management of habitats for wild bees. Tall Timbers Conf. on Ecological Animal Control by Habitat Management, Feb. 25-27, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, Fla. Proc. 2: 253-266.

Bohart, G. E. 1971b. Pesticides and non-target insects. Utah Science 32(2): 73. 

Bohart, G. E.  1972.  Management of wild bees for the pollination of crops. Annual Review of Entomology 17:  287-312.  

Bohart, G. E.  1980.  New species of North American bees of the genus Dufourea (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) with descriptions of 2 previously undescribed females. Technical Bulletin United States Department of Agriculture No. 1618: 1-21.  

Bohart, G. E. & E. A. Cross,  1955. Time relationships in the nest construction and life cycle of the alkali bee. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 48: 403-406. 

Bohart, G. E. & T. L. Griswold, 1987.  A revision of the dufoureine genus Micralictoides Timberlake.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 63(2): 178-193.  

Bohart, G. E. & T. L. Griswold, 1997. A revision of the rophitine genus Protodufourea. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 69 (1996 Supplement): 177-184.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton, 1952a. Wild bees for pollination of the alfalfa seed crop in Utah. Utah Agr. Ext. Serv. Fact Sheet 8. Leaflet.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton, 1952b. Yearly population fluctuations of Bombus morrisoni at Freedonia, Arizona. Journal of Economic Entomology 45: 890-891.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton, 1960.  Managing alkali bees for alfalfa pollination. Publication from Utah State Univrsity, Extension Services, Logan. 8 pages.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton,  1964. Managing the alfalfa leafcutter bee for higher alfalfa seed yields. Utah Agricultural Extension Services, Extension Leaflet No.104: 1-6.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton,  1968. Alkali bees – how to manage them for alfalfa pollination. Utah State University Extension Series EL 78: 1-7.

Bohart, G. E. & G. F. Knowlton,  1971. Managing the alfalfa leafcutter bee for higher alfalfa seed yields. Utah Agricultural Extension Services, Extension Leaflet No.108: 1-8.

Bohart, G. E., G. F. Knowlton, W. P. Nye & F. E. Todd, 1950.   Study of pollinating insects pp. 44 - 71. In: Growing Alfalfa for Seed in Utah, Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Circular No. 125.

Bohart, G. E., M. J. Moradeshagi & R. W. Rust, 1967.  Competition between honey bees and wild bees on alfalfa. In: 21st Intern. Beekeeping Congr. Preliminary Science Mtg. Summary Paper 31: 481-482.

Bohart, G. E. & W. P. Nye, 1960.  Insect pollinators of carrots in UtahUtah Agric.  Exp.  Stn. Bull. 419: 1-15.

Bohart, G. E. & W. P. Nye, 1976. Insect pollinators of alfalfa grown for seed.  In: Insects and nematodes associated with alfalfa in UtahUtah Agric. Exper. Sta. Tech. Bull. No. 494: 33-45. 

Bohart, G. E., W. P. Nye & L. R. Hawthorn, 1970. Onion pollination as affected by different levels of pollinator activity. Bulletin of the Utah State University Experiment Station 482: 1-57.

Bohart, G. E., W. P. Nye & M. D. Levin, 1955. Pollination pp. 42-59.  In: Growing Alfalfa for Seed. Utah Agr. Expt. Sta. Cir. 135.

Bohart, G. E. &  M. W. Pederson, 1963. The alfalfa leaf cutting bee, Megachile rotundata (F.) for pollination of alfalfa in cages.  Crop Science 3(2): 183-184.  

Bohart, G. E., W. P. Stephen & R. K. Eppley, 1960. The biology of Heterostylum robustum, a parasite of the Alkali bee.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53: 425-435. 

Bohart, G. E., P. F. Torchio, Y. Maeta & R. W. Rust, 1972.          Notes on the biology of Emphoropsis pallida Timberlake. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 45(3): 381-392.   

Bohart, G. E. & N. N. Youssef, 1976.  The biology and behaviour of Evylaeus galpinsiae Cockerell (Hym., Halictidae). Wasmann Journal of Biology 34: 185-234. 

Bohart, R. M. & A. S. Menke, 1976.  Sphecid wasps of the World University of California Press, Berkeley. ix + 695 pp. 

Boireau, C. F. 1974. The African bee, the American vandal [Apis mellifera adansonii]. Gac. Colmenar 36(10): 335-336. 

Boireau, C. F. 1977. With regard to Africanized honeybees [Apis mellifera adansonii, Africa, South America]. Gac. Colmenar 39(10): 418-422. 

Boisduval, J. B. A.  1835.  Voyage de decouvertes de l’Astrolabe. Execute par ordre du Roi, pensant les annees 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont D’Urville. Fauna Entomologique de l’Océan Pacifique. Part 2. Coleopteres et autres ordres. J. Tastu, Paris. 716 pp. 

Bolchi, S. G. 1988.  On the morphology of male genitalia of some Bombus (Hymenoptera: Bombidae).  Boll. Zool. Agrar. Bachic. 20: 1-16.

Boleli, I. C., Z. L. P. Simoes & M. M. G. Bitondi, 1999. Cell death in ovarioles causes permanent sterility in Frieseomelitta varia worker bees. Journal of morphology, Philadelphia 242(3): 271-282. 

Boleli, I. C., Z. L. P. Simoes & M. M. G. Bitondi, 2000. Regression of the lateral oviducts during the larval-adult transformation of the reproductive system of Melipona quadrifasciata and Frieseomelitta varia. Journal of Morphology 243(2); 141-151. 

Boleli, I. C., Z. L. P. Simoes & K. Hartfelder, 1998. The stomatogastric nervous system of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) in a critical phase of caste development. Journal of Morphology 236(2): 139-149.

Bolger, P. 2001. Varroa update: South Island remains varroa free. Biosecurity No. 32: 5-6.

Bollhalder, F. 1999. Trichogramma for wax moth control. American Bee Journal, September: 711-712. 

Bolten, A. B.  1982. Numbers of spermatozoa in the spermatheca of the queen honeybee after multiple inseminations with small volumes of semen. Journal of Apicultural Research 21(1): 7-10.  

Bolten, A. B. & P. Feinsinger, 1978. Why do hummingbird flowers secrete dilute nectar? Biotropica 110(4): 307-309. 

Bolten, A. B., P. Feinsinger, H. G. Baker & I. Baker, 1979.  On the calculation of sugar concentration in flower nectar.  Oecologia 41(3): 301-304.  

Bolten, A. [B.] & J. Harbo, 1982. Numbers of spermatozoa in the spermatheca of the queen honeybee after multiple inseminations with small volumes of semen. Journal of Apicultural Research 21(1): 7-10.

Bolten, A. B., F. A. Robinson, J. L. Nation, S. J. Yu, 1983. Food sharing between honeybee colonies in flight cages. Journal of Apicultural Research 22(2): 98-100. 

Bolton, J. L. 1962. Alafalfa: Botany, cultivation and utilization. Interscience Publishers, London & New York. 474 pages. 

Bomsa, J. J. & A. Grafen,  1991.  Colony-level sex ratio selection in the eusocial Hymenoptera.  J. Evol. Biol. 4(3): 383-408. 

Bondar, G. 1942.  Entomology of palm flowers.  Proceedings of the 8th American Science Congress 3: 297-302. [In Portuguese.] 

Bondoc, I., D. Bondoc & E. Sindilar, 1999. Natural toxic honey. Revista Romana de Medicina Veterinara 9(3): 289-297.

Bonelli, [P.] B. 1948. Osservazioni biologiche sull' Halictus malachurus Kirby (Hymenoptera-Apidae). Boll. Ist. Ent., Univ. Bologna 17: 22-42.

Bonelli, P. B. 1967a. Osservazioni biologiche sugli immenotteri melliferi e predator della val di fiemme. XVIII. Contributo Chelostoma maxillosum L.  (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Studi Trent Sci. Nat. (Ser. B) 44: 14-29.    

Bonelli, P. B. 1967b. Osservazioni biologiche sugli immenotteri melliferi e predator della val di fiemme. XIX.  Contributo Osmia coerulescens L. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae).  Studi Trent Sci. Nat. (Ser. B) 44: 30-43. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1967c. Osservazioni biologiche sugli immenotteri melliferi e predator della val di fiemme. XXVI. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi. Bologna 28: 305-317. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1968a.  Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi a predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXIV. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll.  Bologna Univ. Ist Entomol. Boll.  29: 189-196.  

Bonelli, P. B. 1968b.  Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXIX. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll.  29: 149-154.  

Bonelli, P. B. 1970a. Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXX. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll. 29: 155-163.   

Bonelli, P. B. 1970b.  Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXI. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll. 29: 165-172.   

Bonelli, P. B. 1970c. Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXII. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll. 29: 173-178.   

Bonelli, P. B. 1970d. Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXIII. Bologna Univ. Inst Entomol. Boll. 29: 179-187. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1970e. Osservazioni biologiche sugli immenotteri melliferi e predator della val di fiemme. XXXV. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi. Bologna 29: 197-296. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1970f. Osservazioni biologiche sugli immenotteri melliferi e predator della val di fiemme. XXXVI. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi. Bologna 29: 189-196. 

Bonelli, P. B.  1970g.  Hymenoptera Aculeata from the Retino-Alto Ridge region: III. Studi. Trentini Sci. Nat. (Ser. B) Bio. 47(2): 141-149. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1971a.  Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXVIII. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi Bologna 30: 77-87. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1971b.  Osservazioni eto-ecologiche sugli Imenotteri Aculeati dell'Etiopia. III. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi Bologna 30: 219-224.  

Bonelli, P. B. 1971c. Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXVII. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi Bologna 30: 65-75.  

Bonelli, P. B. 1972. Osservazioni biologiche sugli Imenotteri melliferi e predatori della Val di Fiemme. XXXIX. Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi Bologna 31: 1-11.

Bonelli, P. B. 1974. Osservazioni eto-ecologiche sugli imenotteri aculeati dell’Etiopia VI. Bol. Inst. Entomol. Univ. Bologna 32: 105-132. 

Bonelli, P. B. 1976. Etho-ecological observations on Hymenoptera Aculeata of Ethiopia VII. Xylocopa (Mesotrichia) combusta Smith (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae).  Boll. Inst Entomol. Univ. Studi. Bologna 33: 1-31. 

Bonetti, A. M., C. Cruz-Landim da & W. E. Kerr, 1994. Sex determination in bees. XXX. Effects of juvenile hormone on the development of tergal glands in Melipona. Journal of Apicultural Research 33(1): 11-14.   

Bonilla-Gómez, M. A. & G. Nates-Parta, 1992. Abejas euglosinas de Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apidae), 1. Claves ilustradas. Caldasia 17: 149-172.

Bonmatin, J. M., P. A. Marchand, R. Charvet, I. Moineau, E. R. Bengsch & M. E. Colin, 2005. Quantification of imidacloprid uptake in maize crops. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 53(13): 5336-5341.

Bonod, I., J. C. Sandoz, Y. Loublier & M. H. Pham-Delegue, 2003. Learning and discrimination of honey odours by the honey bee. Apidologie 34(2): 147-159.

Bonuehi, J. S.  1990.  Study of adulteration of bees wax (Apis mellifera L.).  Grasas. Aceites. 41(1): 69-72. 

Boomsma, J. J. & G. C. Eickwort, 1993. Colony structure, provisioning and sex allocation in the sweat bee Halictus ligatus (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 48(4): 355-377.   

Boomsma, J. J., F. L. W. Ratnieks, 1996. Paternity in eusocial hymenoptera. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 351: 947-975.  

Bono, J. M. & B. J. Crespi, 2008. Cofoundress relatedness and group productivity in colonies of social Dunatothrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) on Australian Acacia. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology 62(9): 1489-1498. [Electronic Resource:].

Boot, W., J. Calis, & J. Beetsma, 1995. Does time spent on adult bees affect reproductive success of Varroa mites? Entomolgia Experimentalis et Applicata 75: 1-7.

Boot, W. et al. 1994. Factors affecting invasion of Varroa jacobsoni into honeybee, Apis mellifera, brood cells. Bulletin of Entomological Research 84: 3-10.

Boot, W. et al. 1995. Why do Varroa mites invade worker brood cells of the honey bee despite lower reproductive success? Behavior, Ecology and Sociobiology 36: 283-289.

Boot, W. et al. 1997. Reproductive success of Varroa jacobsoni in brood of its original host, Apis cerana, in comparison to that of its new host, A. mellifera. Bulletin of Entomological Research 87: 119-126.

Boot, W. et al. 1999. Natural selection of Varroa jacobsoni explains the different reproductive strategies in colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera. Experimental & Applied Acarology 23: 133-144.

Booth, C. L. 1989. A model city beekeeping ordinance developed for Texas by the Texas Beekeepers Association. American Bee Journal 129(12): 793-797. 

Booth, W.  1988. USDA fights to repel African bees' invasion. Science 242(4877): 368-369.

Boppre, M., S. M. Colegate, J. A. Edgar & O. W. Fischer, 2008. Hepatotoxic Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in pollen and drying-related implications for commercial processing of bee pollen. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 56(14): 5662-5672. [Electronic Resource:].

Bordsgaard, H. F., C. J. Hansen & G. L. Lovei, 2003. Environmental risk assessment of transgene products using honey bee (Apis mellifera) larvae. Apidologie 34(2): 139-145. 

Boreham, M. M. & D. W. Roubik, 1987.  Population change and control of Africanized honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the Panama canal area. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 1987: 34-39.

Boren, R. B., R. L. Parker & E. L. Sorensen,1962. Foraging behaviour of honeybees on selected alfalfa clones. Crop Science 2: 185-188.

Boris, B. 2005. Sexual selection in Apis bees. Apidologie 36(2): 187-200.

Borg-Karlson, A. 1986.  Chemical and behavioural studies of pollination in the genus Ophrys L. (Orchidaceae).  Dissertation Abst. Int. 47(2): 339.

Borg-Karlson, A. & I. Groth, 1986.  Volatiles from the flowers of four species in the sections Arachitiformes and Araneiferae of the genus Ophrys as insect mimetic attractants. Phytochemistry 25(6): 1297-1299.

Borg-Karlson, A. K. & J. Tengo,  1986.  Odor mimetism? Key substances in the Ophrys luteaAndrena pollination relationship (Orchidaceae: Andrenidae).  Journal of Chemical Ecology 12(9): 1927-1941.

Borg-Karlson, A. K., J. Tengo,  I. Valterova, C. R. Unelius, T. Taghizadeh, T.Tolasch & W. Francke, 2003. (S)-(+)-linalool, a mate attractant pheromone component in the bee Colletes cunicularius. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29(1): 1-14.

Borken, W. & F. Beese, 2005a. Control of nitrous oxide emissions in European beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine forests. Biogeochemistry 76(1): 141-159.

Borken, W. & F. Beese, 2005b. Soil respiration in pure and mixed stands of European beech and Norway spruce following removal of organic horizons. Canadian journal of forest research 35(11): 2756-2764.

Borneck, R. 1973. Reflections on the problem of Apis adansonii. Rev. Fr. Apic. 30(9): 228-229. 

Borneck, R. & P. Lavie, 1976a. Practical information on infestation by the Varroa mite. Abeille Fr. Apicul. 599: 355-356.

Borneck, R. & P. Lavie, 1976b. Practical information on infestation by the Varroa mite. Rev. Fr. Apic. 348: 534-535.  

Borneck, R. & B. Merle, 1989.  Essai d’une évaluation de l’incidence économique de l’abeille pollinisatrice dans l’agriculture européenne. Apiacta 24: 33-38. 

Börner, C. 1919.  Stammesgeschichte der Hautflüger.  Biologisches Zentralblatt 39(4): 145-186. 

Bornus, L. 1972. Results of the comparative evaluation of hybrids between several races of bees. Buletin Scientifique de 1 Apimondia. Pp. 121-123.

Bornus, L., J. Bobrzecki, C. Bojarczuk, M. Gromisz, J. Kalinowski, A. Krol, J. Nowakowski, W. Ostrowska, J. Woznica & J. Zaremba, 1974. Productive value of interracial hybrids of honey bees in the condition of Poland. Pszczelnicze Zeszyty Naukowe  18: 1-51. [In Polish].   

Bornus, L., M. Gromisz & J. Nowakowski, 1977.   Use of some morphological features in the honeybee taxonomy. Pp. 200-202. In: International Symposium on Bee Genetics, Selection and Reproduction, Moscow. [1976]. 

Bornus, L. & J. Nowakowski, 1974. Wintering of bees in single walled hives in cold climate. Apiacta 9(3): 105-106.

Boromenshenk, J. J. & N. Lockwood-Ogan,  1990. Sonic digitizer as an alternative method to assess honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony dynamics.  Journal of Economic Entomology 83(5): 1791-1794.

Borst, P. 2006. How the honey bee got its stripes. American bee journal 146(6): 505-506. 

Borst, P. 2008. Keeping bees without chemicals. Part three. American bee journal 148(7): 619-622.

Borst, P. 2008. Keeping bees without chemicals. Part Two. American bee journal 148(6): 525-527.

Borst, P. 2008. The Red Queen's army. American bee journal 148(1): 59-61.

Bortoli, C. & S. Laroca, 1990. estudo biocenótico em Apoidea (hymenoptera) de uma área restrita em São José dos Pinhais (PR, Sul do Brasil), com notas comparativas. Dusenia 15: 1–112. 

Borum, A. E. & M. Ulgen, 2008. Chalkbrood (Ascosphaera apis) infection and fungal agents of honey bees in North-West Turkey. Journal of apicultural research 47(2): 170-171.

Bourgeois, L., A. Sylvester, R. Danka & T. Rinderer, 2008. Comparison of microsatellite DNA diversity among commercial queen breeder stocks of Italian honey bees in the United States and Italy. Journal of apicultural research 47(2):
93-98. [Electronic Resource:].

Bosch, J., M. Blas & A. Lacasa, 1992.  Osmia cornuta (Hymenoptera; Megachilidae), a new pollinator for almonds.  Fruticultura – Profesional (Spain) 44: 65-71. [In Spanish.]

Bosch, J.,  F. García del Pino, J. Ramoneda, J. Retana, 1996. Fruiting phenology and fruit set in four carob cultivars, Ceratonia siliqua L. (Cesalpinaceae). Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 44: 359-368.

Bosch, J. & W. P. Kemp, 1999. Development and emergence of the orchard pollinator, Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology 29: 8-13. 

Bosch, J. & W. P. Kemp,  2000. Exceptional cherry production in an orchard pollinated with blue orchard bees. Bee World  80:163-173. [1999].

Bosch, J. & W. P. Kemp, 2002. Developing and establishing bee species as crop pollinators: the example of Osmia spp. (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) and fruit trees. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92(1): 3-16.

Bosch, J. & W. P. Kemp, 2004. Effect of pre-wintering and wintering temperature regimes on weight loss, survival, and emergence time in the mason bee Osmia cornuta (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Apidologie 35: 469-479.

Bosch, J. & W. P. Kemp, 2005. Alfalfa leafcutting bee population dynamics, flower availability, and pollination rates in two Oregon alfalfa fields. Journal of economic entomology 98(4): 1077-1086.

Bosch, J.,  W. P. Kemp  &  S. S. Peterson, 1998. Management of Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) populations for almond pollination:  Methods to advance bee emergence.  Environ. Entomol. [Incomplete].

Bosch, J., W. P. Kemp & G. E. Trostle, 2006. Bee Population Returns and Cherry Yields in an Orchard Pollinated with Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of economic entomology 99(2): 408-413. [electronic resource:].

Bosch, J., Y. Maeta & R. Rust, 2001.  A phylogenetic analysis of nesting behavior in the genus Osmia (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94(4): 617-627.

Bosch, J.,  J. Retana  & X. Cerdá, 1997. Flowering phenology, floral traits and pollinator composition in a herbaceous mediterranean plant community. Oecologia (Berlin) 109: 583-591.

Bosch, J., N. Vicens & M. Blas, 1993.  Análisis de los nidos de algunos Megachilidae nidificates en cavidades preestablecidas.  Orsis 8: 53-63.

Boselli, E., M. F. Caboni, A. G. Sabatini, G. L. Marcazzan & G. Lercker, 2003. Determination and changes of free amino acids in royal jelly during storage. Apidologie 34(2): 129-137.

Bosisio,  M. 1990. Faster-acting menthol for bees. Agricultural Research, January: 22.

Botero Garces, N. & G. Morales Soto, 2000. Production of apple (Malus sp. cv Anna) in western Antioquia using the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomia Medellin 53(1): 849-862.

Bouche, P. F. 1834. Naturgeschichte der Insekten, besonders in Hinsicht ihrer ersten Zustaende als Larven und Puppen. Nievlaischen Buchhandlung, Berlin. 216 pp.

Bouga, M., P. C. Harizanis, G. Kilias & S. Alahiotis, 2005. Genetic divergence and phylogenetic relationships of honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) populations from Greece and Cyprus using PCR - RFLP analysis of three mtDNA segments. Apidologie 36(3): 335-344.

Boulangé, H. 1924.  Recherches sur l’Appareil Copulateur des Hyménoptères et Spécialement des Chalastogastres.  Thèses Faculty of Science Nancy, 1-444.

Boulanger, L.W., G.W. Wood, E.A. Osgood & C.O. Dirks, 1967. Native bees associated with low-bush blueberry in Maine and eastern Canada. Maine Agricultural Experimental Station, Orono, Maine and the Canada Agricultural Research Station, Fredericton, New Brunswick. Technical Series Bulletin No.  26: 1-22.

Bounias, M. 1988. Interaction of propranolol and somatostatin with the octopaminergic response of the honey bee lipemia in vivo. C. R. Seances Soc. Biol. Fil. 182(1): 37-43. 

Bounias, M., N. Dujin & D. S. Popeskovic, 1985.  Sublethal effects of a synthetic pyrethroid, delta methrin, on the glycemia, the lipemia and the gut alkaline phosphatases of honey bees.  Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 24(2): 149-160.

Bounias, M. & M. R. J. Morgan, 2001. Kinetic responses of alpha-glucosidase versus trehalase and sucrase activities in worker honeybees fed with trehalose. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry 14(1/2): 13-19.

Bourke, A. F. G. 1988.  Worker reproduction in the higher eusocial Hymenoptera.  Quarterly Review of Biology 63: 291-311. 

Bourke, A. F. G. & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 1999. Kin conflict over caste determination in social Hymenoptera. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 46: 287-297.  

Bourke, A. F. G. & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 2001. Kin-selected conflict in the bumble bee Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera : Apidae). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 268: 347-355.  

Bourke,  J.  B.  &  R.  A.  Morse,  1982. Documenting honey bee pesticide loss (USA). American Bee Journal 122(11): 780.  

Bouseman, J. K. 1975. Peponapis fervens smith in Bolivia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 77(4): 508. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1976. Peponapis citrullina (Cockerell) in the Orinoco Basin (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 78: 112. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1977. The squash and gourd bees, Peponapis azteca Hurd and Linsley and Xenoglossa gabbii Crawfordi Cockerell in Chihuahua, Mexico (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 79: 488-489.  

Bouseman, J. K. 1978. Oxaea austera Gerstaecker in Bolivia, with a new host record (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 80: 128. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1982a. Andrena haynesi, new record in illinois : A sunflower bee new to the eastern USA (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 75-76. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1982b. Recent collections of Nomia triangulifera on sunflower in Illinois, USA (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 95-96. 

Bouseman, J. K.  1982c. Notes on the rediscovery of Xeromelecta interrupta in Illinois, USA (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(2): 349-350. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1982d.  Coelioxys bisoncornua, new record in Illinois: A sunflower associated Kleptoparasitic bee new to the eastern USA (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(2): 406-407.   

Bouseman, J. K.  1986.  Dufourea novaeangliae in Illinois, with confirmation of host plant (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).  Great Lakes Entomol. 19(4): 203-204. 

Bouseman, J. K. 1987. Collection of Melissodes (Apomelissodes) apicata in Illinois (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 60(2): 335-336. 

Bouseman, J. K. & W. E. LaBerge, 1979.  A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the Western Hemisphere, Part IX. Subgenus Melandrena. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 104: 275-389. 

Bowden, R. M., M. F. Garry & M. D. Breed, 1994. Discrimination of con- and heterospecific bees by Trigona (Tetragonisca) angustula guards. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 67(1): 137-139.

Bowden, R. M., S. Williamson & M. D. Breed, 1998.  Floral oils: Their effects on nestmate recognition in the honey bee, Apis melliferaInsectes Sociaux 45: 209-214. 

Bowen-Walker, P. L. & A. Gunn, 2001. The effect of the ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor on adult worker honeybee (Apis mellifera) emergence weights, water, protein, carbohydrate, and lipid levels. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 101(3): 207-217.

Bowen-Walker, P. L., S. J. Martin & A. Gunn, 1999. The transmission of deformed wing virus between honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) by the ectoparasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 73: 101–106. 

Bowers, K. A. W. 1975.  The pollination ecology of Solanum rostratumAmerican Journal of Botany 62(6): 633-638. 

Bowers, M. A. 1985. Bumble bee (Bombus) colonization, extinction and reproduction in subalpine meadows in northeastern Utah, USA. Ecology 66: 914-927.  

Bowers, M. A. 1986. Resource availability and timing of reproduction in bumble bees (Bombus flavifrons) colonies (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Environmental Entomology 15(3): 750-755.  

Bowers, M. [A]. 1986.  Density dynamics of bmblelbees in subalpine meadows: Competition and resource limitation. Holarctic Ecol. 9(3): 175-184.   

Bowles, G. J. 1879. Notes on the humble bees. Canadian Entomologist 11: 134-137. 

Bowman,  A. W.  1934.  Pollination of alfalfa. American Bee Journal 74: 107. 

Boyle-M., R. M. D. 1988.  The importance of native pollinators in cultivated orchards: Their abundance and activities in relation to weather conditions. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 118 [1987]: 125-142. 

Boyle-M., R. M. D. & B. J. R. Philogene, 1983.  The native pollination of an apple orchard variations and significance. J. Horitc. Sci. 58(3): 355-364. 

Boyden, T. C. 1987. Advance of the killer bees. Animals 120(6): 23-27.

Bozek, M. 2002. Flowering biology and pollen flow of three species from genus Salvia L. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska. Sectio EEE, Horticultura 10: 51-57.

Bozhilova, E. & N. V. Chan, 1973.  Pollen and chemical analysis of honey sasmples from different districts of BulgariaGod. Safii. Univ. Biol. Fak. 67(2) [1972]: 15-30. 

Bozic, J. & T. Valentincic, 1991. Attendants and followers of honey bee waggle dances.  Journal of Apicultural Research 30(3/4): 125-131. 

Brach, V.  1978.  Notes on the biology of Lithurgus gibbosus Smith in FloridaBulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 77: 144-147. 

Bradacs, H. & K. Kral,  1990.  Innervation of an insect asynchronous flight muscle as seen with scanning electron Microscope. Z. Mikrosk. – Anat. Forsch. (Leipz)  104(2): 287-297. 

Bradbear, N. J. & F. A. Clements, 1988. Honeybees in Bhutan. Pp. 504-505. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Cairo, Egypt, 6-10 November 1988. [Sponsored by Government of Egypt & International Bee Research Association].  

Bradner, N. R., R. V. Frakes & W. P. Stephen, 1965.  Effects of bee species and isolation distances on possible varietal contamination in alfalfa.  Agron. J. 57: 247-248.

Brady, N. F., P. C. Molan & C. G. Harfoot, 1997. The sensitivity of dermatophytes to the antimicrobial activity of manuka honey and other honey. Pharmaceutical Sciences 2: 1-3.

Brady, S. G., S. Sipes, A. Pearson & B. N. Danforth, 2006. Recent and simultaneous origins of eusociality in halictid bees. [Electronic Resource:]. Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological sciences 273(1594): 1643-1649.

Braga, P. I. S. 1976.  Attraction of orchid bee pollinators by odors in the Campina, Campinarana and tropical rain forest of the Manaus region. Cienc. Cult. 28(7): 767-773.

Bragaglia, M. M.,  M. A. Vecchi  &  H. Wille, 1973. Study on the hemolymph of the honeybee (Apis mellifica L.).  IV. ultrastructural observations on the scutellum areas o f the pupae. Redia G- Zool. 1973 Ser.3: 169-177.

Bram, R. A. 1987. The USDA-ARS research program on Africanized honey bees. American Bee Journal 127(12):   841. 

Branch, E. G. & P. Poirier, 1970.  Electronic identification of dead larvae of the alfalfa leaf-cutter bee.  Canadian Entomologist 102(10): 1300-1303. 

Branch,  T.  W. 1971.  The  African  bee in  Rhodesia. [Apis mellifera adansonii]. American Bee Journal 111(9): 353. 

Brand, D. D. 1988.  The honey bee in New Spain and MexicoJournal of Cultural Geography 9: 71-82. 

Brandeburgo, M., L. Goncalves & W. Kerr, 1977. Effect of Brasilian climatic conditions upon the aggressivness of Africanised colonies of honeybees. Publ. Universiade de Sao Paulo 12(14): 7001-362.

Brandeburgo, M. A. M., L. S. Goncalves  & W. E. Kerr, 1979. Influence of climatic conditions on the aggressive behavior of Africanized honeybee. Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. 1978: 219-220. 

Brandeburgo, M. A. M., L. S. Goncalves, A. F. de Lima  &  M. de L. de Queiroz, 1979.  Study of the biology of the Africanized honeybee in northeastern Brazil Apis mellifera, behavior, effects of climate and weather, swarming. Estudo da biologia da abelha africanizada no Nordeste. Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. (1978): 137-138. 

Brandeburgo, M. A. M., L. S. Goncalves &  W. E. Kerr, 1979. Influence of climatic conditions on the aggressive behavior of Africanized honeybee in Brazil. Apiculture em Clima Quente 1978: 219-220.

Brandeburgo, M. A. M. & L.S. Goncalves, 1990. Influence of environmental factors on the development of Africanized bees (Apis mellifera) colonies.Revista Brasileira De Biologia (1989) 49(4): 1035-1038.

Brandeburgo, M., A. Manredi & L. S. Gonlocues, 1989.  Influence of environmental factors on the development of Africanized bee (Apis mellifera) colonies.  Rev. Bras. Biol. 1989 (1990) 49(4): 1035-1038. [In Portugese with English summary.].

Brandes, C. 1985. Differences in learning behaviour of honey bees collecting sugar water at artificial food sources. Apidologie 16: 203-205.

Brandes, C. 1988. Estimation of heritability of learning behaviour in honeybees (Apis mellifera capensis). Behav. Genet. 18: 119-132.

Brandes, C., B. Frisch & R. Menzel, 1988. Time-course of memory formation differs in honey bee lines selected for good and poor learning. Animal Behaviour 36: 981-985.

Brandes, C. & R. Menzel, 1990. Common mechanisms in proboscis extension conditioning and visual learning revealed by genetic selection in honey bees (Apis mellifera capensis). J. Comp. Physiol. A 166: 545-552.

Brandes, C., R. Menzel & M. Sugawa, 1990. HPLC measurement of catecholamines in single honey bee brains reveal caste specific differences between worker bees and queens. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C 97: 53-57.

Brandon, J. G & R. G. Coss, 1982.  Rapid dendric spine stem shortening during 1-trait learning, the honey bee Ist orientation flight. Brain Res. 252(1): 51-62.

Branjes, N. B. M. (ed.), 1973. Pollination and dispersalUniversity of Jijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands. 125 pages.

Brandt, R., C. G. Galizia, A. Steege, J. Rybak & R. Menzel, 1999. An Electronic atlas of the bee brain: the mushroom bodies. Pp. 588-588. Göttingen Neurobiology Report 1999 - Proceedings of the 1st Göttingen Conference of the German Neuroscience Society 1999, Volume II. Presented at 27th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference.

Brandt, R. & M. Vorobyev, 1997. Metric analysis of threshold spectral sensitivity in the honeybee. Vision Res. 37: 425-439.

Brar, H. S., B. S. Brar, S. Gatoria & H. S. Jhajj, 1996. Biology of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. infesting Apis mellifera L. in Punjab. Journal of Insect Science 9(1): 12-14.

Brar, H. S., H. S. Jhajj, G. S. Gatoria & B. S. Chahal, 1987.  Effect of different winter packing materials on brood rearing and honey storage in Apis mellifera Linn. J. Res. Punjab Agric. Univ. 24(4): 623-627.

Bratkowski, J., M. Siuda & J. Wilde, 1999. Plantacje gryki jako pożytek pyłkowy i nektarowy w gospodarce pasiecznej. [Buckwheat platnations as pollen and nectar folw in beekeeping management]. Biul. Nauk. 4: 107-110.

Bratkowski, J., M. Siuda & J. Wilde, 2002a. Koszt nowoczesnego ula wykonanego samodzielnie. [Cost of a modern hive made by the beekeeper]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 163-168.

Bratkowski, J., M. Siuda & J. Wilde, 2002b. Proces dydaktyczny w Katedrze Pszczelnictwa UWM. [Educational process at the Department of Apiculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn]. Biul. Nauk., 19(6): 35-42.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 1995. Gospodarka pasieczna zmniejszająca negatywne skutki zwalczania Varroa jacobsoni akarycydami. [Economy apiary decrease a negative effect of controlling Varroa jacobsoni with acaricides]. Międzynarodowa konferencja „Perspektywy Hodowli Zwierząt w Polsce” Wrocław 18-19.09.1995. Materiały konferencyjne I: 91-94. [In Polish with English abstract].

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 1997a.  Skażenie miodu akarycydami. [Accaricide contamination of honey]. Pszczelarstwo 48(8): 5-6.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 1997b. Akarycydy - zagrożenie jakości miodu. [Acarricidies – danger for honey quality]. Pszczelarstwo 48(3): 4-5.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 1999: Wpływ trutni na intensywność oblatywania upraw entomofilnych przez Apis mellifera L. [Effect of drones in intensity of flights over entomophilous crops by Apis mellifera L.]. Bibliotheca Fragmenta Agronomica 6/99: 313-317.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 2002a. Intensyfikacja pozyskiwania propolisu a jego jakość. [Intensification of propolis production and its quality]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 215-220.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 2002b. Możliwości produkcji mleczka pszczelego w warunkach klimatyczno-pożytkowych okolic Olsztyna. [Possibilities of royal jelly production in the region of Olsztyn]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 195-200.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 2002c. Technologie zwiększające pozyskiwanie obnóży pyłkowych i poprawiające dochodowość pasiek. [Efficient pollen trapping technologies increase the income of apiaries]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 113-122.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 2002d. Upowszechnianie wiedzy pszczelarskiej w społeczeństwie. [Dissemination of knowledge about bees and beekeeping in the society]. Biul. Nauk. 19(6): 19-24.

Bratkowski, J. & J. Wilde, 2002e. Wielokierunkowe użytkowanie pszczół i marketingowe wykorzystanie produktów pasiecznych. [Multidirectional use of bees and marketing of bee products]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 185-194.

Bratkowski, J.,  J. Wilde & P. Grabowski, 2002.  Pozyskiwanie, zagospodarowanie i zastosowanie mleczka pszczelego w  marketingu produktów pszczelich. [Production, utilization and role of royal jelly in bee product marketing]. Biul. Nauk. 18(5): 169-176.

Bratkowski, J., J. Wilde J. & M. Siuda, 2001. Testing honey bee larvae for Paenibacillus larvae larvae infection in different conditions. Proceedings of the Euroconference on Molecular Mechanisms of Disease Tolerance in Honey Bees (MOMEDITO), 17 to19 October, 2000 Kralupy (near Prague): 13-23.

Bratkowski, J., J. Wilde, M. Siuda & S. Fuchs, 1998. The influence of drones on colony traits in honeybees. Pszczeln. Zeszyt. Nauk. 42(2): 13-14.

Braue, A.  1913.  Die Pollensammelappatate der biensammelnden Bienen. Jenaischen Zeitschrift der Naturwissenschaft 50: 1-96. 

Brauer, F. 1868. Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um di Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859, unter den befehlen des Commodore B. von Wuellerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. 2 Abt. Neuropteren. Vienna. 107 pages. 

Braun, G. & G. Bicker, 1992. Habituation of an appetitive reflex in the honeybee. J. Neurophysiol. 67: 588-598.

Bräunig, P. & H. J. Pflüger, 2001. The unpaired median neurons of Insects. Advances in Insect Physiology 28: 186-266.

Brauns, H. 1902. Eucondylops n.g. apidarum. Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 2: 377-380. 

Brauns, H. 1926a.  A contribution to the knowledge of the genus Allodape St. Farg. and Serv., Order Hymenoptera; Section Apidae (Anthophila). Annals of the South African Museum 23: 417-434. 

Brauns, H. 1926b. V. Nachtrag zu “Friese, Bienen Afrikas.” Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 52: 187-230, pl. 5. 

Brauns, H. 1929. Neue und auffallende Apiden aus sud-Afrika.  Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 24 : 130-143. 

Braunstein, M. &  S. Braunstein, 1993. Beekeeping  in  Argentina. I. American Bee Journal 133(9): 627-628. 

Bray, W. L. 1910. The Mistletoe pest in the southwest. U.S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus. Bul. 166: 1-39. 

Bray.__,  1973. Characteristics of some bees of the family Megachilidae in Southeast Queensland and their potential as alfalfa pollinators. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 12: 99-102. 

Braybrook, L. H. & R. D. Goodman, 1982. Control of swarming in beehives. Agnote, Melbourne [Department of Agriculture] 1810/82: 1-4.  

Breed, M. D. 1975a. Life cycle and behavior of a primitively social bee, Lasioglossum rohweri (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48(1): 64-80.

Breed, M. D. 1975b. Sociality and seasonal size variation in halictine bees. Insectes Sociaux 22(4): 375-379.

Breed, M. D. 1976. The evolution of social behavior in primitively social bees: a multivariate analysis. Evolution 30(2): 234-240.

Breed, M. D. 1977. Interactions among individuals and queen replacement in a eusocial halictine bee, Lasioglossum zephyrum. Pp. 228-231. in: Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects.

Breed, M. D. 1981. Individual recognition and learning of queen odors by worker honeybees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 78(4): 2635-2637.

Breed, M. D. 1982. Juvenile hormone and aggression in the honeybee. Pp. 233-237. In: Breed, M. D., C. D. Michener & H. E. Evans (eds.), The Biology of Social Insects. Proceedings of the 9th Congress for the International Union for the Study of Social Insects.

Breed, M. D. 1983a. Anatomy of the neuroendocrine system of the honeybee: neurosecretory relationships with the retrocerebral complex. Journal of Apicultural Research 22(1): 9-16.

Breed, M. D. 1983b. Correlations between aggressiveness and corpora allata volume, social isolation, age and dietary protein in worker honeybees. Insectes Sociaux 30(4): 482-495.

Breed, M. D. 1983c.  Nestmate recognition in honey bees.  Anim. Behav. 31: 86-91. 

Breed, M. D. 1985. How honeybees recognize their nestmates: a re-evaluation from new evidence. Bee world 66(3): 113-118.

Breed, M. D. 1988. Genetics and labour in bees. Nature 333(6171): 299.

Breed, M. D. 1998a.  Recognition pheromones of the honey bee.  Bio Science 48(6): 463-470. 

Breed, M. D. 1998. Chemical cues in kin recognition: criteria for identification, experimental approaches, and the honey bee as an example. Pp. 57-78. in  Vander Meer, R. K., M. D. Breed & M. L. Winston (eds.), Pheromone communication in social insects : ants, wasps, bees, and termites. 1998.

Breed, M. D. & B. Bennett, 1985. Mass recruitment to nectar sources in Paraponera clavata: a field study. Insectes Sociaux 32(2): 198-208.

Breed, M. D. & B. Bennett, 1987.  Kin recognition in highly eusocial insects pp. 243-285. In D.J.C. Fletcher & C.D. Michener (eds.), Kin recognition in Animals. Wiley, Chichester, U.K.  

Breed, M. D., L. Butler & T. M. Stiller, 1985. Kin discrimination by worker honey bees in genetically mixed groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 82(9): 3058-3061.

Breed, M. D., G. J. Gamboa, 1977.  Behavioral control of workers by queens in primitively eusocial bees.  Science 195: 694-696. 

Breed, M. D., M. F. Garry, A. N. Pearce, B. E. Hibbard, L. B. Bjostad & R. E. Page Jr., 1995.  The role of comb wax in honey bee nestmate recognition.  Anim. Behav. 50(2): 489-496. 

Breed, M. D. & G. E. Julian, 1992. Do simple rules apply in honey-bee nestmate discrimination? Nature 357(6380): 685-686.

Breed, M. D. & J. M. Harrison, 1987. Individually discriminable recruitment trails in a ponerine ant. Insectes Sociaux 34(3): 222-226.

Breed, M. D. & G. J. Hunt, 2004. Defensive behavior of honey bees: organization, genetics, and comparisons with other social insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. [In Press].

Breed, M. D., E. A. Leger, A. N. Pearce & Y. J. Wang, 1998. Comb wax effects on the ontogeny of honey bee nestmate recognition. Animal Behaviour 55(1): 13-20.

Breed, M. D., C. D. Michener & H. E. Evans, (eds.) 1982. The Biology of Social Insects.  Westview Press [Boulder, Colorado]. 419 pages. 

Breed, M. D. &  A. J. Moore, 1988. The guard bee as a component of the defensive response. Pp. 105-109. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. 

Breed, M. D. & R. E. Page Jr.,  1991. Intraspecific and interspecific nestmate recognition in Melipona workers (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 44: 463-469.

Breed, M. D., S. Perry & L. B. Bjostad, 2004. Testing the blank slate hypothesis: why honey bee colonies accept young bees. Insectes Sociaux 51(1): 12-16.

Breed, M. D., G. E. Robinson & R. E. Page Jr., 1990. Division of labor during honey bee colony defense. Behavioral Ecology and Sociolbiology 27(6): 395-401. 

Breed, M. D., K. B. Rogers, J. A. Hunley & A. J. Moore, 1989. A correlation between guard behaviour and defensive response in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Animal Behaviour 37(3): 515-516.

Breed, M. D., J. M. Silverman & W. J. Bell, 1978. Agonistic behavior, social interactions, and behavioral specialization in a primitively eusocial bee (Lasioglossum zephyrum). Insectes Sociaux 25(4): 351-364.

Breed, M. D., T. A. Smith & A. Torres, 1992. Role of guard honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in nestmate discrimination and replacement of removed guards. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 85(5): 633-637.

Breed, M. D. & T. M. Stiller, 1992. Honey bee, Apis mellifera, nestmate discrimination: hydrocarbon effects and the evolutionary implications of comb choice. Animal Behaviour 43(6): 875-883.

Breed, M. D., T. M. Stiller, M. S. Blum & R. E. Page Jr., 1992.  Honey bee nestmate recognition: effects of queen fecal pheromones.  J. Chem. Ecol. 18(9): 1633-1640.   

Breed, M. D., E. M. Stocker, L. K. Baumgartner & S. A. Vargas, 2002. Time-place learning and the ecology of recruitment in a stingless bee, Trigona amalthea (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Apidologie 33(3): 251-258. 

Breed, M. D., H. H. W. Velthuis & G. E. Robinson, 1984.  Do worker honey bees discriminate among larval phenotypes? Annals of the Entomological Society of America 77(6): 737-739. 

Breed, M. D., D. B. Williams & A. Queral, 2002. Demand for task performance and workforce replacement: undertakers in honeybee, Apis mellifera, colonies. Journal of Insect Behavior 15(3): 319-329.

Breed, M. D., K. R. Williams & J. H. Fewell, 1988. Comb wax mediates the acquisition of nest-mate recognition cues in honey bees.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 85(22): 8766-8769. 

Breland, O. P. 1939.  Additional notes on sunflower insects.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32(4): 719-726. 

Brèthes, J.  1908. Hymenopteros sudamericanos. An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 3(9): 1-47.

Brèthes, J.  1909a.  Himenópteros del Mendoza y de San Luis.  Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 17: 455-463.

Brèthes, J.  1909b.  Himenópteros nuevos de las Repúblicas del Plata y del Brasil. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 19: 49-69.

Brèthes, J.  1909c.  Hymenoptera Paraguayensis. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 20: 225-256.

Brèthes, J. 1910. Sur les Ancylocelis et genres voisins [Hym.]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1910: 211-213.

Brèthes, J. 1910. Himenopteros argentinos. An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 20: 205-316.

Brèthes, J. 1913. Himenopteros de la America meridional. An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 24: 35-165.

Brèthes, J. 1916.  Le genre “Xylocopa” Latreille dans la Republique Argentine.  Physis, Buenos Aires 2: 407-421.

Brèthes, J. 1920. Insectes du Perou.  Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 89: 27-54.

Brèthes, J.  1922.  Himenópteros y Dipteros de varias procedencias.  Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 93: 119-146.

Brèthes, J. 1909. Hymenoptera Paraguayensis. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 19: 225-256. 

Brèthes, J. 1909. Himenopteros de Mendoza y de San Luis. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 17: 455-463. 

Brewer, J. W., R. C. Dobson & J. W. Nelson, 1969.  Effects of increased pollinator levels on production of the high bush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosumJournal of Economic Entomology 62: 815-818. 

Brey, P. T., D. M. Norris & E. H. Erickson, 1980. A simple method for extracting larval honeybees from uncapped cells. Journal of Apicultural Research 19(3): 200-201. 

Brian, A. D. 1951.  The pollen collected by bumblebees.  Journal of Animal Ecology 20: 191-194.

Brian, A. D.  1954.  The foraging of bumblebees.  Bee World 35: 61-67, 81-91.

Brian, A. D. 1957. Differences in the flowers visited by four species of bumble-bees and their causes. Journal of Animal Ecology 26: 71-98.

Brian, M. V.  1980.  Social control over sex and caste in bees, wasps and ants.  Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 55: 379-415.

Briand, L., C. Nespoulous, J. C. Huet & J. C. Pernollet, 2001. Disulfide pairing and secondary structure of ASP1, an olfactory binding protein from honeybee (Apis mellifera L). Journal of Peptide Research 58(6): 540-545.

Briand, L., C. Nespoulous, J. C. Huet, M. Takahashi & J. C. Pernollet, 2001. Ligand binding and physico-chemical properties of ASP2, a recombinant odorant-binding protein from honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). European Journal of Biochemistry 268(3): 752-760.

Briand, L., N. Swasdipan, C. Nespoulous, V. Bezirard, F. Blon, J. C. Huet,  P. Ebert & J. C. Pernollet, 2002. Characterization of a chemosensory protein (ASP3c) from honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) as a brood pheromone carrier. European Journal of Biochemistry 269(18): 4586-4596.

Bridwell, J. C.  1919.  Miscellaneous notes on Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 4: 109-165.

Brien, L. B. & P. D. Hurd, 1965.  Carpenter bees of the subgenus Notoxylocopa (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Baltimore, Md. 58: 175-196.

Bright, P. M. & H. A. Leeds, 1938. A monograph of the British aberrations of the chalk-hill blue butterfly Lysandra coridon (Poda, 1761). 144 pp. Bournemouth.

Briggs, D. & R. W. Thorp,  1982.  Leafcutter bee management in California for alfalfa seed production.  Pp. 165-174.  In: G. H. Rank  (ed.), Proceedings First International Symposium on Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee Management. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.

Briggs, D., R. W. Thorp & M. Klungness,  1983.  Artificial pollination and almonds, Prunus dulcis, with bouquets monitored by fruit set and pollen germination. Journal of Hotricultural Science 58(2): 237-240.

Brillet, C., G. E. Robinson, R. Bues & Y. LeConte, 2002. Racial differences in division of labor in colonies of the honey bee, Apis mellifera.  Ethology 108: 115-126.

Brindley, W. A. 1974.  The significance of carbaryl-piperonyl butoxide synergist data in alfalfa leafcutting bees. Proc. Utah Acad. Sci. Arts a. letters 51(2): 73-95.

Brindley, W. A. 1976.  Carbaryl control of chalcidoid parasites from alfalfa leafcutting bees.  Journal of Economic Entomology 69(2): 225-228.

Brindley, W. A. 1977. Synergist differences as an alternate interpretation of carbaryl-piperonyl butoxide toxicity data.  Environmental Entomology 6(6): 885-888. 

Brink, R. A., & D. C. Cooper, 1936. The mechanism of pollination in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). American Journal of Botany 23(10): 678-683.

Brischke, D. 1886. Die Hymenopteren des Bernsteins. Schriften der Naturforschenden  Gesellschaft in Danzig 6: 278-279.

Briscoe, A. D. & L. Chittka, 2001. The evolution of color vision in insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46: 471-510.

Britner, R.  1992.  Multi-generation management of the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata (Fabricius).  Proceedings of the International Workshop on non-Apis bee and their role as crop pollinators.  Logan, Utah. P.5.

Brito, C. M. S. de & M. M. C. Rego, 2001. Community of male Euglossini bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in a secondary forest, Alcantara, MA, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 61(4): 631-638.

Brito, R. M. & M. C. Arias, 2005. Mitochondrial DNA characterization of two Partamona species (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) by PCR+RFLP and sequencing. Apidologie 36(3): 431-438.

Brito, R. M., A. P. de A. Caixeiro, S. das G. Pompolo & G. G. Azevedo, 2003. Cytogenetic data of Partamona peckolti (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) by C-banding and fluorochrome staining with DA/CMA3 and DA/DAPI.  Genetics and Molecular Biology 26(1): 53-57.

Brittain, W. H. 1933.  Apple pollination studies in the Annapolis Valley, N. S., Canada 1928-1932.  Bulletin of the Department of Agriculture Canada (N.S.) 162: 1-198. 

Brittain, W. H. 1935.  Studies in bee activity during apple bloom.  Journal of Economic Entomology 28: 553-559. 

Brittain, W. H. & D. E. Newton, 1933.  Studies in the relative constancy of hive and wild bees in pollen gathering.  Canadian Journal of Research 9: 334-349.

Brittain, W. H. & D. E. Newton, 1934.  further observations on the pollen constancy of bees.  Canadian Journal of Research 10(3): 255-263.

Britton, N. F., N. R. Franks, S. C. Pratt & T. D. Seeley, 2002. Deciding on a new home: how do honeybees agree? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 269(1498): 1383-1388.

Brizola-Bonacina, A. K., V. V. Alves, Jr. & M. M. B. de Moraes, 2006. Relation between the size of the acid gland and the quantity of venom produced in Africanized bee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), in the region of Dourados, MS, Brazil. [Relacao entre o tamanho da glandula acida e a quantidade de veneno produzido em abelha Africanizada, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), na regiao de Dourados, MS.] Neotropical entomology 35(2): 210-214.

Brochetto-Braga, M. R., P. R. M. de Lima, J. Chaud-Netto, A. Arab, G. P. da Silva & J. R. Cursino-Santos, 2005. Enzymatic variability among venoms from different subspecies of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Sociobiology 45(3): 797-809.

Brochetto-Braga, M. R., M. S. Palma, E. C. Carmona, J. Chaud-Netto, A. Rodrigues & G. P. da Silva, 2006. Influence of the collection methodology on the Apis mellifera venom composition: peptide analysis. Sociobiology 47(3): 759-770.

Brockmann, A. & D. Bruckner, 2001. Structural differences in the drone olfactory system of two phylogenetically distant Apis species, A. florea and A. mellifera. Naturwissenschaften 88(2): 78-81.

Brockmann, A., D. Dietz, J. Spaethe & J. Tautz, 2006. Beyond 9-ODA: SEX Pheromone Communication in the European Honey Bee Apis mellifera L. Journal of chemical ecology 32(3): 657-667. [Electronic Resource:]. 

Brodsgaard, C. J. & H. Hansen, 2002a. Bee pollination of red clover. Gron Viden, Markbrug No. 257: 1-4.

Brodsgaard, C. J. & H. Hansen, 2002b. Pollination of red clover in Denmark. DIAS Report, Plant Production No.71: 1-49.

Brodsgaard, C. J., H. Hansen, H. F. Brodsgaard & J. Jakobsen, 2001. Beekeeping in Denmark 2000 - a survey based on questionnaires to skilled beekeepers and bee inspectors. DIAS Report, Horticulture No. 45: 1-94.

Brodsgaard, C. J., H. Hansen & P. Kryger, 2003. The small hive beetle (Aethina tumida) – a threat to beekeeping ? Gron Viden, Havebrug No. 150: 1-6. 

Brødsgaard, C. J., W. Ritter, H. Hansen & H. F. Brødsgaard, 2000. Interactions among Varroa jacobsoni mites, acute paralysis virus, and Paenibacillus larvae and their influence on mortality of larval honeybees In vitro. Apidologie 31: 543–554.

Broemeling, D. K.  1988.  A revision of the Nomada subgenus Nomadita of North America.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 64(4): 321-344.

Broemeling, D. K. & A. S. Moalif,1988. A revision of the Nomada subgenus Pachynomada (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 64(3): 201-227. 

Broggini, G. A. L., B. Duffy, E. Holliger, H. J. Scharer, C. Gessler & A. Patocchi, 2005. Detection of the fire blight biocontrol agent Bacillus subtilis BD170 (Biopro) in a Swiss apple orchard. European journal of plant pathology 111(2): 93-100. [Electronic Resource:].

Bromenshenk, J. J.,  R. C. Cronn &  J. J. Nugent, 1996. Monitoring Fluoride with Honey Bees in the Upper Snake River Plain of Idaho.  J. Environmental Quality 25: 868-877. 

Bromenshenk, J. J., J. Doskocil, G. J. Olbu, G. DeGrandi-Hoofman & S. A. Roth, 1991. PC BEEPOP, and ecotoxicological simulation model for honey bee populations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 10(4): 547-558.  

Bromenshenk, J. J., S. T. Jaronski & M. Loeser, 1996. Multiple endpoint, holistic assessment of the effects of Mycotrol WP (Beauvaria bassiana Strain GHA) on Outdoor Apis mellifera colonies. Technical Report Mycotech 95-05, Submitted to EPA's Pesticide Division, Guideline Requirement 154-24. 69 pages. 

Bromenshenk, J.J.,  B. Lighthart, R. L. McGraw II,  M. R. Loeser,  B. Birch & P.J. Bowman, 1996. Real-time monitoring of MPCA hazards to honeybees in a microbial containment flight chamber. Pp. 361-375. In: M. A. Levin & J. S. Angle (eds.),  Biotechnology Risk Assessment: USEPA/USDA/Environment. Canada/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, MD.

Brooks, R. W. 1983.  Systematics and bionomics of Anthophora: the Bomboides group and species groups of the New World. University of California Publications in Entomology 98: 1-86.

Brooks, R. W. 1988.  Systematics and phylogeny of the anthophorine bees.  University of Kansas Science Bulletin 53(9): 436-575.

Brooks, R. W.  1993.  A new Amegilla (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) from western Australia.  Records of the Western Australia Museum 16: 279-282.

Brooks, R. W. & J. H. Cane,  1984.  Origin and chemistry of the secreted nest entrance lining of Halictus hesperus (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57: 161-164.

Brooks, R. W. & M. S. Engel, 1998. New bees of the genus IschnomelissaDeutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 45: 181-189.

Brooks,  R. W.  &  M.  S. Engel,  1999.  A revision of the  augochlorine  bee genus Chlerogas Vachal (Hymen., Halictidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society  125: 463-486.

Brooks, R. W. & T. L. Griswold,  1988.  A key to the species of Trachusa subgenus Heteranthidium with descriptions of new species from Mexico (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae, Anthidiini). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society  61(3): 332-346.

Brooks, R. W. & C. D. Michener,  1985. Nests of Tetralonia lepida (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58: 559-561.

Brooks, R. W. & C. D. Michener,  1987. The family Melittidae in Madagascar (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Annls. Soc. Ent. Fr. (N.S.) 23: 99-103. 

Brooks, R. W. & C. D. Michener,  1988.  The Apidae of Madagascar and nests of LiotrigonaSociobiology 14: 299-323.

Brooks, R. W. & C. D. Michener,  1999. The Chilicola megastigma species group and notes on two lost types of Chilicola (Hymenoptera, Colletidae, Xeromelissinae).  Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8: 132-138.

Brooks, R. W. & D. W. Roubik, 1983, A halictine bee with distinct castes: Halictus hesperus (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) and its biobnomics in central Panama.  Sociobiology 7: 263-282.

Brosi, B. J., G. C. Daily, T. M. Shih, F. Oviedo & G. Durán, 2008. The effects of forest fragmentation on bee communities in tropical countryside. Journal of Applied Ecology 45(3): 773-783. [Electronic Resource:].

Brothers, D.  J.  1975.  Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. University of Kansas Sciience Bulletin 50: 483-648.

Brothers, D. J. 1976. Modifications of the metapostnotum and origin of the “propodeal triangle” in Hymenoptera Aculeata.  Systematic  Entomology 1: 177-182.

Brothers, D. J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea).  Zoologica  Scripta  28: 233-249.

Brothers, D. J. &  J. M. Carpenter, 1993.  Phylogeny of Aculeata: Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2: 227-304.

Brothers, D. J. & C. D. Michener, 1974.  Interactions in colonies of primitively social bees III. Ethometry of division of labor in Lasioglossum zephyrum (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).  Journal of Comparative Physiology 90: 129-168.

Broucqsault, L. M. & A. Serpeille, 2003. Seed producers and beekeepers, partners by nature. Bulletin de la Federation Nationale des Agriculteurs Multiplicateurs de Semences (France) No. 172: 38-39. (In French).

Brown, B. J. & R. J. Mitchell, 2001. Competition for pollination: effects of pollen of an invasive plant on seed set of a native congener. Oecologia 129(1): 43-49.

Brown, J. C. & C. Albrecht, 2001. The effect of tropical deforestation on stingless bees of the genus Melipona (Insecta : Hymenoptera : Apidae : Meliponini) in central Rondonia, Brazil. Journal of Biogeography 28(5): 623-634.

Brown, J. H. 1984. On the relationship between abundance and distribution of species. American Naturalist 124: 255-279.

Brown, L. M. & F. D. Parker, 1984. Tracking the sunflower bees. Utah Science  [Utah Agricultural Experiment Station]  45(2): 40-43.

Brown, M. A., H. M. Thompson & M. H. Bew, 2002. Risks to UK beekeeping from the parasitic mite Tropilaelaps clareae and the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida. Bee World 83(4): 151-164.

Brown, M. J. F. & B. Baer, 2005. The evolutionary significance of long copulation duration in bumble bees.  Apidologie 36(2): 157-168.

Brown, M. J. F., B. Baer, R. Schmid-Hempel & P. Schmid-Hempel, 2002. Dynamics of multiple-mating in the bumble bee Bombus hypnorum. Insectes Sociaux 49(4): 315-319.

Brown, M. J. F., R. Loosli & P. Schmid-Hempel, 2000. Condition-dependent expression of virulence in a trypanosome infecting bumblebees. Oikos 91(3): 421-427.

Brown, P. M., G. Turnbull, S. Charman, A. J. A. Charlton & A. Jones, 2005. Analytical methods used in the United Kingdom Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme for the detection of animal poisoning by pesticides. Journal of AOAC International 88(1): 204-220.

Brown, R. E. 1905. Notes on new Philippine Hymenoptera. Canadian Entomologist 37: 357-359.

Brown, R. E. 1906. A catalogue of Philippine Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new species. Philippines Journal of Science 1: 683-695.

Brown, R. H.  1979. Adansonii management [Apis mellifera adansonii], agressiveness, behavior, colony management in Central Africa. Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. (1978): 187-192.

Brown, S. M., R. M. Napper,  C. M. Thompson & A. R. Mercer, 2002. Stereological analysis reveals striking differences in the structural plasticity of two readily identifiable glomeruli in the antennal lobes of the adult worker honeybee. Journal of Neuroscience 22(19): 8514-8522.

Bruce, W. A., D. L.  Anderson, N. W.  Calderone  &  H. Shimanuki, 1995. A survey for Kashmir Bee Virus in honey bee colonies in the United States. American Bee Journal 135(5): 352-355.

Bruce, W. A. &  F. Chiesa, 1988. An artificial diet for Varroa jacobsoni. Pp. 487-489. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Bruckner, D. 1980.  Hoarding behaviour and life span of inbred noninbred and hybrid honey bees (Apis mellifera cornica). Journal of Apicultural Research 19(1): 35-41.

Bruckner, D. 2005. Sculptured beehives: a revival of an old tradition in Germany. Bee world 86(1): 17-18.

Brückner, O. 1973. Homeostasis in honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica). Naturwissenschaften 60(9): 433-434.

Brückner, O. 1976. The influence of gnetic variability on wing symmetry in honey bees. Evolution 30: 100-108.

Brues, C. T. 1921. Correlation of taxonomic affinities with food habits in Hymenoptera (with special reference to parasitism).  American Naturalist 55: 134-164.

Brullé, A. 1840. Hyménoptères. Pp. 84-93. In: Barker-Webb, P. & S. Berthelot (eds.), Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries. Tome 2, 2. Partie (Zoologie).

Brullé, A. 1846. Histoire naturelle des insects. Hymenopteres. Tome quatrieme. Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, Paris. 680 pages.

Brullé, M. 1832. Expedition scientifique de Moree. Section des Sciences Physiques 3, part 1. Coologie. Deuxieme section - Des animaux articules. Paris. 400 pages.

Brullé, M. 1840. Insectes. Pages 53-95.  In: P. B. Webb & S. Berthelot (eds.), Histoire naturelles des Iles Canaries. 2 (deuxieme partie - Entomologie). Paris. 119 pages.

Brumley, R. L. 1965. [MS] A revision of the bee genus Epeolus of western America north of Mexico. Thesis, Utah State University, Logan. 92 pp.

Brunnich, M. T. 1761. Prodromus insectologiae siaellandicae. Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, Hafniae. 31 pages.

Bubien, Z. B. 1965.  Intoxications of bees with Methyl Parathion (‘Wofatox’). Med. Weter. 21(7): 421-423.[In Polish.].

Buchler, R. 1994. Varroa tolerance in honey bees-occurrence, characters and breeding. Bee World 75(2): 54-70.

Buchler, R. & W. Drescher, 1990. Variance and heritability of the capped developmental stage in European Apis mellifera L. and its correlation with increased Varroa jacobsoni Oud. infestation. Journal of Apicultural Research 29(3): 172-176.

Buchler, R., W. Drescher & Tournier, 1992. Grooming behaviour of Apis cerana, Apis mellifera and Apis dorsata, reacting to Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae. Experimental and Applied Acarology 16: 313-319.

Buchmann, S. E. 1983. Buzz pollination in angiosperms. Pages 73-113. In: C. E. Jones & R. J. Little (eds.), Handbook of experimental pollination biology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, New York, USA.

Buchmann, S. L. 1982.  Africanized  bees  confirmed  in   Panama  Apis  mellifera  adansonii. American  Bee  Journal 122(5): 322. 

Buchmann, S. L. 1983. Buzz pollination in angiosperms. Pp. 73-113. In: Jones, C. E. & R. J. Little (eds.), Handbook of Experimental Pollination Biology, Jones, C.E. and R.J. Little (eds.), Van Nostrand-Rheinhold, Inc., N.Y.

Buchmann, S. L. 1985. Bees use vibration to aid pollen collection from non-poricidal flowers. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(3): 517 - 525.

Buchmann, S. L. 1986. Vibratile pollination in Solanum and Lycopersicon: A look at pollen chemistry. Pp. 237-252.  In: W. G. Arcy (ed.), Solanaceae Systematics and Biology. Columbia University Press.

Buchmann, S. L. 1987a.  The ecology of oil flowers and their bees.  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18: 343-369.

Buchmann, S. L. 1987b.  Floral biology of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis), an anemophilous platn.  Desert Plants 8(3): 111-124.

Buchmann, S. L. 1995.  Floral biology and research techniques. Pp. 121-130. In: D. W. Roubik (ed.), Pollination of Cultivated Crop Plants. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Buchmann, S. L. 1996. Competition between honey bees and native bees in the Sonoran Desert and global bee conservation issues. Pp.125 - 142, In: Matheson, A., S. Buchmann, C. O’Toole, P. Westrich & I. H. Williams (eds.),  The Conservation of Bees.  Linnean Society Symposium Series No. 18, Academic Press, London, Harcourt Brace & Company, Publishers.

Buchmann, S. L. & M. D. Buchmann, 1981. Anthecology of Mouriri myrtilloides (Melastomataceae: Memecyleae), an oil flower in Panama. Biotropica 13(2):7-24.

Buchmann, S. L. & J. H. Cane, 1989.  Bees assess pollen returns while sonicating Solanum flowers.  Oecologia 81: 289-294.

Buchmann,  S.  L.  &  J.   P. Hurley, 1978.  A  biophysical  model  for  buzz  pollination  in angiosperms. Journal of Theoretical Biology 72:639-657.

Buchmann, S. L. & C. E. Jones, 1980.  Observations on the nesting biology of Melissodes persimilis Ckll. (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Pan-Pacific Entomol. 56: 200-206.

Buchmann, S. L., C. E. Jones & L. J. Colin, 1978.  Vibratile pollination of Solanum douglasii and S. xanti (Solanaceae) in southern California.  Wasmann Journal of Biology 35 (1977): 1-25.

Buchmann, S. L. & G. P. Nabhan, 1996. The Forgotten Pollinators. Island Press, Covelho, CA & Washington, D.C. 292 pp.

Buchmann, S. L. & G. P. Nabhan, 1998. Attracting Native Bees and Other Pollinators to Restoration Pojects. Restoration Ecology 6(1): .

Buchmann, S. L. & M. K. O’Rourke, 1991.  Importance of pollen grain volumes for calculating bee diets.  Grana 30: 591-595.

Buchmann, S. L., M. K. O’Rourke & K. J. Niklas, 1989.  Aerodynamics of Eophedra trifurca III.  Selective pollen capture by pollination droplets.  Botanical Gazette 150(2): 122-131.

Buchmann, S. L., M. K. O'Rourke, C. W. Shipman, S. C. Thoenes & J. O. Schmidt, 1992. Pollen harvest by honey bees in Saguaro national monument: potential effects on plant reproduction. Pp. 149-156. In: C. P. Stone & E. S. Bellatoni (eds.), Proc. Sympos. Res. Saguaro Natl. Monument. U. S. National Park Service.

Buchmann, S. L., J. O. Schmidt & R. L. Schmalzel, 1982. The energetics of wax production in Apis mellifera and its importance for the evolution of eusociality in Apis. P. 403 [Abstract]. In: M. D. Breed, C. D. Michener & H. E. Evans (eds), The Biology of Social Insects. Boulder & Co., Westview Press. 

Buchmann, S. L. & C. W. Shipman, 1990. Pollen harvesting rates for Apis mellifera L. on Gossypium (Malvaceae) flowers.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63(1): 92-100.

Buchmann, S. L. & S. C. Theoenes, 1990.  The electronic scale honey bee colony as a management and research tool.  Bee Science 1(1): 40-47.

Buchwald, R., A. R. Greenberg & M. D. Breed, 2005. A biomechanical perspective on beeswax. American entomologist 51(1): 39-41.

Buckner, J. S., W. P. Kemp & J. Bosch, 2004. Characterization of triacylglycerols from overwintering prepupae of the alfalfa pollinator Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology 57(1): 1-14.

Buco, S. M., T. E. Rinderer, H. A. Sylvester, A. M. Collins,   V. A. Lancaster & R. M. Crewe, 1987. Morphometric differences between South American Africanized and South African (Apis mellifera scutellata) honey bees. Apidologie18 (3): 217-222.

Buczkowska, H. & G. Kowalska, 2000. Effect of pollination by bumble bees (Bombus terrestris) on yields of aubergine grown in a plastic tunnel. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie Sklodowska. Sectio EEE Horticultura (Poland) 8 (suppl.): 383-389.

Budathoki, K. & J. B. Free, 1986. Comb support and attachment within transitional beehives. Journal of Apicultural Research 25(2): 87-99.  

Bueno, O. C. & D. Beig,  1980. Biometric study of the corpora allata in Scaptotrigona postica during post-embryonic development. Journal of Apicultural Research 19(4): 219-223.  

Bueno, O. C. & M. S. D. C. Morini, 1993. Growth of egg chambers and nurse cells during oogenesis in queens Apis mellifera L. (Hym., Apidae).  Naturali, Rio Claro 1993: 195-200.

Bugnion, E.  1928.  Les Glandes Salivaires de l’Abeille et des Apiaires en Général. Librairie de Vulgarisation Apicole, Montfavet (Vaucluse). 64 pp. 

Bull,  N. J.,  A. C. Mibus,  Y. Norimatsu,  B. L. Jarmyn  &  M. P. Schwarz,  1998. Giving your daughters the edge: bequeathing reproductive dominance in a primitively social bee. Proceedings of the Biological Sciences 265(1404): 1411-1415. 

Bull, N. J.  & M. P. Schwarz, 1996. The habitat saturation hypothesis and sociality in an allodapine bee: cooperative nesting is not "making the best of a bad situation". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 39(4): 267-274.

Bull, N. J., M. P. Schwarz & S. J. B. Cooper, 2003. Phylogenetic divergence of the Australian allodapine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27(2): 212-222. 

Bullock, J. A. 1967.  The insect factor in plant ecology.  Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 46: 323-330.

Bullock, S. H. 1999. Relationships among body size, wing size and mass in bees from a tropical dry forest in Mexico. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 72(4): 426-439.

Bullock, S. H., R. Ayala,  I. Baker & H. G. Baker, 1988. Reproductiva biology of the tree Ipomoea wolcottiana (Convolvulaceae). Madroño 34: 304-314. 

Bullock, S. H., R. Ayala, R. Rodríguez-G., R. Palacios-Ch., D Ramos-Z., D.L. Quiroz-G. y M.L. Arreguin-S. 1991. Nest provision and pollen foraging in three Mexican species of solitary bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Pan-Pacific  Entomologist 67: 171-176. 

Bullock, S. H., C. Martínez del Río & R. Ayala,  1989. Bee  visitation rates to trees of Prockia crucis differing in flower number. Oecologia 78: 389-393.  

Bulmer, M. G. 1981.  Worker-queen conflict in annual social Hymenoptera.  Journal of Theoretical Biology 93: 239-251. 

Bulmer, M. G. 1983. Sex-ratio theory in social insects with swarming.  Journal of Theoretical Biology 100: 329-339. 

Bulmer, M. G. & P. D. Taylor, 1980.  Dispersal and the sex ratio.  Nature, London 284: 448-449. 

Bulmer, M. G. & P. D. Taylor, 1981.  Worker-queen conflict and sex ratio in social Hymenoptera.  Heredity 47: 197-207.   

Bunsen, J. 1991.  Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Bekäampfung der Milbe Varroa jacobsoni, einem ektoparasit der Honigbiene mit Stoffen natürlicher Herkunft. [Incomplete].

Burdick, D. J. & P. F. Torchio,  1959.  Notes on the biology of Hesperapis regularis (Cresson) (Hymenoptera: Melittidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 32: 83-87.

Burger, H. D. 1976. Leaching of Bacillus thuringiensis spores from foundation beeswax into honey and their subsequent survival. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 28(3): 293-394.

Burgett, D. M., P. A. Rossignol & C. Kitprasert,  1990.  A model of dispersion and regulation of brood mite (Tropilaelops clareae) parasitism on the gaint honey bee (Apis dorsata). Canadian Zoologist 68(7): 1423-1427.

Burgett, D. M. & M. Titayavan, 2005. Apis florea drone flights: duration, temporal period and inter-flight period. Journal of apicultural research 44(1): 36-37.

Burgett, M. 1971. The bee louse - recent observations. Gleanings in Bee Culture 99(2): 57-69. 

Burgett, M. 1974. Honey bees and pesticides. Agrichem Age 17(8): 6-7. 

Burgett, M. 1974. Diseases of honey bees: how to recognize and control. Ext. Circ., Ext. Serv. Oreg. State Univ. No. 629 (Revised): 1-8.

Burgett, M. 1975a. Honeybees, gooseberries and dollars. American Bee Journal 115(12): 482. 

Burgett, M.  1975b. Pesticides and beekeeping in Oregon. Gleanings in Bee Culture 103(6): 188, 210.

Burgett, M. 1976. The incidence of American foulbrood in Oregon - 1975. American Bee Journal 116(5): 224, 234.  

Burgett, M. 1977. Pollination and apiculture in Oregon. American Bee Journal 117(5): 302-303. 

Burgett, M. 1980a. Pollination of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) grown for seed. Journal of Apicultural Research 19(1): 79-82.   

Burgett, M. 1980b. The use of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) for attracting honeybee swarms. Bee Worid 61(2): 44-46. 

Burgett, M. 1995. Pacific northwest honey bee pollination survey. American Bee Journal 136(6): 432-434.  

Burgett, M. 1996. International aid and beekeeping: is it working? Bee World 77(4): 173-175. 

Burgett, M. & P. Akratanakul, 1982. Predation on the western honey bee, Apis mellifera L., by the hornet, Vespa tropica (L.) [Thailand]. Psyche 89(3/4): 347-350.  

Burgett, M. & P. Akratanakul, 1985. Tropilaelaps clareae, the little known honey bee brood mite. American Bee Journal 125(2): 112-114. 

Burgett, M., P. Akratnakul & R. A. Morse, 1983. Tropilaelaps clareae: a parasite of honeybees in South-East Asia. Bee World 64(1): 25-28.

Burgett, M. & J. T. Ambrose,  1975. Biological control of the African-Brazilian honeybee (Apis mellifera adansonii). American Bee Journal 116(1): 22, 26.

Burgett, M. & L. Burikam, 1985. Number of adult honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) occupying a comb: A standard for estimating colony populations. Journal of Economic Entomology 78(5): 1154-1156.

Burgett, M. & G. [C]. Fisher, 1977. The contamination of foraging honeybees and pollen with Penncap M. American Bee Journal 117(10): 626-627. 

Burgett, M. & G. C. Fisher, 1979. An evaluation of Beeline as a pollinator attractant on red clover. American Bee Journal 119(5): 356-357. 

Burgett, M. & G. C. Fisher, 1980. Recovery of Penncap-M from foraging honey bees and pollen storage cells. Environmental Entomology 9(4): 430-431. 

Burgett, D. M., G. C. Fisher, D. F. Mayer & C. A. Johansen, 1984. Evaluating honey bee colonies for pollination. A guide for growers and beekeepers. PNW - Pacific Northwest Extension Publication - Oregon State University, Extension Service No. 245: 1-6. 

Burgett, M. & M. Hughes, 1979. Pollination of caneberries. Annual Report, Oregon Horticultural Society 70: 52-55.

Burgett, D. M. & C. Kitprasert, 1990. Evaluation of Apistan as a control for Tropilaelaps clareae (Acari: Laelapidae), an Asian honey bee brood mite parasite. American Bee Journal 130(1): 51-53.

Burgett, M. & C. Kitprasert, 1992. Tracheal mite infestation of queen honey bees.  J. Apic. Res. 31(2): 110-111.

Burgett, D. M., P. A. Rossignol & C. Kitprasert, 1990. A model of dispersion and regulation of brood mite (Tropilaelaps clareae) parasitism on the giant honeybee (Apis dorsata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68(7): 1423-1427.

Burgett,  M.,  S.  Shorney,  J.  Cordara,  G.  Gardiol  &  W.  S.  Sheppard, 1995. The present status of Africanized honey bees in Uruguay. American Bee Journal 135(5): 328-330.

Burkill, I. H. 1894.  On the fertilization of some species of Medicago in England.  Proceedings of the Cambridge Phil. Soc. 8: 142-153.

Burkill, I. H. 1906a.  Notes on the pollination of Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., in Calcutta. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 2: 511-514.

Burkill, I. H.  1906b.  Notes on the pollination of flowers in India.  Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 2: 511-525.

Burkill, I. H. 1906c.  Notes on the pollination of flowers in India.  Note 2.  The pollination of Corchorus in Bengal and Assam.  Journal of the Asiatic Sciety of Bengal 2: 526-536.

Burks, B. D. 1951. Tribe Bombini pp.1247-1255. In C. F. W. Muesebeck, K. V. Krombein & H. K. Townes (eds.), Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico. Synoptic catalog. Agricultural Monographs vol. 2.

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1829. De insectorum systemate naturali.  Inaugural Dissertation. Gruneret, Halle. Pp. 1-40.

Burnham, L.  1979.  Survey of social insects in the fossil record.  Psyche 85: 85-133.

Burnham, N. 2004. British beekeeper place hives on British Ministry of Defense land. American bee journal 144(11): 864-865.

Burnside, C. E. & G. H. Vansell, 1936. Plant poisoning of bees. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. E-398, December 1936.

Burquez, A. & S. A. Corbet, 1991. Do flowers reabsorb nectar?  Functional Ecology 5(3): 369-379.

Burrill, R. M., A. Dietz &  C. F. Kossack, 1977. Flight activity analysis of honeybees using Apicard generated data [for estimating the spread of Apis mellifera adansonii over South America toward North America]. Apiacta 12     (3): 110-112, 116.

Burrows, E. M. & S. W. T. Batra, [year?] Bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in a central Appalachian broadleaf forest: species richness and abundances, flight periods and locations, and Diflubenzuron. Journal ? [Personally communicated by Dr. Batra, Maryland].

Burton, V. E., J. W. Macswain, V. L. Marble & W. Stanger, 1964. Pollinating alfalfa with leaf-cutter bees. Publication from California Agricultural Extension Services AXT 160: 1-10.

Buschini, M. L. T. & L. A. de O. Campos, 1995.  Caste differentiation in Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae):  Influence of the available food and the juvenile hormone.  Revista Brasileira de Biologia 55 (Supplement): 121-129.

Buschini, M. L. T. & L. A. O. Fields 1995. Caste determination in Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera, Apidae): influence of the available food and the junvenile hormone. Rev. Brazil. Biol. 55 (Supl.1): 121-129.

Bustillo Garcia, Luisa. 1977. Bibliography on the African bee. Caracas, Republica de Venezuela.                 

Butler, C. G. 1959. The World of the Honeybee. Readers Union, London. 226 p.

Butler, C. G. 1965. Sex attraction in Andrena flavipes Panzer, with some observations on nest-site restriction. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 40: 77-80.  

Butler, C. [G.] 1976. Insect pheromones. Biol. Rev. 42: 42-87.

Butler, C. [G.] 1979. The honey-bee colony - life history. in: The hive and the honey bee. Edited by Dadant, Hamilton, Illinois, USA.

Butler, C. G., D. J. C. Fletcher & D. Watler, 1970. Hive entrance finding by honeybee (Apis mellifera) foragers. Animal Behaviour 18(1): 78-91.  

Butler, C. G. & J. B. Free, 1952.  The behaviour of worker honeybees at the hive entrance.  Behaviour 4: 263-291.

Butler C. G. & J. Simpson, 1953. Bees as pollinators of fruit and seed crops. Report Rothamsted (England) Expt. Sta. pp. 167-175.

Butler, G. D. 1967.  Biological observations on Ptilothrix sumichrasti (Cresson) in southern Arizona.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 43(1): 8-14.

Butler, G. D. Jr. & P. L. Ritchie Jr., 1965. Additional biological notes on Megachile concinna Smith in Arizona. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 41: 153-157.

Butler, G. D. Jr. & P. L. Ritchie Jr. & M. J. Wargo, 1963. Biological notes on Megachile concinna Smith in Arizona. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 39: 201-206.

Butler, G. D. Jr., F. E. Todd, S. E. Mcgregor and F. G. Werner, 1960.  Melissodes  bees in Arizona cotton fields.  Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 139.

Butler, G. D. Jr. & M. J. Wargo, 1963. Biological notes on Megachile concinna smith in arizona. Pan-pacific Entomologist 39: 201-206.

Butler,  G. D. Jr., F. G. Werner &  M. D. Levin, 1966.  Native bees associated with safflower in South Central Arizona. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39(3): 434-436.

Bütschli, O. 1870.  Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Biene.  Z. wiss. Zool. 20: 519-564, pls. xxiv-xxvii.

Butt, T. M., N. L. Carreck, L. Ibrahim & I. H. Williams, 1998. Honey-bee-mediated infection of pollen beetle (Meligethes aeneus Fab.) by the insect-pathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae. Biocontrol Science and Technology 8(4): 533-538.  

Buttel-Reepen, H. von. 1906.  Apistica.  Beiträge zur systematik, Biologie, sowie zur geschichtlichen und geographischen Verbreitung der Honiegbiene (Apis mellifica L.), ihre Varietäten und der überigen Apis-Arten.  Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 3: 117-201.

Buttery, R. G., F. D. Parker, R. Teranishi, T. R. Mon & L. C. Ling, 1981. Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 29(5): 955-958.

Buys, B. 1987.  Competition for nectar between Argentine ants (Iridomyrmex humilis) and honey bees (Apis mellifera) on black iron bark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon). S. Afr. Zool. 22(2): 173-174.

Buys, B. 1992. Effect of humidity on artificial insemination of queen honey bees. American Bee Journal 132(12): 801-802.

Buys, B. 1993. Effect of worker absence on the results of artificial insemination and survival of queen honey bees. American Bee Journal 133(2): 133-135.

Buys, B., K. L. Pringle & J. H. Giliomee, 1993. Effect of age on artificial insemination of queens of Apis mellifera capensis Eschscholtz (Hymenoptera: Apidae). African Entomology 12: 270-272.

Buysson, R. du.  1900.  Sur quelques hymenopteres de Madagascar. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 69: 177-180.

Buysson, R. du.  1902. Nidification de quelques Mégachiles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 71: 751-755.

Buysson, R. du. & T. A. Marshall, 1892.  Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela.  Hymenopteres.  Annales de la Société Entomologique de France lxi: 54-55.

Bytinski-Salz, H. 1954. Insects associated with desert acacias in Israel. Bulletin of Research Council of Israel 4(3): 284-292.

Bytinski-Saltz, H. & A. W. Ebmer, 1974.  The Halictidae of Israel (Hymenoptera-Apoidea) II. Genus LasioglossumIsr. J. Entomol. 9: 175-218. 




     Go to C1




Visit An Annotated Catalogue of the Bee Species of the Indian [in fact south Asian] Region by the same author













Dr. Rajiv K. Gupta
Associate Professor & Ex. Head
Department of Zoology
Jai Narain Vyas University,

Jodhpur 342005,


Phone +91-291-2726666

M.        +91-946010 6666





        Home                Alphabetical Author Reference Index               Acknowledgements             Authors Index                Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010


Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006


Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008


        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010