Beesind.Com

 

AN UPDATING BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE

BEES OF THE WORLD

An E-Book

Home      Alphabetical Author Reference Index       Acknowledgements       Authors Index     Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

 

 

 

Go back to Q

 

    R1

            [Ends upto Rn]

 

 

          Number of references in first edition  :  960  [original file name R]

           

The references those have been included in Second to fourth issues of this updating book are black in colour. Please note the change in colour of text of references from fifth issue onwards.

 

  • Suggestions: This is best to download all/desired files then open them in Microsoft Word where you can easily use "find" to search your desired field/author/journal etc. mentioning specific words to be searched out.

  • Please do not forget to send me the inclusions [use e-mail given at bottom of address below] of references on all/any field known to you - of any/all categories of bees. This databank is manually maintained therefore only your cooperation can update it perfectly, for the benefit of the whole World.

 

 

 

Rachael, W., N. M. Williams, G. Hannah, J. S. Ascher & C. Kremen, 2008. Wild bee pollinators provide the majority of crop visitation across land-use gradients in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of applied ecology 45(3): 793-802. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01418.x].

Rachinsky, A. & K. Hartfelder, 1990.  Corpora allata activity; a prime regulating element for caste-specific juvenile hormone titer in honey bee larvae (Apis mellifera carnica). Journal of Insect Physiology 36(3): 189-194.

Rachinsky, A. & K. Hartfelder, 1998. In vitro biosynthesis of juvenile hormone in larval honey bees: comparison of six media. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology, Animal 34(8): 646-648. 

Rachinsky, A. & M. F. Feldlaufer, 2000. Responsiveness of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) corpora allata to allatoregulatory peptides from four insect species. Journal of Insect Physiology 46(1): 41-46.

Rachinsky, A., C. Strambi, A. Strambi & K. Hartfelder, 1990. Caste and metamorphosis: Haemolymph titers of juveline hormone and ecdysteroids in last instar honey bee.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 79(1): 31-38.

Rachinsky, A., S. S. Tobe & M. F. Feldlaufer, 2000. Terminal steps in JH biosynthesis in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.): developmental changes in sensitivity to JH precursor and allatotropin. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 30(8/9): 729-737. 

Rack, G. & G. C. Eickwort, 1980. Biology and description of a new pygmephorid mite (Acarina: Tarsonemida) associated with the soil-nesting bee Agapostemon nasutus (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Acarologia 21(2): 267-278.

Racys, J. 2000. Suitability of various hive types for Lithuania. Zemdirbyste, Mokslo Darbai No. 72: 268-280.

Racys, J. 2001. Heat losses from the nest of wintering bees through external constructions of a beehive. Zemdirbyste, Mokslo Darbai 76: 154-163.

Rada, V. & J. Petr, 2002. Enumeration of bifidobacteria in animal intestinal samples. Veterinarni Medicina 47(1): 1-4.

Radajewska, B. & L. Andrzejewska, 2001. The effect of flower pollination by a honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) on fruit set and size of peach and nectarine fruit. Folia Horticulturae 13(2): 129-135.

Radchenko, R. 1966.  Role of honeybees as pollinators in increasing the seed crop from cabbage and radish. Bdzhilnitstvo 2: 72-75.

Radchenko, V. G. 1978.  A new type of nest without cells in Metallinella atrocaeruleaEntomologicheskoe Obozrenie 57(3): 515-519. [In Russian; English translation in Entomological Review 57: 353-355.]

Radchenko, V. G. 1979. Nesting of Nomioides minutissimus (Rossi).  Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 58: 762-765. [In Russian; English translation in Entomological Review 58(4): 71-74.]

Radchenko, V. G. 1981. Nesting of four species of bees of the genus Andrena. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 60(4): 766-774. [In Russian.]

Radchenko, V. G. 1987.  Nesting of Dasypoda braccata Eversmann (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) in the wouthwestern Ukraine. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 67: 299-301. [In Russian; English translation in Entomological Review 67: 57-60.]

Radchenko, V. G. 1993.  The Eusocial Colony of the Halictine bees. Academiya Nauk Ukrania, Institut Zoologii, Kiev. 1-60 pp. [In Ukrainian.]

Radchenko, V. G. 1995.  Evolution of nest building in bees. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 74: 342-354. [In Russian; English translation in Entomological Review 75(4): 20-32, 1996.]

Radchenko, V. G. & Yu. A. Pesenko, 1989.  A key to the bees of the genus Dasypoda Latreille (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) of the European part of the USSR. Trudy Zoologicheskova Instituta, Akademii Nauk SSSR 188: 114-121. [In Russian.]

Radchenko, V. G. & Yu. A. Pesenko, 1994a. Biology of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg. 350 pp. [In Russian, English Summary, pp.314-331.]

Radchenko, V. G. & Yu. A. Pesenko, 1994b. Protobee and its nests: A new hypothesis concerning the early evolution of Apoidea. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 73: 913-933. [In Russian; English translation in Entomological Review 75: 140-162, 1996.]

Rademacher, E. 2000a. Ameisensäure im Applikator zugelassen zur  Bekämpfung der Varroatose. Deutsches Bienenjournal 8: 6.

Rademacher, E. 2000b. Ameisensäure-Applikatoren zur Varroatosebekämpfung endlich zugelassen. Adiz/Die Biene/Imkerfreund 8: 17.

Rademacher, E. 2000c. Varroatosebekämpfung mit Ameisensäure im Applikator. Deutsches Bienenjournal 9: 10-11.

Rademacher, E. 2000d. Wer ist wofür zuständig? Bienenforschung in Berlin. Deutsches Bienenjournal  8: 31.

Rademacher, E. 2001a. Mitautorin: Varroa unter Kontrolle. 2001.  Bericht ausgegeben von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Institute für Bienenforschung.

Rademacher, E. 2001b. Das Zulassungsverfahren für Milchsäure als Varroatose-Bekämpfungs­mittel. Deutsches Bienenjournal 12: 12.

Rademacher, E. 2001c. Milchsäure als Varroatose-Bekämpfungsmittel. Adiz/Die Biene/Imkerfreund 12: p.?

Rademacher, E., D. Brückner, C. Otten & J. Radtke, 2000. El Ácido fórmico en el tratamiento contra la varroasis. Vida Apícola 101: 41-47.

Rademacher, E. & M. Harz, 2006. Oxalic acid for the control of varroosis in honey bee colonies - a review. Apidologie 37(1): 98-120.

Rademacher, E. & J. Radtke, 2001. Investigations on the use of Thymovar against varroatosis. Apidologie 32: 488-489.

Rademaker, M. C. J., T. J. de, Jong & E. van der Meijden, 1999. Selfing rates in natural populations of Echium vulgare: a combined empirical and model approach. Functional Ecology 13(6): 828-837.

Radloff,  P.  1987.  Africanized honey bee and mite   symposium. American Bee Journal 127(6): 422-423.

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, 1997a. Multivariate analysis of honeybees, Apis mellifera, of the Horn of Africa. African Entomology  5: 57-64.

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, 1997b. Multivariate analysis of honeybee populations (Apis mellifera L.) from west central Africa: morphometrics and pheromones. African Entomology 5: 195-204.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 1998. The matter of sampling distance and confidence levels in the subspecific classification of honeybees, Apis mellifera L. Apidologie 29: 491-501.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 1999a. Honeybees Apis mellifera Linnaeus (Hymenoptera : Apidae) of the Drakensberg mountains in relation to neighbouring populations. African Entomology 7: 35-41.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 1999b. Honeybees Apis mellifera Linnaeus (Hymenoptera : Apidae) of equatorial Africa. African Entomology 7: 265-269.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 2000. Population structure and morphometric variance in the Apis mellifera scutellata group of honeybees in Africa. Genetics and Molecular Biology 23: 305-316.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 2001. Population structure of Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Filling the Uganda gap. African Entomology [In press].

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 2002. Morphometric analysis of the populations of Apis cerana in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region of western Asia. Apidologie [In Press].

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, 2003. Quantitative analysis of intracolonial and intercolonial morphometric variance in honeybees, Apis mellifera and Apis cerana. Apidologie [In press].

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn, C. Hepburn, P. de la Rua, 2002. Morphometric affinities and population structure of honeybees of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Apicultural Research 40: 81-90.

Radloff, S. E., R. Hepburn & S. Fuchs, 2005. The morphometric affinities of Apis cerana of the Hindu Kush and Himalayan regions of western Asia. Apidologie 36: 25-30.

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, S. Fuchs, G. W. Otis, S. Hadisoesilo, C. Hepburn & T. Ken, 2005. Multivariate morphometric analysis of the Apis cerana populations of oceanic Asia.  Apidologie 36(3): 475-492.

Radloff, S. E. & H. R. Hepburn & G. Koeniger, 2003. Comparison of flight design of Asian honeybee drones. Apidologie [In press].

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, P. Neumann, R. F. A. Moritz & P. Kryger, 2002. A method for estimating variation in the phenotypic expression of morphological characters by thelytokous parthenogenesis in Apis mellifera capensis.  Apidologie 33(2): 129-138.

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn & G. W. Otis, 2001. Flight machinery in the genus Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates [In press].

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, G. W. Otis, A. Nuru, C. Hepburn, K. Tan, S. Fuchs, 2003. Multivariate morphometric analysis of the Apis cerana populations of mainland southern Asia. Apidologie [In press].

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, M. P. Robertson, R. van Hille, Z. Davidson, & M. H. Villet, 1995. Discriminant analysis of the honeybee populations of southwestern Africa. African Entomology 4: 1-6.

Radloff, S. E., H. R. Hepburn, M. H. Villet, 1997. Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) of the woodland savanna of southeastern Africa. African Entomology 5: 19-27.

Radoszkowski, O. 1859. Sur quelques hyménoptères nouveaux ou peu connus de la collection du Musée de l'Académie des sciences de St. Pétersbourg. Byulleten' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody 32: 479-486.

Radoszkowski, O. 1862. Sur quelques hyménoptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Byulleten' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody 35: 589-598.

Radoszkowski, O. 1865. Description d’un genre nouveau, Pseudomelecta, et de quelques espèces du genre EumenesHoræ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 3: 53-60, pl.1.

Radoszkowski, O. 1867.  Matériaux pour servir à l’étude des insectes de la Russie IV.  Notes sur quelques Hyménoptères de la tribu des Apides. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 5: 73-90. Pl.III.

Radoszkowski, O. 1869.  Notes synonymiques sur quelques Anthophora et Cerceris, et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 6: 95-107.

Radoszkowski, O. 1872a.  [Résultats de ses études hyménoptèrologique, Megachilidae.] In Séance du 3 (15) Mai. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 8: 187-200. Bulletin pp. xvi-xviii.

Radoszkowski, O. 1872b.  Supplément indispensable à l’article publié par M. Gerstaecker en 1969, sur quelques genres d’ hyménoptères.  Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 45: 1-40, 1 pl.

Radoszkowski, O. 1873.  Supplément indispensable à l’article publié par M. Gerstaecker en 1969, sur quelques genres d’ hyménoptères.  Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 47: 133-151, 1 pl.

Radoszkowski, O. 1874a.  Supplément indispensable à l’article publié par M. Gerstaecker en 1969, sur quelques genres d’ hyménoptères.  Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 46(3) (1873): 133-151, 1 pl.

Radoszkowski, O. 1874b. Supplément indispensable à l’article publié par M. Gerstaecker en 1969, sur quelques genres d’ hyménoptères.  Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 48(1) (1873): 132-164.

Radoszkowski, O. 1876a. Matériaux pour servir à une faune hyménoptèrologique de la Russie. Trudy Russkago éntomologicheskago obshchestva 12: 82-110.

Radoszkowski, O. 1876b. Compte-rendu des hymenopteres recueilles en Egypte et Abyssinie en 1873. Trudy Russkago éntomologicheskago obshchestva 12: 111-150.

Radoszkowski, O. 1877a. In: Séance du 3 (15) Mai 1876. Trudy Russkago éntomologicheskago obshchestva 13: vii-viii.

Radoszkowski, O. 1877b. Essai d’une nouvelle méthode pour faciliter la détermination des espèces appartenant au genre Bombus. Byulleten' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody 52: 169-219.

Radoszkowski, O. 1881a. In: Sitzung am 5 (17) Februar. Trudy Russkago éntomologicheskago obshchestva 16: v-vii.

Radoszkowski, O. 1881b. Hymenopteres d'Angola. J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. 8(31): 197-221.

Radoszkowski, O. 1882. Wiadomosciznauk Przyrodzonch zeszyt II. P. 72-81, Warsa.

Radoszkowski, O. 1883. Sur quelques espèces Russes appartenant au genre Bombus. Byulleten' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody 58: 168-226.

Radoszkowski, O. 1884a. Révision des armures copulatrices des mâles du genre Bombus. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 59: 51-92.

Radoszkowski, O. 1884b. Quelques nouveaux Hyménoptères d’Amérique. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 18: 17-22, 1 pl.

Radoszkowski, O. 1885.  Révision des armures copulatrices des mâles de la tribu Philérémides. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 61: 359-370, pls. II,III.

Radoszkowski, O. 1886. Fauna Hyménoptèrologique Transcaspienne. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 20: 3-56, pls. 1-11.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887a.  Révision du genre Dasypoda Latr. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 20: 179-194, pls. XIII-XV.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887b. Hymenoptèrés de Korée.  Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 21: 428-436.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887c. Insecta in itinere cl. N. Przewalskii in Asia centrali novissime lecta III. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 21: 41-52, pls. ii & iii.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887d. Fauna Hymenoptera transcaspienne suit. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 21: 88-101, pls. iv & v.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887e. Sur quelques Osmia russes. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 21: 274-293. Pls. vii & viii.

Radoszkowski, O. 1887f. Etudes hyménoptèrologiques. 1. Révision des armures copulatrices de la famille Epeolus. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 21: 294-296. Pl. viii (part).

Radoszkowski, O. 1888a. Etudes hyménoptèrologiques. 1. Révision des armures copulatrices des mâles. 2. Description de nouvelles especes russes. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 22: 315-337, Taf. XII-XV. 

Radoszkowski, O. 1888b. Faune hyménoptérologique transcaspienne. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 22: 338-349.

Radoszkowski, O. 1889a. [Embrology of Hymenoptera including bees]. Bull. de la Société Entomologique de France (6)ix: clxx-clxxiv.

Radoszkowski, O. 1889b. Notice sur le genre BombusBulletin de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (Menzbier, Moscow) 1889: 202-209.

Radoszkowski, O. 1890.  Hymenoptères de Korée. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 24: 229-232.

Radoszkowski, O. 1891a. Revision des armures copulatrices des males du genre Colletes. Zool. Anz. 14: 249-260.  

Radoszkowski, O. 1891b. Révision des armures copulatrices des mâles des genres Cilissa et Pseudocilissa. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 25: 236-243.

Radoszkowski, O. 1893a. Fauna Hyménoptèrologique Transcaspienne. Horæ Societatis Entomologicæ Rossicæ 27: 38-81.

Radoszkowski, O. 1893b. Descriptions d'hyménoptères nouveaux. Revue d'entomologie 12: 241-245.

Radoszkowski, O. 1893c.  Revue des armures copulatrices des mâles des genre: Crocisa Jur., Melecta Lat., Pseudomelecta Rad., Chrysantheda Pert., Mesocheira Lep., Aglae Lep., Melissa Smith, Euglossa Lat., Eulema Lep., Acanthopus Klug. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 7: 163-188, pls. IV,VII.

Radovic, I. T. 1981. Anatomy and function of the sting apparatus of stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apinae: Meliponini). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 83: 269-273.

Radovic, I. T. & P. D. Hurd, 1980. Skeletal parts of the sting apparatus of selected species in the family Andrenidae (Apoidea: Hymenoptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 82: 562-567.

Radovic, I. & M. D. Krunic, 1977.  External morphology of the larvae of Anthophora [sic] (Amegilla) parietina (F.) var. fulvocinerea (Dours) and Anthophora (Amegilla) crinipes (Sm.) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Archiv Bioloskih Nauka, Beograd 27: 137-144.

Radtke, J. & E. Rademacher, 2001. Untersuchungen zum Einsatz von Thymovar zur Bekämpfung der Varroatose in Bienenvölkern. Tätigkeitsbericht LIB 2000, Deutsches Bienenjournal 7: 279-285.

Rafats, J. 1985-86. Killer bees. Spec. Ref. Briefs Natl. Agric. Libr. U.S. 01 : 11:00 PM.

Rafinesque-Schmaltz, C. S.  1814.  Principes Fondamentaux de Somiologie…. Palermo. 52 pp. Privately printed.

Rafinesque-Schmaltz, C. S.  1815.  Analyse de la Nature ou tableau de l’univers et des corps organisés. Palermo. 224 pp. Privately printed.

Ragheb,   M.   1994.   Illinois  association  concerned  about  Africanized  bees.  American Bee Journal  134(7): 447.                                        

Ragsdale, D. W. & B. Furgala,  1987. A serological approach to the detection of Acarapis woodi parasitism in honey bees using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apidologie 18: 1-9.

Ragsdale, D. W. &  K. M. Kjer, 1989. Diagnosis of tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi Rennie) parasitism of honey bees using a monoclonal based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. American Bee Journal 129:   550-553.

Rahman, K. A. 1940. Insect pollinators of toria (Brassica napus Linn. var. dichtoma Prain), and sarson (Brassica campestris Linn.var. sarson Prain) at Lyallpur. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 10: 422-447.

Rahman, K. A. & S. Singh, 1940.  Beekeeping in IndiaIndian Farming 1: 10-17.

Rai, K. M. & B. P. Gupta, 1983. Role of honey bees and other insects as pollinators in apple and pear. Indian Bee Journal 45(2/3): 56-57.

Raina, R. & L. M. Gupta, 1999. Increasing seed yield in glory lily (Gloriosa superba) - experimental approaches. Acta Horticulturae 502: 175-179.

Rainbow, W. J.  1897.  The insect fauna of FunafutiMemoirs of Australian Museum 3: 93-102.

Raine, N. E. & L. Chittka, 2007. Pollen foraging: learning a complex motor skill by bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). Naturwissenschaften 94(6): 459-464.[Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-006-0184-0].

Raine, N.E., T. C. Ings, A. Dornhaus, N. Saleh & L. Chittka, 2006. Adaptation, genetic drift, pleiotropy, and history in the evolution of bee foraging behavior. Advances in the study of behavior 36: 305-354.

Rains, Glen C., J. K. Tomberlin & D. Kulasiri, 2008. Using insect sniffing devices for detection. Trends in biotechnology 26(6): 288-294. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2008.02.007].

Raj, D., V. K. Rana, et al. 1993. Comparative studies on pollen loads and pollen constancy of Apis mellifera L. and Apis cerana indica F. on rapeseed. Journal of Entomological Research, New Delhi 17(1): 43-48.

Raj, J. & G. P. Channabasavanna, 1980.  Influence of brood on the attraction and mobility of worker honey bees (Apis cerana). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 14(2): 224-226.

Rajotte, E. G.  1979.  Nesting, foraging and pheromone response of the bee Colletes validus Cresson and its association with lowbush blueberries. (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) (Ericaceae: Vaccinium). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 52: 349-361.

Rajpurohit, A. & Rajiv K. Gupta, 2006. The impact of insect pollination on seed yield of Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek. Proceedings of the Nationa Academy of Sciences, India 76(B) II: 178-181.

Raju, A. J. S. & V. Ezradanam, 2002. Pollination ecology and fruiting behaviour in a monoecious species, Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). Current Science 83(11): 1395-1398.

Raju, A. J. S., V. K. Raju, P. Victor & S. A. Naidu, 2001. Floral ecology, breeding system and pollination in Antigonon leptopus L. (Polygonaceae). Plant Species Biology 16(2): 159-164.

Raju, A. J. S. & S. P. Rao, 2002. Pollination ecology and fruiting behaviour in Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr. (Mimosaceae), a valuable non-timber forest plant species. Current Science 82(12): 1466-1471.

Ramalho, M. 1990.  Foraging by stingless bees of the genus Scaptotrigona (Apidae, Meliponinae).  Journal of Apicultural Research 29(2): 61-67.

Ramalho, M. [T.], C. Gionnini, K. Walagidi-Braaga & V. L. Imperatriz-Fonseca, 1994. Pollen harvest by stingless bees forragers (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae). Grana 33: 239-244.

Ramalho, M., A. Kleinert-Giovannini & V. L. Imperatriz-Fonseca,  1989.  Utilization of floral resources by species of Melipona (Apidae, Meliponinae): Floral preferences.  Apidologie20(3): 185-196.

Ramalho, M., A. Kleinert-Giovannini  & V. L. Imperatrizfonseca, 1990. Important bee plants for stingless bees and Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera) in neotropical habitats - A review. Apidologie  21(5): 469-488.

Ramalho, M., M. D. Silva & C. A. L. Carvalho, 2007. Harvesting dynamics of pollen sources by Melipona scutellaris Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae): a comparative analysis with Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the Atlantic Forest Domain. (DinaÌ‚mica de uso de fontes de poÌ. len por Melipona scutellaris Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae): uma anaÌ. lise comparativa com Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), no DomiÌ. nio Tropical AtlaÌ‚ntico. Neotropical entomology 36(1): 38-45. [Electronic Resource: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_issuetoc&pid=1519-566X20070001&lng=en&nrm=iso].

Ramamurty, P. S. & W. Engels, 1977. Allatectomy and juvenile hormone effects on synthesis and incorporation of vitellogenin in the honeybee queen (Apis mellifica). Zool Jahrb. Abt. Allg. Zool. Physiol. Tiere. 81(2): 165-176.

Ramaraju, K. & M. Mohanasundaram, 2001. New phoretic mites (Acari : Chaetodactylidae) on carpenter bees from Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Acarology 27(2): 107-112.

Ramirez,  B. W. 1992. 10 years of  africanization in Costa Rica, the experience of a beekeeper. American Bee Journal 132(12): 795.

Ramirez,  B. W. 1993. Swarming of the African bees in the Central Valley of Costa Rica, Central America American Bee Journal 133(4): 283-284.

Ramirez, B. W. & P. L. D. Gomez, 1978.     Production of nectar and gums by flowers of Monstera deliciosa (Araceae) and of some species of Clusia (Guttiferae) collected by new world Trigona bees. Brenesia 1978(14/15): 407-412.  

Ramirez,  B. W. & G. W. Otis, 1986. Developmental phases in the life cycle of Varroa jacobsoni, an ectoparasitic mite on honeybees.  Bee World 67(3): 92-97. 

Ramírez-Arriaga, E., J. I. Cuadriello-Aguilar & E. Martínez Hernández, 1996.  Nest structure and parasite of Euglossa atroveneta Dressler (Apidae: Bombinae: Euglossini) at Unión Juárez, Chiapas, México.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 69: 144-152.

Ramirez, M. V., S. M. Rueda, V. P. Tabla, R. Ayala & J. Navarro, 2002. Diversity of native bee visitors of cucurbit crops (Cucurbitaceae) in Yucatan, Mexico. Journal of Insect Conservation 6(3): 135-147.

Ramirez-Romero, R., J. Chaufaux & M. Hà Pham-Delègue, 2005. Effects of Cry1Ab protoxin, deltamethrin and imidacloprid on the foraging activity and the learning performances of the honeybee Apis mellifera, a comparative approach. Apidologie 36(4): 601-612.

Ramírez, S. & S. A. Cameron, [In press]. Army ant attacks by Eciton hamatum and E. rapax on nests of the Amazonian bumble bee, Bombus transversalis (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society.

Ramírez,  S., R. L. Dressler & M. Ospina, 2002. Euglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from the Neotropical Region: A species checklist with notes on their biology. Biota Colombiana 3(1): 7-118.

Ramirez, W.  1993. Swarming of the african bees in the central valley of costa-rica, central america. American Bee Journal  133(4): 283-284.

Ramos, F. N. & F. A. M. Santos, 2006. Floral Visitors and Pollination of Psychotria tenuinervis (Rubiaceae): Distance from the Anthropogenic and Natural Edges of an Atlantic Forest Fragment. Biotropica 38(3): 383-389. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00152.x].

Rana, B. S., J. K. Gupta & H. K. Sharma, 2000. Status of beekeeping in Himachal Pradesh. Pp. 33-36. In: Matsuka, M., L. R. Verma, S. Wongsiri, K. K. Shrestha & U. Pratap (eds.), Asian Bees and beekeeping: Progress of research and development. Proceedings of the 4th Asian Apicultural Association International Conference, Kathmandu, Nepal. 23-28 March, 1998.

Rana, R. S. & L. R. Verma, 1994. Hoarding behaviour and lifespan of workers of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana. Journal of Apicultural Research 33(4): 205-208.

Rank, G. H. &  D. W. Goerzen, 1981. Native leafcutting bee species and associated parasites in commercial hives in Saskatchewan, Canada. Apidologie 12: 211-220.

Rank, G. H. & D. W. Goerzen, 1982.  Effect of incubation temperatures on emergence of Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of Economic Entomology 75: 467-471.

Rank, G. H., D. W. Goerzen & J. H. Gerlach, 1989. Crossed immuno-electrophoresis of major protein antigens during pupation of the leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata. Apidologie 20: 139-147.

Rank, G. H., F. P. Rank & R. Watts, 1990.  Chalkbrodd (Ascosphaera aggregata Skou.) resistance of unvivoltine strain of the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata F. J. Appl. Entomol. 109(5): 524-527.

Ranta, E. & H. Lundberg, 1980. Resource partitioning in bumblebees: the significance of differences in proboscis length. Oikos 35(3): 298-302.

Ranta, E. & H. Lundberg, 1981. Food niche analyses of bumblebees: a comparison of three data collecting methods. Oikos 36(1): 12-16.

Ranta, E., H. Lundberg & I. Teräs, 1981. Patterns of resource utilization in two Fennoscandian bumblebee communities. Oikos 36(1): 1-11.

Rao, S. P. & A. J. S. Raju, 2002. Pollination ecology of the Red Sanders Pterocarpus santalinus (Fabaceae), an endemic and endangered tree species. Current Science 83(9): 1144-1148.

Rappert, A. 1999. Repräsentation von Duftkonzentrationen und Duftmischungen im Antennallobus der Honigbiene, Apis mellifera. Pp. 1-94. FU Berlin [Diploma in Biology].

Rappert, A., C. G. Galizia, S. Sachse & R. Menzel, 1999. Representation of odour concentration in the antennal lobe of the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Göttingen Neurobiology Report 1999. Pp. 367-367. In: Proceedings of the 1st Göttingen Conference of the German Neuroscience Society 1999, Volume II - 27th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference. [Abstract].

Rashad, S. El  Din & M. S. A. El-Sarrag, 1978. Beekeeping in Sudan. Bee World 59(3): 105-111.

Rashad, S. E. & M. A. Eweis, 1984. Chalicodoma mucorea, a promising Egyptian species for alfalfa pollination. Pp. 134-137. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 Nov 1984, Government of Kenya & International Bee Research Association.

Rashad, S. E. & M. A. Eweis  M. A. Abd El-Fatah, 1984. Confinement of honeybee colonies during insecticide application. Pp. 145-148. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 Nov 1984. Government of Kenya & International Bee Research Association.

Rashad, S., M. A. Eweis, A. A. El-Shemy, 1984a. The relationship between plant competition and foraging honeybees at Giza, Egypt. Annals of Agricultural Science (Moshtohor) 20(3): 145-156.

Rashad, S., M. A. Ewies & A. A. El-Shemy, 1984b. Further studies on the activity of honeybees associated with nectar secretion of Egyptian clover at Gizar, Egypt. Annals of Agricultural Science (Moshtohor) 20(3): 157-165.

Rashad, S., M. A. Ewies & A. A. El-Shemy, 1984c. The relationship between bees activity and varietal citrus aspects at Giza, Egypt. Annals of Agricultural Science 20(3): 167-184.

Rashad, S. E., M. A. Eweis & M. E. Nour, 1984. Studies on the infestation of honeybees (Apis mellifera) by Acarapis woodi in Egypt. Pp. 152-156. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 Nov 1984. Government of Kenya & International Bee Research Association. 

Rashad, S. E., M. I. Mohamed & M. M. Khattab, 1980. Monthly activity of honey-bees in wax secretion. Annals of Agricultural Science (Moshtohor) 12: 364-366.

Rashad, S. E., M. I. Mohamed & S. M. A. El-Shakaa, 1980. Behaviour of honey bee workers on major pollen sources in Giza region. Annals of Agricultural Science (Moshtohor) 12: 379-383.

Rashad, S. E. & M. A. Moustafa, 1973. Distribution and life history of Andrena ovatula (K.) in Egypt. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 49(2): 327-331.

Rasheed, S. A. & L. D. Harder, 1997.  Foraging currencies for non-energetic resources: pollen collected by bumblebees. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 57: 911-926.

Rasic,-S. & N. Nedic, 2003. Toxicology of honey bee poison and its therapeutic role. Pp. 41-47. In Mladenovic, M. (Ed.), [Quality of honeybee products and honeybee selection: collection of plenary and scientific papers: 11th scientific conference with international participation, Belgrade - Zemun [Serbia & Montenegro], Februar 8-9, 2003]. Kvalitet pcelinjih proizvoda i selekcija medonosne pcele: zbornik plenarnih i naucnih radova: 11. naucno savetovanje sa medjunarodnim ucescem, Beograd - Zemun [Srbija&Crna Gora], 8-9. februar, 2003. godine. Beograd - Zemun (Serbia & Montenegro). Poljoprivredni fakultet. 2003. 100 p.

Rasmont, P. 1982. A propos des bourdons (Hymenoptera, Apidae) de la Corse. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de Mulhouse 1982: 49-61.

Rasmont, P. 1983. Catalogue commenté des bourdons de la région ouest-paléarctique (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Apidae). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 7: 1-71.

Rasmont, P. 1984. Les bourdons du genre Bombus Latreille sensu stricto en Europe occidentale et centrale (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Spixiana 7: 135-160.

Rasmont, P. 1988. Monographie écologique et zoogéographique des bourdons de France et de Belgique (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombinae). 309+lxi pp. Ph.D. thesis, Faculté des Sciences agronomiques de l'Etat, Gembloux.

Rasmont, P. & A. Adamski, 1995. Les bourdons de la Corse (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 31: 1-87.

Rasmont, P.,  R. Delmas, F. Leclant &  I. H. H. Yarrow, 1987. Megabombus (Rhodobombus) mesomelas (Gerstaecker, 1869) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombinae). Documents pour un Atlas zoogéographique du Languedoc-Roussillon 32: 4 pp.

Rasmont, P., P. A. Ebmer, J. Banaszak & G. van der Zanden, 1995. Hymenoptera Apoidea Gallica. Liste taxonomique des abeilles de France, de Belgique, de Suisse et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Bulletin de la Société de France 100 (hors série): 1-98.

Rasmont, P, A. S. R. de Jonghe, E. Obrecht & A. Adamski, 1986.  Identification and vaiability of males of genus Bombus s. str. In western and central Europe (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombinae).  Rev. Suisse. Zool. 93(3): 661-682. [In French with English summary.].

Rasmont, P., A. Regali, T. C. Ings, G. Lognay, E. Baudart, M. Marlier, E. Delcarte, P. Viville, C. Marot & P. Falmagne, 2005. Analysis of pollen and nectar of Arbutus unedo as a food source for Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of economic entomology 98(3): 656-663.

Rasmont, P., M. Terzo, A. M. Aytekin, H. Hines, K. Urbanova, L. Cahlikova &  I. Valterova, 2005. Cephalic secretions of the bumblebee subgenus Sibiricobombus Vogt suggest Bombus niveatus Kriechbaumer and Bombus vorticosus Gerstaecker are conspecific (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus).  Apidologie 36(4): 571-584.

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1966. Key to superfamilies and families of Hymenoptera. Entomol. Obozr. 45: 599-611. [In Russian.]. 

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1968. List of species of Hymenoptera described from the Jurassic of Karatau. Page 246. In: B. B. Rohdendorf, [Jurassic insects of the Karatau.] Nauka, Moscow. 252 pp. [In Russian.] 

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1969. The origin and evolution of lower Hymenoptera.  The Paleontol. Inst’ Aka Nauk SSSR 123: 3-196. [In Russian.]. 

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1975. [Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic.] Tr. Paleontol. Inst. 147: 1-134. [In Russian.] 

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1975. [Early evolution of higher Hymenoptera (Apocrita).] Zool. Zh. 54: 848-859. [In Russian.]

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1980. Origin and evolution of the hymenopterous insects. Trudy Paleontologicheskii Institut, Akademii Nauk SSSR 174: 1-192. [In Russian.]

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1983. [Jurassic Hymenoptera of eastern Siberia.] Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispit. Prirody Otd. Geol. 58(5): 85-94. [In Russian.]

Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1986. [New species of the hymenopteran family Mesoserphidae from the Upper Jurassic of Karatau.] Vestn. Zool. 1986(2): 19-25. [In Russian.]

Rasnitsyn, A. P. & C. D. Michener, 1991. Miocene fossil bumble bee from the Soviet Far East with comments on the chronology and distribution of fossil bees.   Annals of the Entomological Society of America 84: 583-589.

Rathcke, B. J. & E. S. Jules, 1993. Habitat fragmentation and plant pollinator interactions. Current Science, Bangalore 65: 273-277.  

Ratanabhumma, S., D. M. Burgett & G. C. Fisher, 1989. Controlling nosema disease in honey bees. FS, fact sheet - Oregon State University, Extension Service No. 311: 1-2.

Rathi, A., B. Kumari, S. K. Gahlawat, R. C. Sihag & T. S. Kathpal, 1997. Multiresidue analysis of market honey samples for pesticidal contamination. Pesticide Res. J. 9(2): 226-230.

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1985. What is a mite? Gleanings in Bee Culture 113: 483-484. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1987a. The adaptive significance of nest site selection by honey bee swarms: calculation of reproductive value of swarms using colony life table data. P.617. In: J. Eder & H. Rembold (eds.), Chemistry and biology of social insects. Verlag J. Peperny, Munich.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1987b. Bee space. Gleanings in Bee Culture 115: 573-5, 7. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W.1987c. Fall feeding. Gleanings in Bee Culture 115: 588-590. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1988a. Disease update: The spread of American foulbrood within a honey bee colony. Gleanings in Bee Culture 116

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1988b. Reproductive harmony via mutual policing by workers in eusocial Hymenoptera. American Naturalist 132: 217-236.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1988c. Improved bait hives. American Bee Journal 128: 125-127. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1989a. Keep it simple. A simplified Langstroth hive. Gleanings in Bee Culture 117: 41-43. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1989b. Sterilization of American foulbrood contaminated hive equipment using gamma irradiation. American Bee Journal 129: 191-193. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1990a. Africanized bees: Natural selection for colonizing ability. Pages 119-135. In: M. Spivak, M. D. Breed & D. J. C. Fletcher (eds), The Africanized honey bee. Westview Press, Boulder & Co. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1990b. The evolution of polyandry by highly eusocial bee queens: The importance of progressive versus mass provisioning and the timing of removal of diploid males. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 26: 342-348. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1990c. Assessment of queen mating frequency by workers in social Hymenoptera. Journal of Theoretical Biology 142: 87-94. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1990d. Worker policing in social insects. Pp. 365-366. In: Veeresh, G. K., Mallik, B., Viraktamath, C. A. Social insects and the environment. (Proceedings of the 12th congress of IUSSI). Oxford, New Delhi

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1990e. Constraints to queen rearing discrimination in the honey bee. Pp. 109-110. In: G. K. Veeresh, B. Mallik, C. A. Viraktamath (eds), Social insects and the environment. (Proceedings of the 12th Congress of IUSSI). Oxford, New Delhi

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1991a. Facultative sex allocation biasing by workers in social Hymenoptera. Evolution 45: 281-292.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1991b. The evolution of genetic cue diversity in social Hymenoptera. American Naturalist 137: 202-226.

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1991c. Evolution of discriminatory aggression in marine invertebrates. Journal of Theoretical Biology 152: 557-565.

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1992a. Evidence for an egg-marking pheromone in the honey bee. American Bee Journal 132: 813. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1992b. American foulbrood: A review of an important honey bee disease. Bee World 73: 177-191. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1992c. Conflict and cooperation in the bee hive. Proceedings of the Western Apicultural Society 25-29. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1993. Egg-laying, egg-removal, and ovary development by workers in queenright honey bee colonies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 32: 191-198. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1994a. Worker policing in honey bees. Page 582. In: A. Lenoir, G. Arnold, M. Lepage (eds), Les Insectes Sociaux. (Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of IUSSI). [Abstract]. Université Paris Nord, Paris. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1994b. Cox Honeyland: an innovative honey business from Utah. Gleanings in Bee Culture

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1995. Evidence for a queen-produced egg-marking pheromone and its use in worker policing in the honey bee. Journal of Apicultural Research 34: 31-37. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996a. Evolution of unstable and stable biparental care. Behavioral Ecology : 490-493. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996b. Worker reproduction and worker policing: how the balance is set. P. 124. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology. [Abstract.] 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996c. Varroa: What to do. Beekeepers News. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996d. Langstroth, WBC, or National hive—the bees don't mind but you might! Beekeepers News

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996e. Do you have nasty (defensive) bees? Then do something. Beekeepers News.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1996f. Beekeeping is not cruel to bees. Beekeepers News

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1998. Conflict and cooperation in insect societies. Pages 14-17. In: M. P. Schwarz, K. Hogendoorn (eds), Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of IUSSI. IUSSI.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1998a. Information sources in reproductive manipulation. Page 387. In: M. P. Schwarz, K. Hogendoorn (eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of IUSSI. IUSSI.

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1998b. Why breeding bees is different. Bee Improvement 2: 6-7. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1999. Tasmanian black bees. Bee Improvement 4: 5-6. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2000a. Worker policing in the honey bee: basic facts and ideas. Insect Social Life 3: 3-10. (Proceedings of the 8th Conference of the Italian Section of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects, Grugliasco (Torino), Sept. 8-10, 1999). 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2000b. BABE: Beekeeping and Apis biodiversity in Europe. Bee Improvement 7: 13.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2000c. Why do researchers study the honey bee? Bee Improvement 7: 4-5. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2000d. How far do bees forage. Bee Improvement 6: 10-11. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001a. Sociality and eusociality in insects. Bee Improvement 8: 20-21.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001b. Heirs and spares: caste conflict and excess queen production in Melipona bees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 5: 467-473. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001c. Are you being served? Supermarkets and bee hives. The Beekeepers Quarterly [In Press.]

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001d. The last word: Bee lines 1. New Scientist 2301 (28 July 2001): 137. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001e. The last word: Bee lines 2. New Scientist 2303 (11 August 2001): 93. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001f. Prisons in the bee hive. The Beekeepers Quarterly 66: 15-16.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. 2001g. Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects. The Beekeepers Quarterly 65: 9-10.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & C. Anderson, 1999a. Task partitioning in insect societies: natural history, ergonomics, and information. Actes Colloq. Insectes Sociaux. 12: 1-10.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & C. Anderson, 1999b. Task partitioning in insect societies. Insectes Sociaux 46: 95-108.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & C. Anderson, 1999c. Task partitioning in insect societies. II. Use of queueing delay information in recruitment. American Naturalist 154: 536-548.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & J. J. Boomsma, 1995. Facultative sex allocation by workers and the evolution of polyandry by queens in social Hymenoptera. American Naturalist 145: 969-993. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & J. J. Boomsma, 1997. On the robustness of split sex ratio predictions in monogynous social Hymenoptera. Journal of Theoretical Biology 185: 423-439.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & A. G. Hart, 2001a. Melipona beecheii beekeeping in the Yucatan. Bee Improvement. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & A. G. Hart,  2001b. Meliponinae bees: the other highly social bees. Bee Improvement. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & L. Keller, 1998. Queen control of egg fertilization in the honey bee. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 44: 57-61.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W., A. Lapish & L. Tann, 2001. Honey bee guards, Apis mellifera, accept own subspecies non-nestmates more than other subspecies non-nestmates. Insectes Sociaux 48: 287-288. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & D. G. Miller, 1993. Division of honey bee drones during swarming. Animal Behaviour 46: 803-805. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W., T. Monnin & K. R. Foster, 2001. Inclusive fitness theory: novel predictions and tests in eusocial Hymenoptera. Annales Zoologici Fennici 38(3/4): 201-214.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & T. A. Nolan, 1988. New York Beekeepers and their knowledge and need for information on brood diseases. Am. Bee J. 128: 761-764. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & R. Nowogrodzki, 1987. The hobby beekeeper and American foulbrood: How to wisely use antibiotics as a preventive. Information bulletin of the New York State Apiary Inspection Program. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & R. Nowogrodzki, 1988. Small Scale Queen Rearing. Cornell University Cooperative Extension. Information Bulletin No. 209. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & J. Nowakowski, 1989. Honey bee swarms accept bait hives contaminated with American foulbrood disease. Ecological Entomology 14(4): 475-478. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & B. V. Pedersen, 1999. Phylogeny of British black bees. Bee Improvement 5: 6-7. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W., M. Piery & I. Cuadriello, 1991. The natural nest of the Africanized honey bee (Hymenoptera, Apidae) near Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. Canadian Entomologist 123: 353-359. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & H. K. Reeve, 1991. The evolution of queen-rearing nepotism in social Hymenoptera: effects of discrimination costs in swarming species. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 4: 93-115. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & H. K. Reeve, 1992. The structure of conflict in hymenopteran societies: processes that reduce conflict in advanced eusocial species. Journal of Theoretical Biology 158: 33-65.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & P. K. Visscher, 1989. Worker policing in the honey bee. Nature 342(6251): 796-797. 

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & P. K. Visscher, 1996. African bees and crop pollination: lessons from Sinaloa, Mexico. California Agriculture 50(4): 24-28.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W. & P. K. Visscher, 1996. Sinaloan beekeepers adapt pollination to Africanized bees. California Agriculture 50(4): 24-28.  

Ratnieks, F. L. W., P. K. Visscher & R. Vetter, 1995. Treating American foulbrood using gamma radiation: a case history. American Bee Journal 135(8): 557-561.  

Ratnieks, F. L.W., T. Wossler, P. Neumann & B. P. Oldroyd, 2002. Egg laying and egg removal in honey bee colonies with different levels of anarchy. Insectes Sociaux [In press].

Rattanawannee, A., C. Chanchao & S. Wongsiri, 2007. Morphometric and genetic variation of small dwarf honeybees Apis andreniformis Smith, 1858 in Thailand. Insect science 14(6): 451-460. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7917.2007.00173.x].

Ratti, C. M., H. A. Higo, T. L. Griswold & M. L. Winston, 2008. Bumble bees influence berry size in commercial Vaccinium spp. cultivation in British Columbia. Canadian entomologist 140(3): 348-363. [Electronic Resource: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/16787; http://esc-sec.org/canent1.htm].

Rau, P. 1928. The nesting habits of the pulp-making bee, Alcidamea producta Cresson. Psyche 35: 100-107. 

Rau, P. 1929. Experimental studies in the homing of carpenter and mining bees. Journal of Comparative Psychology 9: 35-70.

Raven, P. H. 1963.  Amphitropical relations in the flora of North and south America. Quarterly Review of Biology 29: 151-177.

Raw, A. 1972.  The biology of the solitary bee Osmia rufa (L.) (Megachilidae). Trans. Roy. Entomol. Soc. London 124: 213-229.

Raw, A. 1976. Seasonal changes in numbers and foraging activities of two Jamaican Exomalopsis species.  Biotropica 8: 270-277.

Raw, A. 1977. The biology of two Exomalopsis species (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) with remarks on sociality in bees.  Revista de Biología Tropical 25: 1-11.

Raw, A. 1984.  The nesting biology of nine species of Jamaican bees.  Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 28: 497-506.

Raw, A. 1991.  The circuitous trails used by males of the cuckoo bee Rhathymus fulvus (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae) in forest in Salvador, BrazilEntomologist 110(3): 110-113.

Raw, A. 2000.  Foraging behaviour of wild bees at hot pepper flowers (Capsicum annuum) and its possible influence on cross pollination. Annals of Botany 85(4): 487-492.

Raw, A. 2001. The risks of pollinator decline and the global pollinators initiative. Acta Horticulturae No. 561: 327-330.

Raw, A. & J. B. Free, 1977. The pollination of coffe (Coffe arabica) by honey bees. Trop. Agric. Guildford 54(4): 365-370.

Raw, P. 1929.  The biology and behavior of mining bees.  Anthophora abrupta and Entechnia taurea. Psyche 36: 155-181.

Rayment, T.  1925. A new species of honey-bee. Australian Beekeeper 27: 67-69.

Rayment, T.  1927a.  A new Australian cliff-bee (Euryglossa asperithorax)Victorian Naturalist 44: 75.

Rayment, T.  1927b.  The cliff bees. Victorian Naturalist 44: 76-84.

Rayment, T.  1927c.  A new halictine bee (Halictus platycephalus).  Victorian Naturalist 44: 101-102.

Rayment, T.  1927d.  The sand-hopper bees. Victorian Naturalist 44: 103-109.

Rayment, T.  1928a.  A new prosopid bee. Victorian Naturalist 45: 97-98.

Rayment, T.  1928b.  Studies of Australian bees. Victorian Naturalist 45: 95-97.

Rayment, T.  1929a.  The plumed bees.  Victorian Naturalist 46: 155-161.

Rayment, T.  1929b.  Trichocolletes nigroclypeatus sp.nov.  Victorian Naturalist 46: 162.

Rayment, T.  1929c.  Bees from east Gippsland. Victorian Naturalist 46: 124-129.

Rayment, T.  1929d.  The cuckoo-bbes, Coelioxys frogatti [sic] Cockerell. Victorian Naturalist 46: 58-61.

Rayment, T.  1930a.  Microglossa and Melitribus, new genera of Australian bees.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n.s.) 42: 211-220,  pl.21. [Microglossa is a pemphereonine wasp (Spilomena), not a bee. – Michener, 2000.]

Rayment, T.  1930b.  New and remarkable bees.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n.s.) 43: 42-61.

Rayment, T.  1930c.  Notes on a collection of bees from western Australia.  Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 16: 45-56.

Rayment, T.  1930d.  Studies in Australian bees.  Victorian Naturalist 47: 16-17.

Rayment, T.  1931a.  Bees in the collections of the Western Australian Museum and the Agricultural Department, PerthJournal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 17: 157-190.

Rayment, T.  1931b.  Studies in Australian bees. A dweller among the reeds: Gnathoprosopis marianella Rayment.  Victorian Naturalist 47: 135-141.

Rayment, T.  1931c.  The furrow-bees and a fly.  Victorian Naturalist 47: 184-189.

Rayment, T.  1932a.  The stingless bees of AustraliaVictorian Naturalist 48: 183-189, 203-212, 246-254.

Rayment, T.  1932b.  The stingless bees of AustraliaVictorian Naturalist 49: 9-14, 39-43, 104-107.

Rayment, T.  1933.  A remarkable leaf-cutter bee. Victorian Naturalist 50: 9-11.

Rayment, T.  1934.  Contributions to the fauna of Rottnest Island, VIII. Apoidea, with descriptions of new species.  Journal of the Royal society of Western Australia 20: 201-212.

Rayment, T.  1935.  A Cluster of Bees.  Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species, and an introduction by Professor E.F. Phillips, D.Ph., Cornell University, U.S.A. Endeavour Press, Sydney. 752 pages.

Rayment, T.  1936-37.  Biology of a new halictine bee and specific descriptions of its parasites. Arb. Physiol. Angew. Ent. Berlin-Dahlem 3: 289-295;  4: 30-60.

Rayment, T.  1939.  Bees from the highlands of New South Wales and Victoria. The Australian Zoologist 9: 263-294, pls. 23,24.

Rayment, T.  1942 [1944].  A critical revision of species in the sonata group of Anthophora by new characters (Part I).  Treubia [Dobutu Gaku-Iho], hors ser. (Japanese edition), pp.1-30. (Although marked 1942, Dr. M.A. Lieftinck wrote that the date of issue was actually May 29, 1944. – C. D. Michener, 2000).

Rayment, T.  1946a.  New bees and wasps, Part I.  Victoria Naturalist 62: 178-184.

Rayment, T.  1946b.  New bees and wasps, Part II.  Victoria Naturalist 62: 230-236.

Rayment, T.  1946c.  Native bees on Mount BuffaloVictoria Naturalist 63: 23-24.

Rayment, T.  1946d.  New bees and wasps, Part III.  Victoria Naturalist 63: 63-68.

Rayment, T.  1946e. A critical revision of species in the zonata group of Anthophora by new characters (Part I).  Treubia  18: 1-33.

Rayment, T.  1947a.  New bees and wasps, Part VI.  Victoria Naturalist 64: 102-103.

Rayment, T.  1947b. A critical revision of species in the zonata group of Anthophora by new characters (Part II).  Treubia  19: 46-73.

Rayment, T.  1947c.  Biology and taxonomy of the solitary bee, Parasphecodes fulviventris (Friese).  The Australian Zoologist 11: 76-95, pls. 7-10.

Rayment, T.  1948a.  New bees and wasps, Part VII.  Victoria Naturalist 65: 85-91.

Rayment, T.  1948b.  Notes on remarkable wasps and bees.  The Australian Zoologist 11: 238-254, pls. 19-21.

Rayment, T.  1948c.  Some bees from the Victoria alps.  Victoria Naturalist 65: 201-202.

Rayment, T.  1949a.  New bees and wasps, Part VIII - A new species of Exoneura, with notes on other reed-bees from the Grampians. Victoria Naturalist 65: 208-212.

Rayment, T.  1949b.  New bees and wasps, Part IX - Four undescribed species of Exoneura, with notes on their collection, and description of new parasites discovered on the genus. Victoria Naturalist 65: 247-254.

Rayment, T.  1949c.  New bees and wasps, Part X. Victoria Naturalist 65: 271-272.

Rayment, T.  1949d.  New bees and wasps, Part XI. Victoria Naturalist 66: 33-36.

Rayment, T.  1949e.  New bees and wasps, Part XII - A new blue bee and an old white-ant. Victoria Naturalist 66: 147-151.

Rayment, T.  1950a.  New bees and wasps. Part XIII. Victoria Naturalist 67: 20-25.

Rayment, T.  1950b.  New bees and wasps, Part XIV - Three new bees in the genus Cladocerapis, and their role in the pollination of several Persoonia species ("Geebungs").. Victoria Naturalist 67: 101-111.

Rayment, T.  1950c.  A new and remarkable organ on a resin-bee. Victoria Naturalist 66: 163-168. (Chalicodoma).

Rayment, T.  1950d.  Sex-linked characters in bees. Victoria Naturalist 66: 233-238.

Rayment, T.  1951a.  Biology of the reed bees with descriptions of three new species and two Allotypes of ExoneuraThe Australian Zoologist 11: 285-313, pls. 27-32.

Rayment, T.  1951b.  New bees and wasps, Part XV - Bees from two mountains, with description of a new species and notes on the biology of another. Victoria Naturalist 68: 10-13.

Rayment, T.  1951c.  A critical revision of species in the genus Asaropoda by new characters. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 17: 65-80, pls. I-V.

Rayment, T.  1952.  Golden peas make golden puddings.  Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of new South Wales, for 1950-1951. pp. 18-23. (Andrenopsis.)

Rayment, T.  1953a. Bees of the Portland District.  Portland Field Nature Club, Portland, Victoria, Australia. 39 pages.

Rayment, T.  1953b.  New bees and wasps,  Part XX. Victoria Naturalist 70: 50-51.

Rayment, T.  1954a.  Remarkable bees from the rain forest.  Australian Zoologist 12: 46-56.

Rayment, T.  1954b.  New bees and wasps, Part XXII - The altruistic reed-bees, Exoneura. Victoria Naturalist 71: 13-16.

Rayment, T.  1954c.  Incidence of acarid mites on the biology of bees.  Australian Zoologist  12: 26-38.

Rayment, T.  1955a. Dimorphism and parthenogenesis in halictine bees.  The Australian Zoologist 12: 142-152, pls. [20]-22.

Rayment, T.  1955b. Historic pole 346.  Proceedings of the royal Zoological Society of New south Wales, for 1953-1954. pp. 63-67.

Rayment, T.  1955c.  New bees and wasps, Part XXIV. Victoria Naturalist 71: 145-148.

Rayment, T.  1956a.  New species of bees and wasps, Part XXV. Victoria Naturalist 72: 173-174.

Rayment, T.  1956b.  Some have eyes-ohters have none.  Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1954-1955, pp. 50-54. (Chalicodoma).

Rayment, T.  1956c.  She trips the trigger.  Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1954-1955, pp. 55-59. (Pollination by Exoneura).

Rayment, T.  1956d.  The Nomia australica Sm. complex – Its taxonomy, morphology and biology with description of a new mutillid wasp.  Australian Zoologist 12: 176-200, pls. 23-25.

Rayment, T.  1957a.  First steps from the cave.  Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1955-1956, pp. 83-86.

Rayment, T.  1957b.  The Nomia australica Smith Complex; its taxonomy, morphology and biology, with the description of a new mutilid wasp.  The Australian Zoology 12: 176-200.

Rayment, T.  1958.  Evolution of royal jelly. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1956-1957, pp. 78-79.

Rayment, T.  1959a.  A new genus of bees in the family Colletidae.  The Australian Zoologist 12: 324-329, pl. 38.

Rayment, T.  1959b.  A new and remarkable colletid bee.  Australian Zoologist 12: 334-336, pl. 40.

Rayment, T.  1961a.  A tiny bee and a very large flower. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1958-1959, pp. 96-97. (Trigona).

Rayment, T.  1961b.  The marker of the iris.  Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society New south Wales for 1958-1959, pp. 102-107.

Rayment, T.  1967b. 2. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae): Was it “Megachile argentata auct.” Und “ Megachile rotundata auct.”? Entomologische Zeitschrift 77: 169-171.

Rayment, T.  1968. 3.  Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae): Subgenus Eutricharaea und seine bisher bekanntegewordenen Arten.  Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (n.f.) 15: 21-48.

Rayment, T.  1970. 6. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. Nachrichtenblatt der Bayerischen Entomologen 19: 37-47.

Rayner, C. J. & D. F. Langridge,  1985.  Amino acids in bee-collected pollens from australian indigenous and exotic plants.  Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture  25(3): 722-726.

Razoumowsky, G. de. 1789. Histoire naturelle du Jorat et de ses environs; et celle des trois lacs de Neufchatel, Morat et Bienne. 1. Lausanne. 322 pages.

Read, P. E. C. & B. J. Donovan, 1979. Pollination Report I. Entomology Division DSIR Lincoln: 8 pp.

Read, P. E. C. & B. J. Donovan, 1980: Leafcutting bee life history, allocation details and management techniques (second edition revised). Entomology Division DSIR, Lincoln: 1-24.

Read, P. E. C. & B. J. Donovan, 1984: Leafcutting bee life history, allocation details and management techniques (third edition revised). Entomology Division DSIR, Lincoln, December: 34 pp.

Read, P. E. C., B. J. Donovan & R. P. Griffin, 1989. Use of bumble bees, Bombus terrestris, as pollinators of kiwifruit and lucerne in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 12: 19-23.

Read, P. E. C., B. J. Donovan & R. P. Macfarlane, 1980. Pollination Report 2, Entomology Division DSIR, Lincoln: 12 pp.

Reader, R. J. 1975.  Competitive relationships of some bog ericads for major insect pollinators. Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 1300-1305.

Reader, T., I. MacLeod, P. T. Elliott, O. J. Robinson & A. Manica, 2005. Inter-order interactions between flower-visiting insects: foraging bees avoid flowers previously visited by hoverflies. Journal of insect behavior 18(1): 51-57. [Electronic Resource: http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/0892-7553/contents].

Real, L. A.  1981.  Uncertainty in plant-pollinator interaction: the foraging behaviour of bees and wasps on artificial flowers.  Ecology 62: 20-26.

Reasoner, P. W. 1891. The condition of tropical and semi-tropical fruits. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Pomology, Bulletin Number 1, Washington, D.C., USA.

Rebmann, O. 1967a.  Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae): Subgenus Eutricharaea Thoms. Und Neoeutricharaea nov.subg. Entomologische Zeitschrift 77: 33-38.

Rebmann, O. 1967b. 2. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae): Was ist “Megachile argentata auct.” Und Megachile rotundata auct.”? Entomologische Zeitschrift 77: 169-171.

Rebmann, O. 1968. 3. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae): Subgenus Eutricharaea und seine bisher bekanntgewordenen Arten.  Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (n.f.) 15: 21-48.

Rebmann, O. 1969. Nest building methods of Megachile (Chalicodoma) parietina (fourcroy), (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Entomol. Z. 79(12): 138-139.

Rebmann, O. 1970a. 5. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae). Sivttc. Beitr. Naturks. 217: 1-10.

Rebmann, O. 1970b. 6. Beiträg zur Kenntnis der Gattung Megachile Latr. (Hym., Apidae).  Nachrichtenblatt der Bayerischen Entomologen 19: 37-47.

Reddersen, J. 2001. SRC-willow (Salix viminalis) as a resource for flower-visiting insects. Biomass and Bioenergy 20(3): 171-179.

Reddy, C. C. 1980.  Observation on the annual cycle of foraging and brood rearing by Apis cerana indica colonies. Journal of Apicultural Research 19(1): 17-20.

Reddy, D. B. 1958.  Sannhemp and its insect fauna.  Proceedings of the 10th Internationational Congress in Entomology 3(1956): 439-440.

Reddy, P. V. R. & T. K. Jacob, 2001a. Comparative foraging behaviour of Indian honey bee, Apis cerana F. and European bee, Apis mellifera L. Insect Environment 6(4): 165.

Reddy, P. V. R. & T. K. Jacob, 2001b. Floral calendar for European bee, Apis mellifera L. in Kodagu, Karnataka. Insect Environment 6(4): 166-167.

Redfern, R. E. & D. A. Knox, 1974. Adult honeybee: relative toxicity of two juvenile hormone analogues. American Bee Journal 114(12): 456, 458. 

Redmond, D. & C. M. S. Plowright, 1996.   Flower revisitation by foraging bumble bees: the effects of landmarks and floral arrangement. Journal of Apicultural Research 35(3/4): 96-103. 

Reece, S. L.  2002. A scientific note on the ovarial and  pheromonal development of drifted and non-drifted Cape honeybee workers (Apis mellifera capensis).  Apidologie 33(2): 213-214.

Reed, C. C. 1995. Species richness of insects on prairie flowers in southeastern Minnesota. Pp. 103-115. In: D. C. Hartnett (ed.), Proceedings of the 14th Annual North American Prairie Conference. Kansas State University Press, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.

Reed, E. C.  1892.  Revision de las abejas chilenas descritas en la obra de Gay.  Actes de la Société Scientifique du Chili (Santiago de Chile) 2: 223-240.

Reed, E. C.  1894.  Entomolojía Chilena.  Anales de la Universidad [Santiago, Chile] 85: 599-653.

Rees, N. E. 1887. Additions et corrections au volume II de la Faune enotomologique du Canada traitant des Hymenopteres. C. Darveau, Quebec. 477 pages.

Reeve, H. K. 1989.  The evolution of conspecific acceptance thresholds.  Am. Nat. 133: 407-435.

Reeve, H. K. & L. Keller, 2001. Tests of reproductive-skew models in social insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46: 347-385.

Reeve, H. K. & F. L. W. Ratnieks, 1993. Queen conflict in polygynous societies: mutual tolerance and reproductive skew. In: Keller, L. (ed). Queen number and sociality in insects. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Reeve, H. K., J. S. Reeve, and D. W. Pfennig. 1985. Eusociality and genetic variability: a re-evaluation. Evolution 39: 200-201.

Regal, P. J. 1977.  Ecology and evolution of flowering plant dominence.  Science 196: 622-629.

Reginato, R. D. & C. da Cruz-Landim, 2002. Morphological characterization of cell death during the ovary differentiation in worker honey bee. Cell Biology International 26(3): 243-251.

Rego, M. M. C. 1990.  Revisão do Gênero Melipona Illiger, 1806: Genitalia e Esternos Pré-genitais de Machos. Dissertação de Mestre, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. 76 pp.

Rego, M. M. C. 1992.  Morfologia das estruturas genitais de machos na sistemática de MeliponaIn Anais do Encontro Brasileiro sobre Biologia de Abelas e Outros Insetos Sociais, Naturalia, edicão especial, pp. 73-78.

Rego, M. M. C., P. M. C. Albuquerque, M.C. Ramos & L. M. Carreira, 2006. Aspectos da biologia de nidificação de Centris flavifrons (Friese) (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini), um dos principais polinizadores do murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Kunth, Malpighiaceae), no Maranhão. [Nesting biology of Centris flavifrons (Friese) (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini), one of the main pollinators of Byrsonima crassifolia L. Kunth in Maranhão, Brazil]. Neotropical entomology 35(5): 579-587.

Rehder, V. 1987. Quantification of the honeybee's proboscis reflex by electromyographic recordings. J. Insect  Physiol. 33: 501-507.

Rehder, V. 1988. A neuroanatomical map of the suboesophageal and prothoracic ganglia of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 235:179-202.

Rehder, V. 1989. Sensory pathways and motoneurons of the proboscis reflex in the suboesophageal ganglion of the honey bee. J. Comp. Neurol. 279: 499-513.

Rehder, V., G. Bicker & M. Hammer, 1987. Serotonin-immunoreactive neurons in the antennal lobes and suboesophageal ganglion of the honeybee. Cell Tissue Res. 247: 59-66.

Reichelderfer, K. H. & D. M. Caron, 1979. Honeybees and soybean production. II. The situation on Delmarva Peninsula. American Bee Journal 119(3): 202-203, 212.

Reimers, A., Y. Hari & U. Muller, 2000. Reduction of side-effects from ultrarush immunotherapy with honeybee venom by pretreatment with fexofenadine: a double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Allergy 55(5): 484-488.

Reinig, W. F. 1930. Untersuchungen zur Kenntnis der Hummelfauna des Pamir-Hochlandes. Zoologische Ergebnisse der deutsch-russischen Alai-Pamir-Expedition der Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft und der Akademie der Wissenschaften der U.S.S.R. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 17: 68-123.

Reinig, W. F. 1934. Entomologische Ergebnisse der deutsch-russischen Alai-Pamir-Expedition, 1928 (III). 7. Hymenoptera VIII (Gen. Bombus Fabr.). Nachtrag. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1933: 163-174.

Reinig, W. F. 1935. On the variation of Bombus lapidarius L. and its cuckoo, Psithyrus rupestris Fabr., with notes on mimetic similarity. Journal of Genetics 30: 321-356.

Reinig, W. F. 1936. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Hummelfauna von Mandschukuo (Hym. Apid.). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 7: 2-10.

Reinig, W. F. 1939. Die Evolutionsmechanismen, erläutert an den Hummeln. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft (supplement) 12: 170- 206.

Reinig, W. F. 1940. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Hummelfauna von Afghanistan. (Hym., Apid.). (Ergebnisse der Reise von H. und E. Kotzsch in den Hindukusch im Jahre 1936.) Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1940: 224-235.

Reinig, W. F. 1970. Bastardierungszonen und Mischpopulationen bei Hummeln (Bombus) und Schmarotzerhummeln (Psithyrus). (Hymenopt., Apidae). Mitteilungen der Münchener Entomologischen Gesellschaft 59(1969): 1-89.

Reinig, W. F. 1971. Zur Faunistik und Zoogeographie des Vorderen Orients. 3. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hummeln und Schmarotzerhummeln Anatoliens (Hym., Apidae). Veroffentlichungen der Zoologischen Staatssammlung 15: 139-165.

Reinig, W. F. 1972. Ökologische Studien an mittel- und südosteuropäischen Hummeln (Bombus Latr., 1802; Hym., Apidae). Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60(1970): 1-56.

Reinig, W. F. 1974. Zur Verbreitung einiger Hummelarten auf der Balkan-Halbinsel (Hym., Bombidae). Nachrichtenblatt der Bayerischen Entomologen 23: 11-13.

Reinig, W. F. 1981. Synopsis der in Europa nachgewiesenen Hummel und Schmarotzer-hummelarten (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). Spixiana 4: 159-164.

Reinig, W. F.  & P. Rasmont, 1988. Contribution to the knowledge of Alpigeno Bombus warfleini (Radoszkowski, 1959) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombinae).  Spixiana (Munich) 11(1): 37-67. [In German withenglish summary.].

Reinsch, N. 2002. A general likelihood approach to trait-based multipoint linkage analysis in large groups of half-sibs and super sisters. Genetics 162(1): 413-424.

Reith, M., G. Baumann, R. Classen-Bockhoff & T. Speck, 2007. New Insights into the Functional Morphology of the Lever Mechanism of Salvia pratensis (Lamiaceae). Annals of botany 100(2): 393-400. [Electronic Resource: http://aob.oupjournals.org/].

Reis, Mariza G., A. D. de Faria, Isabel Aalves dos Santos, Maria do Carmo E. Amaral & A. J. Marsaioli, 2007. Byrsonic Acid--the clue to floral mimicry involving oil-producing flowers and oil-collecting bees. Journal of chemical ecology 33(7): 1421-1429. [ER: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10886-007-9309-y].

Rekwot, P. I., D. Ogwu, E. O. Oyedipe & V. O. Sekoni, 2001. The role of pheromones and biostimulation in animal reproduction. Animal Reproduction Science 65(3/4): 157-170.

Reljic, B. 2002. Beekeeping as profession and hobby: [Third, amended edition]. Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro), Partenon,  292 p. (In Serbian).

Remko, L., S. J. B. Cooper & M. P. Schwarz, 2000.  Molecular phylogeny of the large carpenter bees, genus Xylocopa (Hymenoptera: Apidae), based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 60: 407-418.

Renner, S. S. 1989. Floral biological observations on Heliamphora tatei (Sarraceniaceae) and other plants from Cerro de la Neblina in VenezuelaPlant Systematics and Evolution  163 (2): 21-30.

Renner, S. S. 1996. Effects of habitat fragmentation on plant pollinator interactions in the tropics. Pp. 339-361. In: D. M. Newbery, H. T. Prins & N. D. Brown (eds.), Dynamics of Tropical Communities. Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, UK.

Ressl, F. 1974. Knowledge of the bumble bees of south western lower Austria (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Beitr. Entomol. 24(1-4): 67-71. [In German with Russian and English summary.].

Revell, C. 2002. Living with stinging insects. Journal of Pesticide Reform 22(2): 10-11.

Rex, S. 2000. A Pro right arrow Ala substitution in melittin affects self-association, membrane binding and pore-formation kinetics due to changes in structural and electrostatic properties. Biophysical Chemistry 85(2/3): 209-228.

Reyes, S. G. 1991a. A review of the bee genus Braunsapis in MadagascarJournal of African Zoology 105(2): 125-130.

Reyes, S. G. 1991b.  Revision of the bee genus Braunsapis in the Oriental Region (Apoidea: Xylocopinae: Allodapini). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 54(6): 179-207.

Reyes, S. G. 1993.  Revision of the bee genus Braunsapis in the Australian region. (Apoidea: Xylocopinae: Allodapini).  University of Kansas Science Bulletin 55(3): 97-122.

Reyes, S. G. 1998.  A cladistic analysis of the bee tribe Allodapini.  Philippine Entomologist 12: 55-83.

Reyes, S. G., S. J. B. Cooper & M. P. Schwarz, 1999.        Species phylogeny of the bee genus Exoneurella Michener (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Allodapini): evidence from molecular and morphological data sets. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 92(1): 20-29.  

Reyes, S. G. & C. D. Michener, 1990. Observations on a parasitic allodapine bee and its hosts in Java and MalaysiaTropical Zoology 3: 139-149.

Reyes, S. G. & C. D. Michener, 1992.  The genus Halterapis Michener 1969, in MadagascarTropical Zoology 5: 249-253.

Reyes, S. G. & S. F. Sakagami, 1990. A new socially parasitic Braunsapis from India with notes on the synonymy of Braunsapis mixta (Hymenoptera: Xylocopinae: Allodapini). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63(3):  458-461.

Reynolds, A. M., A. D. Smith, R. Menzel, U. Greggers, D. R. Reynolds & J. R. Riley, 2007. Displaced honey bees perform optimal scale-free search flights. Ecology 88(8): 1955-1961.

Reynolds, P. 2001. Robson's assembles a honey of a line. American Bee Journal  May, 2001: 341-342.

Rhodes, J. 2002. Cotton pollination by honey bees. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 42(4): 513-518.

Rhodes, J. W. 1979.  Honey bee (Apis mellifera) activity on Sunflower (Helianthus annus). Queensland J. Agric. Anim. Sci. 36(1): 21-24.

Ribbands, C. R. 1953. The Behaviour and Social Life of Honeybees. International Bee Research Association, London. 352 pages.

Ribbands, C. R., H. Kalmus & H. L. Nixon, 1952.  New evidence of communication in the honey bee colony.  Nature 170: 438-440.

Ribble, D. W. 1965.  A revision of the banded subgenera of Nomia in AmericaUniversity of Kansas Science Bulletin 45: 277-357.

Ribble, D. W. 1967.  The monotypic North American subgenus Larandrena of Andrena.  Bulletin of the Nebraska State Museum 6: 27-42.

Ribble, D. W. 1968a.  Revision of two subgenera of Andrena: Micrandrena Ashmead and Derandrena, new subgenus.  Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 8: 237-394.

Ribble, D. W. 1968b.  A new subgenus, Belandrena, of the genus Andrena. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 41: 220-236.

Ribble, D. W. 1974.  A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the western hemisphere, subgenus ScaphandrenaTransactions of the American Entomological Society 100: 101-189.

Ribechini, E., M. Francesca, M.P.E. Colombini, P. Richard, 2008. Gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric investigations of organic residues from Roman glass unguentaria. Journal of Chromatography 1183(1-2): 158-169. [Electronic Resource.: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.12.090].

Ribi, W. A., E. Engels & W. Engels, 1989.   Sex and caste specific eye structures in stingless bees and honey bees (Hymenoptera: Trigonidae, Apidae). Entomologia Generalis 14(3/4): 233-242.

Ribière, M., J.-P. Faucon & M. Pépin, 2000. Detection of chronic honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) paralysis virus infection: application to a field survey. Apidologie 31(5): 567-578. 
 
Ribière, M., C. Triboulot, L. Mathieu, C. Aurières, J.-P. Faucon & M. Pépin, 2002.  Molecular diagnosis of chronic bee paralysis virus infection. Apidologie 33(3): 339-352.

Ricciardelli-d’Albore, G. 1975. Botanical origins of Abruzzi honeys. L’Apicoltore Moderno 66(6): 178-182. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1978. Apiculture in the State of St. Catarina (Brazil): microscopic and physicochemical characteristics of honeys produced there. Rivista di agricoltura subtropicale e tropicale 72(3/4): 271-290. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1979a. On the behaviour of Bombus lucorum L., Bombus lapidarius L., Xylocopa violacea L. and Apis mellifera ligustica Spin. in a peculiar floral association. “Redia” Giornale di Zoologia 62: 359-378.

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1979b. The geographical origin of propolis. Apidologie 10(3): 241-267.

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1980a. Contribution to the study of nectar bearing flora of Morocco based on the microscopic analysis of honeys. Rivista di agricoltura subtropicale e tropicale 74(1/2): 57-72. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. C. 1980b. Preliminary observations on the possibility of using honeybees to pollinate some ecotypes of Leguminosae in top pastures in the Umbria area of Italy. L’Apicoltore Moderno 71(2): 45-50. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1982. Observations on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) pollinator insects in Umbria. “Redia” Giornale di Zoologia 65: 119-154. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. 1983. Insects as pollinators of some Labiatae of herbal interest (Origanum majorana L., Origanum vulgare L., Rosmarinus officinalis L., Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia sclarea L.) in a specialized area. “Redia” Giornale di Zoologia 66: 283-293. [In Italian].

Ricciardelli-d’Albore, G. & M. Bhattaglini-Bernardini, 1978. Geographical origin of royal jelly. Apidologie 9(1): 1-17.

Ricciardelli-d’Albore, G. & L. Persanno-Oddo, 1975. Let us protect Italian honeys. L’Apicoltore Moderno 66(4): 113-123.

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G., L. Persano Oddo & R. Krell, 1988. Pollen spectrum of some honeys produced in Zambia and Malawi. Pp. 279-283. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Cairo, Egypt, 6-10 November 1988. The government of Egypt & International Bee Research Association.

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. & R. Priore, 1980. Botanic origin of honeys from Campania. Annali della Facolta’ di scienze agrarie della Universita’ degli studi di Napoli, Portici. Serie quarta.1st Semester 14: 32-52. [In Italian]. 

Ricciardelli d’Albore, G. & G. Vorwohl, 1980. Types of honeys from the Mediterranean Region. Documentation with the aid of microscopic honey research. Rivista di agricoltura subtropicale e tropicale 74(1/2): 89-118. [In Italian].

Rice, N. D., M. L. Winston, R. Whittington & H. A. Higo, 2002. Comparison of release mechanisms for botanical oils to control Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) and Acarapis woodi (Acari: Tarsonemidae) in colonies of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 95(2): 221-226.

Richards, A. J. (ed.). 1978.  The pollination of flowers by insects.  Acad. Press, London.  213 pages.

Richards, A. J. 1990.  Studies in Garcinia, dioecious tropical forest trees: The phenology, pollination biology and fertilization of Garcinia hambroniana Pierre. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 103(3): 251-262.

Richards, A. J. 2001. Does low biodiversity resulting from modern agricultural practice affect crop pollination and yield?  Annals of Botany 88: 165-172.

Richards, K. W. 1972. Alfalfa leafcutter bee management in western Canada. Agriculture Canada, Publication 1495E.

Richards, K. W. 1973. Biology of Bombus polaris Curtis and B. hyperboreus Schönherr at Lake Hazen, Northwest Territories (Hymenoptera: Bombini). Quaestiones Entomologicae 9: 115-157.

Richards, K. W. 1978.  Comparisons of nesting materials used for the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile pacifica (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Canadian Entomologist 110(8): 841-846.

Richards, K. W. 1982.  Inputs, expectation, and management of the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile rotundataProceedings of the Ist International symposium on Leafcutter Bee Management, Saskatoon, Sask. 113-135 p.

Richards, K. W. 1983.  Relationship of leafcutter bee productivity to alfalfa seed yield.  Proceedings of the Vth International Symposium on Pollination, Versailles, France. 449-453.

Richards, K. W. 1984a.  Alfalfa leafcutter bee management in western CanadaPublication No. 1495E, Agriculture Canada, 30 pp.

Richards, K. W. 1984b.  Comparison of tumblers used to remove debris from cells of the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Canadian Entomologist 116: 719-723.

Richards, K. W. 1985.  Detection of chalkbrood fungus, Ascosphaera aggregata, in larvae of the alfalfa leafcutter bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae), from western CanadaCanadian Entomologist 117: 1143-1145.

Richards, K. W. 1987a.  Alfalfa leafcutter bee management in CanadaBee World 68: 168-178. 

Richards, K. W. 1987b.  Diversity, density, efficiency, and effectiveness of pollinators of cicer milkvetch, Astragalus cicer L. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65: 2168-2176.

Richards, K. W. 1991.  Effectiveness of the alfalfa leafcutter bee as a pollinator of legume forage crops.  Acta Horticulturae 288: 180-184.

Richards, K. W. 1993.  Non-Apis bees as crop pollinators. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 100(4): 807-822.  

Richards, K. W. 1997. Pollination, from theory to practise. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Pollination. Acta Horticulture 437.  

Richards, K. W. & P. Edwards, 1988. Density, diversity and efficiency of pollinators of sainfoin, Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop.  Canadian Entomologist 120: 1085-1100. 

Richards, K. W. & G. C. Kozub, 1979.  Estimating the number of cocoons of alfalfa leafcutter bees in a population.  Canadex 616: 1-3 pp. 

Richards, K. W. & M. D. Krunic, 1990.  Introduction of alfalfa leaf cutter bee to pollinate alfalfa in YugoslaviaEntomologist 109(3): 130-135. 

Richards, K. W. & G. H. Whitfield, 1988. Emergence and survival of leafcuttter bees, Megachile rotundata, held at constant incubation temperature (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Apiculture Research 27: 197-204. 

Richards, K. W., G. H. Whitfield & B. D. Hill, 1987. Timing leafcutter bee parasite development assists control. Agricultrure Canada. Canadex : 616-651. 

Richards, K. W.,  G. H. Whitfield & G. H. Schaalje, 1987.  Effects of temperature and duration of winter storage on survival and period of emergence for the alfalfa leafcutter bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 60: 70-76. 

Richards, M. H. 1994.  Social evolution in the genus Halictus: a phylogenetic approach.  Insectes Sociaux 41: 315-325. 

Richards, M. H. & L. Packer, 1994. Trophic aspects of caste determination in a primitively eusocial sweat bee. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 34: 385-391. 

Richards, M. H. & L. Packer, 1995. Annual variation in survival and reproduction of the primitively eusocial sweat bee, Halictus ligatus (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 933-941. 

Richards, M. H. & L. Packer, 1996. The socioecology of body size variation in a primitively eusocial bee. Oikos 77: 68-76. 

Richards, M. H. & L. Packer, 1998. Demography and relatedness in multiple foundress nests of the social sweat bee: Halictus ligatus. Insectes Sociaux 45: 97-109. 

Richards, M. H., L. Packer & J. Seger, 1995. Unexpected patterns of parentage and relatedness in a primitively eusocial bee. Nature 373: 239-241.

Richards, O. W.  1927.  The specific characters of the British Bumblebees.  Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society London 75: 233-268.

Richards, O. W.  1928a. On a collection of humble-bees (Hymenoptera, Bombidae) made in Ladakh by Col. R. Meinertzhagen. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 2: 333-336.

Richards, O. W.  1928b. A revision of the European bees allied to Psithyrus quadricolor, Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 76: 345-365.

Richards, O. W.  1929a. On two new species of humble-bees in the collection of the British Museum, constituting a new group of the genus Psithyrus, Lep. (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 3: 139-143.

Richards, O. W.  1929b. The types of the humble-bees described by Gribodo (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). The Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 65: 58-59.

Richards, O. W.  1929c. A revision of the humble-bees allied to Bombus orientalis, Smith, with the description of a new subgenus. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 3: 378-386.

Richards, O. W.  1930. The humble-bees captured on the expeditions to Mt. Everest (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 5: 633-658.

Richards, O. W.  1931a. Some notes on the humble-bees allied to Bombus alpinus, L. Tromsø Museums Årshefter 50(1927): 1-32.

Richards, O. W.  1931b. A new species of Indian humble-bee in the collection of the British Museum (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 8: 529-533.

Richards, O. W.  1932.  On species of Panurginus, Nyl. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)9: 84-91.

Richards, O. W.  1934. Some new species and varieties of oriental humble-bees (Hym. Bombidae). Stylops 3: 87-90.

Richards, O. W.  1935a.  Notes on the nomenclature of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to the British genera and species.  Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 83: 143-176.

Richards, O. W.  1935b. Bombus muscorum (Linnaeus) and B. smithianus White (Hym.). Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 2: 73-85.

Richards, O. W.  1937.  A study of the British species of Epeolus Latr. and their races, with a key to the species of ColletesTransactions of the Society for British Entomology 4: 89-130.

Richards, O. W.  1951. The 3rd Danish expedition to Central Asia. Zoological results 5. Bombidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 113: 191-199.

Richards, O. W.  1968. The subgeneric divisions of the genus Bombus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 22: 209-276.

Richards, O. W.  1978.  Part 4.  Hymenoptera, In G.S. Kloet and W.D. Hincks, A checklist of British Insects, 2nd ed. Royal Entomological Society of London, London. ix + 150 pp. [Bees on pp. 134-140.]

Richards, O. W. and R. G. Davies, 1977. Imms' general textbook of entomology. Tenth ed. Volume 2: Classification and biology. Chapman & Hall, London. 1354 pages.

Richardson, M. B. G., D. J. Ayre & R. J. Whelan, 2000. Pollinator behaviour, mate choice and the realised mating systems of Grevillea mucronulata and Grevillea sphacelata. Australian Journal of Botany 48(3): 357-366.

Riches, K. J., D. Gillis & R. A. James, 2002. An autopsy approach to bee sting-related deaths. Pathology 34(3): 257-262.

Rick, C. M. 1950.  Pollination relations of Lycopersicon esculentum in native and foreign regions.  Evolution 4: 110-122.

Rick, C. M., M. Holle & R. W. Thorp, 1978. Rates of cross pollination in Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium. Impact of genetic variation in floral characters. Plant Syst. Evol. 129(1-2): 31-44.

Ricketts, T. H. 2004. Tropical forest fragments enhance pollinator activity in nearby coffee crops. Conservation Biology 18(5): 1262-1271.

Ricketts, T. H., J. Regetz, I. Steffan-Dewenter, S. A. Cunningham, C. Kremen, A. Bogdanski, B. Gemmill-Herren, G. Barbara, S. Sarah, A. M. Klein, M. M. Mayfield, L. A. Morandin, A. Ochieng, & B. F. Viana, 2008. Landscape effects on crop pollination services: are there general patterns? Ecology Letters 11(5): 499-515. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01157.x].

Rickson, F. R., M. M. Rickson, K. Ghorpade, B. B. Norden & K. V. Krombein, 2003. Invertebrate biodiversity (ants, bees, and others) associated with stem domatia of the Indian myrmecophyte Humboldtia brunonis Wallich (Magnoliophyta: Fabaceae). Proceeddings of the Entomological Society of Washington 105(1): 73-79.

Riddick, E. W. 1993. Nomada annulata Smith (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae), a confirmed cleptoparasite of Andrena macra Mitchell (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) and other Nomada-Andrena associates. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 95: 107-112.

Riehle, A. 1981. Color opponent neurons of the honey bee in a heterochromatic flicker test. J. Comp. Physiol. 142: 81-88.

Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (Wasps, bees, ants). Pp. 867-959. In: Anonymous (ed.), Insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria. 1029 pp.

Riessberger-Gallé, U., W. von der Ohe & K. Craaillsheim, 2001. Adult honeybee’s resistance against Paenibacillus larvae larvae, the causative agent of the American Foulbrood. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 61: 231-236. 

Rieth, J. P. & M. D. Levin,  1989.  Repellency of two phenyl acetate ester pyrethroids to the honey bee.  Journal of Apicultural Research 28(3): 175-179. 

Rieth, J. P., W. T. Wilson & M. D. Levin,  1986.  Repelling honeybees (Apis mellifera) from insecticide-treated flowers with 2-heptanone. Journal of Apicultural Research 25(2): 78-84.

Rightmyer, M. G. & M. S. Engel, 2003.  A new Palearctic genus of melectine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  American Museum Novitates  No. 3392: 1-22.

Riley, C. V. 1892.  Some interrelations of plants and insects.  Proceedings of the Biological society of Washington 7: 81-104.

Rimpler, M. & S. Haussmann, 2002. Bee products in medicine and their contribution to maintenance of health. Biologische Medizin 31(2): 92-95-98.

Rincon Rincon, H. 1979. The Africanized honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii, a fatal monster or a genetic resource? I. C. A. Informa. Inst. Colomb. Agropecu. 13(2): 18-25.  

Rincon, R. M., D. W. Roubik, B. Finegan, D. Delgado & N. Zamora, 1999. Regeneration in tropical rain forest managed for timber production: understory bees and their floral resources in a logged and silviculturally treated Costa Rican forest.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 72: 379-393. 

Rinderer, T. E.  1977a.  Measuring the heritability of characters of honey bee.  Journal of Apicultural Research 16(2): 78-83. 

Rinderer, T. E. 1977b. Beritability of characters of honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 16: 95-98.

Rinderer, T. E. 1984. Africanized honeybees in Venezuela: honey production and foraging behaviour. Pp. 112-116. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 November, 1984.

Rinderer, T. E. 1985. Africanized honeybees in Venezuela: honey production and foraging behaviour. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical climates, Nairobi, Kenya. [5-9 Nov. 1984].  The International Bee Research Association : 112-116.

Rinderer, T. E.  1986a. Recent  developments in the morphometric identification of honey bees.  American Bee Journal 126(12): 834. 

Rinderer, T. E.  1986b. Africanized bees: an overview.  American Bee Journal 126(2):  98-100.

Rinderer, T. [E.] (Editor) 1986c. Bee Genetics and Breeding. Academic Press, Inc. Orlando, FL.

Rinderer, T.  E.  1987. Africanized bees:  What  constitutes  Africanization. American Bee Journal  127(12): 850.

Rinderer, T. E. 1988a. Computer assisted identification of hybrid strains of western honey bees. Florida Entomologist 71(3): 281-288.

Rinderer, T. E. 1988b. Evolutionary aspects of the Africanization of honey-bee populations in the Americas. Pp. 13-28. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Rinderer, T. E. 1995. Africanized honey bees and agromedicine. Journal of Agromedicine 2(1): 73-78.

Rinderer, T. E. & J. R. Baxter, 1980. Amount of empty comb, comb color, and honey production. American Bee Journal 120(9): 641-642. 

Rinderer, T. E. & L. D. Beaman, 1995. Genic control of honey bee dance language dialect. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 91(5): 727-732.  

Rinderer, T. E., M. S. Blum, H. M. Fales, Z. Bian, T. H. Jones, S. M. Buco, V. A. Lancaster, R. G. Danka & D. F. Howard, 1988. Nest plundering allomones of the fire bee Trigona (Oxytrigona) mellicolor. Journal of Chemical Ecology 14(2): 495-501. 

Rinderer, T. E., A.  B.  Bolten,   A.  M.  Collins   &   J.  R.  Harbo,  1984. Nectar foraging characteristics  of  Africanized  and  European  honey bees  in  the  Neotropics. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(2): 70-79. 

Rinderer, T. E., A. B. Bolten,  J. R. Harbo &  A. M. Collins, 1982. Hoarding behavior of European and Africanized honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 75(4):  714-715.                                                         

Rinderer, T. E., S. M. Buco, W. L. Rubink, H. V. Daly, J. A. Stelzer, R. M. Riggio & F. C. Baptista,  1994. Morphometric identification of Africanized and European honey bees using large reference populations. Apidologia 24(6): 569-585.

Rinderer, T. E. & A. M. Collins, 1986. Behavioral genetics. Pp. 155-176. In: T. E. Rinderer (ed.), Bee Genetics and Breeding. 

Rinderer, T. E., A. M. Collins, A. B. Bolten & J. R. Harbo, 1981. Size on nest cavities selected   by   swarms   of   Africanized   honey bees   Apis   mellifera in VenezuelaJournal of Apicultural Research 20(3):  160-164.  

Rinderer, T. E., A. M. Collins &  M. A. Brown, 1986.  Hertitabilities and correlation of the honey bee response to Nosema apis longevity and alarm response to isopentyl acetate. Apidologie 14(2): 79-86. 

Rinderer,  T.  E.,  A.  M.  Collins  & K.  W.  Tucker, 1985. Honey production and underlying  nectar   harvesting   activities of Africanized and European honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research  24 (3): 161-167.  

Rinderer, T. E., H. V. Daly,  H. A. Sylvester,  A. M. Collins, S. M. Buco, R. L. Hellmich II  &  R. G. Danka, 1990. Morphometric differences among Africanized and European honey bees and their  F1 hybrids  (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83(3): 346-351. 

Rinderer, T. E., G. T. Delatte, L. I. De Guzman, J. Williams, J. A. Stelzer & V. N. Kuznetsov, 1999. Evaluations of the varroa-resistance of honey bees imported from Far-Eastern Russia. American Bee Journal 139(4): 287-290.  

Rinderer T. E. & K. D. Elliott, 1971. Worker honey bee response to infection with “nosema apis”: Influence of diet. Journal of Economic Entomology 70(4): 

Rinderer, T. E. & L. I. De Guzman, 1999. Identification and comparison of Varroa species infesting honey bees. Apidologie 30: 85-95.

Rinderer T. E., L. I. de Guzman, G. T. Delatte, J. A. Stelzer, V. A. Lancaster, V. Kuznetsov, L. Beaman, R. Watts, and J. W. Harris, 2001. Resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni in honey bees from far-eastern Russia. Apidologie 32: 381-394.

Rinderer, T. E., L. I. De Guzman, G. T. Delatte, J. A. Stelzer, J. L. Williams, L. D. Beaman, V. Kuznetsov, M. Bigalk, S. J. Bernard & H. Tubbs, 2001. Multi-state field trials of ARS Russian honey bees. 1. Responses to Varroa destructor 1999, 2000. American Bee Journal 141(9): 658-661. 

Rinderer, T. E., L. I. de Guzman, G. T. Delatte,  J. A. Stelzer, V. A. Lancaster, V. Kuznetsov, L. Beaman, R. Watts & J. W. Harris, 2001.  Resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa destructor in honey bees from far-eastern Russia. Apidologie 32(4): 381+

Rinderer T. E., L. I. de Guzman, J. Harris, V. Kuznetsov, G. T. Delatte, J. A. Stelzer & L. Beaman, 2000. The release of ARS Russian honey bees. American Bee Journal 140: 305-307.

Rinderer, T. E.,  L. I. Guzman de, J. M. Kulincevic, G. T. Delatte, L. D. Beaman & S. M. Buco, 1993. The breeding, importing, testing and general characteristics of Yugoslavian honey bees bred for resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 133(3): 197-200.  

Rinderer, T. E., L. I. Guzman de, V. A. Lancaster, G. T. Delatte & J. A. Stelzer, 1999. Varroa in the mating yard. I. The effects of Varroa jacobsoni and apistan on drone honey bees. American Bee Journal 139(2): 134-139.

Rinderer, T.  E.,   R.  L.  Hellmich  II,  R.  G.  Danka  &  A. M. Collins, 1985. Male reproductive parasitism:  a  factor  in  the  Africanization of   European  honey  bee  populations. Science 228(4703): 1119-1121.

Rinderer, T. E., V. N. Kuznetsov, R. G. Danka & G. T. Delatte, 1997.    An importation of potentially Varroa-resistant honey bees from far-eastern Russia. American Bee Journal 137(11): 787-789.  

Rinderer, T. E., Oldroyd, B. P.& S. M. Buco, 1993. Subspecific hybridisation between populations of Apis mellifera in the neotropics. Pp. 137-147. In: Conner, L. J. et al. (eds.), Asian Apiculture. Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Asian Honeybees and Bee Mites. Wicwas Press, Chesire, Connecticut.

Rinderer, T. E., B. P. Oldroyd,  L. I. de Guzman, W. Wattanachaiyingchareon & S. Wongsiri, 2002. Spatial distribution of Asian honey bees in an agroecosystem in southeastern Thailand. Apidologie [In Press].

Rinderer, T. E.,  B. P. Oldroyd,  C. Lekprayoon,  S. Wongsiri,  C. Boothai  &  R. Thapa, 1994.  Extended survival of the parasitic honey bee mite Tropilaelaps clareae on adult workers of Apis mellifera and Apis dorsata. Journal of Apicultural Research 33(3): 171-174.  

Rinderer, T.  E.,  B.  P. Oldroyd  &  W. S.  Sheppard,  1993. Africanized bees in the U.S.  Scientific American 269(6): 84-90. 

Rinderer, T. E., B. P. Oldroyd, H. A. Sylvester, S. Wongsiri & L. I. de Guzman, 1992. Evolution of bee dances. Nature 360: 305.

Rinderer, T. E., B. P. Oldroyd,  S. Wongsiri, H. A. Sylvester, L. I.  DeGuzman, S. Potichot, W. S. Sheppard & S. L. Buchmann, 1993. Time of drone flight in four honey bees species in southeastern Thailand. Journal of Apicultural Research 32(1): 27-33. 

Rinderer, T. E., B. P. Oldroyd, S. Wongsiri, H. A. Sylvester, L. I. de Guzman, J. A. Stelzer & R. M. Riggio, 1995. A morphological comparison of the dwarf honey bees of southeastern Thailand and Palawan, Philippines. Apidologie 26: 387-394.

Rinderer, T. E. & W. C. Rothenbuhler, 1975. The fate and effect of hairs removed from honeybees with hairless-black syndrome. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 26(3): 305-308. 

Rinderer, T. E. & W. C. Rothenbhler, 1976. Characteristic field symptoms comprising honey bee hairless-black syndrome induced in the laboratory by a Virus. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 27(2): 215-219. 

Rinderer, T. E., W. C. Rothenbuhler & K. Farrell, 1978. Modification of chronic bee paralysis in honeybee colonies by ribonuclease. Journal of Apicultural Research 17(2): 74-80.

Rinderer, T. E., W. C. Rothenbuhler & T. A. Gochnauer, 1974. The influence of pollen on the susceptibility of honey-bee larvae to Bacillus larvae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 23(3): 347-350.

Rinderer, T. E., W. C. Rothenbuhler & J. M. Kulincevic, 1975. Responses of three genetically different stocks of the honeybee to a virus from bees with hairless-black syndrome. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 25(3): 297-300.  

Rinderer, T. E. & H. Shimanuki, 1993.  Africanized honey bees in the USA: where do we go from here.  Bee world 74(4):  157-159. 

Rinderer, T. E., J. A. Stelzer, B. P. Oldroyd,  S. M. Buco & W. L. Rubink, 1991. Hybridization between European and Africanized honey bees in the neotropical Yucatan PeninsulaScience  253(5017): 309-311. 

Rinderer, T. E., J. A. Stelzer, B.P. Oldroyd & S. Tingek, 1998. Levels of polyandry and intracolonial genetic relationships in Apis koschevnikovi. Journal of Apicultural Research 37(4): 281-287. 

Rinderer, T. & H. Sylvester, 1978. Behaviour in a free mating population of honey bees. Ann. Entom. Soc. Am. 71: 372-374.

Rinderer, T. E. & H. A. Sylvester, 1981. Identification of Africanized bees Apis mellifera, race, Latin AmericaAmerican Bee Journal 121(7): 512-516. 

Rinderer, T. E., H. A. Sylvester,  M. A. Brown,  J. D. Villa,  D. Pesante & A. M. Collins, 1986. Field  and  simplified  techniques for  identifying  Africanized  and European honey bees. Apidologie 17(1): 33-48.      

Rinderer, T. E., H. A. Sylvester, S. M. Buco, V. A. Lancaster, E. Herbert, A. M. Collins & R. L. Hellmich II, 1987. Improved simple techniques for identifying Africanized and European honey bees. Apidologie 18(2): 179-196. 

Rinderer, T.  E.,  H. A.  Sylvester,  A.  M. Collins  &  D.  Pesante,  1986.  Identification of Africanized and European honey bees: effects of nurse-bee genotype and comb size. Bulletin of Entomological Society of America 32(3): 150-152.

Rinderer, T. E., K. W. Tucker & A. M. Collins, 1982.  Nest cavity selection by swarms of European and Africanized honeybees. Journal  of  Apicultural  Research 21(2): 98-103.

Rinderer, T. E., S. Wongsiri, B. Kuang, J. Liu, B. P. Oldroyd, H. A. Sylvester & L. De Guzman,  1996. Comparative nest architecture of the dwarf honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 35(1): 19-26.

Rinderer, T. E.,  J. E. Wright, H. Shimanuki, F. Parker, E. Erickson & W. T. Wilson, 1987. The proposed honey-bee regulated zone in Mexico. American  Bee  Journal 127 (3): 160-164.    

Rinderer, T. E., S. Wongsiri, B. Kuang, J. Liu, B. P. Oldroyd, H. A. Sylvester & L. DeGuzman, 1996. Comparative nest architecture of the dwarf honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 35(1): 19-26.

Riou, B.  1999.  Descriptions de quelques insectes fossiles du Miocène supérieur de la Montagne d’Andance. EPHE Biologie et Evolution des Insectes 11/12: 123-133.

Ripoli, T. C. C., W. F. Molina, Jr. & M. L. C. Ripoli, 2000. Energetic potential of the sugar cane biomass in Brazil. Rivista di Ingegneria Agraria 31(1): 2-7.

Risler, H. 1954. Die Somatische Polyploidie der Honigbiene. Z. Zellforch. Mikrosk. Anat. 41: 1-78.

Ritcher, P. O.  1933.  The external morphology of larval Bremidae and key to certain species (Hymenoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 26: 53-63.

Rite, R. & B. Bailey, 1985. Guatemalan beekeepers prepare for Africanization. American Bee Journal  125(7): 488-489.

Ritsema, C. 1870. [Nesting habits of Megachile argentata]. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 2nd Ser. Deel v. p. 182.

Ritsema, C. 1873.  Beschrijving van een nieuw Hymenopteren-genus uit de order-familie der Andrenidae Acutilingues.  Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 16: 224-228, pl. 10.

Ritsema, C. 1874a.  [Observations on conopids and on the generic position of certain species of Stelis].  Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 17: lxviii-lxxv.

Ritsema, C. 1874b. Aanteekeningen betreffende eene kleine Collectie Hymenoptera van Neder-Guinea, en beschrijving van de nieuwe Soorten.  Tijdschrift voor Entomologie  17: 175-211.

Ritsema, C. 1876.  Acht nieuwe Oost-Indische Xylocopa-Soorten. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 19: 177-185.

Ritsema, C. 1880.  Description of three new exotic species of the Hymenopterous genus XylocopaNotes Leyden Museum 2: 220-224.

Ritter, W. 1988. Varroa jacobsoni in Europe, the tropics, and subtropics. Pp. 349-359. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England

Ritter, W. & D. Jong de, 1984. Reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni O. in Europe, the Middle East and tropical South America. Journal of Applied Entomology (Z. Angew Entomol) 98(1): 55-57. 

Ritter, W. & N. Koeniger, 1977. Influence of the brood on the thermoregulation of honeybee colonies. Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects,  Pp. 283-284. 

Ritter, W., E. Leclecq & W. Koch, 1984. Observations on bee and Varroa mite populations in infested honey bee colonies. Apidologie 15(4): 389–399.

Ritter, W., R. U. Schneider, 1988. Differences in biology and means of controlling Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae, two novel parasitic mites of Apis mellifera.Pp. 387-395. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Ritter, W. & F. Ruttner, 1980. Diagnoseverfahren (Varroa). Allgemeine Deutsche Imkerzeitung 5: 134-138.

Rivera, R., R. L. Cox & J. O. Moffett, 1988. Long-term menthol residues in honey. American Bee Journal 128(12): 807. 

Rivera, R., J. O. Moffett & R. L. Cox, 1987. Menthol residues in honey, beeswax, and honey bees. American Bee Journal 127(12): 850.

Rivera-Marchand, B. & J. D. Ackerman, 2006. Bat Pollination Breakdown in the Caribbean Columnar Cactus Pilosocereus royenii. Biotropica 38(5): 635-642. [electronic resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00179.x].

Rivero-Oramas, R. L. 1972. Abejas criollas sin aguijón. Monte Avila Ed. Caracas. 110 págs.

 

 

 

 

      Go to R2

 

 

 

 

 

Visit An Annotated Catalogue of the Bee Species of the Indian [in fact south Asian] Region by the same author

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JUST RELEASED

"ADVANCEMENTS IN

INSECT BIODIVERSITY"

Editor

DR. RAJIV K. GUPTA

SEND E-MAIL FOR DETAILS

Dr. Rajiv K. Gupta
Associate Professor & Ex. Head
Department of Zoology
Jai Narain Vyas University,

Jodhpur 342005,

India.

Phone +91-291-2726666

M.        +91-946010 6666

E-mail: beesind@gmail.com

 

        Home                Alphabetical Author Reference Index               Acknowledgements             Authors Index                Links

Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

                   

Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006

 

Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008

 

        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010

 

 

  E - BOOK   CREATED   AND   MAINTAINED   BY    DR.   RAJIV   K.   GUPTA