Beesind.Com

 

AN UPDATING BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE

BEES OF THE WORLD

An E-Book

Home      Alphabetical Author Reference Index       Acknowledgements       Authors Index     Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

 

 

 

Go back to G

 

 

H

 

Number of references in first edition  :  560

 

The references those have been included in Second to fourth issues of this updating book are black in colour. Please note the change in colour of text of references from fifth issue onwards.

                 

  • Suggestions: This is best to download all/desired files then open them in Microsoft Word where you can easily use "find" to search your desired field/author/journal etc. mentioning specific words to be searched out.

  • Please do not forget to send me the inclusions [use e-mail given at bottom of address below] of references on all/any field known to you - of any/all categories of bees. This databank is manually maintained therefore only your cooperation can update it perfectly, for the benefit of the whole World.

 

 

Haas, A. 1949.  Arttypische Flugbahnen von Hummelmännchen.  Zeitschrift  für Vergleichende Physiologie 31: 281-307.  

Haas, A. 1976.  Paarungsverhalten und Nestbau der alpinen Hummelart Bombus mendax. Entomologica Germanica 3: 248-259.

Haberk, M. & D. Tautz, 1999.  Tri-and tetranucleotide microsatellite loci in honey bees (Apis mellifera)- a step towards quantitative genotyping.  Mol. Ecol. 8: 1358-1360.

Haccour, P. 1977. Some reflections on the [Apis mellifera] adansonii bee [in Brazil]. Abeille Fr. Apicul. 602: 63-64.

Hachfeld, G. 1926.  Zur Biologie der Trachus byssina Pz. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 21: 63-84.

Hacker, H.  1915.  Notes on the genus Megachile and some rare insects collected during 1913-14.  Memoires of the Queensland Museum 3: 137-141.

Hacker, H.  1918.  Entomological contributions.  Memoires of the Queensland Museum 6: 106-111.

Hacker, H.  1921.  Catalogue of Australian bees. Memoires of the Queensland Museum 7: 99-163.

Hacker, P. L. 1902. Zur biologie von Megachile maritima Kirby, einer blattschneiderbiene. Natur und Offenbarung 48: 974-977.

Hackett, K. J. 1980.  A study of chalkbrood and viral infection of the alfalfa leafcutter bee. Ph.D. Thesis.  University of California, Berkely, USA.

Hackett, K. [J.], D. Briggs, R. Thorp & D. Pinnock, 1977.  Megachile chalk brood research (1976). In: 8th Annual Interstate Alfalfa Seed School, Winnemucca, Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno [Extension Services 1-16.6.] 1977: 1-14.

Hadisoesilo, S. 1986. The effect of cultivar, floral stage and time of day on the quantity and quality of nectar extracted from oilseed sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in Minnesota. American Bee Journal 126(9): 630-631. 

Hadisoesilo, S. & G. W. Otis, 1996. Drone flight times confirm the species status of Apis nigrocincta Smith, 1861 to be a distinct from Apis cerana F. 1793 in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Apidologie 27: 361-369.

Hadisoesilo, S. & G. W. Otis, 1998. Differences in drone cappings of Apis cerana and Apis nigrocinctaJournal of Apicultural Research 37(1): 1-15.   

Hadisoesilo, S., G. W. Otis & M. Meixner, 1995.   Two distinct populations of cavity-nesting honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 68(4): 399-407.

Hafez, S. A. & M. A. Abd-Alfattah, 1998. Using honey-bee proplise as a natural antioxidant for sunflower oil. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 76(3): 1235-1242.

Hagai, T., M. Cohen & G. Bloch, 2007. Genes encoding putative Takeout/juvenile hormone binding proteins in the honeybee (Apis mellifera) and modulation by age and juvenile hormone of the takeout-like gene GB19811. Insect biochemistry and molecular biology 37(7): 689-701. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2007.04.002].

Hagen, E. von. 1990.  Hummeln Bestimmen, Ansiedeln, Vermehren, Schützen. Natur Verlag, Augsburg. 256 pp.

Hagen, H. A.  1844.  Schadlicher Einfluss der zuckerfabriken auf die Bienenzacht.  Stett. Entom. Zeitung. 1844: 89-90.

Hagen, H. A. 1862. Bibliotheca Entomologica. Die Litteratur über das ganze Gebiet der Entomologie bis zum Jahre 1862. 1: xii+512 pp. Leipzig.

Hagens, D. von.  1882.  Ueber die männlichen Genitalien der Bienen-Gattung SphecodesDeutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 26: 209-228, pls. VI, VII.

Hagler, J. R. 1990. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) response to simulated onion nectars containing variable sugar and potassium concentrations.  Apidologie 21(2): 115-122. 

Hagler, J. R. & S. L. Buchmann, 1993. Honeybee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) foraging responses to phenolic-rich nectars. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 66(2):223 - 230. 

Hagler, J. R., S. L. Buchmann &  D. A. Hagler, 1995. A simple method to quantify dot blots for predator gut content analyses. Journal of Entomological Science 30(1): 95 - 98.

Hagler, J. R., A. C. Cohen & G. M. Loper,  1990.  Production and composition of onion nector and honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) foraging activity in Arizona [USA].  Environmental Entomology 19(2): 327-331.

Hagler, J. R. & C. G. Jackson, 2001. Methods for marking insects: current techniques and future prospects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46: 511-543.

Hähnlein, I. & G. Bicker, 1996. Morphology of neuroglia in the antennal lobes and mushroom bodies of the brain of the honeybee. J. Comp. Neurol. 367: 235-245.

Hähnlein, I. & G. Bicker, 1997. Glial patterning during postembryonic development of central neuropiles in the brain of the honeybee. Dev. Genes Evol. 207: 29-41.

Hähnlein, I., W. Härtig & G. Bicker, 1996. Datura stramonium lectin staining of glial associated extracellular material in insect brains. J. Comp. Neurol. 376: 175-187.

Halagic, S. 1999. Red clover and alfalfa pollination by honeybees (Apis mellifera). Sjemenarstvo 16(5): 441-447.

Haliday, A. H. 1836.  Descriptions, etc. of the Hymenoptera. Pp. 316-331. In: J. Curtis, A.H. Haliday & F. Walker (eds.), Descriptions, etc. of the insects collected by captain P.P. King, R.N., F.R.S., in the survey of the Straits of Magellan.  Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 17.

Hall, H. G. 1986. DNA differences found between Africanized and European honeybees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 83(13): 4874-4877.

Hall, H. G. 1988a. Characterization of the African honey-bee genotype by DNA restriction fragments. Pp. 287-293. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Hall, H. G. 1988b. Distinguishing African and European honeybees using nuclear DNA restriction fragment polymorphisms.  Fla. Entomol.  71(3):  294-299.

Hall, H. G. 1990. Parental analysis of introgressive hybridization between African and European honeybees using nuclear DNA RFLPs. Genetics 125(3) : 611-621. 

Hall, H. G. 1992a. DNA studies reveal processes involved in the spread of New World African honeybees.  Insect Behavioral Ecology 75(1): 51-59.

Hall, H. G. 1992b. Suspected African honeybee colonies in Florida tested for identifying DNA makers. Fla. Entomol. 75(2): 257-266.

Hall, H. G. 1992c. Further characterization of nuclear DNA RFLP markers that distinguish African and European honeybees.  Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology  19(3): 163-175.

Hall, H. G. & M. L. Lee, 2007. Amplification of three unlinked regions of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) DNA with polymorphisms at high frequencies in east European subspecies. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 100(1): 64-68. [Electronic resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2007)100[64:AOTURO]2.0.CO;2].

Hall, H. G. & M. A. McMichael, 2001. Frequencies of restriction fragment-length polymorphisms indicate that neotropical honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) populations have African and West European origins. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94(5): 670-676.

Hall, H. G. & K. Muralidharan, 1989. Evidence from mitochondrial DNA that African honey bees spread as continuous maternal lineages. Nature 339(6221): 211-213.

Hall, H. G. & D. R. Smith, 1991. Distinguishing african and European honeybee matrilines using amplified mitochondrial DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of  USA   88(10): 4548-4552.

Hallett, P. E. 2001a. Three factors affecting annual yields of solitary bees and wasps. American Bee Journal  141: 209-212.

Hallett, P. E. 2001b. "Do-it-yourself" field trials on factors affecting the annual yields of solitary bees and wasps. American Bee Journal  141: 365-368.

Hallett, P. E. 2001c. Building hives and observation nest blocks for solitary bees and wasps. American Bee Journal  141: 441-446.

Hallim, M. K. I. 1980. The presence of the Africanised bee Apis mellifera scutellata in Trinidad [includes effect on beekeeping industry].    Journal of the Agricultural Society of  Trinidad & Tobago 80(4): 333-335, 337-340, 342-345, 347-349. 

Hallim, M. K. & M. J. Sommeijer, 1994. Beekeeping with Melipona trinitatis and M. favosa in Trinidad. Proceedings of the fifth international conference on apiculture in tropical climates. IBRA 1994: 227-229.

Halling, L. A. & B. P. Oldroyd, 2003. Do policing honeybee (Apis mellifera) workers target eggs in drone comb ? Insectes Sociaux 0(1): 59-61. [Volume number ?]

Halling, L. A. & B. P. Oldroyd, W. Wattanachaiyingcharoen, A. B. Barron, P. Nanork & S. Wongsiri, 2001. Worker policing in Apis florea. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 49: 509-513.

Hamann, H. H. F. 1965. Drei Beiträge zur Wildbienenfauna. Naturkundl. Jb. Linz, Österreich  1965: 257-282. 

Hambleton, J. I. 1944. The role of bees in the production of fruit and seed. Journal of Economic Entomology 37: 522-525. 

Hambleton, J. I. 1944.  The role of bees in the production of fruits and seeds.  Journal of Economic Entomology 34: 522-525.

Hameed, S. F., R. L. Adlakha & S. P. Giamzo, 1973. Relative toxicity of some insecticides to the workers of Apis mellifera L. Journal of Madras Agriculture 60(7): 552-556.  

Hamilton, D. P. 1991. Stinging the killer bees. Science 251(5000): 1424-1424.

Hamilton, [D.] W. 1963. The evolution of altruistic behaviour. Am. Natur. 97: 354-356.

Hamilton, D. W. 1964a. The genetical evolution of social behaviour I. Journal of Theoritical Biology 7: 1-16.

Hamilton, D. W. 1964b. The genetical evolution of social behaviour II. Journal of Theoritical Biology 7: 17-52.

Hamilton, D. W. 1967a.  Injurious and beneficial insects in coffee plantations of Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1964.  Journal of Economic Entomology 60: 1409-1413. 

Hamilton, D. W. 1967b. Extraordinary sex ratios.  Science, Washington D. C. 156: 477-488.

Hamilton, D. W. 1972.  Altruism and related phenomena, mainly in social insects.  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 3: 193-232.

Hamilton, D. W. 1987. Kinship recognition, disease, and intelligence: constraints of social evolution. Pp. 81-102. In: Y. Ito, J. L. Brown & J. Kikkawa (eds.), Animal societies: theories and facts.  Japan Scientific Society Press, Tokyo.

Hamilton, [D.] W. 1993. An identified neuron mediates the unconditioned stimulus in associative olfactory learning in honeybees. Nature 366: 59-63.

Hamilton, [D.] W. 1997. The neural basis of associative reward learning in honeybees. TINS 20: 245-252.

Hamilton, R. G. 2002. Diagnosis of Hymenoptera venom sensitivity. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2(4): 347-351.

Hammer, K. & S. N. Holm, 1970.  Danske humlebier og snyltehumler. Natur og Museum [Århus] 14(2-3): 1-22, 2 color pls.

Hammer, M. 1995. Appetitive learning and memory in honeybees: Steps toward a synthetic analysis. Thesis FU Berlin.

Hammer, M., G. Braun & J. Mauelshagen, 1994. Food induced arousal and nonassociative learning in honeybees: Dependence of sensitization on the application site and duration of food stimulation. Behav. Neur. Biol. 62: 210-223.

Hammer, M. & R. Menzel, 1994. Neuromodulation, instruction and behavioral plasticity. Pp. 109-118. In: R. Greenspan & B. Kyriacou (eds), Flexibility and constraint in behavioral systems. Chichester, UK: J. Wiley & Sons.

Hammer, M. & R. Menzel, 1995. Learning and memory in the honeybee. J. Neurosci. 15: 1617-1630.

Hammer, M. & R. Menzel, 1998. Multiple sites of associative odor learning as revealed by local brain microinjections of octopamine in honeybees. Learning & Memory 5: 146-156.

Hammons, R. O., K. V. Krombein & D. B. Leuck, 1963. Some bees (Apoidea) associated with peanut flowering. Journal of Economic Entomology 56: 905.

Hammons, R. O. & D. B. Leuck, 1966. Natural cross-pollination in the peanut Arachis hypogaea L. in the presence of bees and thrips.  Agron. J. 58: 396.

Hamuro, J., O. Higuchi, K. Okada, U. Makiko, I. Shun-ichiro, N. Tohru, S. Hayley, D. Beeson & Y. Yamanashi, 2008. Mutations causing DOK7 congenital myasthenia ablate functional motifs in Dok-7. Journal of biological chemistry 283(9): 5518-5524.

Han, J. H., G. H. Seo, I. M. Park, G. N. Kim & D. S. Lee, 2006. Physical and mechanical properties of pea starch edible films containing beeswax emulsions. Journal of food science 71(6): E290-E296.

Han, S. K. & H. K. Park, 2002. Accumulation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in cured pork sausages treated with propolis extracts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 82(13): 1487-1489.

Han, S. M., K. G. Lee, J. H. Yeo, H. Y. Kweon, S. O. Woo, M. L. Lee, H. J. Baek, S. Y. Kim & K. K. Park, 2007. Effect of honey bee venom on microglial cells nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-α production stimulated by LPS. Journal of ethnopharmacology 111(1): 176-181. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.11.008].

Han, X. X., J. W. Remsburg, L.F. He, T. E. Beesly & D. W. Armstrong, 2008. Effect of the orientation of amide linkage groups on the enantioselectivity of two related synthetic polymeric chiral stationary phases. Chromatographia 67(3-4): 199-210. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1365/s10337-007-0490-5].

Han, Y., C. Dai, C. F. Yang, Q. F. Wang & T. J. Motley, 2008. Anther appendages of Incarvillea trigger a pollen-dispensing mechanism. Annals of botany 102(3): 473-479.

Handlirsch, A. 1888. Die Hummelsammlung des k. k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 3: 209- 250.

Handlirsch, A. 1906-1908.  Die Fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der Rezenten Formen, ix + 1430 + li pp., 51 pls. Engelmann, Leipzig.

Haneda, Y. 1985. Superfamily Apoidea. Pp. 308-328. In: The Catulogue of Insects in Fukui Prefecture. Govt. of Fukui Pref. [In Japanese]. 

Haneda, Y. 1990. On the Apoidea (Hymenoptera) of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. IV. Ent. J. Fukui 7: 2-12. [In Japanese]. 

Haneda, Y. 1991. On the Apoidea (Hymenoptera) of Fukui Prefecture, Japan V. Ent. J. Fukui 8: 33-38. [In Japanese].

Hanel, H. 1983. The effect of juvenile hormone on the reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 14(2): 137-142.

Hanel, H. & N. Koeniger, 1986. Possible regulation of the reproduction of the honey bee mite Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata: Acari) by a host's hormone: juvenile hormone III. Journal of Insect Physiology 32(9): 791-798.

Han Ho Jae, Lee Jang Hern, Park Soo Hyun, Choi Hyun Joo, Yang Il Suk, Mar Woong Chon, Kang Sung Keel, Lee Hye Jung, 2000. Effect of bee venom and its melittin on apical transporters of renal proximal tubule cells. Kidney & Blood Pressure Research 23(6): 393-399.

Hannan, M. A. 2000. Beekeeping and apicultural products in Bangladesh. Honeybee Science 21(4): 154-158.

Hansen, D. M., J. M. Olesen & C. G. Jones, 2002. Trees, birds and bees in Mauritius: exploitative competition between introduced honey bees and endemic nectarivorous birds? Journal of Biogeography 29(5/6): 721-734.

Hansen, R. W. & E. A. Osgood, 1983.  Insects visiting flowers of Wild Red Raspberry in Spruce-Fir Forested areas of eastern Maine.  Entomological News 94: 147-151.

Hanski, I. 1982. Dynamics of regional distribution: the core and satellite species hypothesis. Oikos 38: 210-221.

Hanson, A. A., D. K. Barnes & R. R. Hill Jr., 1988. Alfalfa and Alfalfa Improvement. American Society of Agronomy, Monograph 29: x + 1-1084.

Hanson, P. & I. D. Gauld, 1995. Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford Universtiy Press, Oxford. 893 pp.

Hansson, B. S. & S. Anton, 2000. Function and morphology of the antennal lobe: new developments. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45: 203-231.

Haouar, M., L. de Cormis & J. Rey,  1990.  Fluvalinate applied of flowering apple trees: contamination of honey-gathering bees and hive products.  Agronomie (Paris) 10(2): 133-138.

Haq, M. A. 2001. Life cycle and behaviour of the coconut mite Neocypholaelaps stridulans (Evans) (Acari: Ameroseiidae) in India. Pp. 361-365. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton, M. J. Colloff, (eds.), Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress.

Hara, K. 2003. Beekeeping as an integrative teaching material in senior high school for agriculture. Honeybee Science 24(1): 29-34.

Harano, K. & Y. Obara, 2004.  Virgin queens selectively destroy fully matured queen cells in the honeybee Apis mellifera L. Insectes Sociaux 51(3): 253-258.

Harapiak, J. T. 1975.  Oilseed and pulse crops in western Canada – a symposium. 703 pp. Mod. Press, Saskatoon.

Harbo, J. 1974. A technique for handling stored semen of honey bees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 67(2): 191-194.

Harbo, J. R. 1975. Measuring the concentration of spermatozoa from honey bees with spectrophotometry. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 68(6): 1050-1052.  

Harbo, J. R.  1976. The effect of insemination on the egg laying behavior of honeybees. Annals of the Entomological society of America 69(6): 1036-1038. 

Harbo, J. R. 1977. Survival and honeybee spermatozoa in liquid nitrogen. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 70(2): 257-258. 

Harbo, J. R. 1979a. Egg hatch of honey bees fertilized with frozen spermatozoa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 72(4): 516-518. 

Harbo, J. R. 1979b. Storage of honeybee spermatozoa at -196 degrees Celsius. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(1): 57-63. 

Harbo, J. R. 1979. The rate of depletion of spermatozoa in the queen honeybee spermatheca. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(3): 204-207. 

Harbo, J. R. 1980. Mosaic male honeybees produced by queens inseminated with frozen spermatozoa. Journal of Heredity 71(6): 435-436. 

Harbo, J. R. 1981. Viability of honeybee eggs from progeny of frozen spermatozoa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74(5): 482-486.

Harbo, J. R. 1983. Effect of population size on worker survival and honey loss in broodless colonies of honey bees, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Environmental Entomology 12(5): [page no.?]. 

Harbo, J. R. 1983. Survival of honey bee (Hymenoptera:Apidae) spermatozoa after two years in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76(5): 890-891. 

Harbo, J. R. 1985a. Instrumental insemination of queen bees, 1985. 1. American Bee Journal 125(3): 197-202. 

Harbo, J. R. 1985b. Instrumental insemination of queen bees, 1985: 2. American Bee Journal 125(4): 282-283, 285-287 (Concluded). 

Harbo, J. R. 1986a. Effect of population size on brood production, worker survival and honey gain in colonies of honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research 25(1): 22-29. 

Harbo, J. R. 1986b. Oviposition rates of instrumentally inseminated and naturally mated queen honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(1): 112-115. 

Harbo, J. R. 1986c. Sterility in honey bees caused by dimethyl sulfoxide. Journal of Heredity 77(2): 129-130.  

Harbo, J. R. 1986d. Propagation and instrumental insemination. Pp. 361-389. In: T. E. Rinderer (ed.), Bee Genetics and Breeding

Harbo, J. R. 1987. Using mixed semen in a bee breeding program. American Bee Journal 127(12): 845-846. 

Harbo, J. R. 1988a. Effect of comb size on population growth of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies. Journal of Economic Entomology 81(6): 1606-1610. 

Harbo, J. R. 1988b. Sperm competition. American Bee Journal 128(12): 803-804. 

Harbo, J. R. 1990. Artificial mixing of spermatozoa from honeybees and evidence for sperm competition. Journal of Apicultural Research 29(3): 151-158. 

Harbo, J. 1991. Effect of pupal weight and insemination volume on oviposition of queen bees. Bee Science 1(3): 155-158.

Harbo, J. R. 1992. Breeding honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) for more rapid development of larvae and pupae. Journal of Economic Entomology 85(6): 2125-2130.  

Harbo, J. R. 1993a. Field and laboratory tests that associate heat with mortality of tracheal mites. Journal of Apicultural Research 32(3/4): 159-165. 

Harbo, J. R. 1993b. Worker-bee crowding affects brood production, honey production, and longevity of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86(6): 1672-1678.  

Harbo, J. R. 1993c. Effect of brood rearing on honey consumption and the survival of worker honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 32(1): 11-17. 

Harbo, J. 1993d. Evaluating bees for resistance to Varroa mites. American Bee Journal 133(12): 865.

Harbo, J. [R]. 1994. Effects of hive color and heat on tracheal mites. American Bee Journal 134(11): 741-742. 

Harbo, J. 1996. Evaluating colonies of honey bees for resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. Bee Science 4: 100-105.

Harbo, J. 1999. The value of single drone inseminations in selective breeding of honey bees. Pp. 1-5. In: Apiculture for the 21st century. Wicwas Press.

Harbo, J. R. 2000. Heating adult honey bees to remove Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Apicultural Research 39(3/4): 181-183.

Harbo, J. R. & A. B. Bolten,  1981.  Development times of male and female eggs of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74(5): 504-506.

Harbo, J. R., A. B. Bolten,  T. E. Rinderer &  A. M. Collins,  1981. Development periods for eggs of Africanized and European honeybees Apis mellifera, ecologic aspects, USA, Venezuela. Journal of Apicultural Research 20(3): 156-159.

Harbo, J. & J. Harris, 1998. Selecting honey bees for suppression of the reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 138: 295-296.

Harbo, J. R. & J. W. Harris, 1999a.   Heritability in honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of characteristics associated with resistance to Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata: Varroidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 92(2): 261-265. 

Harbo, J. & J. Harris, 1999b. Selecting honey bees for resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 30: 183-196.

Harbo J. R. & J. W. Harris, 1999c. Comparison of queens inseminated with one or six drones. American Bee Journal 139: 311.

Harbo J. R. & J. W. Harris, 2000. Using free-mated queens to introduce genes for varroa resistance into a population of honey bees. American Bee Journal 140: 904-905.

Harbo, J. R. & J. W. Harris, 2001a.   Resistance to Varroa destructor (Mesostigmata: Varroidae) when mite-resistant queen honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) were free-mated with unselected drones. Journal of Economic Entomology 94(6): 1319-1323. 

Harbo J. R. & J. W. Harris, 2001b. Suppression of mite reproduction: a characteristic of honey bees that produces resistance to Varroa destructorAmerican Bee Journal 141: 889.

Harbo J. R. & J. W. Harris, 2002. Suppressing mite reproduction: SMR an update. Bee Culture 130: 46-48.

Harbo, J. R. & R. A. Hoopingarner, 1997. Honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the United States that express resistance to Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata: Varroidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 90(4): 893-898.  

Harbo, J., R. Hoopingarner & J. Harris, 1997. Evaluating honey bees for resistance to varroa mites: procedures and results. American Bee Journal 137: 223-224.

Harbo, J. R. & T. E. Rinderer, 1980. Breeding and genetics of honey bees (Rev.). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Handbook No. 335: 49-57.  

Harbo, J. R. & T. I. Szabo, 1984. A comparison of instrumentally inseminated and naturally mated queens. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(1): 31-36. 

Harbo, J. R. & J. L. Williams, 1987. Effect of above-freezing temperatures on temporary storage of honeybee spermatozoa. Journal of Apicultural Research 26(1): 53-55. 

Harbo, J. R. & J. L. Zuhlke, 1988. Populations of Varroa jacobsoni in a Florida apiary. American Bee Journal 128(11): 737-739.

Harder, L. D. 1983a. Flower handling efficiency of bumble bees: morphological aspects of probing time. Oecologia 57: 274-280.

Harder, L. D. 1983b.  Functional differences of the proboscides of short-and long-tongued bees.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1580-1586.

Hardin, J. W., G. Doerksen, D. Herndon et al., 1972.  Pollination ecology and floral biology of four weedy genera in southern Oklahoma.  Southwest. Nat.  16: 403-412.

Hare, Q. A. &  G. H. Vansell, 1946. Pollen collection by honeybees in the Delta, Utah, Alfalfa seed producing area. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy  38: 462 - 469.

Haring, M. 1983. Versuche zur Octopamin-Wirkung im Bienengehirn. (UnPublished).

Harizanis, P. C. & N. E. Gary, 1984. The quality of insemination of queen honeybees mated under commerical conditions. American Bee Journal 124(5): 385-387.  

Harizanis, P. C., N. E. Gary & J. L. Hedrick, 1987. Analysis and content of ATP in spermatozoa of honeybees. Journal of Apiculture Research 26(3): 150-155.

Harp, Emmett R.  1973.  A specialized system for multiple rearing of quality honey bee queens. American Bee Journal 113(7): 256-258, 261.

Harrar, S. 1994. The basics of beekeeping. Organic Gardening, December, p. 30-38.

Harrar, S. 2007. The bee crisis. Organic gardening. 55(1): 52-55.

Harris, J. & J. Harbo, 1988. Breeding from worker honey bees. American Bee Journal 128(12): 804.

Harris, J. & J. Harbo, 1999. Low sperm counts and reduced fecundity of mites in colonies of honey bees resistant to Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Economic Entomology 92(1): 83-90.

Harris, J. L. 2008. Development of honey bee colonies initiated from package bees on the northern Great Plains of North America. Journal of apicultural research 47(2): 141-150.

Harris, J. W. 2001. A technique for marking individual varroa mites. Journal of Apicultural Research 40(1): 35-37. 

Harris, J. W. 2007. Bees with Varroa sensitive hygiene preferentially remove mite infested pupae aged less than or equal to five days post capping. Journal of apicultural research 46(3): 134-139. [ER: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/8497].

Harris, J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1988.   Breeding from worker honey bees. American Bee Journal 128(12): 804. 

Harris J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1989. Ovary development of worker bees when caged with workers from different stocks. American Bee Journal 128: 816.

Harris, J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1990.   Suppression of ovary development of worker honeybees by association with workers treated with carbon dioxide. Journal of Apicultural Research 29(4): 187-193. 

Harris, J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1991. Producing eggs from a single worker honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 84(3): 818-824.

Harris J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1998. Low sperm counts and delayed oviposition of mites in colonies of honey bees that are resistant to Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 138: 296.

Harris, J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 1999. Low sperm counts and reduced fecundity of mites in colonies of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) resistant to Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata: Varroidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 92(1): 83-90.

Harris J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 2000. Changes in reproduction of Varroa destructor after honey bee queens were exchanged between resistant and susceptible colonies.  Apidologie 31(6): 689-699.

Harris J. W. & J. R. Harbo, 2001. Natural and suppressed reproduction of varroa mites. Bee Culture 129: 34-38.

Harris J. W., J. R. Harbo & J. P. Woodring, 1999. A comparison of hemolymph proteins in honey bee larvae that are resistant and susceptible to Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 139: 312.

Harris J. [W.], T. Rinderer, V. Kuznetsov, R. Danka, G. Delatte, L. de Guzman and J. Villa, 2002. Imported Russian Honey Bees: Quarantine and Initial Selection for Varroa Resistance. American Bee Journal 142: 591-596.

Harris J. W. & J. Woodring, 1992a. Effects of queenlessness on biogenic amine levels in the brains of worker honey bees. American Bee Journal 132: 808-809.

Harris J. W. & J. Woodring, 1992b. Effects of stress, age, season and source colony on levels of octopamine, dopamine and serotonin in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) brain.  Journal of Insect Physiology 38(1): 29-35.

Harris J. W. & J. Woodring, 1995. Elevated brain dopamine levels associated with ovary development in queenless worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 111C(2): 271-279.

Harris, J. W. & J. Woodring, 1999. Effects of dietary precursors to biogenic amines on the behavioural response from groups of caged worker honey bees (Apis mellifera) to the alarm pheromone component isopentyl acetate. Physiological Entomology 24(3): 285-291. 

Harris, J. W., J. Woodring & J. R. Harbo, 1996. Effects of carbon dioxide on levels of biogenic amines in the brains of queenless worker and virgin queen honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Apicultural Research 35(2): 69-78.

Harris, M. 1776. An exposition of English insects, with curious observations and remarks, wherein each insect is particularly described; its parts and properties considered; the different sexes distinguished, and the natural history faithfully related. viii+166 pp+4 pp. London.

Harris, M. 1776. An exposition of English insects, with curious observations and remarks. London, 166 pp., 50 colour plates.

Harris, M. 2007. Monastic bees: The Abbey of Pluscarden in Scotland. American bee journal 147(1): 69-70.

Harris, R. A. 1979. A glossary of surface sculpturing. Occasional Papers in Entomology, State of California Department of Food and Agriculture 28: 1-31.

Harrison, B. 2005a. Almond pollination from the perspective of a Midwestern beekeeper pros and cons. American bee journal 145(4): 295-298.

Harrison, B. 2005b. Purvis Brothers Apiaries, Inc. : 21st century beekeeping. American bee journal 145(1): 41-45.

Harrison, B. 2006a. Bringing in the bees--unexpected trouble erupts at the California border! American bee journal 146(3): 203-207.

Harrison, B. 2006b. 2006 California almond pollination proves to be a tough nut to crack "out of turmoil comes change." American bee journal 146(4): 295-298.

Harrison, B. 2006c. Learning to live with AHB--separating fact from fiction. American bee journal 146(5): 428-430.

Harrison, B. 2006d. First Australian honey bee imports. 4. Early summer 2006 update. American bee journal 146(8): 671-674.

Harrison, B. 2007a. Browns Bees Australian honey bee imports. Part five—late fall 2007 update. American bee journal 147(12): 1029-1032.

Harrison, B. 2007b. Weslaco Bee Lab & current research. American bee journal 147(4): 323-326.

Harrison, B. 2008. Neonicotinoids: more questions than answers. American bee journal 148(4): 337-339.

Harrison, J. F. 2001. Insect acid-base physiology. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46: 221-250.

Harrison, J. F., S. Camazine, J. H. Marden, S. D. Kirkton, A. Rozo & Yang Xiao Long, 2001. Mite not make it home: tracheal mites reduce the safety margin for oxygen delivery of flying honeybees. Journal of Experimental Biology 204(4): 805-814.

Harrison, J. F., J. H. Fewell, S. P. Roberts & H. G. Hall, 1996. Achievement of thermal stability by varying metabolic heat production in flying honeybees. Science 274(5284): 88-90.

Harrison, J. F. &  H. G. Hall,  1993. African European honeybee hybrids have low nonintermediate metabolic capacities. Nature, London 363(6426): 258-260.

Harrison, J. F., D. I. Nielson & R. E. Page Jr., 1996. Malate dehydrogenase phenotype, temperature and colony effects on flight metabolic rate in the honey-bee, Apis mellifera. Functional Ecology 10(1): 81-88.  

Harrison, V. 1990. The World of Honey Bees. Gareth Stevens Publishing, Milwaukee/WI.

Hart, A. G. & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 2001. Why do honey-bee (Apis mellifera) foragers transfer nectar to several receivers? Information improvement through multiple sampling in a biological system. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49: 244-250.  

Hart, A. G. & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 2002. Task partitioned nectar transfer in stingless bees (Meliponini): work organisation in a phylogenetic context. Ecological Entomology 27: 163-168.

Hart, T. & R. Nabors, 2000. Pollen traps and drone pupae destruction as a method of varroa control. American Bee Journal 140(2): 151.

Härter,_. 1890.  Biologische Beobachtungen an Hummeln. [Bombus]. Bericht der Oberhessischen Gesellschaft für Natur und Heilkunde (Giessen) 27: 59-75.

Harter, B., C. Leistikow, W. Wilms, B. Truylio & W. Engels, 2002. Bees collecting pollen from flowers with poricidal anthers in a south Brazilian Araucaria forest: a community study. Journal of Apicultural Research 41(1/2): 9-16.

Hartfelder, K. 1991. Caste-specific modulation of juvenile hormone III content and ecdysteroid titer in postembryonic development of the stingless bee, Scaptotrigona postica depilis. Journal of Comparative Physiology B- Biochemical, Systematic and Environmental Physiology 160(6): 617-620. 

Hartfelder, K.,  J. Cnaani & A. Hefetz, 2000. Caste-specific differences in ecdysteroid titers in early larval stages of the bumble bee Bombus terrestris: Endocrine evidence that caste determination and caste differentiation are distinct processes. J. Insect Physiol. 46: 1433-1439.

Hartgen, H. 1980. Untersuchungen von Honigproben auf Botulinus-toxin. [In German.]. Arch. Lebensmittelhygiene 31(5): 177-178.

Hartig, G. L. & T. Hartig, 1834. Forstliches und forstnaturwissenschaftliches Conversations-Lexikon. Raucksche Buchhandlung, Berlin. 1034 pp.

Hartling, L. K. & R. C. Plowright, 1979. Foraging by bumble bees on patches of artificial flowers: a laboratory study. Canadian Journal of Zoology 57(10): 1866-1870.

Hartmann, P. & W. Arens, 1998.  Beitrag zur Kenntnis der biologie und verbreitung der Megachile diabolica Friese 1898 mit erstbeschreibung des Männchens.  Linzer Biologische Beiträge 30(1): 349-364.

Hartuich, P., H. Haslbachova, S. Kubisova, M. Bens & J. Krizak, 1989.  A contribution of the problems of spring stimulation of bee colonies by pollen.  Sb. Agron. Fak. Ceskych. Budejovicich Zootech. Rada. 6(1): 3-22. [In Czech. With Russian, English & German summary.].

Hartwig, C. 1989. Queen rearing in Nicaragua. American Bee Journal 129(1): 36-37.

Harvey, P. H., M. C. Baker, P. Bateson, N. Bischof, S. T. Emlen, R. Holldobler, B. Kramer, K. E. Linsenmair, H. Markl, P. Marler, E. W. Menzel Jr., C. D. Michener, M. Milinski & F. Trillmich, 1980.  Mechanisms of kin-correlated behavior – group report.  Pp. 183-202. In:  H. Markl (ed.), Evolution of Social Behavior: Hypotheses and Empirical Tests. Dahlem Konferenzen, Weinheim, Verlag Chemie GmbH.

Harville, B. G. & J. J. Lackett, 1978. Another way to use caged honey bees to pollinate white clover. Progress Report, Clover and Special Purpose Legumes Research 11: 35-36.

Harville, B. G. & J. J. Lackett, 1978. Foraging behavior of caged honey bees in white clover. Journal of Economic Entomology 71(3): 481-482. 

Harville, B. G. & J. J. Lackett, 1978. Foraging behavior of caged honey bees in white clover. Journal of Economic Entomology 71(3): 481-482. 

Harville, B. G., T. R. Rinderer & J. J. Lackett, 1979. Variation among honeybees for white clover pollination. Report of Projects, Lousiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Agronomy Pp. 19-23.

Hasenkamp, K. R. 1974. Ökophysiologische und ökologische Untersuchungen an Blattschneiderbienen. Forma et Functio 7: 139-178.

Haskell, R. 1966. Insect Behaviour. Roy. Ent. Soc. London.

Hassan, A. R. 1998. Role of some diets in increasing strength and hygienic behaviour of honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) colonies towards the Varroa jacobsoni parasite. Indian Journal of Entomology 60(2): 116-122.

Hassan, A. R. 2000. Do narcosis conditions and biotechnical procedures can influence the performance and fitness of artificially inseminated honeybee queens? Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(1): 345-358.

Hassan, E. 1972. The importance of wild flowers and bush growth as a source of food for adult parasitic Hymenoptera. In: 14th International Congress in Entomology (Abstracts), Canberra, Australia, Aug. 22-30. P. 214.

Hassanein, M. H. &  M. M. Ibrahim,  1959.  Studies on the importance of insects, especially the honey bee, in pollination of citrus in Egypt.  Agric. Res. Rev. (Cairo) 37: 390-409.

Hasenkamp, K. R. 1979. Zur Regulation der Schlupffolge bei Blattschneiderbienen der Art Megachile rotundata  (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Entomol. Gen. 5(2): 155-161. 

Hasiotis, S. [T.] 1997. A buzz before flowers.  Plateau J., Mus. North. Arizona 1: 20-27.

Hasiotis, S. T. & T. M. Demko, 1996.  Terrestrial and freshwater trace fossils, Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Colorado Plateau.  In: M. Morales (ed.), The Continental Jurassic. Mus. North. Arizona Bull. 60: 355-370.

Hasiotis, S. T., R. F. Dubiel & T. M. Demko, 1995.  Triassic hymenopterous nests: Insect eusociality predates Angiosperm plants.  Rocky Mountain Sec., Geol. Soc. Am. Reg. Meeting 27: 13.

Hasiotis, S. T., R. F. Dubiel, P. T. Kay, T. M. Demko, K. Kowalska & D. McDaniel, 1998. Research update on hymenopteran nests and cocoons, Upper Triassic Chinle Formation, Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona.  Natl. Park Serv., Paleontol. Res. 3: 116-121.

Hassan, A. R. & A. A. Mohamed, Effect of captivity environmental conditions of honeybee queens on their acceptance, performance and longevity. Shashpa 10(1): 19-25.

Hasselmann, M., M. K. Fondrk, R. E. Page Jr. & M. Beye, 2001. Fine scale mapping in the sex locus region of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Insect Molecular Biology 10(6): 605-608.

Hatjina, F., J. B. Free & R. J. Paxton, 1998. Hive-entrance pollen transfer devices to increase the cross-pollination potential of honey bees: I. Pilot study examining six materials. Journal of Apicultural Research 37(4): 231-237.

Hatjina, F., J. B. Free &  R. J. Paxton, 1999. Hive-entrance pollen transfer devices to increase the cross-pollination potential of honey bees: II. Examination of three materials and pollen viability. Journal of Apicultural Research 38(1/2): 3-9.

Hattingh, V. & J. H. Giliomee, 1989. Pollination of certain Leucadendron species (Proteaceae).  South African Journal of Botany 55(4): 387-393.

Hatty, S. & B. P. Oldroyd, 1999. Evidence for temperature-dependent selection for malate dehydrogenase allele frequencies in honeybee populations. Journal of Heredity 90(5): 565-568.  

Hauck, E.  1974. The case of Apis mellifera adansonii in South America. Allg. Dtsch. Imkerztg. 8(1): 7-9.

Hausl-Hofstätter, U. 1995.  Zur Bienefauna der steiermark 1.  Trachusa Panz. und Anthidium Fabr.(Hym., Apoidea, Megachilidae).  Mitt. Abt. Zool. Landesmus, Joanneum 49: 15-22.

Hawkins, R. P. 1961.  Observations on the pollination of red clover by bees. I.  The yield of seed in relation to the numbers and kinds of pollinators.  Annals of Applied Biology 49: 55-65.

Hawthorne, L. R., G. E. Bohart & E. H. Toole, 1956. Carrot seed yield and germination as affected by different levels and germination as affected by different levels of insect pollination.  Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 67: 384-389.

Haydak, M. H. 1945. Value of pollen substitutes for brood rearing of honeybees. Journal of  Economic Entomology 38: 484-487.

Haydak, M. H. 1970. Honey bee nutrition. Annual Review of Entomology 15: 143-156.

Haynes, J. & M. Mesler, 1984. Pollen foraging by bumble bees foraging patterns and efficiency on Lupinus polyphyllus. Oecologia (Berlin): 61(2): 249-253.

Haynes, W. C. 1972. The catalase test: An aid in the identification of Bacillus larvae. American Bee Journal 112: 130-131.

Hazeldine, P. L. 1996.  Comportamiento de nidificación de Meliphilopsis melandra Roig Alsina.  Extra, nueva serie no. 138: 1-4. [Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernadino Rivadavia.”, Buenos Aires.]

Hazeldine, P. L. 1997a. Comportamiento de nidificación de cuatro especies de Ptilothrix Smith.  Physis [Buenos Aires] (C) 54(1996): 27-41.

Hazeldine, P. L. 1997b. Comportamiento de nidificación de Diadasia Patton. Physis [Buenos Aires] (C) 54(1996): 43-48.

Hazelrigg, J. 2000. Formation and implementation of a non-medical emergency response plan to Africanized honeybees in Los Angeles County by the Greater Los Angeles County Vector Control District. Pp. 3-10. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Utah Mosquito Abatement Association, held at the Yarrow, Park City, Utah, USA, 1-3 October, 2000.

Hazeltine, W. E. & L. Chandler, 1964.  A preliminary atlas for the identification of female bumble bees. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 37: 77-87.

Heard, T. A. & A. E. Dollin, 2000. Stingless bee keeping in Australia: snapshot of an infant industry. Bee World 81(3): 116-125.

Heard, T. M. 1999. The role of stingless bees in crop pollination. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 44: 183-206.

Heckel, D. G. 2003. Genomics in pure and applied Entomology. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 48: 235-260.

Hedicke, H. 1922. Nomina nova. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 427-428

Hedicke, H. 1926.  Beiträge zur Apidenfauna der Philippinen.  Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1926: 413-423.

Hedicke, H. 1930a. 16. Ordnung: Hautflügler, Hymenoptera. Pp.1-246. In P. Brohmer, P. Ehrmann & G. Ulmer, (eds.), Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas, Insekten, Vol. 5, 2. Teil. Quelle and Meyer, Leipzig.

Hedicke, H. 1930b. Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas. Band V. Insekten, 2 Teil. Verlag von Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig.

Hedicke, H. 1933. Beiträge zur Systematik der Gattung Andrena F.  Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 19: 199-220.

Hedicke, H. 1938.  Über einige Apiden vom Hindu-kush. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1938: 186-196.

Hedicke, H. 1940. [Anthophora species from Kashmir.]. Mitteilungen Deutsche Entomologische Gesellschaft 9: 85-86.

Heemert, C. van, A. de Ruijter, J. van den Eijnde & J. van den Steen, 1990. Year round production of bumble bee colonies for crop pollination.  Bee World 71: 54-56.

Heer, O. 1849.  Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oenigen und von radoboj in Croatien. Neue denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die gesammten Naturwissenschaften [Zurich] 11: i-v + 1-264, pls. I-XVII.

Heer,  O.  1965.  Die Urwelt der Schweiz. Friedrich Schulthess, Zurich.

Heer, O. 1867. Fossile Hymenopteren aus Oeningen und Radoboj. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesamm. Naturwiss. (4)22: 1-42.

Heer, O. 1870. Die Miocene Flora und Fauna Spitzbergens. K. Svenska Vet.-Acad. Handl. 8(7): 1-98.

Hefetz, A. 1983. Function of secretion of mandibular gland  of male in territorial behavior of Xylocopa sulcatipes (Hymenoptera:Anthophoridae).  Journal of Chemical Ecology 9: 923-931.

Hefetz, A. 1987a. The role of Dufour's gland secretions in bees.  Physiol. Entomol. 12: 243-253.

Hefetz, A. 1987b. Functional evolution of Dufour's gland secretion in bees. Pp. 437-438. In: J. Eder & H. Rembold, (Eds), Chemistry and Biology of Social Insects. Verlag J. Peperny, Munchen.

Hefetz, A. 1990. Individual badges and specific messages in multicomponent pheromones of bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Entomol. Gener. 15: 103-113.

Hefetz, A. 1992 Individual scent marking of nest entrance as a mechanism for nest recognition in Xylocopa pubescensJ. Insect Behav. 5: 763-772.

Hefetz, A. 1998. Exocrine glands and their products in non-apis bees: chemical, functional and evolutionary perspectives. Pp. 236-256. In:  R. K. Vander Meer, M. Breed, M. Winston &  Espelie, C. (eds), Pheromone communication in social insects: Ants, wasps, bees, and termites.

Hefetz, A. &  S. W. T. Batra, 1978.  The origin of the cell lining in Colletes bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Journal of the New York Entomological Society 86: 293-294.

Hefetz, A., S. W. T. Batra & M. S. Blum, 1979a.  Linalool, Neral and geranial in the mandibular glands of Colletes bees -  an aggregation pheromone.  Experimentia 35: 319-320.

Hefetz, A., S. W. T. Batra & M. S. Blum, 1979b.  Chemistry of the mandibular gland secretion of the Indian bee Pithitis smaragdulaJournal of Chemical Ecology 5(5): 753-758.

Hefetz, A., G. Bergstrom  & J. Tengö, 1986. Species, individual and kin specific blends in Dufour's gland secretions of halictine bees: Chemical evidence. Journal of Chemical Ecology 12:197-208.

Hefetz, A., M. S. Blum, G. C. Eickwort, & J. W. Wheeler, 1978. Chemistry of the Dufour's gland secretion of halictine bees.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 61B: 129-132.

Hefetz, A., G. C. Eickwort, M. S. Blum, J. H. Cane & G. E. Bohart,  1982.  A comparative study of the exocrine products of clepto-parasitic bees (Holcopasites) and their hosts (Calliopsis) (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae, Andrenidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 8: 1389-1398.

Hefetz, A., H. M. Fales & S. W. T. Batra, 1979. Natural polyesters: Dufour’s gland macrocyclic lactones form brood cell laminesters in Colletes bees.  Science 204: 415-417.

Hefetz, A. & D. Graur, 1988.  The significance of multicomponent pheromones in denoting specific compositions.  Biochm. Syst. Ecol. 16: 557-566.

Hefetz, A., D. Mevoreh & D. Gerling, 1990.  Nest recognition by scent in the carpenter bee Xylocopa pubescens. Pp. 515-516. In: G. K. Veeresh,  B. Malik & C. A. Viraktamath (Eds.), Social insects and their environment. Proc. 11th Inter. Cong. IUSSI.

Hefetz, A., T. Taghizadeh & W. Francke, 1996.  The exocrinology of the queen bumble bee Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Z. Naturforsch. 51: 409-422.

Hefetz, A. & J. Tengö, 1992.  Dispersed versus gregarious nesting strategies in the mason bee Chalicodoma siculum (Rossi).  J. Zool. 226: 529-537.

Hefetz, A., J. Tengö, G. Lübke & W. Francke, 1993. Inter-colonial and intra-colonial variations in Dufour¹s gland secretion in the bumble bee species Bombus hypnorum (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Pp. 469-480. In: K. Weise, F. G. Gribakin & G. Renninger (Eds.), Sensory Systems of Arthropods. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel.

Heider, K.  1926. Pp. 161-320. In: Nomenclator Animalium Generum et subgenerum. Vol. 1. Lief. 2. Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.

Heider, K.  1935. Pp. 2185-2248. In: Nomenclator Animalium Generum et subgenerum. Vol. 4. Lief. 16. Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.

Heifer, J. M. D. 1995. Aspects of the reproduction of Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Thesis Mestrado. Federal university of Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, 65 pp.

Heinrich, B. 1975.  Bee flowers: A hypothesis on flower variety and blooming times. Evolution 29(2): 325-334. 

Heinrich, B.  1975.  Energetics of pollination.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 6: 139-170.

Heinrich, B.  1976a.  Resource partitioning among some eusocial insects: Bumblebees.  Ecology 57(5): 874-889.

Heinrich, B. 1976b. The foraging specialization of indivual bumblebees.  Ecol. Monogr.  46: 105-128.

Heinrich, B. 1976c. Bumblebee foraging and the economics of sociality.  American Scientist 64: 384-395.

Heinrich, B. 1979a. “Majoring” and “minoring” by foraging bumblebees.  Bombus vagans: an experimental analysis. Ecology 60: 245-255.

Heinrich, B. 1979b. Bumblebee Economics. viii+245 pp. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Heinrich, B. 1992.  The hot-blooded insects. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA.

Heinrich, B. & S. L. Buchmann, 1986. Thermoregulatory physiology of the carpenter bee, Xylocopa varipuncta. Journal of Comparative Physiology B - Biochemical, Systemic and Environmental Physiology 156: 557-562. 

Heinrich, B., P. R. Mudge & P. G. Deringis, 1977.  Laboratory analysis of flower constancy in foraging bumblebees: Bombus ternarius and B. terricola. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 2: 247-265. 

Heinrich, B. &  P. H. Raven, 1972. Energetics and pollination ecology. Science 176: 597–602. 

Heinrich, G. & B. Surholt, 1990.  Dependence of fructose-biphosphate from flight muscle of Bumblebee on calcium ions.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. Comp. Biochem. 97(1): 197-200. 

Heinrichs, D. H. 1967.  Seed increase of alfalfa in growth chambers with Megachile rotundata.  Canad. J. Plant Sci. 47: 691-694.

Heisenberg, M. & B. Gerber, 2002. Common design of mushroom bodies in bees and flies? Journal of Comparative Neurology 450(1): 1-3.

Heithaus, E. R. 1974. The role of plant-pollinator interactions in determining community structure.  Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 675-691. 

Heithaus, E. R. 1979a. Community structure of neotropical flower visiting bees and wasps: Diversity and phenology.  Ecology 60: 190-202. 

Heithaus, E. R. 1979b. Flower-feeding specialization in wild bee and wasp communities in seasonal neotropical habitats.  Oecologia 42: 179-194. 

Heithaus, E. R.  1979c. Flower visitation records and resource overlap of bees and wasps in northwest Costa Rica. Brenesia 16: 9-52.

Helanterä, H., L. Sundström,  2007. Worker policing and nest mate recognition in the ant Formica fusca. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology 61(8): 1143-1149. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-006-0327-5].

Helge Schlüns, H., R. F. A. Moritz, H. Michael, G. Lattorff & G. Koeniger, 2005. Paternity skew in seven species of honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apis). Apidologie 36(2): 201-210.

Hellmich, R. L. II.  1987. Flight-time differences between Africanized and European drones: implications for controlling matings. American Bee Journal 127(12): 846.

Hellmich, R. L. II. 1988. Influencing matings of honey-bee queens with selected drones in Africanized areas. Pp. 204-208. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Hellmich, R. L. II. & A. M. Collins, 1988.   Factors that influence drone flight times in Africanized and European colonies. American Bee Journal  128(12): 804.

Hellmich,  R. L.  II.,  A.  M. Collins,  R. G. Danka  &  T.  E. Rinderer,  1988.  Influencing matings of  European honey bee  queens in areas with  Africanized  honey bees  (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 81(3): 796-799.

Hellmich,   R.  L. II.,   R.  G.  Danka,  A.  M.  Collins  &  T.  E.  Rinderer,  1986. Laying-worker production of drones in mixed colonies of Africanized and European honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(5):  833-836. 

Hellmich, R. L. II., J. Ibarra, M. Mejia, T. E. Rinderer &  N. A. Gutierrez, 1993. Evaluating mating control of honey bee queens in an Africanized area of Guatemala. American Bee Journal 133(3): 207-211. 

Hellmich, R. L. II., J. M. Kulincevic & W. C. Rothenbuhler, 1985. Selection for high and low pollen-hoarding honey bees. Journal of Heredity 76(3): 155-158.

Hellmich, R. L. II.  &  T. E. Rinderer, 1989.  Managing Africanized honeybees for honey production. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Cairo, Egypt. [6-10 November 1988]. International Bee Research Association: 481-487.

Hellmich, R. L. , T. E. Rinderer,  R. G. Danka & A. M. Collins, 1988. Flight time differences between Africanized and European drones.  Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Cairo, Egypt. [6-10 November 1988]. International Bee Research Association: 478-480.

Hellmich,  R. L. II.,  T. E.  Rinderer,  R. G. Danka,  A. M.  Collins  &  D. L. Boykin, 1991. Flight times of  Africanized and European honey  bee  drones (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 84(1): 61-64.

Hellmich, R. L. II. & W. C. Rothenbuhler, 1986. Pollen hoarding and use by high and low pollen-hoarding honeybees during the course of brood rearing. Journal of Apicultural Research 25(1): 30-34.

Hellmich, R. L. II. & G. D. Waller, 1990. Preparing for Africanized honey bees - Evaluating control in mating apiaries. American Bee Journal 130(8): 537-542.

Hellstern, F., R. Malaka & M. Hammer, 1998. Backward inhibitory learning in honeybees: A behavioral analysis of reinforcement processing. Learning & Memory 4: 429-444.

Hemken, A. 2004. Candy board feeding. American bee journal 144(12): 943-945.

Hemken, A. 2008. Another story about swarms. American bee journal 148(4): 307-310.

Hemmer, W., M. Focke, D. Kolarich, I. B. H. Wilson, F. Altmann, S. Wohrl, M. Gotz & R. Jarisch, 2001. Antibody binding to venom carbohydrates is a frequent cause for double positivity to honeybee and yellow jacket venom in patients with stinging-insect allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 108(6): 1045-1052.

Hemmling, C., N. Koeniger & F. Ruttner, 1979. Quantification of 9-oxo-decenoic acid in the life history of the cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis Escholtz). Apidologie 10(3): 227-240.

Hempel de Ibarra, N., R. Brandt, M. Giurfa & M. Vorobyev, 1998. Can honeybees detect white flowers? Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Neuroethology, Int. Soc.for Neuroethology, August l998 in San Diego, p. 3 (Abstract).

Hempel de Ibarra, N., M. Giurfa & M. V. Vorobyev, 2001. Detection of coloured patterns by honeybees through chromatic and achromatic cues. J. Comp. Physiol. 187: 215-224.

Hempel de Ibarra, N., M. Giurfa & M. Vorobyev,  2002. Discrimination of coloured patterns by honeybees through chromatic and achromatic cues. Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 188(7): 503-512.

Hempel de Ibarra, N. & M. Vorobyev, 1999. How do flowers advertise themselves to insect eyes? Göttingen Neurobiology Report 1999 - Proceedings of the 1st Göttingen Conference of the German Neuroscience Society 1999, Volume II 27th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference, pp.425-425.

Hempel de Ibarra, N., M. V. Vorobyev, R. Brandt & M. Giurfa, 2000. Detection of bright and dim colours by honeybees. Journal of Experimental Biology 203: 3289-3298.

Henderson, C. 1988.  Tests  of  chemical  control  agents  for Varroa jacobsoni in honeybee packages. Pp. 380-386. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Henderson, J. M., R. Falk, S.  Minut, F. C. Dyer & S. Mahadevan, 2001. Gaze control for face learning and recognition in humans and machines. In: From fragments to objects: Segmentation processes in vision (Ed. By T. Shipley and P. Kellman). New York: Elsevier. PDF.

Hendrickson, R. 2008a. Small-scale queen rearing. American bee journal 148(2): 125-129.

Hendrickson, R. 2008b. Small-scale queen rearing. Part II. Conclusion. American bee journal 148(3): 225-228.

Hendrickx, F., J. P. Maelfait, W. van Wingerden, O. Schweiger, M. Spleelmans, S. Aviron, I. Augenstein, R. Billeter, D. Bailey, R. Bukacek, F. Burel, T. Diekoitter, J. Dirksen, F. Herzog, J. Liira, M. Roubalova, V. Vandomme & R. Bugter, 2007. How landscape structure, land-use intensity and habitat diversity affect components of total arthropod diversity in agricultural landscapes. Journal of applied ecology 44(2): 340-351. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01270.x].

Hengeveld, R.  1992. Potential and limitations of predicting invasion rates. Florida Entomologist 75(1): 60-71.

Hengeveld, R. & Haeck, J. 1981. The distribution of abundance. II. Models and implications. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Series C) 84: 257-284.

Hennessy, T.  O. 1976.  killer bee [Apis mellifera adansonii] where is they sting? In the press, that's where.  Am. Honey Prod. 8(6): 17-19.

Hennig, W. 1966.  Phylogenetic Systematics. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. Viii + 264 pp.

Hennig, W. 1969. Die Stammesgeschichte der Insekten. 436 pages. W. Kramer, Frankfurt am Main. 

Hennig, W. 1974. Kritische Bemerkungen zur Frage “Cladistic analysis or cladistic classification ?” Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch., Hamburg 12: 279-294.   

Henschel, G. 1988.  Megachile villosa.  Ein biologischer Beitrag. Entomologische Nachrichten (Karsch: Berlin) 14: 321-323. 

Hensel, A. 1870.  Prosopis gerstaeckeri, eine muthmasslich neue Bienen Art.  Beitr. Entomol. Zeit. xiv: 185-190.

Hensen, R. V. 1987. Hylaeus (Metylaeus) mahafaly sp.n., a new Malagasy bee.  Entomologische Berichten 47: 152-154.

Henslow, G. 1867. Note on the structure of Medicago sativa, as apparently affording facilities for the intercrossing of distinct flowers.  J. Linnean Soc. 9: 327-329.

Henslow, G. 1888.  The origin of floral structure through insect and other agencies. International Scientific Series, 63 London: 1888.

Heon, S. 2000. The mite Varroa, a menace to the bees in our hives. Nouv'Ailes 10(2): 1-4.

Hepburn, H.R. 1978a. The bee louse. South African Bee Journal 50(6): 11-12.

Hepburn, H. R. 1978b. Some honeybee research activities at the University of the Witwatersrand. South African Bee Journal 50(5): 11-14.

Hepurn, H. R. 1979a. Braula coeca. South African Bee Journal 50(6): 11-12.

Hepurn, H. R. 1979b. Pollination versus honey: the beekeeper’s seesaw. South African Bee Journal 51(2): 3-7.

Hepburn, H. R. 1980. How honeybees measure their pollen loads. South African Bee Journal 52(3): 11-13.

Hepurn, H. R. 1981a. Efficacy of pollen traps. South African Bee Journal 53(5): 8-9. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1981b. Fruit tree pollination. South African Bee Journal 53(5): 14-15. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1981c. Is the Langstroth brood chamber deep enough for African bees? South African Bee Journal 53(4): 9-11. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1982a. Comb production and the new foundation. South African Bee Journal 54: 56-62. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1982b. The bee scorpion. South African Bee Journal 54(2): 39-41.

Hepburn, H. R.  1983a.  Comb construction by  the African honey bee, Apis mellifera adansoniiJournal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 46(1): 87-101.

Hepurn, H. R. 1983b. Single versus double brood chambers. South African Bee Journal 55: 11-13. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1986. Honeybees and Wax: an Experimental Natural History.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin 205pp.

Hepburn, H. R. 1988. Absconding in  the African honey bee: The  queen, engorgement and  wax  secretion. Journal of Apicultural Research 27(2): 95-102.

Hepurn, H. R. 1989. Capensis in the Eastern Cape. South African Bee Journal 61: 87-89. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1990a. The first report on the biology of the Cape honeybee. South African Bee Journal 62: 128-132. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1990b. What and where is the Cape bee: an interim report. Pp. 74-83. In: Anderson, R. H. & B. Buys (Eds.), Bees and Beekeeping in Southern Africa. Apimondia, Stellenbosch.

Hepburn, H. R. 1991a. Incidence of the tachinid bee fly, Rondaniooestrus apivorus, in southern Africa. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 54(1): 84-85.

Hepurn, H. R. 1991b. Some apicultural puzzles. South African Bee Journal 63: 13-15. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1991c. The unique Cape bee and some apicultural puzzles. Beeline 28: 12-15. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1992a. “Follow-flow” brood rearing in capensis and scutellata. South African Bee Journal 64: 104-108. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1992b. Drongos: honey guides of the eastern Cape. South African Bee Journal 64: 40-41. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1992c. Pheromonal and ovarial development covary in Cape worker honeybees, Apis mellifera capensis. Naturwissenschaften 79: 523-524. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1992d. The biology of queen production in the Cape honeybee. South African Bee Journal 64: 132-138. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1993a. Heuning tydens die Tweede Vryheidsoorlog. South African Bee Journal 65: 10-12. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1993b. Swarming, absconding and migration in southern African bees. South African Bee Journal 65: 61-66.

Hepburn, H. R. 1994.  Reproductive cycling and hierarchical competition in Cape honeybees, Apis mellifera capensis Esch.  Apidologie 25: 38-48.

Hepurn, H. R. 1995. Flight and foraging in capensis and scutellata. South African Bee Journal 67: 38-42. 

Hepurn, H. R. 1998. Reciprocal interactions between honeybees and combs in the integration of some colony functions in Apis mellifera. Apidologie 29: 47-66. 

Hepurn, H. R. 2000. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) classification and the confounding effects of trinomial nomenclature. Anais do Encontro sobre Abelhas 4: 188-196.

Hepburn, H. R. 2001. The enigmatic Cape honey bee, Apis mellifera capensis. Bee World 82(4): 181-191. also in Honeybee Science 22: 49-56. [In Japanese].

Hepurn, H. R. 2002. Apis mellifera capensis: concept and reality. South African Bee Journal 74(2): 37-39, 53-62.

Hepurn, H. R. & M. H. Allsopp, 1994. Reproductive conflict between honeybees: usurpation of Apis mellifera scutellata colonies by Apis mellifera capensis. South African Journal of Science 90: 247-249.

Hepurn, H. R., E. Armstrong & S. P. Kurstjens, 1983. The ductility of native beeswax is optimally related to honeybee colony temperature. South African Journal of Science 79: 416-417.

Hepurn, H. R., R. T. F. Bernard, B. C. Davidson, W. J. Muller, P. Lloyd, S. P. Kurstjens & S. L. Vincent, 1991. Synthesis and secretion of beeswax in honeybees. Apidologie 22: 21-36.

Hepburn, H. R.,   R. C. Cantrill,   P. R. Thompson   &   E. Kennedi,  1979.  Metabolism of carbohydrate, lipid and protein during development of sealed worker brood of the African honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(1): 30-35.

Hepburn, H. R. & H. D. Chandler, 1975. A new classification for arthropod cuticles. South African Journal of Science 71(10): 311-312.

Hepburn, H. R. & H. D.  Chandler, 1976a. Material properties of arthropod cuticles: the arthrodial membranes. Journal of Comparative Physiology 109(2): 177-198.

Hepburn, H. R. & H. D. Chandler, 1976b. Mechanical hysteresis of insect cuticles. Journal of Insect Physiology 22(2): 221-226.

Hepburn, H. R., H. D. Chandler &  M. R. Davidoff, 1979. Extensometric properties of insect fibroins: the green lacewing cross-beta, honeybee alpha-helical and greater waxmoth parallel-beta  conformations  [Chrysopa  carnea,  Apis  mellifera  adansonii,  Galleria  mellonella]Insect Biochemistry 9(1): 69-77.

Hepburn, H. R. & R. M. Crewe, 1990.  Defining the Cape South Africa honey bee reproductive traits of queenless workers.  South African Journal of Science 86: 524-527.

Hepburn, H. R. &  R. M. Crewe, 1991a. Portrait of the Cape honeybee, Apis mellifera capensisApidologie 22(6): 567-580.

Hepurn, H. R. & R. M. Crewe, 1991b. Geography of the Cape honeybee based on laying worker performance. South African Bee Journal 63: 51-59.

Hepburn, H. R. & S. G. Guye, 1993. An annotated bibliography of the Cape honeybee, Apis mellifera capensis Eschscholtz (Hymenoptera: Apidae). African Entomology  1(2): 235-252.

Hepburn, H. R. & C. Hepburn, 2005. Bibliography of Apis florae. Apidologie 36(3): 377-378.

Hepburn, H. R., J. J. Hugo,  D. Mitchell,  M. J. M. Nijland &  A. G. Scrimgeour, 1984. On the energetic costs of wax production by the African honeybee, Apis mellifera adansonii South African Journal of Science 80(8): 363-368.

Hepurn, H. R. & Guillarmod A. Jacot, 1991. The Cape honeybee and the fynbos biome. South African Journal of Science 87: 70-73.

Hepurn, H. R., G. E. Jones & R. Kirby, 1994. Introgression between Apis mellifera capensis Escholtz and Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier: the sting pheromones. Apidologie 25: 557-565.

Hepburn, H.  R.  &   S.  P.  Kurstjens, 1984. On the strength of propolis (bee glue). Naturwissenschaften  71(11):  591-592.

Hepburn, H.  R.  &   S.  P.  Kurstjens, 1988. The combs of the honeybee as composite materials. Apidologie 19: 25-36.

Hepburn, H. R. & P. C. Magnuson, 1988. Nectar storage in relation to wax secretion by honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research 27(2): 90-92.

Hepburn, H. R., P. Magnuson, L. Herbert & L. A. Whiffler, 1991.  The development of laying workers in field collected colonies of the Cape honeybee.  J. Apic. Res. 30: 107-112.

Hepurn, H. R. & G. Mitchell, 1981. Milk and Honey, Essays in Agriculture.  Elsevier/North Holland, Amsterdam 108 pp.

Hepurn, H. R. & W. J. Muller, 1988. Wax secretion in honeybees. Thermal integrity of the festoon. Naturwissenschaften 75: 628-629.

Hepurn, H. R., R. J. C. Nefdt & L. A. Whiffler, 1988. Queen loss in the Cape honeybee: the interactions of brood, laying workers (false queens) and queen cells. South African Journal of Science 84: 778-780.

Hepburn, H.R. & S. E. Radloff, 1995. First approximation to a phenology of the honeybees (Apis mellifera) and flora of Africa. Oecologia 101(3): 265-273.

Hepurn, H. R. & S. E. Radloff, 1996a. Beeswax exports and rainfall in the savanna woodlands of east central Africa. Apidologie 27: 473-478. 

Hepurn, H. R. & S. E. Radloff, 1996b. Population structure of the honeybees along a transect from the Sahara to the Pyrenees. Apidologie 27: 35-45. 

Hepurn, H. R. & S. E. Radloff, 1997. Biogeographical correlates of population variance in the honeybees (Apis mellifera) of Africa. Apidologie 28: 243-258. 

Hepurn, H. R. & S. E. Radloff, 1998. Honeybees of Africa.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin 370 pp.

Hepburn, H. R. & S. E. Radloff, 2002. Apis mellifera capensis: an essay on the subspecific classification of honeybees.  Apidologie 33(2): 105-128.

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff & S. Fuchs, 1998a.  Population structure and the interface between Apis mellifera capensis and Apis mellifera scutellataApidologie 29: 333-346.

Hepurn, H. R., S. E. Radloff & S. Fuchs, 1998b. Ecological and morphological differentiation of the honeybees, Apis mellifera Linnaeus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of west Africa. African Entomology 6: 17-23.

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff & S. Fuchs, 1999. Flight machinery dimensions of honeybees, Apis mellifera. Journal of comparative physiology. B. Biochemical, systemic, and environmental Physiology 169(2): 107-112.

Hepurn, H. R., S. E. Radloff, S. Fuchs, G. W. Otis, S. Hadisoesilo & A. C. Tilde, 2003. Mutlivariate morphometric analysis of the Apis cerana populations of oceanic southern Asia. Apidologie [In Press].

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff & S. Oghiakhe, 2000. Mountain honeybees of Africa. Apidologie 31(2): 205-222.

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff, G. W. Otis, S. Fuchs, L. R. Verma, T. Ken, T. Chaiyawong, G. Tahmasebi, R. Ebadi & S. Wongsiri, 2005. Apis florea: morphometrics, classification and biogeography.  Apidologie 36(3): 359-376.

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff, G. R. Steele & R. E. Brown, 1998. Dimensional aspects of flight in the honey bees of Africa. Journal of Apicultural Research 37(3): 147-154. 

Hepburn, H. R., S. E. Radloff, S. Verma & L. R. Verma, 2001. Morphometric analysis of Apis cerana populations in the southern Himalayan region. Apidologie 32: 1-13.

Hepurn, H. R., S. L. Reece, P. Neumann, R F. A. Moritz & S. E. Radloff, 1999. Absconding in honeybees (Apis mellifera) in relation to queen status and mode of worker reproduction. Insectes Sociaux 46: 323-326.

Hepburn, H. R. & J. R. Rigby, 1981a. Strength of beeswax foundation in relation to cell orientation. Journal of Apicultural Research 20(4): 234-238.

Hepurn, H. R. & J. R. Rigby, 1981b. Beeswax candles from a silicone rubber mould. South African Bee Journal 53(4): 11-13. 

Hepburn, H. R. & D. C. Roberts, 1975. Stiffness and tanning of sclerites.  J. Insect Physiol. 21(11): 1741-1746. 

Hepburn, H. R. & G. N. Sinclair, 1977. On the occurrence of a fungus disease in the compound eyes of the African drone. South African Bee Journal 49(6): 2-4.

Hepburn, H. R., D. R. Smith, S. E. Radloff & G. W. Otis, 2001.  Infraspecific categories of Apis cerana: morphometric, allozymal and mtDNA diversity. Apidologie 32(1): 3-23.

Hepburn, H. R., M. H. Villet,  G. E. Jones,  A. R. Carter,  V. I. Simon & W. Coetzer, 1993. Winter absconding as a dispersal mechanism of the Cape honeybee. South African Journal of Science  89(6): 294-297.

Hepurn, H. R. & L. A. Whiffler, 1988. Dwarfs and queenballs in swarms of the Cape honeybee. South African Journal of Science 84: 851-852.

Hepurn, H. R. & L. A. Whiffler, 1991. Construction defects define pattern and method in comb building by honeybees. Apidologie 22: 381-388.

Hepburn, H. R., P. B. Wilson, H. D. Chandler & P. R. Thompson, 1978. Fractography of insect cuticle. Journal of Entomological Society of South Africa 41(1): 51-56. 

Hepurn, H. R., C. Youthed, P. Illgner, S. E. Radloff & R. E. Brown, 1998. Production of aerodynamic power in mountain honeybees (Apis mellifera). Naturwissenschaften 85: 389-390.

Heppner, J. B. & D. H. Habeck, 1977.  Insects associated with Polygonum (Polygonaceae) in north central Florida. II.  Insects other than Lepidoptera.  Fla.  Entomol. 60: 167-170.

Heras, C. & S. F. Gayubo, 1989.  Bee fauna from the province of Zamora [Spain]: II. Megachilidae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Bol. Asoc. Esp. Entomol. 13: 237-250.

Heraty, J. M., J. B. Woolley & D. C. Darling, 1994. Phylogenetic implications of the mesofurca and mesopostnotum in Hymenoptera. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 3: 241-277.

Herbers, J. M. 1979.  The evolution of sex-ratio strategies in hymenopteran societies.  American Naturalist 114: 818-834.

Herbert, E. W. Jr. 1979a. A new ash mixture for honeybees maintained on a synthetic diet. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(2): 144-147. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. 1979b. Brood rearing by small caged honeybee colonies fed whey-yeast pollen substitutes. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(1): 43-46. 

Herbert, E. W., W. E. Bickley & H. Shimanuki, 1970. The brood-rearing capability of caged honey bees fed dandelion and mixed pollen diets. Journal of Economic Entomology 63(1): 215-218. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., W. A. Bruce & H. Shimanuki, 1988. Control of Varroa jacobsoni on honey bees in packages using Apistan. American Bee Journal 128(9): 615-616.

Herbert, E. W. Jr., D. J. Chitwood & H. Shimanuki, 1985. New compounds with potential for the control of chalkbrood. American Bee Journal 125(6): 430-431.

Herbert, E. W. Jr., D. J. Chitwood & H. Shimanuki, 1987. Chalkbrood research at Beltsville. American Bee Journal 127(7): 488-491. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., N. J. Miller-Hill, 1987. Seasonal variation of seven minerals in honey bee collected pollen. American Bee Journal 127(5): 367-369. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1977a.  Brood-rearing capability of caged honey bees fed synthetic diets. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(3): 150-153. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1978a. Chemical composition and nutritive value of bee collected and bee stored pollen. Apidologie 9(1): 33-40. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1978b. Consumption and brood rearing by caged honeybees fed pollen substitutes fortified with various sugars. Journal of Apicultural Research 17(1): 27-31. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1978c. Effect of fat soluble vitamins on the brood rearing capabilities of honey bees fed a synthetic diet. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71(5): 689-691.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1978d. Effect of the size of outdoor flight cages on brood rearing and food consumption by honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research 17(3): 114-117. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1979a. Seasonal protein preferences of free flying colonies of honeybees. American Bee Journal 119(4): 298-299, 302.

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1979b.  Brood rearing and honey production by colonies of free-flying honey bees fed wheast, whey-yeast or sugar syrup. American Bee Journal 119(12): 833, 835-836.

Herbert, E. W. Jr., & H. Shimanuki, 1980. An evaluation of seven potential pollen substitutes for honey bees. American Bee Journal 120(5): 349-350.

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1981. Cholesterol and salt requirements for brood rearing by honeybees fed a pollen substitute. American Bee Journal 121(8): 572-574.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1982. Effect of population density and available diet on the rate of brood rearing by honeybees offered a pollen substitute. Apidologie 13(1): 21-28. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1983a. Effect of diet pH on the consumption, brood rearing, and pH of worker jelly produced by caged honey bees. Apidologie 14(3): 191-196. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1983b.  Effect of mid-season change in diet on diet consumption and brood rearing by caged honey bees. Apidologie 14(2): 119-125.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1984a. Effect of pH of pollen and worker jelly on the incidence of European foulbrood in honeybee colonies in New Jersey. American Bee Journal 124(2): 135-136. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr. & H. Shimanuki, 1984. An update on European foulbrood research in New Jersey. American Bee Journal 124(6): 472-473. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & R. J. Argauer, 1983.   Effect of feeding pollen substitutes to colonies of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) exposed to carbaryl. Environmental Entomology 12(3):  758-762.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & D. Caron, 1976. Effects of early and late feeding of Wheast diets on honey production. American Bee Journal 116(10): 492-494.

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & D. Caron, 1977a. Optimum protiens levels required by honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) to initiate and maintain brood rearing.  Apidologie 8(2): 141-146.

Herbert,  E.  W.  Jr.,  H.   Shimanuki   &   D.  Caron,  1977b. Caged honey bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae): comparative value of some proteins for initiating and maintaining brood rearing. Apidologie 8(3): 229-235. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & D. A. Knox, 1977. Transmission of chalk brood diseae of honeybees by infected queens, and worker brood and adults. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(4): 204-208.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & J. C. Matthenius Jr., 1987. The effect of two candidate compounds on Acarapis woodi in New Jersey. American Bee Journal 127(11): 776-778.  

Herbert, E.W. Jr., H. Shimanuki & J. C. Mathhenius Jr., 1988. An evaluation of menthol placement in hives of honey bees for the control of Acarapis woodi. American Bee Journal 128(3): 185-187.   

Herbert,   E.  W.  Jr.,  H.  Shimanuki  &  B.  S.  Shasha, 1980a.  Encapsulation of pollen attractants for honey bee, Apis mellifera L. diets (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 88(1): 73-74. 

Herbert,  E. W. Jr.,  H.  Shimanuki &  B.  S.  Shasha,  1980b. Brood rearing and food consumption by honeybee colonies fed pollen substitutes supplemented with starch-encapsulated pollen extracts. Journal of Apicultural Research 19(2): 115-118. 

Herbert,  E. W.,  J.  R.  Shimanuki  &  H.  Shimanuki,  1978.  Effects of thiamine- or riboflavin-deficient diet fed to new emerged honeybees, Apis mellifera L. Apidologie 9(4): 341-348.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr., H. Shimanuki, J. A. Svoboda & M. J. Thompson,  1981. Sterol requirements for brood-rearing by honeybees fed a synthetic diet. Apiacta 16(4): 168-169.

Herbert E. W., J. A. Svodoba, M. M. Thompson and  H. Shimanuki, 1980. Steroid utilisation in honey bees fed a synthetic diet : effect on brood rearing. Journal of Insect Physiology 14: 191-196. [OR  26(5): 287-289 ?]. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., J. A. Svoboda, M. J. Thompson & H. Shimanuki, 1981. Sterol requirements for brood rearing by honeybees fed a synthetic diet. American Bee Journal 121(7): 523.

Herbert,  E. W.  Jr.,  H. A.  Sylvester,  J. D. Vandenberg  &  H. Shimanuki, 1988. Influence of nutritional stress and the age of adults on the morphometrics of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Apidologie 19(3): 221-230.

Herbert, E. W. Jr., J. T. Vanderslice & D. J. Higgs, 1985. Vitamin C enhancement of brood rearing by caged honeybees fed a chemically defined diet. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 2(1): 29-37.  

Herbert, E. W. Jr., P. C. Witherell, W. A. Bruce, V. J. Mladjan & H. Shimanuki, 1989. Observations on Varroa-infested honey bee packages treated with Apistan and hived. American Bee Journal 129(12): 799-801. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., P. C. Witherell, W. A. Bruce & H. Shimanuki, 1989. Evaluation of six methods of detecting Varroa mites in beehives, including the experimental use of acaricidal smokes containing fluvalinate or amitraz. American Bee Journal 129(9): 605-606, 608. 

Herbert, E. W. Jr., P. C. Witherell & H. Shimanuki, 1988. Control of Varroa jacobsoni on honey bees in queen cages and small laboratory cages using Amitraz, fluvalinate and Apitol. American Bee Journal 128(4): 289-292.

Herbst, P.  1922.  Zur Biologie der Gattung Chilicola Spinola.  Entomologische Mitteilungen 11: 63-68.

Hermann, H. R. & M. E. Douglas, 1976.  Comparative survey of the sensory structures on the sting and ovipositor of hymenopterous insects.  J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 11(3): 223-239.

Hermoso de Mendoza, M., J. H. de Mendoza, F. Puerta, E. Asensio, M. Bustos, F. Padilla & P. Pellin, 1989. Ascophaerosis of the parasitic bee, Coelioxys rufocaudata by Ascosphaera aggregation. Journal of Apicultural Research 28(2): 61-65.

Hernández, J. E., F. J. Ortiz, M. Montesdeoca & A. Carnero, 2003. Método de cría de Bombus canariensis Pérez, 1895 en condiciones controladas. Phytoma 154: 42-46.

Hernandez, D., V. Mansanet & J M. Puiggros Jove, 1999. Use of Confidor(R) 200 SL in vegetable cultivation in Spain. Pflanzenschutz - Nachrichten Bayer 52(3): 374-385.

Herodotus. 485-425 B.C. Historiae. Republished in G. Rawlinson, translator. Wordsworth classics of world literature. Ware, UK.

Herrera, C. M. 2000. Flower-to-seedling consequences of different pollination regimes in an insect-pollinated shrub. Ecology 81(1): 15-29.

Herrich-Schaeffer, G. A. W. 1838. Faunae Insectorum Germaniae initia oder Deutschlands Insecten. Regensburg, Manz.

Herrich-Schaeffer, G. A. W. 1840. Nomenclator entomologicus. Verzeichniss der europaeischen Insecten; zur Erleichterung des Tauschverkehrs mit Preisen versehen. Zweites Heft. Coleoptera, Orthoptera, Deratoptera und Hymenoptera. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg. 244 pp.

Herrich-Schaeffer, G. A. W. 1844. Faunae Insectorum Germaniae initia oder Deutschlands Insecten. Regensburg, Manz.

Herrmann, M., F. Burger, A. Müller & S. Tischendorf, 2003. Verbreitung, Lebensraum und Biologie der Furchenbiene Lasioglossum pallens (Brullé 1832) und ihrer Kuckucksbiene Sphecodes majalis Pérez 1903 in Deutschland (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Halictinae). Carolinea 61: 133-144.

Herrmann, M. & A. Müller, 1999. Wenn die Gülle geht - Wieviele Bienen können in einer extensiv genutzten Agrarlandschaft leben (Hymenoptera, Apidae)?  Mitteilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Schaffhausen 44: 175-202.

Hersch, M., R. M. Crewe, H. R. Hepburn, P. R. Thompson & N. Savage, 1978a. Enzymatic throttles in honeybee muscle. South African Journal of Science 74(7): 260-261.

Hersch, M. I., R. M. Crewe, H. R. Hepburn, P. R. Thompson & N. Savage, 1978. Sequential development of glycolytic competence in the muscles of worker honeybees. Comp. Biochem. and Physiol. B, Comp. Biochem. 61B(3): 427-431.

Hertel, H. 1979. Phototactic reaction of Asplachna priodonta to monochromatic light. Z. Naturforsch. 34: 148-152.

Hertel, H. 1980. Chromatic properties of identified interneurons in the optic lobes of the bee. J. Comp. Physiol. 137: 215-231.

Hertel, H. 1982. The effect of spectral light deprivation on the spectral sensitivity of the honey bee. J. Comp. Physiol. 147: 365-369.

Hertel, H. 1983. Change of synapse frequency in certain photoreceptors of the honeybee after chromatic deprivation. J. Comp. Physiol. 151: 477-482.

Hertel, H. & U. Maronde, 1987a. Processing of visual information in the honeybee brain. Pp. 141-157. In: R. Menzel & A. R. Mercer (eds.), Neurobiology and behavior of honeybees. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer.

Hertel, H. & U. Maronde, 1987b. The physiology and morphology of centrally projecting interneurones in the honeybee brain. J. Exp. Biol. 133: 301-315.

Hertel, H., S. Schäfer & U. Maronde, 1987. The physiology and morphology of visual commisures in the honeybee brain. J. Exp. Biol. 133: 283-300.

Hertel, H. & D. Ventura, 1985. Spectral sensitivity of photoreceptors in the compound eye of stingless tropical bees. J. Insect Physiol. 31: 931-935.

Hertel, K. & K. Woodlands, 2001. Insect and mite control in field crops 2001. vi+82 pp.

Herzner, G. & E. Strohm, 2008. Food wrapping by females of the European Beewolf, Philanthus triangulum, retards water loss of larval provisions. Physiological Entomology 33(2): 101-109. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.2007.00603.x].

Herzner, G., T. Schmitt, F. Heckel, P. Schreier & E. Strohm, 2006. Brothers smell similar: variation in the sex pheromone of male European Beewolves Philanthus triangulum F. (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) and its implications for inbreeding avoidance. Biological journal of the Linnean Society 89(3): 433-442.[Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00684.x].  

Herzner, G., T. Schmitt, K. Peschke, A. Hilpert & E. Strohm, 2007. Food Wrapping with the postpharyngeal gland secretion by females of the European beewolf Philanthus triangulum. Journal of chemical ecology 33(4): 849-859. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10886-007-9263-8].

Heselbarth, H., Van Oorschot H. & S. Wagener, 1995.  Die Tagfalter der Türkei unter Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder.  Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener, Bocholt, Bd. 1: 753 pp.

Hester, P. G., K. R. Shaffer, N. S. Tietze, He Zhong N. L. Griggs Jr., 2001. Efficacy of ground-applied ultra-low-volume malathion on honey bee survival and productivity in open and forest areas. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 17(1): 2-7.

Hewitt, G. B. & W. H. Burleson, 1976.  A preliminalry survey of the arthropod fauna of sainfoin in central Montana.  Montana Agriculture Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 693: 1-11.

Hicks, C. 2006. Honey bees converge on Wenatchee area orchards for annual blossom quest. American bee journal 146(9): 772-774.

Hicks, C. 2007. Cranberries, bogs, and bees. American bee journal 147(1): 62-65.

Hicks, C. 2008a. Hamilton Honey manages bees for gem state success. American Bee Journal 148(5): 441-444.

Hicks, C. 2008b. The Columbia River Gorge -where bees and orchards meet. American bee journal 148(8): 731-734.

Hicks, C. H. 1926.  Nesting habits and parasites of certain bees of Boulder County, Colorado.  University of Colorado Studies 15: 217-252.

Hicks, C. H. 1927. Parasites and habits of Dianthidium pudicum Cresson. Psyche 34(6): 193-198.

Higes, M., P. García-Palencia, R. Martín-Hernández & A. Meana, 2007. Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). Journal of invertebrate pathology 94(3): 211-217. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.11.001].

Higes, M., P. GarciÌ. a-Palencia, R. MartiÌ. n-HernaÌ. ndez & A. Meana, 2007. Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). Journal of invertebrate pathology 94(3): 211-217. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.11.001].

Higes, M., R. MartiÌ. n-HernaÌ. ndez, E. Garrido-BailoÌ. n, P. GarciÌ. a-Palencia & A. Meana, 2008. Detection of infective Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) spores in corbicular pollen of forager honeybees. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 97(1): 76-78. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.06.002].

Higes, M., M. Ã. Raquel, G. –B. Encarna, B. Cristina, G. –P. Pilar Meana, Aránzazu, 2008. Regurgitated pellets of Merops apiaster as fomites of infective Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) spores. Environmental microbiology 10(5): 1374-1379. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01548.x].

Higo, H. A., S. J. Colley, M. L. Winston & K. N. Slessor, 1992. Effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen manibular gland pheromone on foraging and brood rearing. Canadian Entomologist 124(2): 409-418.  

Higo, H. A., M. L. Winston & K. N. Slessor,  1995. Mechanisms by which honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) queen pheromone sprays enhance pollination. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88(3): 366-373.

Hider, R. C.  989. Honeybee venom. Bee World 70(2): 53-54.

Hiiemets, R., M. Mand, A. Bender & S. Tamm, 2000. Attractiveness of different alfalfa flower colours for bumble bees. Transactions of the Estonian Agricultural University, Agronomy No. 209: 43-45.

Hildebrandt, H. & U. Müller, 1995a. Octopamine mediates rapid stimulation of protein kinase A in the antennal lobe of honeybees. J. Neurobiol. 27: 44-50.

Hildebrandt, H. & U. Müller, 1995b. PKA activity in the antennal lobe of honeybees is regulated by chemosensory stimulation in vivo. Brain Res. 679: 281-288.

Hilf, H. et al. 1976. Progress in Popular breeding. Holzzucht. 30: 15-53.

Hill, B. D., K. W. Richards & G. B. Schaalje, 1984. Use of dichlorvos resin strips to reduce parasitism of alfalfa leafcutter bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) cocoons during incubation.  Journal of Economic Entomology 77: 1307-1312.

Hill, P. S. M., J. Hollis & H. Wells, 2001. Foraging decisions in nectarivores: unexpected interactions between flower constancy and energetic rewards. Animal Behaviour 62(4): 729-737.

Hiller, B. & D. Wittmann, 1994.  Seasonality, nesting biology and mating behavior of the oil-collecting bee Epicharis dejeaniiBiosciências [Porto Alegre, Brazil] 2: 107-124.

Hillesheim, E.  & N. Koeniger, 1989. Colony performance in honeybees (Apis mellifera capensis Esch.) depends on the proportion of subordinate and dominant workers. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 24(5): 291-296.

Hillis, D. M. & C. Moritz, 1990. Molecular Systematics.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Hingston, A. B. & P. B. McQuillan, 2000. Are pollination syndromes useful predictors of floral visitors in Tasmania? Austral Ecology 25(6): 600-609.

Hinojosa-Diaz, I. A. & C. D. Michener, 2005. A new bee of the genus Chilicola Spinola (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Xeromelissinae) from Central Mexico. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 107(1): 1-6.

Hinton, W. F. 1976.  The evolution of insect-mediated self-pollination from an outcrossing system in Calyptridium (Portulacaceae).  American Journal of Botany 63(7): 979-986.

Hippa, H.  &  S.  Koponen, 1976. Preliminary studies on flower visitors to and potential pollinators of the cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.) in subnarctic Lapland.  Ann. Agric. Fenn. 15: 56-65.

Hippa, H., S. Koponen & O. Osmonen,  1978.  Role of bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in pollination of the cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.) in northern Fennoscandia.  Rep. Kevo Subarct. Res. Stn. 14: 31-37.

Hiran, S., T. K. Pande, S. Pani, R. Gupta & K. A. Vishwanathan, 1994. Rhabdomyolysis due to multiple honey bee sting. Postgraduate Medicine Journal 70(830): 937.

Hirashima, Y.  1952a.  Description of Andrena yasumatsui n.sp., with a provisional key to the subgenera of palearctic AndrenaMushi 24(10): 59-65, pl. 4.

Hirashima, Y. 1952b. Descriptions and records of bees of the genus Andrena from eastern Asia, II Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Mushi 24(7): 29-33.

Hirashima, Y. 1953. The insect fauna of Mt. Ishizuchi and Omogo Valley, Iyo, Japan. Four new species of Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Trans. Shikoku Ent. Soc. 3(5/6): 132-133. 

Hirashima, Y. 1955.  A new species of the genus Epeolus from Japan.  Insecta Matsumurana 19: 40-43.

Hirashima, Y. 1956. Some bees of the genus Nomia Latreille from Formosa. Insecta Matsumurana 20: 29-33.

Hirashima, Y. 1957a.  Descriptions and records of bees of the genus Andrena from eastern Asia, III.  Mushi 30(9): 49-57.

Hirashima, Y. 1957b.  Descriptions and records of bees of the genus Andrena from eastern Asia, IV.  Mushi 30(10): 59-66.

Hirashima, Y. 1957c. A tentative catalogue of the genus Halictus Latreille of Japan, and her adjacent territories (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Sci. Bull. Fat. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 16: l-30.

Hirashima, Y. 1958. Bees of the Amami Islands. I (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Mushi 32: 69-76, 2 plates.

Hirashima, Y. 1961. Monographic study of the subfamily Nomiinae of Japan.  Acta Hymenopterologica 1: 241-303.

Hirashima, Y.  1962a.  Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 1, Biology. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 12(1): 1-20.

Hirashima, Y.  1962b.  Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 1. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 12(2): 117-154.

Hirashima, Y. 1963a. Notes on the utilization of Osmia cornifrons as a pollinator of apples. Kontyû 31: 296.

Hirashima, Y. 1963b. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 1. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 12(2): 117-154.

Hirashima, Y.  1963c.  Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 2. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 12(4): 241-263.

Hirashima, Y.  1964a. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 3. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13(1): 39-69.

Hirashima, Y.  1964b. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 4. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13(1): 71-97.

Hirashima, Y.  1965a. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 5. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13(3): 461-491.

Hirashima, Y.  1965b. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 6. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13(3): 493-517.

Hirashima, Y.  1966a. Systematic and biological studies of the family Andrenidae of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Part 2.  Systematics, 7. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 14(1): 89-131.

Hirashima, Y.  1966b.  Comments on Nomia (Ptilonomia) with descriptions of two new species from New Guinea.  Kontyû 34: 293-297.

Hirashima, Y. 1967a.  Discovery of Gephyrohylaeus from the Philippines. Kontyû 35: 62-64.

Hirashima, Y.  1967b.  A new subgenus and species of Hylaeus from New guinea. Kontyû 35: 134-138.

Hirashima, Y.  1967c.  Metallic forms of Nomia (Mellitidia) of New Guinea in the collection of Bishop Museum.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 14: 311-331.

Hirashima, Y. 1969. Synopsis of the genus Pithitis Klug of the world (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Pacific Insects 11: 649-669.

Hirashima, Y.  1971a.  Subgeneric classification of the genus Ceratina Latreille of Asia and West Pacific, with comments on the remaining subgenera of the world (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 16(4): 349-375.

Hirashima, Y. 1971b. Megaceratina, a new genus of bees of Africa (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae).  Journal of Natural History 5(3): 251-256.

Hirashima, Y. 1973.  Two new species of the genus Osmia from Japan and N. China.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 18(1): 63-68.

Hirashima, Y. 1974. Annotated check list of the Japanese species of the genus Megachile sensu lato (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae), with de scription of a new species. Kontyû 42(2): 174-180.

Hirashima, Y.  1975a. Revision of the bee genus Xenorhiza Michener of New Guinea, with descriptions of two new species.  Esakia 9: 1-14.

Hirashima, Y.  1975b.  New species of bees of the genus Palaeorhiza Perkins from New Guinea mainly in the collection of the Rijksmuseum van Naturlijke Historie, Leiden.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 20(1): 27-46.

Hirashima, Y.  1975c. A new subgenus of the genus Andrena (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) from Japan and allied areas. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 19: 175-186.

Hirashima, Y.  1977.  Revision of the Japanese species of Nesoprosopis, with descriptions of two new species.  Esakia 10: 21-43.

Hirashima, Y. 1978a. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part I. Subgenus Palaeorhiza s.str. Esakia 11: 89-119.

Hirashima, Y. 1978b. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part II. Subgenera Gressittapis, Noonadania, Sphecogaster, Anchirhiza, Ceratorhiza. Esakia 12: 63-87.

Hirashima, Y. 1978c. Some Asian species of Austronomia, a subgenus of Nomia, with descriptions of three new species from Sri Lanka.  Esakia 12: 89-101.

Hirashima, Y. 1979. Discovery of the second species of Prosopisteroides of New Guines (Hymenoptera, Colletidae: Hylaeus (Prosopisteroides) gressitti). Esakia 14: 145-148.

Hirashima, Y. 1980. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part III. Subgenera Trachyrhiza, Paraheterorhiza, Hadrorhiza.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 25: 99-117.

Hirashima, Y. 1981a. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part IV. Subgenus Cheesmania. Kontyû 49: 27-36.

Hirashima, Y. 1981b. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part V. Subgenus Cnemidorhiza new subgenus.  Esakia 17: 1-48.

Hirashima, Y. 1981c. A little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) 3. Pasites esakii, new status, new record for Japan. Esakia 17: 49-52.

Hirashima, Y. 1981d. Derivation of racking deformation formula of nailed frame panel. Mokuzai Gakkai  [Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society] 27(2): 141-143.

Hirashima, Y.  1982a. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part VI. Subgenus Zarhiopalea. Kontyû 50: 57-66.

Hirashima, Y. 1982b. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part VII. Subgenus Cercorhiza. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 26: 87-109.

Hirashima, Y. 1982c. Systematic studies on the genus Palaeorhiza of New Guinea collected by the third Archbold expedition (I) (Hymenoptera, Colletidae). Esakia 19: 1-50.

Hirashima, Y. 1982d. Comments on the bee fauna of Japan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Entomologia Generalis 8(1): 89-97.

Hirashima, Y. 1983. New names of Palaeorhiza. Esakia 20: 129.

Hirashima, Y. 1984. Ecological studies on insect species diversities and productivities in the highland agricultural ecosystems of Papua New Guinea. A progress report for the year 1982. Esakia 21: 1-4.

Hirashima, Y.  1988.  Bees of the genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of Papua New Guinea collected by Kyushu University expedition, I. Esakia 26: 5-19.

Hirashima, Y. 1989a. A synopsis of the bee genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) of New Guinea, Part VIII. Subgenus CallorhizaEsakia 28: 1-9, pl. 1.

Hirashima, Y. 1989b. A check list of the Japanese insects. II. Ent. Lab., Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka: Pp. 685-687.

Hirashima, Y.  1992.  A new name of PalaeorhizaJapanese Journal of Entomology 60: 395.

Hirashima, Y.  1996.  Subgeneric classification of the genus Xenorhiza Michener of Papua New Guinea.  Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington No. 17: 78-81.

Hirashima, Y.  1997.  Review of My Studies on the New Guinea Bees for the Years 1966-1996. 88 pp. Published by the author, Fukuoka. [In Japanese.]

Hirashima, Y & Y. Haeda,  1973.  New or little known species of the genus Andrena from Japan.  Mushi 47(5): 67-73.

Hirashima, Y  &  M. A. Lieftinck,  1982.  Systematic studies on the genus Palaeorhiza of New Guinea collected by the third Archbold expedition (I).  Esakia 19: 1-50.

Hirashima, Y  &  M. A. Lieftinck,  1983.  Systematic studies on the genus Palaeorhiza of New Guinea collected by the third Archbold expedition (II).  Esakia 20: 93-129.

Hirashima, Y. & Y. Maeta, 1974.  Bees of the genus Megachile sensu lato (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) of Hokkaido and Tohoku District of Japan. Kontyû 42(2): 157-173.

Hirashima, Y. & H. Nagase, 1981. New or little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). III. Pasites esakii, a genus and species new to Japan. Esakia 17: 49-52.

Hirashima, Y. & H. Roberts, 1984. Bees of the genus Palaeorhiza Perkins (Hymenoptera, Colletidae) in the National Forest Insect Collection of the Forest Research Station, Bulolo, Papua New Guinea (I). Esakia 22: 115-128.

Hirshima, Y. & H. Roberts, 1986.  Discovery of the bee genus Pharohylaeus Michener from Papua New Guinea, with description of a new species.  Esakia 24: 63-66.

Hirashima, Y. & O. Tadauchi,  1975. A new subgenus of the genus Andrena (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) from Japan and allied areas. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 19(4): 175-186.

Hirashima, Y. & O. Tadauchi,  1979a. New or little known bees of Japan (Hym., Apoidea) (i) Supplementary note on 2 Andrena species. Esakia 14: 135-144.

Hirashima, Y. & O. Tadauchi, 1979b. New or little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). II. Bees of Colletes and Epeolus of Niigata Prefecture with description of a new Colletes species. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 24(2/3): 113-123.  

Hirashima, Y. & O. Tadauchi,  1984.  Two new species of Prosopisteroides from Papua New Guinea (Hymenoptera, Colletidae, Hylaeus).  Esakia 21: 59-65.

Hirashima, Y., O. Tadauchi & H. Suda, 1979. New or little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). I. Supplementary note on two Andrena species. Esakia 14: 135-143.

Hirata, M. & S. Higashi, 2008. Degree-day accumulation controlling allopatric and sympatric variations in the sociality of sweat bees, Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) baleicum (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62(8): 1239-1247. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-008-0552-1].

Hirayama, F., N. Katayama,  S. Neben,  D. Donaldson,  E. B. Nickbarg, S. C. Clark & M. Ogawa, 1994. Synergistic interaction between interleukin-12 and steel factor in support of proliferation of murine lymphohematopoietic progenitors in culture. Blood 83(1): 92-98.

Hirsch, M., S. Pfaff & V. Wolters, 2003. The influence of matrix type on flower visitors of Centaurea jacea L. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 98: 331-337.

Hirsch, M., V. Wolters, F. Burel, J. Baudry & U. Mander, 2003. Response of aculeate Hymenoptera to spatial features of an agricultural landscape. Journal for Nature Conservation 11: 179-185.

Hisamatsu, M. & S. Yamane, 2006. Faunal makeup of wild bees and their flower utilization in a semi-urbanized area in central Japan. Entomological science [Melbourne, Australia : Blackwell Publishing Asia] 9(2): 137-145. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2006.00161.x].

Hisatomo, T., B. P. Viana, P. G. Kevan, F. O. Silva & B. Matthias, 2008. Does forest loss affect the communities of trap-nesting wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) in forests? Landscape vs.local habitat conditions. Journal of Insect Conservation 12(1): 15-21. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-006-9058-1].

Hitchcock, J. D., J. O. Moffett, J. J. Lackett & J. R. Elliott, 1970. Tylosin for control of American foulbrood disease in honey bees. Journal of Economic Entomology 63(1): 204-207.

Hjaji, N. Y. 2003. Control of varroa jacobsoni by natural substances. Aleppo university, Syria 128 pages. (In Arabic).

Hobbs, G. A.  1956. Ecology of the leaf-cutter bee (Megachile perihirta Ckll.) (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) in relation to production of alfalfa seed. Canadian Entomologist 88: 625-631.

Hobbs, G. A. 1957.  Alfalfa and red clover as sources of nectar and pollen for honey, bumble and leaf-cutter bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Canadian Entomologists 89: 230-235.

Hobbs, G. A.  1962.  “Domestication” of bumble bees. Canada Department of Agriculture (Entomogy Branch) News Letter 40(6): 1-2.

Hobbs, G. A.  1964a.  Importing and managing the alfalfa leaf-cutter bee. Canada Department of Agriculture Publication No. 1209: 1-8.

Hobbs, G. A.  1964b. Phylogeny of bumble bees based on brood-rearing behaviour. Canadian Entomologist 96: 115-116.

Hobbs, G. A.  1965. Importing and managing the alfalfa leaf-cutter bee. Canada Department Agriculture Publication No. 1209: 1-8. [Revised].

Hobbs, G. A.  1966a. Ecology of species of Bombus Latr. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in southern Alberta. IV. Subgenus Fervidobombus Skorikov. Canadian Entomologist 98: 33-39.

Hobbs, G. A. 1966b. The management of bumble bees for pollination. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Pollination, London, 1964. Bee World 47 (suppl): 141-143.  

Hobbs, G. A. 1966c. The utilization and management of bumble bees for red clover and alfalfa seed production. Annual Review of Entomology 11: 155-182.

Hobbs, G. A.  1967. Domestication of alfalfa leaf-cutter bees. Canada Department of Agriculture Publication No. 1313: 1-19.

Hobbs, G. A.  1968.  Controlling insect enemies of the alfalfa leaf-cutter bee, Megachile rotundataCanadian Entomologist 100(7): 781-784.

Hobbs, G. A. 1969. Further information on alfalfa leaf-cutter bee keeping. Canada Agricultural Research Station, Lethbridge 1969: 1-9. [Mimeographed].

Hobbs, G. A. 1970.  Alfalfa leaf-cutter beekeeping. Alberta style. In: Rep. 9th Pollination Conf., Hot Springs, Arkansas. Agric. Extension Services Misc. Papers No.127: 80-83.

Hobbs, G. A. 1972.  Beekeeping with alfalfa leafcutter bees in Canada.  Bee World 53(4): 167-173.

Hobbs, G. A. 1973.  Alfalfa leafcutter bees for pollinating alfalfa in western Canada. Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1495: 1-30.

Hobbs, G. A. 1975.  Making parasite-proof hives with wooden grooved boards. Forage Notes 20(1): 18-20.

Hobbs, G. A. & M. D. Krunic, 1971. Comparative behavior of three chalcidoid (Hymenoptera) parasites of the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile rotundata, in the laboratory. Canadian Entomologist 103(5): 674-685.

Hobbs, G. A. & C. E. Lilly, 1954.  Ecology of species of Megachile Latreille in the mixed prairie region of southern Alberta with special reference to pollination of alfalfa. Ecology 35: 453 - 462.

Hobbs, G. A. & C. E. Lilly, 1955.  Factors affecting efficiency of honey bees as pollinators of alfalfa in southern Alberta.  Canadian Journal of Agricultural Science 35: 422-432.

Hobbs, G. A.  &  K. W. Richards, 1976. Selection for a univoltine strain of Megachile (Eutricharaea) pacifica (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Canadian Entomologist  108(2): 165-167.  

Hobbs, G. A.  &  K. W. Richards, 1977.  An examination of methods used in Western Canada to estimate populations of alfalfa leafcutter bees.  Bee World 58(2): 67-70.

Hocking, B.  1968.  Insect-flower associations in the high arctic with special regference to nectar.  Oikos 19: 359-387.

Hodges, A.,  D. Mulkey,  E. Philippakos & M. Sanford, 2001.  Economic impact of the florida apiculture industry. American Bee Journal  141: 361-364.

Hodges, D. 1974. The pollen loads of the honey bee. International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, London/England.

Hoffer, E. 1882. Die Hummeln Steiermarks. Lebensgeschichte und Beschreibung derselben. I. Hälfte. [2] + 92 pp. Graz.

Hoffer, E. 1883. Die Hummeln Steiermarks. Lebensgeschichte und Beschreibung derselben. II. Hälfte. 98 pp. Graz.

Hoffer, E. 1886a.  Wunderbares Erennerungsvermögen der Hummeln. Ein Beitrag zur Tierpsychologie, Kosmos 18: 111-115.

Hoffer, E. 1886b.  Zur biologie der Mutilla europaea L. Zool. Jahrb. 1: 679-686. [Recorded from Bombus nest].

Hoffer, E. 1889a. Die Schmarotzerhummeln Steiermarks. Lebensgeschichte und Beschreibung derselben. 80 pp. Graz.

Hoffer, E. 1889b. Beiträge zur Hymenopterenkunde Steiermarks. Mittheilungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Steiermark (Gratz) 24: 65-100. [Habits etc of Bombus]. 

Hoffer, E. 1890. Skizzen aus dem Leben unserer heimischen Ameisen. Mittheilungen des naturwissenschaftlichen vereins für Steiermark (Gratz) 26: 149-171.

Hoffman, G. D. 2008. Do honey bees increase sunflower seed yields? American bee journal 148(2): 155-156. [Electronic Resource: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/9759].

Hoffman, G. D., S. A. Roth, G. M. Loper & E. H. Erickson Jr., 1987. Beepop; a computer simulation model of honey bee colony population dynamics. American Bee Journal 127(12): 846-847.

Hoffman,  M.  T. 1988.  The  pollination  ecology  of   Aloe  ferox  Mill. South African Journal of Botany 54(4): 345-350.

Hoffmann, W. R. E., A. Torres & P. Neumann, 2004. A scientific note on the nest and colony development of the Neotropical bumble bee Bombus (Robustobombus) melaleucus. Apidologie 35: 339-340 OR 449-450 (?).

Hoffmannsegg, G. J. C. von. 1817. Entomologische Bemerkungen bei Gelegenheit der Abhandlungen über amereikanische Insekten….. Widem.  Zoologisches Magazin [Kiel] 1: 8-56.

Hogendoorn,  K.  &  R.  Leys,  1993. The superseded female's dilemma: ultimate and proximate factors that influence guarding behaviour of the carpenter bee Xylocopa pubescens. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 33(6): 371-381.

Hogendoorn, K. & R. Leys, 1997. Life-cycle of Halictus rubicundus christ (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) in the Netherlands: comparison of two populations. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 70(4): 347-352.

Hogendoorn, K., Z. Steen & M. P. Swarz,  2000.     Native Australian carpenter bees as a potential alternative to introducing bumble bees for tomato pollination in greenhouses. Journal of Apicultural Research 39(1/2): 67-74.

Hogendoorn, K. & H. H. W. Velthuis, 1993. The sociality of Xylocopa pubescens: does a helper really help? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 32(4): 247-257.

Hogg, J. A. 2005. The Juniper Hill plan for comb honey production, improved two-queen system. American bee journal 145(2): 138-141.  

Hohmann, H., F. La Roche, et al. 1993. Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln. Veroeff. Uebersee-Mus. Bremen Naturwiss. 12(1): 1-465.

Holanda Neto, J. P. de, B. M. Freitas,  D. M. Bueno,  Z. B. de Araujo, 2002. Low seed/nut productivity in cashew (Anacardium occidentale): effects of self-incompatibility and honey bee (Apis mellifera) foraging behaviour. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 77(2): 226-231.

Holland, J. N. & T. H. Fleming, 2002. Co-pollinators and specialization in the pollinating seed-consumer mutualism between senita cacti and senita moths. Oecologia 133(4): 534-540.

Hölldobler, B. & C. D. Michener,  1980.  Mechanisms of identification and discrimi-nation in social Hymenoptera. Pp. 35-58.  In: H. Markl (ed.), Evolution of Social Behavior: Hypotheses and Empirical Tests. Dahlem Konferenzen, Weinheim, Verlag Chemie Gmbh.

Holloway, G., F. Gilbert & A. Brandt, 2002. The relationship between mimetic imperfection and phenotypic variation in insect colour patterns. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 269(1489): 411-416.

Holm,  S.  N. 1960. Experiments on the domestication of bumble-bees (Bombus latr.), in particular B. lapidarius L. and B. terrestris L. Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College Yearbook, Copenhagen : 1-19.

Holm,  S.  N. 1964. Bladskaerebien (Megachile rotundata). En “ny” bi til bestøbning of planter I drivhus? Ugeskr. Londm. 45: 1-3.

Holm,  S.  N. 1966. The utilization and management of bumble bees for red clover and alfalfa seed production. Annual Review of Entomology 11: 155 - 182.

Holm, S. N. 1973. Osmia rufa L. (Hym., Megachilidae) as a pollinator of plants in Greenhouse. Ent. Scand. 4: 217-224.

Holm, S. N. & J. P. Skou, 1972. Studies on trapping, nesting and rearing of some Megachile species (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) and on their parasites in Denmark. Ent. Scand. 3(3): 169-180.

Holmberg, E. L. 1884, 1886a.  Viajes al Tandil y a La Tinta, 2nd Parte, Zoologia, Insectos. I. Himenópteros- Hymenoptera. Actas de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de la República Argentina en  Córdoba 5: 117-136 (1884), 137-184, 2 pls. (1886).

Holmberg, E. L. 1886b, 1887a.  Sobre Ápidos Nómadas de la República Argentina. Annales de la Sociedad Científica Argentina 22(1886): 231-240, 272-286; 23(1887): 17-33, 67-82.

Holmberg, E. L. 1887b. Viaje á Misiones. Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias en Córdoba 10: 5-391.

Holmberg, E. L. 1888. Sobre Ápidos Nómadas de la Repûblica Argentina. Continuacion.  Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina (Buenos Aires) 26: 118-132.

Holmberg, E. L. 1903.  Delectus Hymenopterologicus Argentinus … Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires (3)2: 377-512.

Holmberg, E. L. 1909a.  Alloscrirtetica, Holmb. n.com. Apuntes de Historia natural [Buenos Aires] 1: 77.

Holmberg, E. L. 1909b. Palinepeolus, Holmb. nov.nom. Apuntes de Historia Natural [Buenos Aires] 1: 77-78.

Holmberg, E. L. 1916.  Las especies argentinas de Coelioxys. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 28: 541-591.

Holmberg, E. L. 1918.  Supplemento 1 á las especies argentinas de CoelioxysPhysis [Buenos Aires] 4: 1-13, 145-166.

Holmberg, E. L. 1921.  Apidae argentinae, Generis Psaenythia Gerstaecker. Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 31: 249-354.

Holmes, E. O. 1963. Protea mellifera, queen of nectar producing plants. American Bee Journal 103: 216-217.

Holst, E. C. 1946. A single field test for American foulbrood. American Bee Journal 86:14, 34.

Holzschuh, A., I. Steffan-Dewenter, D. Kleijn & T. Tscharntke, 2007. Diversity of flower-visiting bees in cereal fields: effects of farming system, landscape composition and regional context. Journal of applied ecology 44(1): 41-49. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01259.x].

 

Holzschuh, A., I. Steffan-Dewenter T. Tscharntke, 2008. Agricultural landscapes with organic crops support higher pollinator diversity. Oikos 117(3): 354-361. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2007.0030-1299.16303.x].

Homan, H. W. & C. R. Baird, 1987. Prevent Pesticide Poisoning of Pollinators. University of Idaho Current Information Series No. 458. 

Homan, H. W., C. R. Baird, L. P. Kish, W. D. Waters & R. M. Bitner,  1990.  Alfalfa leafcutting bee management in Idaho.  University of Idaho Coop. Ext. Sys. Bull. No. 538.

Homberg, U. 1984. Processing of antennal information in extrinsic mushroom body neurons of the bee brain. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural and Behavioral Physiology B. Biochemical, Systemic and Environmental Physiology 154(6): 825-836.

Homberg, U. 1985. Interneurones of the central complex in the bee brain (Apis mellifera). J. Insect Physiol. 31: 251-264.

Homberg, U. & J. Erber, 1979. Response Characteristics and Identification of Extrinsic Mushroom Body Neurons of the Bee. Z. Naturforsch. 34: 612-615.

Homberg, U., T. A. Christensen & J. G. Hildebrand, 1988. Structure and function of the deutocerebrum in insects. Annual Review of Entomology 34: 477-501.

Hong Suk Pyo & Han Mae Ja, 2002. The floral dimorphism in the rare endemic plant, Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai (Oleaceae). Flora (Jena) 197(5): 317-325.

Hong You-c. 1983. [Middle Jurassic fossil insects in North China.] Geological Publishing House, Beijing. 223 pp.

Hong, You-c.  1984.  New fossil insects of the Laiyang Group from the Laiyang Basin, Shandong Province.  Professional Papers on Stratigraphy and Palaeontology [Beijing] 11: 31-41.

Hong, You-c. & S.-J. Miao, 1992. Fossil bee and its origin with discussion on the origin of the angiosperm.  Mem. Beijing Nat. Hist. Mus. 51: 1-19. [In Chinese with English summary.].

Hood, W. M. & J. W. McCreadie, 2001. Field tests of the Varroa Treatment Device using formic acid to control Varroa destructor and Acarapis woodi. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology 18(2): 87-96.

Hooker, J. D. 1861. Outlines of the distribution of Arctic plants. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23: 251-348.

Hooper, C. H. 1929. The study of the order of flowering and pollination of fruit blossoms applied to commercial fruit growing. Roy. Soc. Arts Jour. 77: 424 - 438.

Hoopingarner, R. & C. Farrar, 1959. Genetic control of size in queen honey bees. Journal of Economic Entomology 52(4): 547-548.

Hoover, S. E. R., H. A. Higo & M. L. Winston, 2006. Worker honey bee ovary develop-ment: seasonal variation and the influence of larval and adult nutrition. Journal of comparative physiology B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology 176(1): 55-63. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00360-005-0032-0].

Hoover, S. E. R., M. L. Winston & B. P. Oldroyd, 2005. Retinue attraction and ovary activation: responses of wild type and anarchistic honey bees (Apis mellifera) to queen and brood pheromones. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 59(2): 278-285.

Hopkins, D. I., C. A. Hackney & K. A. Kidd, 1999. Studies of the small hive beetle Aethina tumida in North Carolina. American Bee Journal 139(7): 536.

Hopkins,  F. G.  1912.  Feeding  experiments  illustrating the importance of  accessory factors in normal dietaries. Journal of Physiology (London) 44: 425-460.

Hopkins, I. 1914. History of the bumblebee in New Zealand—its introduction and results. New Zealand Department of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce Bulletin Number 46 (new series), Christchurch, New Zealand.

Hopkins, M. J. G., H. C. F. Hopkins & C. A. Sothers, 2000. Nocturnal pollination of Parkia velutina by Megalopta bees in Amazonia and its possible significance in the evolution of chiropterophily. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16(5): 733-746.

Hopper, D. & H. V. Daly, 1995. Range extensions of Hylaeus (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) on Kauai. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers No. 42: 35.

Höppner, H. 1897. Ueber die bei Freissenbüttel vorkommenden Farbenvarietäten des Bombus soroensis F. Entomologisches Nachrichtenblatt 23: 329-331.

Hori, S., H. Takeuchi, K. Arikawa, M. Kinoshita, N. Ichikawa, M. Sasaki & T. Kubo, 2006. Associative visual learning, color discrimination, and chromatic adaptation in the harnessed honeybee Apis mellifera L. Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 192(7): 691-700. [electronic resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00359-005-0091-4].  

Hori, S., H. Takeuchi & T. Hideaki & T. Kubo, 2007. Associative learning and discrimination of motion cues in the harnessed honeybee Apis mellifera L. Journal of comparative physiology, A: Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 193(8): 825-833. [ER: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00359-007-0234-x].

Horn, C., K. Lorenzen, M. Pieurucci & K. Rogers, 1972.   The bee biology program at the University of California, Davis. American Bee Journal 112(8): 290-291.

Horn, E. 1975.  Mechanisms of gravity processing by leg and abdominal gravity receptors in bees.  Journal of Insect Physiology 21: 273-279.

Horn, H. 1985.  The causes of black disease of the honey bee: I,  The influence of mineral content in honey dew honeys.  Apidologie 16(2): 139-156. [In german with French and English summary.].

Horn, H. & J. Eberspaecher, 1987. Black disease of the honey bee: II. Bacteria in the hemolymph of bees with black disease and the additional influence of food supply on black disease. Apidologie 17(4) [1986]: 307-324. [In German with French and English summary.].

Horne, C. 1868.  Notes on the habits of some Indian hymenopterous insects.  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1868: xlix.

Horne, C. 1870. Notes on the habits of some hymenopterous insects from the North-west Provinces of India. With an appendix, containing descriptions of some new species of Apidae and Vespidae collected by Mr. Horne: by Frederick Smith, of the British Museum. Illustrated by plates from drawings by the author of the notes. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 7: 161-196.

Horne, M. 1995.  Pollen preference and its relationships to nesting success of Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88(6): 862-867.

Horning, D. S. 1966. Distribution records for the genus Dioxys in the Pacific Northwest (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 68: 157.

Hornitzky, M. A. [Z.] & D. L. Anderson, 2000. Honey bee diseases.  Pp. 1-12. In: Australian and New Zealand Standard Diagnostic Protocols

Hornitzky, M. A. Z., B. P. Oldroyd & D. Somerville, 1996. Bacillus larvae carrier status of swarms and feral colonies of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in Australia. Aust. Vet. J. 73: 116-117.

Hornitzky, M. [A. Z.] & S. C. Wilson,  1989. A system for the diagnosis of the major bacterial breed disease of honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 28(4): 191-195.

Hornitzky, M. A. Z. & S. Karlouskis,  1989. A culture technique for the detection of Bacillus larvae in honey bees.  Journal of Apicultural Research 28(2): 118-120.

Hornitzky, M. A. Z., B. P. Oldroyd & D. Somerville, 1996. Bacillus larvae carrier status of swarms and feral colonies of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 73(3): 116-117.

Hornitzky, M. A. Z. & V. E. Taylor,  1983.  Nutritional considerations in choosing protein and carbohydrate sources for use in pollen substituents for honey bee.  Journal of Apicultural Research 22(4): 261-263.

Horovitz, A. &  R. W. Thorp, 1970. Bees as tools in studies of reproductive biology of plants. Americn Midland Naturalist  84(2): 560-563.

Horr, B. 1998. Biological control of varroa mites without chemicals. American Bee Journal 138: 801-804.

Horr, B. 2000. Insulate that old bee box. American Bee Journal 140(3): 217-218.

Horr, B. Z. 2000. Universal bee yard box. American Bee Journal 140(2): 131-133.

Horridge, A. 2000. Pattern vision of the honeybee (Apis mellifera): blue and green receptors in the discrimination of translocation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 74(1): 1-16.

Horridge, A. 2003. Visual discrimination by the honeybee (Apis mellifera ): the position of the common centre as the cue. Physiological Entomology 28(2): 132-143.

Horridge, A. 2005. The spatial resolutions of the apposition compound eye and its neuro-sensory feature detectors: observation versus theory. Journal of insect physiology 51(3): 243-266.

Horridge, A. 2006. Visual discriminations of spokes, sectors, and circles by the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Journal of insect physiology 52(9): 984-1003. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2006.06.007].

Horridge, G. A. 2005. Recognition of a familiar place by the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Journal of comparative physiology A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 191(4): 301-316.

Horvat, A. 2001. Calypso: insecticide - harmless to bees - is opening new horizons in crop protection. Zbornik predavanj in referatov 5. Slovensko Posvetovanje o Varstvu Rastlin, Catez ob Savi, Slovenija, 6. marec-8. marec 2001: 367-370.

Horvath, B., O. Opara-Nadi & F. Beese, 2005. A simple method for measuring the carbonate content of soils. Soil Science Society of America journal 69(4): 1066-1068.

Horvath, R. & W. Rothenbuhler, 1972. Pathology of hairless-black syndroma. J. Invert. Pathol. 20: 255-263.

Horvath, R. J. & W. C. Rothenbuhler, 1973. The gross and histological pathology of a hairless-black syndrome in the adult honey bee, Apis mellifera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 20(3): 255-263.

Hoshiba, H. 1981. Sex determination and cyto-genetical studies of honey bees. Honey bee Science 2: 5-10.

Hoshiba, H. & H. T. Imai, 1993. Chromosome evolution of bees and wasps (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) on the basis of C-banding pattern analyses. Japanese Journal of Entomology 61(3): 465-492.

Hoshino, N. & J. Nakamura, 2002. Transfer and residues of antibiotic to prevent American foulbrood in honeybee colonies. Honeybee Science 23(2): 65-70.

Hoskins, J. M. 1967. Virological Procedures.  Butterworth, London.

Hossain, E., A. B. M  &  M. Sharif, 1991.  Control of mite infestations of hives of Apis cerana Fabr. (Hymenoptera, Apidae).  Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 19(1): 101-106.

Houston, A., P. Schmid-Hempel & A. Kacelnik, 1988. Foraging strategy, worker mortality, and the growth of the colony in social insects. American Naturalist 131(1): 107-114.

Houston, T. F. 1969. Observations on the nests and behaviour of some euryglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Journal of the Australian  Entomological Society 8: 1-10. 

Houston, T. F. 1970. Discovery of an apparent male soldier caste in a nest of a halictine bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae), with notes on the nest.  Australian Journal of Zoology 18: 345-351. 

Houston, T. F. 1971. Notes on the biology of a lithurgine bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Queensland.  Journal of the Australian  Entomological Society 10: 31-36. 

Houston, T. F. 1974a. Rediscovery and further description of the bee Leioproctus (Notocolletes) heterodoxus (Cockerell) (Hymenoptera: Colletinae).  Australian Entomologists Magazine 2(1): 7-9. 

Houston, T. F. 1974b. Notes on the behaviour of an Australian carpenter bee, genus Xylocopa Latr. (Hymenoptera: Xylocopinae).  Australian Entomologists Magazine 2(2): 36-38. 

Houston, T. F. 1975a. Nests, behaviour and larvae of the bee Stenotritus pubescens (Smith) and behaviour of some related species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Stenotritinae).  Journal of the Australian  Entomological Society 14: 145-154. 

Houston, T. F. 1975b. A revision of the Australian hylaeine bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). I.  Introductory material and the genera Heterapoides Sandhouse, Gephyrohylaeus Michener, Hyleoides Smith, Pharohylaeus Michener, Hemirhiza Michener, Amphylaeus Michener and Meroglossa Smith.  Australian Journal of Zoology (Suppl. Ser.) no. 36: 1-135. 

Houston, T. F. 1976. New Australian allodapine bees (Subgenus Exoneurella Michener) and their immatures (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 100(1): 15-28. 

Houston, T. F. 1977. Nesting biology of three allodapine bees in the subgenus Exoneurella Michener (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 100(4): 99-113. 

Houston, T. F. 1981.  A revision of the Australian hylaeine bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  II.  Genus Hylaeus Fabricius: Subgenera Analastoroides Rayment, Edriohylaeus Michener, Euprosopellus Perkins, Euprosopoides Michener, Gnathoprosopoides Michener, Hylaeorhiza Michener, Hylaeteron Michener, Laccohyleus, subgen. nov., Macrohylaeus Michener, Meghylaeus Cockerell, Planihylaeus, subgen. nov., Sphaerhylaeus Cockerell and Xenohylaeus Michener. Australian Journal of Zoology (Suppl. Ser.) 80: 1-128. 

Houston, T. F. 1982.  Alimentary transport of pollen in a paracolletine bee (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Australian Entomologists Magazine 8(4): 57-59. 

Houston, T. F. 1983a.  A revision of the bee genus Ctenocolletes (Hymenoptera: Stenotritidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum  10(3): 269-306. 

Houston, T. F. 1983b.  An extraordinary new bee and adaptation of palpi for nectar feeding in some Australian Colletidae and Pergidae (Hymenoptera).  Journal of the Australian  Entomological Society 22(3): 263-270. 

Houston, T. F. 1983c.  A new species of Ctenocolletes (Hymenoptera: Stenotritidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 10(4): 307-313. 

Houston, T. F. 1984a.  Bionomics of a pollen-collecting wasp Paragia tricolor (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae), in Western Australia.  Records of the Western Australian Museum 11(2): 141-151. 

Houston, T. F. 1984b. Biological observations of bees in the genus Ctenocolletes (Hymenoptera: Stenotritidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 11(2): 153-172. 

Houston, T. F. 1985.  Supplement to a revision of the bee genus Ctenocolletes (Hymenoptera: Stenotritidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 12(3): 293-305. 

Houston, T. F. 1986.  Biological notes on the pollen wasp Paragia (Cygnaea) vespiformis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) with description of a nest.  Australian Entomologists Magazine 12(6): 115-118. 

Houston, T. F. 1987a. A second contribution to the biology of Ctenocolletes bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Stenotritidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 13(2): 189-201. 

Houston, T. F. 1987b.  Fossil brood cells of stenotritid bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) from the Pleistocene of South Australia.  Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 111: 93-97. 

Houston, T. F. 1987c.  The symbiosis of acarid mites, genus Ctenocolletacarus, and stenotritid bees, genus Ctenocolletes (Acarina: Acariformes and Insecta: Hymenoptera).  Australian Journal of Zoology  35(5): 459-468. 

Houston, T. F. 1989.  Leioproctus bees associated with Western Australian smoke bushes (Conospermum spp.) and their adaptations for foraging and concealment (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Paracolletini).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 14(3): 275-292. 

Houston, T. F. 1990.  Descriptions of new paracolletine bees associated with flowers of Eremophila (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 14(4): 583-621. 

Houston, T. F. 1991.  Two new and unusual species of the bee genus Leioproctus Smith (Hymenoptera: Colletidae), with notes on their behaviour.  Records of the Western Australian Museum 15(1): 83-96. 

Houston, T. F. 1992a.  Three new, monolectic species of Euryglossa (Euhesma) from Western Australia (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 51(4): 719-28. 

Houston, T. F. 1992b.  Biological observations of the Australian green carpenter bees, genus Lestis (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae: Xylocopini).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 51(4): 785-98. 

Houston, T. F. 1995. Notes on the ethology of Rolandia maculata (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae), a pollen wasp with a psammophore. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17(3): 343-9. 

Houston, T. F. 2000. Native Bees On Wildflowers In Western Australia. A synopsis of bee visitation of wildflowers based on the bee collection of the Western Australian Museum. Special Publication no. 2, Western Australian Insect Study Society, Perth. 

Houston, T. F. & P. Ladd, 2002. Buzz pollination in the Epacridaceae. Australian Journal of Botany 50(1): 83-91. 

Houston, T. F., B. B. Lamont, S. Radford & S. G. Errington, 1993.  Apparent mutualism between Verticordia nitens and V. aurea (Myrtaceae) and their oil-ingesting bee pollinators (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). Australian Journal of Botany 41(3): 369-80. 

Houston, T. F. & R. W. Thorp, 1984.  Bionomics of the bee Stenotritus greavesi and ethological characteristics of Stenotritidae (Hymenoptera).  Records of the Western Australian Museum 11(4): 375-385. 

Houston, W. W. K. & G. V. Maynard, 1993. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Government Publishing Service, Canberra. 406 pages. [Hymenoptera: Apoidea on pages 262-270]. 

Howard, A., G. L. C. Howard & A. R. Khan, 1920.  Studies in the pollination of Indian crops.  Memoires of Department of Agriculture, India (Botany Series) 10: 195-220. 

Howard,  L. O. 1902. The insect book. A popular account of the bees wasps, ants, grasshoppers, flies and other North American insects exclusive of the butterflies moths and beetles, with full life histories, tables and bibliographies. xxvii+429 pp. London.

Howell, J. F. 1960. A technique employing bid-plastic in the excavation of burrows of ground-nesting bees.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53(5): 679-682. 

Howell, J. F. 1967.  The biology of Zodion obliquefasciatum, a parasite of the alkali bee, Nomia melanderi. Washington Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 51: 1-31. 

Howe Sr’, P. S. D. & A. W. Benton,  1985.  Composition of freshly harvested and commercial royal jelly.  Journal of Apicultural Research 24(1): 52-61.  

Howell, J. F. 1960.  A technique employing bid-plastic in the excavation of burrows of ground nesting bees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53(5): 679-682.

Howpage, D., R. N. Spooner-Hart & V. Vithanage, 2001. Influence of honey bee (Apis mellifera) on kiwifruit pollination and fruit quality under Australian conditions. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 29(1): 51-59.

Hoy, M. 1976. Genetic improvement of insects. Environmental Entomology 5: 833-839.

Hoy, M. A., A. Jeyaprakash, J. M. Alvarez & M. H. Allsopp, 2003. Wolbachia is present in Apis mellifera capensis, A. m. scutellata, and their hybrid in Southern Africa. Apidologie 34(1): 53-60.

Hoyle, M., K. Hayter & J. E. Cresswell, 2007. Effect of pollinator abundance on self-fertilization and gene flow: Application to GM canola. Ecological applications 17(7): 2123-2135.

Hoyo, M. L. del, M. Basualdo, A. Lorenzo, M. A. Palacio, E. M. Rodriguez & E. Bedascarrasbure, 2001. Effect of shaking honey bee colonies affected by American foulbrood on Paenibacillus larvae larvae spore loads. Journal of Apicultural Research 40(2): 65-69.

Hoyoux, J. M. 2002. Vocabulary of the bee-keeper, illustrated with extracts from literature. Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux, A.S.B.L., Gembloux, Belgium. 279 pp.

Hrassnigg, N., R. Brodschneider, P. H. Fleischmann & K. Crailsheim, 2005. Unlike nectar foragers, honeybee drones (Apis mellifera) are not able to utilize starch as fuel for flight. Apidologie 36(4): 547-558.

Hrassnigg, N. & K. Crailsheim, 2005. Differences in drone and worker physiology in honeybees (Apis mellifera).  Apidologie 36(2): 255-278.

Hrassnigg, N., B. Leonhard & K. Crailsheim, 2003. Free amino acids in the haemolymph of honey bee queens (Apis mellifera L.). Amino Acids 24(1/2): 205-215.

Hrncir, M.,  S. Jarau, R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2000.  Recruitment behavior in stingless bees, Melipona scutellaris and M. quadrifasciata. II. Possible mechanisms of communication. Apidologie 31(1): 93-114.

Hrncir, M., S. Jarau, R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2004a. Thorax vibrations of a stingless bee (Melipona seminigra). I. No influence of visual flow. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 190(7):  539-548.

Hrncir, M., S. Jarau, R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2004b. Thorax vibrations of a stingless bee (Melipona seminigra). II. Dependence on sugar concentration. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 190(7):  549-560.

Hrncir, M., S. Jarau, R. Zucchi & G. B. Friedrich,  2004. On the origin and properties of scent marks deposited at the food source by a stingless bee, Melipona seminigra. Apidologie 35(1): 3-13.

Hrncir, M., V. M. Schmidt, D. L. P. Schorkopf, S. Jarau, R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2006. Vibrating the food receivers: a direct way of signal transmission in stingless bees (Melipona seminigra). [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00359-006-0123-8].  Journal of comparative physiology A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 192(8): 879-887.

Hryniewiecka-szyfter, Z. & J. Banaszak, 1975.  Histological investigation of the mid-gut of bees infected with the spores of Nosema apis Zander by individual and mass feeding. Bull. Soc. Amis. Sci. Lett. Poznana. Ser. D. Sci. Biol. 15: 83-86.

Hsieh, F. K., C. T. Chen, C. P. Chang & S. Y. Chang,  2002. Foraging activities and numerical changes of honeybees on buckwheat, rape, and pear. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei) 44(1): 1-13.

Hsü, K. J. 1972. When the Mediterranean dried up.  Scientific American, New York 227(6): 26-36. 

Hsü, K. J., W. B. F. Ryan & M. B. Cit, 1973. Late Miocene desiccation of the Mediterranean.  Nature, London 242(5396): 240-244.

Huang Shao Kang 2002. Blood sugars in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) haemolymph and the factors affecting them. Journal of Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University 31(1): 98-103.

Huang Shao Kang & Chen Sheng Lu, 2002. Research progress on the queen-worker caste differentiation in the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Entomological Knowledge 39(3): 176-181.

Huang Shuang Quan, Yang Chun Feng, Lu Bin & Y. Takahashi, 2002. Honeybee-assisted wind pollination in bamboo Phyllostachys nidularia (Bambusoideae: Poaceae)? Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 138(1): 1-7.

Huang, W. F., M. Bocquet, K. C. Lee, I. H. Sung, J. H. Jiang, Y. W.--, C. H. Wang, 2008. The comparison of rDNA spacer regions of Nosema ceranae isolates from different hosts and locations. Journal of invertebrate pathology 97(1): 9-13. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.07.001].

Huang, Z. -Yong. 1990.  A simple in vivo estimation of hypopharyngeal gland activity in honey bees (Apis mellifera L. Apidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Apicultural Research 29(2): 75-81. 

Huang, Z. -Y. & C. O. Knowles, 1991. Nicotinic and muscarinic cholinergic receptors in honey bee (Apis mellifera) brain.  Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology C 97: 275-281.

Huang, Z. Y., Kuang Hai Ou, Kuang Bang Yu & Qin Yu Chuan, 2001. Juvenile hormone and division of labour in Apis cerana. Journal of Apicultural Research 40(3/4): 3-6.

Huang, Z. Y. & H. R. Lin, 2001. The small hive beetle - a new pest of honey bees in the United States. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 46(1/2): 5, 8.

Huang, Z. -Y. & G. W. Otis, 1989. Factors determining hypopharyngeal gland activity of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.).  Insectes Sociaux 36: 264-276.

Huang,  Z. -Y.  & G. W. Otis, 1991a. Inspection and feeding of larvae by worker honey bees (Hymenoptera: apidae): effect of starvation and food quantity. Journal of Insect Behavior 4(3): 305-317.  

Huang,  Z. -Y. & G. W. Otis, 1991b. Nonrandom visitation of brood cells by worker honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 4(2): 177-184.  

Huang, Z. -Y., G. W. Otis & P. E. A. Teal, 1989. Nature of brood signal activating the protein synthesis of hypopharyngeal gland in honey bees, Apis mellifera (Apidae: Hymenoptera).  Apidologie 20: 455-464.

Huang, Z. -Y., E. Plettner & G. E. Robinson, 1998. Effect of social environment and mandibular gland removal on division of labor in worker honey bees.  Journal of Comparative Physiology B 183: 143-152. 

Huang, Z. -Y. & G. E. Robinson, 1992. Colony behavioral integration in honey bee: Worker-worker interactions mediate plasticity in hormonally regulated division of labor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89(24): 11726-11729. 

Huang, Z. –Y. & G. E. Robinson, 1995. Seasonal changes in juvenile hormone levels in honey bees.  Journal of Comparative Physiology B. Biochemical, Systemic and Environmental Physiology 165(1): 18-28. 

Huang, Z. –Y. & G. E. Robinson, 1996. Regulation of division of labor in honey bees via colony age demography. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 39(3): 147-158.

Huang, Z. –Y. & G. E. Robinson, 1999.  Social control of division of labor in honey bee colonies. Pp. 115-141. In: Denoubourg, Information Processing in Social Insects.  Birkhauser, Basel, Switzerland. 

Huang, Z.–Y., G. E. Robinson & D. W. Borst, 1994a. Temporal polyethism in social insects is a developmental process. Animal Behaviour 48: 467-469. 

Huang,  Z. -Y., G. E. Robinson & D. W. Borst, 1994b. Physiological correlates of division  of  labor  among  similarly  aged  honey  bees. Journal of Comparative Physiology. A. Sensory, Neural and Behavioral Physiology 174(6): 731-739.   

Huang,  Z. -Y., G. E. Robinson, S. S. Tobe, K. J. Yagi, C. Strambi, A. Strambi & B. Stay, 1991. Hormonal regulation of behavioural development in the honey bee is based on changes in the rate of juvenile hormone biosynthesis. Journal of Insect Physiology 37(10): 733-741.   

Hubbell, S. P. & L. K. Johnson, 1977.  Competition and nest spacing in a tropical stingless bee community.  Ecology 58: 949-963. 

Hubbell, S. P. & L. K. Johnson, 1978. Comparative foraging behavior of six stingless bee species exploiting a standardized resource. Ecology 59: 1123-1136.  

Hubbard, H. G. 1885. Insects of the orange. United States Government Printing Off., Washington D. C. 227 pages. 

Hubbard, H. G. & E. A. Schwarz, 1899.  Insect fauna of the giant cactus of Arizona; letters from the southwest.  Psyche 8 (supplement 1): 1-14.

Hubbard, J. C. E. 1970. The shingle vegetation of southern England: a general survey of Dungeness, Kent and Sussex. Journal of Ecology 58: 713-722.

Hubbell, S.  A. 1991.  Killer bee by any other name – May be the killer bee should be called the bravo instead.  Smithsonian 22(6): 117.

Hübner, J. 1816[-1826]. Verzeichnib bekannter Schmettlinge. 431+72 pp. Augsburg.

Huck, K., H. H. Schwarz & P. Schmid-Hempel, 1998. Host choice in the phoretic mite Parasitellus fucorum (Mesostigmata: Parasitidae): which bumblebee caste is the best?  Oecologia 115(3): 385-390.

Hughes, G. R., K. A. Sorensen & J. T. Ambrose, 1977. Pollination in the vine crops. AG N C State Univ Agric Ext Serv No. 84: 1-8 p.

Hughes, W. O. H., B. P. Oldroyd, M. Beekman & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 2008. Ancestral monogamy shows kin selection is key to the evolution of eusociality. Science 320(5880): 1213-1216. 

Hughes, W. O. H., F. L. W. Ratnieks & B. P. Oldroyd, 2008. Multiple paternity or multiple queens: two routes to greater intracolonial genetic diversity in the eusocial Hymenoptera. Journal of evolutionary biology 21(4): 1090-1095. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2008.01532.x].

Huheey, J. E.  1976. Studies in warning coloration and mimicry. VII. Evolutionary consequences of Batesian-Müllerian spectrum: a model for Müllerian mimicry. Evolution, Lawrence 30(1): 86-93.

Huhtanen, C. N., D. Knox  & H. Shimanuki, 1981. Incidence and origin of Clostridium botulinum spores in honey. Journal of Food Protection  44(11): 812-814, 820.

Huhtanen, C. N. & H. Shimanuki, 1981. Incidence and origin of Clostridium botulinum spores in honey. Journal of Food Protection 44(11): 812-814, 820.

Huish, R. 1842. Bees: Their Natural History and General Management. London, Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, Paternoster Row. Printers, Gilbert Rivington, St. John’s Square, 1 Portrait-Kupfer D. Verf., In 8-Quarto. 458 pages.  Revised and enlarged in 1844. Gleanings in Bee Culture 21: 881.

Huitron, M. V., M. Diaz, F. Dianez, F. Camacho & A. Valverde, 2007. Effect of 2,4-D and CPPU on Triploid Watermelon Production and Quality. HortScience 42(3): 559-564.

Hukusima, A. & S. Isomura, 1967.  Some characters of leguminous plants affecting foraging behavior of moving honeybees and other flower-visiting insects.  Proceedings of the Kansas Plant Protection Society 6: 22-35.

Human, H. & S. W. Nicolson, 2008. Flower structure and nectar availability in Aloe greatheadii var. davyana: an evaluation of a winter nectar source for honeybees. International journal of plant sciences 169(2): 263-269.

Human, H., S. W. Nicolson, K. Strauss, C. W. W. Pirk & V. Dietemann, 2007. Influence of pollen quality on ovarian development in honeybee workers (Apis mellifera scutellata). Journal of insect physiology 53(7): 649-655. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2007.04.002].

Hung, A. & B. Norden, 1987. Biochemical systematics of bees in the Ceratina calcarata dupla complex. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 15: 691-693.

Hung, A. C. F.  1990. Preliminary evidence for a protein specific to an African honey bee race (Apis mellifera scutellata). American Bee Journal 130(1): 49-50.

Hung, A. C. F. 1991. Further characterization of two proteins specific to Africanized honey bees.  American Bee Journal 131(1): 41-43.

Hung, A. C. F. 1992. Immunodetection of Africanized honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) specific proteins. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 20(5): 395-399.

Hung, A. C. F., J. R. Adams & H. Shimanuki, 1995. Bee Parasitic mite syndrome (II): the role of Varroa Mite and viruses. American Bee Journal 135: 702–704. 

Hung, A. C. F.,  C. Y. S. Peng & H. Shimanuki, 2000.  Nucleotide sequence variations in Kashmir bee virus isolated from Apis mellifera L. and Varroa jacobsoni Oud. Apidologie 31(1): 17-24. 

Hung, A. C. F. & W. L. Rubink, 1994.  Tissue specificity and developmental expression of hexokinase and Africanized honey bee specific proteins in Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 22(2): 221-227. 

Hung, A. C. F. & H. Shimanuki, 1999. A scientific note on the detection of Kashmir Bee Virus in individual honeybees and Varroa jacobsoni mites. Apidologie 30: 353–354.

Hung, A. C. F. & H. Shimanuki, 2000. Nucleotide sequence and restriction site analyses in three isolates of Kashmir bee virus from Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102(1): 178-182. 

Hung, A. C. F., H. Shimanuki & D. A. Knox, 1996. The role of viruses in bee parasitic mite syndrome. American Bee Journal 136(10): 731-732. 

Hung, A. C. F., H. Shimanuki, D. A. Knox, 1996b. In-apparent infection of acute paralysis virus and Kashmir Bee Virus in the U.S. honey bees. American Bee Journal 136(12): 874–876. 

Hung, A. C. F. &  R. M. Wagner, 1994. Amino acid composition of an Africanized honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) specific protein. Journal of Apicultural Research 33(2):  113-117. 

Hunt, G. J. 2007. Flight and fight: A comparative view of the neurophysiology and genetics of honey bee defensive behavior. Journal of insect physiology 53(5): 399-410. [ER: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2007.01.010].

Hunt, G. J. & D. L. Anderson, 1999.  Woolbachia infection of Varroa mites:  Is there potential for biological control? Pp. 99-100. In: Proceeding of XXXVI Apimondia Congress, Vancouver, Canada, 1999.

Hunt, G. J., A. M. Collins, R. Rivera, R. E. Page Jr. & E. Guzman-Novoa, 1999. Quantitative trait loci influencing honeybee alarm pheromone levels. Journal of Heredity 90(5): 585-589.  

Hunt, G. J., N. E. Guzman, M. K. Fondrk & R. E. Page Jr., 1998.  Quantitative trait loci for honey bee stinging behavior and body size.  Genetics 148(3): 1203-1213. 

Hunt, J. H., B. J. Kensinger, J. A. Kossuth, M. T. Henshaw, K. Norberg, F. Wolschin & G. V. Amdam, 2007. A diapause pathway underlies the gyne phenotype in Polistes wasps, revealing an evolutionary route to caste-containing insect societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(35): 14020-14025.

Hunt, G. J.,  R. E. Page Jr,  M. K. Fondrk  &  C. J. Dullum, 1995. Major quantitative trait loci affecting honey bee foraging behavior.  Genetics 141(3): 1537-1545.

Hunt, G. J., K. V. Wood, E. Guzman-Novoa, H. D. Lee, A. P. Rothwell & C. C. Bonham, 2003. Discovery of 3-methyl-2buten-1-yl acetate, a new alarm component in the sting apparatus of Africanized honeybees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29(2): 453-463. 

Hunter, L. A.,  J. A. Jackman,  E. A. Sugden, 1993.  Detection records of Africanized honey bees in Texas during 1990, 1991 and 1992.   Southwestern Entomologist 18 (2): 79-89.

Hunter, S. J.  1899. Alfalfa, Grasshopers, Bees: Their relationship. Bulletin of the Department of Entomology, University of Kansas, Lawrence 65: 1-152.

Huntzinger, C. I., R. R. James, J. Bosch, W. P. Kemp, 2008. Laboratory bioassays to evaluate fungicides for chalkbrood control in larvae of the alfalfa leafcutting bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of economic entomology 101(3): 660-667. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[660:LBTEFF]2.0.CO;2 http://hdl.handle.net/10113/17349].

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1954.  Distribution notes on Eutricharaea, a plearctic subgenus of Megachile which has become established in the United States.  Entomological News 65: 93-95.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1955. The carpenter bees of California.  Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 4: 35-72.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1956.  Notes on the subgenera of the new world carpenter bees of the genus XylocopaAmerican Museum Novitates No. 1776: 1-7.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1958a.  American bees of the genus Dioxys Lepeletier and Serville. University of California Publications in Entomology 14: 275-302.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1958b.  Observations on the nesting habits of some new world carpenter bees with remarks on their importance in the problem of species formation.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 51: 365-375.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1958c. The carpenter bees of the eastern Pacific oceanic islands (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 31: 249-255.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1959. Some nomenclatoria problems in the genus Xylocopa Latreille. Pan-Pacfic Entomologist 35: 135-148.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1961.  A synopsis of the carpenter bees belonging to the subgenus Xylocopoides Michener.  Transactions of the American Entomological Society 87: 247-257, pls. VII, VIII.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1967.  The identity of Megachile rotundata (Fabricius) and M. argentata (Fabricius).  Entomologiske Meddelelser 35: 3-10.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1978a.  An annotated Catalog of the Carpenter Bees (Genus Xylocopa Latreille) of the Western Hemisphere.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington [5] + 106 pp.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1978b.  Bamboo-nesting carpenter bees (genus Xylocopa Latreille) of the subgenus Stenoxylocopa Hurd and Moure.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 51(4): 746-764.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. 1979. Superfamily Apoidea, pp.1741-2209. In: K. V. Krombein, P.D. Hurd, Jr. D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks (eds.), Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Vol. 2. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

Hurd, P. D. Jr., W. E. LaBerge & E. G. Linsley,  1980. Principal sunflower bees of North America with emphasis on the southwestern United States.  Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology n. 310: iv + 158 pp. 

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1951. The melectine bees of California.  Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 1(5): 119-135.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1963. Pollination of the unicorn plant (Martyniaceae) by an oligolectic, corolla-cutttng bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 36: 248-252.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley, 1964.  The squash and gourd bees – genera Peponapis Robertson and Xenoglossa Smith – inhabiting America north of Mexico.  Hilgardia 35(15): 373-477.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1966.  The Mexican squash and gourd bees of the genus Peponapis. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 59(4): 835-851.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1967a.  South American squash and gourd bees of the genus Peponapis. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 60(3): 647-661.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1967b.  Squash and gourd bees of the genus XenoglossaAnnals of the Entomological Society of America 60(5): 988-1007.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1970.  A classification of the squash and gourd bees Peponapis and Xenoglossa University of California Publications in Entomology 62: i-iv + 1-39.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1972.  Parasitic bees of the genus Holcopasites Ashmead.  Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology No. 114: 1-41.

Hurd, P. D. & E. G. Linsley, 1974. The status of Nomia mesillensis Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 76: 198-199.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley, 1975.  The principal Larrea bees of the southwestern United States.  Smithsonian Contribution in Zoology No. 193: 1-74.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & E. G. Linsley,  1976.  The bee family Oxaeidae with a revision of the North American species.  Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology No. 220: 1-75.

Hurd, P. D. Jr., E.G. Linsley & T. W. Whitaker, 1971.  Squash and gourd bees (Penapis, Xenoglossa) and the origin of the cultivated Cucurbita. Evolution 25: 218-234.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & C. D. Michener,  1955.  The megachiline bees of California.  Bulletin of the California Insect Survey, University of California Press, Berkeley 3: 1-248.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & C. D. Michener,  1961.  Lestis Lepeletier and Serville, 1828 (Insecta: Hymenoptera); Proposed designation of a type species under the plenary powers.  Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 18: 201-202.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & J. S. Moure, 1960.  A new-world subgenus of bamboo-nesting carpenter bees belonging to the genus Xylocopa Latreille. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53: 809-821.

Hurd, P. D. Jr. & J. S. Moure, 1963.  A classification of the large carpenter bees (Xylocopini). University of California Publications in Entomology 29: i-vi + 1-365.

Hurst, P. S., S. Gray, M. P. Schwarz, J. A. Tilly, A. C. Foran & M. Adams, 1997. Increased nest cofounding and high intra-colony relatedness in the bee Exoneura bicolor (Hymenoptera: Apidae): results from an experimental situation. Australian Journal of Ecology 22(4): 419-424.

Husband, B. C. 2000. Constraints on polyploid evolution: a test of the minority cytotype exclusion principle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 267(1440): 217-223.

Husband, R. W., R. L. Fischer & T. Wayne Porter, 1980. Description and biology of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 13: 225-239.

Hussein, A. A., Z. I. Nabil, S. M. Zalat & M. K. Rakha, 2001. Comparative study of the venoms from three species of bees: effects on heart activity and blood. Journal of Natural Toxins 10(4): 343-357.

Hussein, M. H., A. M. Aly, M. A. Morsi & S. H. Rateb, 2001. sing of some plant oils for controlling of some parasites, diseases and pests of honeybee colonies in Assiut region, Egypt. Pp. 349-355. In:  Proceedings of the first conference on safe alternatives of pesticides .... 2001. 512 p.  Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut Univ. (Egypt).

Hussein, M. H., S. H. Rateb, A. M. Aly & M. A. Morsi, 2001. Seasonal activity of some predators of honeybee colonies in Assiut region, Egypt. Pp. 329-348. In:  Proceedings of the first conference on safe alternatives of pesticides .... 2001. 512 p.  Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut Univ. (Egypt).

Hussein, M. H., M. N. Shoreit, M. O. M. Omar, M. F. Abdel-Rahman, 2000. Swarming behaviour of honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera L.) in Assiut Region, upper Egypt and role of different casts in the colony. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 78(3): 1117-1134.

Hutchinson, T. P. 2000. Graphing the survivorship of bees. Insectes Sociaux 47(3): 292-296.

Hutchinson, W. Z. 1886. The relation of bees to horticulture, benefits and injuries. Mich. Hort. Soc. Proc. 16: 13-15.

Hutson, R. 1926. The relation of honey bees to fruit pollination in New Jersey. N. J. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. No. 434: 1-32.

Hwang, H. J., H. J. Park, H. J. Chung, H. Y. Min, E. J. Park, J. Y. Hong & S. K. Lee, 2006. Inhibitory effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on cancer cell metastasis mediated by the down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase expression in human HT1080 fibro-sarcoma cells. Journal of nutritional biochemistry 17(5): 356-362. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2005.08.009].

Hye, M. A., M. S. Rahman, Enam-E-Rasul Chowdhury,  M. O. Faruq, M. E. Hossain,  M. A. Ali & M. S. Islam, 1998. Investigations on honey. Part-I: Studies on probable mathematical derivations on the types of honey. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 33(2): 196-199.

 

 

Go to I

 

 

Visit An Annotated Catalogue of the Bee Species of the Indian [in fact south Asian] Region by the same author

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JUST RELEASED

"ADVANCEMENTS IN

INSECT BIODIVERSITY"

Editor

DR. RAJIV K. GUPTA

SEND E-MAIL FOR DETAILS

Dr. Rajiv K. Gupta
Associate Professor & Ex. Head
Department of Zoology
Jai Narain Vyas University,

Jodhpur 342005,

India.

Phone +91-291-2726666

M.        +91-946010 6666

E-mail: beesind@gmail.com

        Home                Alphabetical Author Reference Index               Acknowledgements             Authors Index                Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

                   

Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006

 

Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008

 

        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010

 

 

  E - BOOK   CREATED   AND   MAINTAINED   BY    DR.   RAJIV   K.   GUPTA