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Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

 

 

 

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Number of references in first edition : 1278 [original file name S]

 

The references those have been included in Second to fourth issues of this updating book are black in colour. Please note the change in colour of text of references from fifth issue onwards.

    

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Saa-Otero, M. P., E. Diaz-Losada, & E. Fernandez-Gomez, 2000. Analysis of fatty acids, proteins and ethereal extract in honeybee pollen. Grana 39(4): 175-181.

Sabbah, A. 1990. Development of in-vitro and in-vivo test during hymenoptera  venom immunotherapy. Aller. Immuno. (Paris) 22(6): 242-244, 246-247.

Sabbahi, R., D. De Oliveira & J. Marceau, 2005. Influence of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) density on the production of canola (Crucifera: Brassicacae). Journal of economic entomology 98(2): 367-372.

Sabir, Arshad Makhdoom, Anjum Suhail, Ashiq Hussain & Asif Saeed, 2000. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 32(4): 369-372.

Sabrosky, C. W. 1962. Mating in Xylocopa virginicaProceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 64: 184.

Sabugosa-Madeira, B., H. Ribeiro, M. Cunha & I. Abreu, 2008. The importance of plantain (Plantago spp.) as a supplementary pollen source in the diet of honey bees. Journal of apicultural research 47(1): 77-81.

Saccares, S., G. Boschetti, A. L. Cinquina, A. Macro, S. Sozzi, C. A. Tenoglio, 1997. Chemical residues in honey bees products. Veterinaria Italiana 33(24/25): 67-71.

Sachse, S. 1999. Duftkartierung des Antennallobus der Honigbiene Apis mellifera. 1-65. FU Berlin, Diploma in Biology.

Sachse, S., C. G. Galizia, A. Rappert & R. Menzel, 1999. The conserved representation of different chemical structures in the honeybee antennal lobe: steps towards the spatial olfactory code. P. 368. Göttingen Neurobiology Report 1999 - Proceedings of the 1st Göttingen Conference of the German Neuroscience Society, Volume II - 27th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference. [Abstract].

Sackmann, P., P. D'Adamo, M. Rabinovich & J. C. Corley, 2000. Arthropod prey foraged by the German wasp (Vespula germanica ) in NW Patagonia, Argentina. New Zealand Entomologist  23: 55-59.

Sagili, Ramesh R. & T. Pankiw, 2007. Effects of protein-constrained brood food on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) pollen foraging and colony growth. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology 61(9): 1471-1478. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-007-0379-1].

Sagili, R. R., T. Pankiw & K. Zhu-Salzman, 2005. Effects of soybean trypsin inhibitor on hypopharyngeal gland protein content, total midgut protease activity and survival of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of insect physiology 51(9): 953-957.

Sahinler, N. & S. Sahinler, 2002. Effects of the number of queen cells and harvesting interval on the acceptance rates of the larvae, royal jelly quality and quantity. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 1(3): 120-122.

Sahlberg, J. 1889. Catalogus praecursorius. Hymenopterorum Anthophilorum Fenniae. Meddelanden af Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica (Helsingfors) 15: 167-177. [Catalogue of bees of Finland]. 

Saito, Y. 1997. Sociality and kin selection in Acari. Pp. 443-457. In: J.C. Choe & B. J. Crespi (eds.), The evolution of social behavior in insects and arachinids. Cambridige Univ. Press.

Sakagami, S. 1951. Bombus (Agrobombus) senilis Smith und ihr nest (Systematische Studien der Hummeln. III). Mushi 22: 479-545.

Sakagami, S. E. 1966. Techniques for the observation of behaviour and social organization of stingless bees by using a special hive. Papeis Avulsos, Sao Paulo, Brazil 19: 151-162.

Sakagami, S. E. & Y. Oniki, 1963. Behavior studies of the stingless bees, with special reference to the oviposition process. I. Melipona compressipes manaosensis Schwarz. Journal of the Faculty of  Science, Hokkaido University, Ser. 6, Zool. 15: 300-318.

Sakagami, S. E. & R. Zucchi,  1967. Behavior studies of the stingless bees, with special reference to the oviposition process. IV. Trigona (Tetragona) clavipes. Jour. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido univ. Ser. 6, Zool. 16: 292 - 313, Sapporo, Japan.

Sakagami, S. F.  1951.  Bombus (Agrobombus) senilis Smith und ihr nest (Systematische studien der Hummeln. III).  Mushi 22: 9-15.

Sakagami, S. F. 1954. Ueber einige Hummelarten von Hokkaido und Kurilen Inseln (systematische Studien der Hummeln. V). Kontyû 21: 84-92.

Sakagami, S. F. 1959. Some interspecific relations between Japanese and European honey bees.  Journal of Animal Ecology 28: 51-68.

Sakagami, S. F. 1960. Ethobiological peculiarities of the primitive social bees, Allodape Lepeltier [sic] and allied genera. Insectes Sociaux 7: 231-249.

Sakagami, S. F. 1961.  Nomia umesaoi sp.nov., an aberrant bee from ThailandInsecta Matsummurana 24: 43-51.

Sakagami, S. F. 1963.  On the male of Trigona (Tetragona) fimbriata Smith.  Journal of the New York Entomological Society 71: 39-44.

Sakagami, S. F. 1964. Wiederentdeckung des Nests einer Nachrfurchenbiene, Megalopta sp., am Amazonas. Kontyû 32: 457-463.

Sakagami, S. F. 1965.  Über dem bau der männlichen Hinterschiene von Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier.  Zoologischer Anzeiger 175: 347-354.

Sakagami, S. F. 1966a.  Comparative ethology of Apidae.  Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, circular 35: 1-6 [In Japanese].

Sakagami, S. F. 1966. Techniques for the observation of behaviour and social organization of stingless bees by using a special hive. Papeis Avulsos, Sao Paulo, Brazil 19: 151-162.

Sakagami, S. F. 1968.  Nesting habits and other notes on an Indo-Malayan halictinebee, Lasioglossum albescens with description of L. a. iwatai spp. nov. (Hymenoptera, Halictidae).  The Malayan Nature Journal 21: 85-99.

Sakagami, S. F. 1971.  Ethosoziologischer Vergleich zwischen Honigbienen und stachellosen Bienen.  Zeitschrift Tierpsychol. 28: 337-350.

Sakagami, S. F. 1972. Bumble bees collected by the California Academy - Lingnan Dawn-Redwood Expedition to central west China, 1948. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48: 153-174.

Sakagami, S. F. 1973.  Observations on the bionomics of some neotropical xylocopine bees with comparative and biofaunistic notes (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido University, ser. vi, Zoology 18(i): 57-127.

Sakagami, S. F. 1974. Sozialstruktur und Polymorphismus bei Furchen-und Schmalbienen. Pp. 257-293. In: G. H. Schmidt (ed.), Sozialpolymorphismus bei Insekten. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft MBH, Stuttgart.

Sakagami, S. F. 1975a. Some bumblebees from Korea with remark on the Japanese fauna (Hymenoptera, Apidae).  Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 67: 293-316.

Sakagami, S. F. 1975b.  Stingless bees (excl. Tetragonula) from the continental southeast Asia in the collection of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, HonoluluJournal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido University, ser. vi, Zoology 20: 49-76.

Sakagami, S. F. 1976a. Specific differences in the bionomic characters of bumblebees. A comparative review. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University Ser. VI, Zoology 20: 390-447. 

Sakagami, S. F. 1976b. Melitta japonica Hirashima with submarginal cells (Hymenoptera, Melittidae). Kontyu  44(3): 333.

Sakagami, S. F. 1977. Seasonal change of nest survival and related aspects in an aggregation of Lasioglossum duplex (Dalla Torre), a eusocial halictine bee (Hymenoptera : Halictidae). Res. Popul. Ecol. 19: 69-86.

Sakagami, S. F. 1978.  Tetragonula stingless bees of the continental Asia and Sri Lanka.Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University (Zoology) 21(2): 165-247.

Sakagami, S. F. 1980. Bionomics of the halictine bees in northern Japan. I. Halictus (Halictus) tsingtouensis (Hymenoptera, Halictidae), with notes on the number of origins of eusociality. Kontyu 48(4): 526-536.

Sakagami, S. F. 1982a. ‘Stingless bees’. Pp. 361-423. In: H. R. Hermann (ed.), Social Insects Vol. III. Academic Press, New York.

Sakagami, S. F. 1982b. Further experiments on the artificial induction of multifemale associations in the principally solitary bee genus Ceratina. Pp. 171-174. In: M. D. Reed, C. D. Michener & H. E. Evans (eds.), The Biology of Social Insects.  Pro-ceedings, Ninth Congress, International Union for the Study of Social Insects, Boulder, Colorado.

Sakagami, S. F. 1987. Tribes of Xylocopinae and origin of the Apidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80: 439-450.

Sakagami, S. F. 1989.  Taxonomic notes on a malesian bee Lasioglossum carinatum, the type species of the subgenus Ctenonomia, and its allies.  Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 62: 496-510. 

Sakagami, S. F. 1991.  The halictine bees of Sri Lanka and the vicinity, II. NesohalictusZoological Science 8: 169-178. 

Sakagami, S. F., Y. Akahira & R. Zucchi, 1967. Nest architecture and brood  development in a Neotropical bumblebee, Bombus atratus. Insectes sociaux 14: 389-414.

Sakagami, S. F. & J. M. F. Camargo, 1964. Cerumem collection accompained by thieving and attacking in a stingless bee, Nannotrigona (Scaptotrigona) postica (Latreille), with a consideration on territoriality in social insects. Rev. Biol. Trop. 12: 197‑207. 

Sakagami, S. F., D. Beig, R. Zucchi & Y. Akahira, 1963. Ocurrence of ovary-developed workers in queenright colonies of stingless bees. Rev. Brasil. Biol. 23(2): 115-129.

Sakagami, S. F., C. Camilo & R. Zucchi, 1973. Oviposition behavior of a Brazilian  stingless bee, Plebeia (Friesella) schrottkyi, with some remarks on the behavioral evolution in stingless bees. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ., Ser. VI  Zool. 19(1): 163-189.

Sakagami, S.F. & P. A. W. Ebmer, 1979. Halictus (Seladonia) tumulorum higashi ssp. nov. from the northeastern Palaearctics (Hymenoptera: Apoidea; Halictidae). Kontyû 47(4): 543-549.

Sakagami, S. F., P. A. W. Ebmer, T. Matsumura & Y. Maeta, 1982. Bionomics of the Halictine bees in northern Japan. II. Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sakagamii (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae), with taxonomic notes on allied species.  Kontyû 50(2): 198-211.

Sakagami, S. F. & P. A. W. Ebmer,  1987.  Taxonomic notes on oriental halictine  bees of the genus Halictus (subgenus Seladonia).  Linzer Biologische Beiträge 19: 301-357.

Sakagami, S. F., P. A. W. Ebmer & O. Tadauchi,  1996.  The halictine bees of Sri Lanka and the vicinity, III.  Sudila (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) Part I.  Esakia 36: 143-189.

Sakagami, S. F., A. W. Ebmer, T. Matsumura & Y. Maeta, 1982. Bionomics  of the Halictine bees in northern Japan. II. Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sakagamii (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae), with taxonomic notes on allied species. Kontýu 50(2): 198-211.

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Fukuda, 1971. Notes on vernal bees of Amami-Oshima. Kontyû 9(1):  14-19.  

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Fukuda, 1972a. Rearing season of a Japanese eusocial halictine bee, Lasioglossum duplex out of brood. (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Insectes Sociaux 19(2): 137-151. 

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Fukuda, 1972b. Life of a Japanese eusocial halictine bee, Lasioglossum duplex, out of brood rearing season (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Insectes Sociaux 19(3): 137-151.

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Fukuda, 1972c. Autumn bee fauna in Hokkaido University Uryu and Nakagawa Experiment Forests. Res. Bull. College Exp. Forest, Coil. Agric., Hokkaido Univ. 29:  l-24. [in Japanese].

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Fukuda, 1973.  Wild bee survey at the campus of Hokkaido UniversityJournal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Ser. 6, 19: 190-250.

Sakagami, S. F., H. Fukuda & H. Kawano, 1974. Biofaunistic surveys of wild bees. Problems and methods, with results taken at Mt. Moiwa, Sapporo. Materials Biol. Educ. 9: l-60. [In Japanese with English summary].

Sakagami, S. F. & K. Hayashida, 1958. Biology of the primitive social bee Halictus duplex Dalla Torre. I. Preliminary report on the general life history. Annot. Zool. Japan 31: 151-155.

Sakagami, S. F. & K. Hayashida, 1960.  Biology of the primitive social bee, Halictus duplex Dalla Torre, 2: Nest structure and immature stages (I). Insectes Sociaux 7: 57-98. 

Sakagami, S. F. & K. Hayashida, 1961. Biology of the primitive social bee Halictus duplex Dalla Torre. III. Activities in spring solitary phase. J. Fat. Sci., Hokkaido Univ. (Zool.) 14:  639-682. 

Sakagami, S. F. & K. Hayashida, 1968. Bionomics and sociology of summer matrifilial phase in the social halictine bee, Lasioglossum duplex. J. Fat. Sci., Hokkaido Univ. (Zool.) 16: 413-513.

Sakagami, S. F., Y. Hirashima, Y. Maeta & T. Matsumura, 1982. Bionomic notes on the social halictine bee Lasioglossum affine (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Esakia 19: 161-176.

Sakagami, S. F., Y. Hirashima & Y. Ohe, 1966.  Bionomics of two new Japanese  halictine bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13: 673-703.

Sakagami, S. F. & T. Inoue, 1985. Taxonomic notes on three bicolorous Tetragonula stingless bees in Southeast AsiaKontyû 53(1): 174-189.

Sakagami, S. F. & T. Inoue, 1987.  Stingles bees of the genus Trigona (subgenus Trigonella) with notes on the reduction of the spatha in male genitalia of the subgenus TetragonulaKontyû 55: 610-627.

Sakagami, S. F. & T. Inoue, 1989.  Stingless bees of the genus Trigona (subgenus  Geniotrigona), with description of T. (G.) incisa sp.nov. from SulawesiJapanese Journal of Entomology 57: 605-620.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue & S. Salmah, 1985.  ‘Key to the stingless bee species found or expected from Sumatra’. In Ohgushi, R,-i., (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology of Insects in Humid Tropics, especially in Central Sumatra. Sumatra Nature Study (Entomology), Kanazawa University, Japan. Pp. 37-43.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue & S. Salmah, 1990.  Stingless bees of central Sumatra.  In S.F. Sakagami, R.-i. Ohgushi & D.W. Roubik (eds.), Natural History of Social Wasps and Bees in Equatorial Sumatra. Pp. 125-137.  Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue & S. Yamane, 1989. Nests of the myrmecophilous stingless bee, Trigona moorei: How do bees initiate their nest within an arboreal ant nest?  Biotropica 21(3): 265-274.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue, S. Yamane & S. Salmah,  1983a.  ‘Nesting habits of  Sumatran stingless bees’. Pp. 38-45. In Ohgushi, R,-i., (ed.), Ecological Study on Social Insects in Central Sumatra with Special Reference to Wasps and Bees. Sumatra Nature Study (Entomology), Kanazawa University, Japan.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue,  S. Yamane &  S. Salmah, 1983. Nest architecture and colony composition of the Sumatran stingless bee Trigona (Tetragonula) laevicepsKontyû 51(1): 100-111.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Inoue, S. Yamane & S. Salmah, 1989. Nests of the myrmecophilous stingless bee, Trigona moorei: How do bees initiate their nest within an arboreal ant nest? Biotropica 21(3): 265-274. 

Sakagami, S. F. & R. Ishikawa, 1969. Note préliminaire sur la répartition géographique des bourdons japonais, avec descriptions et remarques sur quelques formes nouvelles ou peu connues. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University Ser. VI, Zoology 17: 152-196.

Sakagami, S. F. & R. Ishikawa, 1972. Note supplémentaire sur la taxonomie et répartition géographique de quelques bourdons Japonais, avec la description d’une nouvelle sous-espèce. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 15: 607-616.

Sakagami, S. F. & T. Itino, 1991.  Thrinchostoma (Diagonozus) asianum sp.nov.: Discovery of an African subgenus of long-malared halictine bees from Sumatra, with some observations on its oligotrophy to ImpatiensTropics 1: 49-58.

Sakagami, S. F. & M. Ito, 1981.  Specific and subgeneric variations in tibial corbiculation of male bumblebees, an apparently functionless character.  Entomol. Scand. Suppl. 15: 365-376.

Sakagami, S. F. & E. Katayama, 1977. Nests of some Japanese bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). J. Fat. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., VI. Zool. 2 1: 92-153.

Sakagami, S. F. &  S. G. Khoo, 1987.  Taxonomic status of the Malesian stingless bee Trigona repeni, with discovery of Trigona pagdeni from northern MalayaKontyû 55: 207-214.

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Laroca, 1963. Additional observations on the habits of the cleptobiotic stingless bees the genus Lestrimelitta Friese. Jour. Fac. Sc. Hokkaido Universidae, Ser. I. 15: 319-339.

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Laroca, 1971a.  Observations on the bionomics of some neotropical xylocopine bees, with comparative and biofaunistic notes.  Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University,  Ser.VI, Zool. 18(1): 57-127.

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Laroca, 1971b. Relative abundance, phenology and flower visits of apid bees in eastern Parana, southern Brazil (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Kontyû 39(3): 217-230. 

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Laroca, 1988.  Nests of an exomalopsine bee Lanthanomelissa goeldiana (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 61(3): 347-349.

Sakagami, S. F., S. Laroca & J. S. Moure, 1967.  Wild bee biocoenotics in Sao Jose dos Pinhais (PR), South BrazilPrelim. Rep. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Ser. 6, Zool. 16(2): 253-291.

Sakagami, S. F. & Y. Maeta, 1977. Some presumably presocial habits of Japanese Ceratina bees, with notes on various social types in Hymenoptera. Insectes Sociaux 24(4): 319-343.

Sakagami, S. F. & Y. Maeta,  1984.  Multifemale nests and rudimentary castes in the normally solitary bee Ceratina japonica (Hymenoptera: Xylocopinae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(4): 639-656.

Sakagami, S. F. & Y. Maeta,  1989.  Compatibility and incompatibility of solitary life with eusociality in two normally solitary bees Ceratina japonica and Ceratina okinawana (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) with notes on the incipient phase of eusociality.  Japanese Journal of Entomology 57: 417-439.

Sakagami, S. F. & Y. Maeta,  1990.  Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) primavera sp.nov., a Japanese halictine bee which overwinters in both female and male adults.Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Shimane University 24: 52-59.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Matsumara & K. Ito,  1980.  Apis laboriosa in Himalaya.The little known worlds largest honeybee. Insecta Matsumurana (NS) 19: 47-77.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Matsumara & Y. Maeta,  1985. Bionomics of the halictine bees in northern Japan, III. Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) allodalum, with remarks on the serially arranged cells in the halictine nests. Kontyû 53: 409-419. 

Sakagami, S. F. & C. D. Michener, 1962. The nest architecture of the sweatbees (Halictinae): A comparative study of BehaviorUniversity of Kansas Press, Lawrence, viii + 135 pages.

Sakagami, S. F. & C. D. Michener, 1963. Nest architecture in halictine bees. Symposia Genetica et Biologica Italica 12: 266-274.

Sakagami, S. F. & C. D. Michener, 1965.  Notes on the nests of two euglossine bees, Euplusia violacea and Eulaema cingulata.  Annotationes Zoologicae Japponensis 38: 216-222.

Sakagami, S. F. & C. D. Michener, 1987.  Tribes of Xylocopinae and origin of the Apidae.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80: 439-450.

Sakagami, S. F., R. Miyanga & Y. Maeta, 1994.  Discovery of a eusocial halictine bee, Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) subtropicum sp.nov. from Iriomoto Is., southernmost Japan, with a morphometric comparison of castes in some social halictines. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Shimane Univeristy 28: 5-21.

Sakagami, S. F. &  J. S. Moure, 1965.  Cephalic polymorphism in some neotropical halictine bees. Anais de Academia Brasileira de Ciências 37: 303-313.

Sakagami, S. F. &  J. S. Moure, 1967.  Additional observations on the nesting habits of some Brazilian halictine bees.  Mushi 40: 119-138. 

Sakagami, S. F. & M. Munakata, 1972. Distribution and bionomics of a transpalaearctic eusocial halictine bee, Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) calceatum, in northern Japan, with reference to its solitary life cycle at high altitude.  Hokkaido Univ. Fac. Sci. J. Ser. VI, Zool. 18(3): 411-439.

Sakagami, S. F. & M. Munakata, 1990. Lasioglossum blackstoni sp. nov., the northernmost representative of the palaeotropical subgenus Ctenonomia (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Zoological Science 7(5): 985.

Sakagami, S. F., T. Matsumura & K. Tto, 1980. Apis laboriosa in Himalaya, the little known world largest honeybee (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Ins. Matsum., N. S.19: 47-77.

Sakagami, S. F., Y. Nishijima, 1973. Two heterospecific colonies found in Japanese bumblebees, Bombus schrencki and Bombus pseudobaicalensis (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Obihiro Zootech. Univ. Res. Bull. (Ser.1) 7(4): 628-631.  

Sakagami, S. F., R. Ohgushi & D. W. Roubik [eds.] 1990. Natural history of social wasps and bees in equatorial SumatraHokkaido University Press, Sapporo. 274 pages.

Sakagami, S. F. & T. Okazawa, 1985. A populous nest of the halictine bee Halictus (Seladonia) lutescens from Guatemala (Hymenoptera, Halictidae).  Kontyû 53(4): 645-651.

Sakagami, S. F. & L. Packer, 1994.  Delayed eusociality in Halictine bees. p. 86. In: Proceedings of the International Congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects. Paris, 1994.

Sakagami, S. F., D. W. Roubik & R. Zucchi, 1993. Ethology of the robber bee, Lestrimelitta limao (Hymenoptera, Apidae).  Sociobiology 21(2): 237-277.

Sakagami, S. F. & H. Sturm, 1965.  Euplusia longipennis (Friese) und ihre merkwürdigen Brutzellen aus Kolumbien.  Insecta Matsummurana 28: 83-92, pls. XI-XVI.

Sakagami, S. F. & 0. Tadauchi, 1995a. Taxonomic studies on the halictine bees of Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) lucidum subgroup in Japan with comparative notes on some palaearctic species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Esukia 35: 141- 176.

Sakagami, S. F. & 0. Tadauchi, 1995b. Taxonomy of the Japanese halictine bees allied to Lasioglossum (Ev,ylaeus) lucidulum (Schenck) (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Esakia 35: [page nos. ?]

Sakagami, S. F. & 0. Tadauchi, 1995c. Three new halictine bees from Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Esakia 35: 177-200.

Sakagami, S. F., K. Tanno, O.Enomoto & T. Inoue, 1981. Cold resistance of the small carpenter bee Ceratina flavipes restudied. [Teion Kagaku] Low Temp. Sci. Ser. B Biol. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. 39: 1-7.

Sakagami, S. F. &  M. J. Toda,  1986. Some arctic and subartic solitary bees collected at Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk, NWT, Canada (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Canadian Entomologist 118(5): 395-405. 

Sakagami, S. F. & M. Usui, 1976. Occurrence of communal nests in Eucera sociabilis (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). Kontyû 44(3): 354-357.

Sakagami, S. F. & F. L. Wain, 1966.  Halictus latisignatus Cameron: A polymorphic Indian halictine bee with caste differentiation.  Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 63: 57-73.

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Yamane, 1987. Ovipisition behaviour and related notes of the Taiwanese stingless bee Trigona (Lepidotrigona) ventralis hoozana. Journal of Ethology 5(1): 17-27.

Sakagami, S. F. & S. Yamane & G. G. Hambali, 1983.  Nests of some Southeast Asian stingless bees.  Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Ibaraki University (Natural Sciences)  32: 1-21.

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Schmidt, J. O. 1990a. Hymenopteran venoms: Striving toward the ultimate defense against vertebrates. Pp. 387-419. In: D. L. Evans & J. O. Schmidt (eds.),  Insect Defense: Adaptations and Strategies of Prey and Predators. SUNY Press, Albany.

Schmidt, J. O. 1990b. Modern research and utilization of bee products in America. Bee Mag. (China) 9: 7-8.

Schmidt, J. O. 1990c. Swarm traps: An example of research and technology transfer.  American Bee Journal 130: 333-334.

Schmidt, J. O. 1992. Allergy to venomous insects. Pp. 1209-1269. In: J. Graham (ed.), The Hive and the Honey Bee. Dadant and Sons, Hamilton, Illinois.

Schmidt, J. O. 1993a. Africanized honey bees and the miracle of evolution. The Field Naturalist, Bull. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalist Club 1993(4): 11-12.

Schmidt, J. O. 1993b. Killer Bee! In Guanacaste? Bee Line 7(1-3): 14-15.

Schmidt, J. O. 1994a. Attraction of reproductive honey bee swarms to artificial nests by Nasonov pheromone. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20: 1053-1056.

Schmidt, J. O. 1994b. Living with killer bees: The story of the Africanized bee invasion. Am. Ent. 40: 188. (Book review: G. Flakus, author).

Schmidt, J. O. 1995a. Biological control of Africanized honey bees with swarm traps: economics and logistics. American Bee Journal 135: 829-830. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, J. O. 1995b. Dispersal distance and direction of reproductive European honey bee swarms (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society  68: 320-325.

Schmidt, J. O. 1995c. Killer Bees: The Africanized honey bee in the Americas. Am. Ent. 41: 251-252. (Book review: M. L. Winston, author).

Schmidt, J. O. 1995d. Toxinology of venoms from the honeybee genus Apis. Toxicon 33: 917-927.

Schmidt, J. O. 1996a. Apitherapy meeting held in the land of milk and honey.  American Bee Journal 136: 722-724.

Schmidt, J. O. 1996b. Chemical and visual cues used by defending honey bees to recognize mammalian predators. Proc. 20 th Intl. Congr. Ent. p. 417. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, J. O. 1997. Bee products: chemical composition and application. Pp. 15-26. In: A. Mizrahi & Y. Lensky (eds.),  Proc. Bee Products: Properties, Applications and Apitherapy. Plenum Press, New York.

Schmidt, J. O. 1998a. How does honey bee venom kill? Toxicon 36: 1249-1250. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, J. O. 1998b. Mass action in honey bees: alarm, swarming and the role of releaser pheromones. Pp. 257-290. In: R. K. Vander Meer, M. Breed, M. Winston & C. Espelie (eds.), Pheromone Communication in Social Insects: Ants, Wasps, Bees and Termites. Boulder & Co. West view Press.

Schmidt, J. O. 1999. Attractant or pheromone: the case of Nasonov secretion and honey bee swarms. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25: 2051-2056.

Schmidt, J. O. 2001a. Attractants and repellents for honey bee swarms. In: Erickson, E. H. and R. Page (eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on African Bees Mites. Boulder & Co., Westview Press. (in Press).

Schmidt,  J. O. 2001b. Hierarchy of attractants for honey bee swarms. Journal of Insect Behavior. 14:  469-477.

Schmidt, J. O. 2001c. Pheromonal and hive odor attractants for honey bee swarms.  In: M. Sasaki (ed.), Proceedings of the Asian Association of Apiculture. International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, UK. [Published in: Journal of Apiculture Research 40(3-4) Supp.: 7-10.].

Schmidt, J. O. 2001d. Africanised bees have been good for pheromone research and practical beekeeping. Proceedings of the 37th International Apiculture Congress, 28 Oct - 1 Nov 2001, Durban, South Africa. Paper 510: 1-6.

Schmidt, J. O.  2002. Attractants and repellents for honey bee swarms. Pp. 356-363.  In: Erickson, E. H.,  R. E. Page  Jr.  &  A. A. Hanna  (eds.),Proceeding of  the  2nd International Conference on Africanized Honey Bees and Bee Mites.  A. I. Root Co., Medina, Ohio.

Schmidt, J. O., M. S. Blum & W. L. Overal, 1980. Comparative lethality of venoms from stinging Hymenoptera. Toxicon 18:  469‑474.

Schmidt, J. O., M. S. Blum & W. L. Overal, 1984. Hemolytic activities of stinging insect venoms. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 1: 155‑160.

Schmidt, J. O.,  M. S. Blum  &  W. L. Overal, 1986.  Comparative  Enzymology of venoms from stinging Hymenoptera. Toxicon 24:  907‑921.

Schmidt, J. O. &  S. L. Buchmann, 1983. Jojoba ‑ an excellent, little known pollen plant for bees. American Bee Journal 123: 379‑382.

Schmidt, J. O. & S. L. Buchmann, 1985. Pollen digestion and nitrogen utilization by Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology  82A(3): 499 - 503.

Schmidt, J. O. & S. L. Buchmann, 1986. Floral Biology of the saguaro (Cereus giganteus) I. Pollen harvest by Apis mellifera. Oecologia 69: 491 - 498.

Schmidt, J. O. & S. L. Buchmann, 1992. Other products of the hive, Chapter 22,  pp. 927-988. In: J. Graham [ed.], The hive and the honey bee. Dadant and sons, Hamilton, Ilinois.

Schmidt, J. O., S. L. Buchmann & M. Glaiim, 1989. The nutritional value of Typha latifolia pollen for bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 28: 155-165.

Schmidt, J. O., S. L. Buchmann & S. C. Thoenes, 1992. Saguaro and Cardòn Cacti: Nectar sources par excellence for native and honey bees. Pp. 73-78. In: C. P. Stone & E. S. Bellatoni (eds.), Proc. Sympos. Res. Saguaro Natl. Monument. U. S. National Park Service.

Schmidt, J. O. & L. V. Boyer Hassen, 1996. When Africanized bees attack: What you and your clients should know. Vet. Med. 91:  923-928.

Schmidt, J. O. & J. F. Edwards, 1998. Ecology of feral and Africanized honey bees in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. First Conf. Res. & Resource Manag. S. Ariz. Nat. Park Areas. (T. J. Tibbitts & G. J. Maender, eds.). National Park Service, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Ajo, Arizona.

Schmidt, J. O. & R. Hurley, 1995. Selection of nest cavities by Africanized and European honey bees.  Apidologie 26:  467-475.

Schmidt,  J.  O.  &   B.  E.  Johnson,  1984.  Pollen  feeding  preferenceof   Apis  mellifera,  a polylectic  bee. Southwest. Entomol. 9: 41-47.

Schmidt,  J. O.,  A. N.  Johnston,  D.  L. Ginter  &  H.  G.  Spangler,[In  Press].   Chemical stimulus of Africanized honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) attacks. Journal of Medical Entomology.

Schmidt,  J.  O.,  C. A. Mcdaniel  &  R. T. Simon  Thomas,  1990. Chemistry of male mandibular gland secretions of Philanthus triangulum.Journal of Chemical Ecology 16 (7): 2135-2143.

Schmidt, J. O., E. D. Morgan, N. J. Oldham, R. R. Do Nascimento & F. R. Dani, 1997. Z-11-eicosen-1-ol, a major component of Apis cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) venom.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 23: 1929-1939.

Schmidt, J. O. & P. J. Schmidt, 1984. Pollen digestibility and its potential nutritional value. Gleanings Bee Culture 112: 320‑322.

Schmidt, J. O. & P. J. Schmidt, 1986. A nesting aggregation of Lasioglossum kinabaluense in Borneo (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 59: 672‑674.

Schmidt, J. O., P. J. Schmidt & C. K. Starr, 1985. Investigating the giant honey bee, Apis dorsata in SabahAmerican Bee Journal 125: 749‑751.

Schmidt, J. O., K. N. Slessor & M. L. Winston, 1993. Roles of Nasonov and Queen pheromones in attraction of honey bee swarms. Naturwissenschaften 80: 573-575.

Schmidt, J. O. & H. G. Spangler, 1991. Can the attack by Africanized bees be stopped by chemicals?  American Bee Journal 131: 779-780. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, J. O., H. G. Spangler & S. C. Thoenes, 1990. Birds as selective predators of drones. American Bee Journal 130: 811. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, J. O. & S. C. Thoenes, 1987a. Honey bee swarm capture with pheromone- containing trap boxes. American Bee Journal 127: 435‑438.

Schmidt, J. O. & S. C. Thoenes,  1987b.   Swarm traps for survey and control of Africanized honey bees.   Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 33 (3): 155-158.

Schmidt, J. O. & S. C. Thoenes, 1989. The art of attracting swarms. Proc. West. Apicult. Soc. 12: 54‑59.

Schmidt, J. O. &  S. C. Thoenes, 1990. Honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) preferences among nest defense behavior in honey bee colonies artificial nest cavities. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83: 271-274.

Schmidt, J. O.  &  S. C. Thoenes,  1992.   Criteria for nest site selection in honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Preference between pheromone attractants and cavity shapes. Environmental Entomology 21 (5): 1130-1133.

Schmidt, J. O., S. C. Thoenes & R. Hurley, 1989. Swarm Traps. American Bee Journal 129: 468-471.

Schmidt, J. O., S. C. Thoenes &  R. Hurley, 1990. Swarm traps, an idea whose time has come. Gleanings Bee Culture 118:  217‑219 & 223.

Schmidt, J. O.,  S. C. Thoenes  &  M. D. Levin,  1987.  Survival  of  honey bees,  Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera : Apidae),   fed  various pollen   sources.  Annals  of the  Entomological  Society  of America 80: 176-183.

Schmidt, K. & P. Westrich, 1993. Colletes hederae n. sp., eine bisher unerkannte, auf Efeu (Hedera) spezialisierte Bienenart (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Entomologische Zeitschrift 103: 89-93.

Schmidt, Li  S.,  J. O. Schmidt,  H. Rao,  W. Wang,  L. Xu,  1995.  Feeding  preference  and survival of young worker honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Fed Rape, Sesame, and Sunflower pollen. Journal of Economic Entomology 88(6): 1591-1595.

Schmidt, P. J. & J. O. Schmidt, 1985. Queen versus worker venoms: are they equally lethal? Toxicon 23: 38‑39. [Published Abstract only].

Schmidt, P. J. & J. O. Schmidt, 1986. Apis mellifera an unusual prey for a paper wasp (Polistes major castaneicolor). Entomological News 97: 73‑75.

Schmidt, V., R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2003. A stingless bee marks the feeding site in addition to the scent path (Saptotrigona aff. depilis). Apidologie 34(3): 237-248.

Schmidt, V. M., R. Zucchi & F. G. Barth, 2005. Scent marks left by Nannotrigona testaceicornis at the feeding site: cues rather than signals. Apidologie 36(3): 285-292.

Schmiedeknecht, H. L. O. 1878. Monographie der in Thüringen vorkommenden Arten der Hymenopteren-Gattung Bombus mit einer allgemeinen Einleitung in dieses Genus. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 12: 303-430.

Schmiedeknecht, H. L. O. 1882-1884. Apidae Europaeae [Die Bienen Europa’s], per genera, species et varietates. Dispositae atque descriptae. Vol. 1, [xiv] + 866 pp., pls. 1-15.  Gumperdae and Berolini, Berlin.  [Pp. 1-314 (1882); 315-550 (1883); 551-866 (1884)].

Schmiedeknecht, H. L. O. 1885-1886. Apidae Europaeae [Die Bienen Europa’s], per genera, species et varietates. Dispositae atque descriptae. Vol. 2[iv] + 1-205 [867-1071] + [2, index], pls. 16,17.  Friedländer, Berlin. [Pp. 1-110 (1885); 111-205 (1886).]

Schmiedeknecht, O. 1930.  Die Hymenopteren Nord - und Mittel-europas. 2nd ed., x + 1062 pp. Fischer, Jena.

Schmuck, R. 1999. No causal relationship between Gaucho(R) seed dressing in sunflowers and harm to bees in France. Pflanzenschutz - Nachrichten Bayer 52(3): 267-309.

Schmuck, R., R. Schoning, A. Stork & O. Schramel, 2001. Risk posed to honeybees (Apis mellifera L, Hymenoptera) by an imidacloprid seed dressing of sunflowers. Pest Management Science 57(3): 225-238.

Schmuck, R., T. Stadler & H. W. Schmidt, 2003. Field relevance of a synergistic effect observed in the laboratory between an EBI fungicide and a chloronicotinyl insecticide in the honeybee (Apis mellifera L., Hymenoptera). Pest Management Science 59(3): 279-286.

Schneider,  D.  1976.  Myth  of  the  killer  bees [Apis  mellifera  adonsonii]  . Pct. Pest Control Technol. 4 , 11 (16): 18-19.

Schneider, D., R. A. Stern, D. Eisikowitch & M. Goldway, 2002. The relationship between floral structure and honeybee pollination efficiency in 'Jonathan' and 'Topred' apple cultivars. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 77(1): 48-51.

Schneider, S.  1989.  Dance behaviour of successful foragers of African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Journal of Apicultural Research 28(3): 150-154.

Schneider, S.  1990.  Nest characteristics and recruitment behaviour of absconding colonies of the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutella, in Africa. Insect Behaviour 3(2): 225-240.

Schneider, S.  &  R. Blyther, 1988.   The habitat and nesting biology of the African honey bee  Apis  mellifera  scutellata   in  the  Okavango  River  Delta,  Botswana,  Africa.  Insectes Sociaux 35 (2): 167-181.

Schneider, S. S.  1989a. Dance behaviour of successful foragers of the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Apicultural Research  28 (3): 150-154.

Schneider, S. S.  1989b. Spatial foraging patterns of the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata.   Journal of Insect Behavior 2 (4): 505-521.

Schneider, S. S.  1990a. Queen behavior and worker-queen interactions in absconding and swarming colonies of the African honey bee,  Apis  mellifera scutellata (Hymenoptera: Apidae).   Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63: 179-186.

Schneider, S. S. 1990b. Nest characteristics and recruitment behavior of absconding colonies of the African honey bee,  Apis mellifera scutellata,  in AfricaJournal of Insect Behavior 3 (2): 225-240.

Schneider, S. S. 1991.   Modulation of queen activity by the vibration dance in swarming colonies of the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata (Hymenoptera: Apidae).   Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 64 (3): 269-278.

Schneider, S. S., T. Deeby, D. C. Gilley & G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, 2004. Seasonal nest usurpation of European colonies by African swarms in Arizona, USA. Insectes Sociaux 51(4): 359-364.

Schneider, S. S. & G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, 2002. The influence of worker behavior and paternity on the development and emergence of honey bee queens. Insectes Sociaux 49(4): 306-314.

Schneider, S. S. & G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, 2003. The influence of paternity on virgin queen success in hybrid colonies of European and African honeybees. Animal Behaviour 65 (5): 883-892.

Schneider, S. S. & N. E. Gary,  1984.  “Quacking”, a sound produced by worker honeybees (Apis mellifera) after exposure to Carbon dioxide. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(1): 25-30.

Schneider, S. S. & L. A. Lewis, 2004. The vibration signal, modulatory communication and the organization of labor in honey bees, Apis mellifera. Apidologie 35: 117-131.

Schneider, S. S. & L. C. Mcnally,  1992a.   Factors influencing seasonal absconding in colonies of the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata.  Insectes Sociaux 39 (4): 403-423.

Schneider, S. S. & L. C. Mcnally, 1992b. Colony defense in the African honey bee in Africa (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Environmental Entomology 21(6): 1362-1370.

Schneider, S. S. & L. C. Mcnally, 1992c. Seasonal patterns of foraging activity in colonies of the african honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata, In africaInsectes Sociaux 39 (2 ): 181-193.

Schneider, S. S. & L. C. Mcnally, 1993. Spatial foraging patterns and colony energy status in the African honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata. Journal of Insect Behavior 6 (2): 195-210.

Schneider, S. S. & L. C. Mcnally,  1994. Waggle dance behavior associated with seasonal absconding  in  colonies of the  African  honey bee,  Apis mellifera scutellata. Insectes Sociaux 41(2): 115-127.

Schneider, S. S., S. Painter-Kurt & G. DeGrandi-Hoffman, 2000. The role of vibration signal during queen competition in colonies of the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Animal Behavior.

Schneider, S. S., J. A. Stamps & N. E. Gary, 1986a. The vibration dance of the honey bee. I. Communication regulating foraging on two time scales. Animal Behaviour 34(2): 377-385.

Schneider, S. S., J. A. Stamps & N. E. Gary, 1986b. The vibration dance of the honey bee. II. The effects of foraging success on daily patterns of vibration activity. Animal Behaviour 34(2): 386-391.

Schneider, S. S., P. K. Visscher & S. Camazine, 1998. Vibration signal behavior of waggle-dancers in swarms of the honey bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Ethology104(11): 963-972.

Schnell, L. 1943. Self-stertlity in Vinca rosea. Okla. Acad. Sci. Proc. 23: 21.

Schober, P. J. 1979a.  The  African honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii in  Brazil. Bienenvater 100 (10): 259-263.

Schober, P. J.  1979b. The African honeybee Apis melliferaadansonii in Brazil Swarm catching, crossing and selection.  Bienenvater 100 (11): 298-300.

Schoening, F. R. L. 1980.  The X-ray diffraction pattern and deformation texture of beeswax. South African Journal of Science 76(6): 262-265.

Schoenitzer, K. 1986.  Comparative morphology of the antenna cleaner in bees. Z. Zool. Syst. Evolut. –forsch. 24: 35-51.

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Schoenitzer, K. & P. Seifert, 1990. Anatomy and ultrastructure of salivarygland in the thrax of the honey bee worker, Apis mellifera (Insecta, Hymenoptera).  Zoomorphology (Berlin) 109(4): 211-222.

Scholl, A. & E. Obrecht, 1983. Enzymelektrophoretische Untersuchungen zur Artabgrenzung im Bombus lucorum - Komplex (Apidae, Bombini). Apidologie 14(2): 65-78.

Scholl, A. & E. Obrecht, 1990. The genetic relationship between Bombus moderatus Cresson and the Bombus lucorum auct. species complex (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68(11): 2264-2268.

Scholl, A., E. Obrecht & R. E. Owen, 1990. The genetic relationship between Bombus moderatus Cresson and the Bombus lucorum auct. species complex (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 2264-2268.

Scholl, A., E. Obrecht & Zimmermann, M. 1992. Evidence of hybridization of Bombus argillaceus and B. ruderatus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in a zone of contact in France: enzyme electrophoretic data. Proceedings of the XIX International Congress of Entomology, Beijing p. 53.

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Scholl, A., R. W. Thorp, R. E. Owen, & E. Obrecht, 1992. Specific distinctness of Bombus nevadensis (Cresson) and B. auricomus (Robertson) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) - enzyme electrophoretic data. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 65(2): 134-140.

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Schoning, R. 2001. Analytical method for the determination of residues of imidacloprid, NTN 33893-5-hydroxy, and NTN 33893-olefin by HPLC with electrospray MS/MS-detection in plant-and other materials: honey, nectar, bees, wax, corn (pollen, leaves), rape (pollen, flowers, leaves), sunflowers (pollen, flowers, leaves), tree (leaves, flowers), horse chestnuts. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer 54(3): 413-452.

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Schönitzer, K., W. Grünwaldt, F. Gusenleitner, A.Z. Osytshnjuk & J. Schuberth, 1995.  Klärung von Andrena forsterella, mit Hinweisen zu den anderen Arten der Andrena labialis-Gruppe.  Linzer Biologische Beiträge 27: 823-850.

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Skou, J. P. 1975.  Two new species of Ascophaera  and notes on the conidial state of Bettsia alveiFriesia 11(1): 62-74.

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Slatkin, M. 1985. Gene flow in natural populations. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 16: 393-430.

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Slotterbach,  M.  1990.  The   future  of  beekeeping--survey results. II.   American Bee Journal 130 (10): 643-647.

Smirle, M. J. 1990. The influence of detoxifying enzymes on insecticide tolerance in honey bee colonies (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 83(3): 715-720.

Smirle, M. J. 1993. The influence of colony population and brood rearing intensity on the activity of detoxifying enzymes in worker honey bees. Physiological Entomology 18(4): 420-424.

Smirle, M. J. & G. E. Robinson, 1989. Behavioral status is correlated with detoxifying enzyme activity in worker honey bees. Journal of Insect Behavior 2: 285-289.

Smirle, M. J. & M. L. Winston, 1987. Intercolony variation in pesticide detoxification by the honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 80(1): 5-8.

Smirle, M. J. & M. L. Winston, 1988. Detoxifying enzyme activity in worker honey bees: an adaptation for foraging in contaminated ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66(9): 1938-1942.

Smirle, M. J., M. L. Winston & K. L. Woodward, 1984. Development of a sensitive bioassay for evaluating sublethal pesticide effects on the honey bee (Hymenoptera:Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 77(1): 63-67.

Smirnov, V. B., E. G. Chesnokova,  N. G. Lopatina & Je  Woyke, 2004. Neuronal activity of honey bee (Apis mellifera L) under condition of a deficit of kynurenines. Journ. Visshey Nervnoy Deyatelnosti, Ross. Acad. Nauk, Moskva 54(6): 806-809.

Smirnov, W. B., E. G. Czesnokova, N. G. Lopatina & J. Woyke, 999. Lokomotornaja aktivnost pchel pri immobilizacionnom strecce v uslowijach deficita kinureninow. [Motion activity of bees under the immobization stress of kynurenine deficit]. III Mezhdunarodnaia Nauczno-Prakticzeskaja Konferencja, Ekologia i Ochrana  Pchelinych. Moskwa: 216-220.

Smirnov, V. B., E. G. Tchesnokova &  J. Woyke, 2002. The effect of snowlaranja mutation on neurophysiological characteristics in the honey bee A. mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae). XII Conf. Russian Entomol. Assoc., Sankt-Peterburg: 324-325. 

Smith, A. W. & G. R. Needham, 1981. A new technique for the rapid removal of tracheal mites from honey bees for biological studies and diagnosis. Journal of Apicultural Research 1981, 20(3): 137-139. Also in: Needham, G.R. (ed.) 1988. Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. [Journal of Heredity, Mar/Apr 1991, 82(2): 96-100.

Smith, A. W., G. R. Needham & R. E. Page Jr.,  1987.  A method for the detection and study of live honey bee tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi Rennie). American Bee Journal 127(6): 433-434.

Smith, A., G. R. Needham, R. E. Page & K. Fondrk, 1991. Dispersal of the honey bee tracheal mite Acarapis woodi to old winter bees. Bee Science 1(2): 95-99.

Smith, A. R., W. T. Wcislo & S. O'Donnell, 2008. Body size shapes caste expression, and cleptoparasitism reduces body size in the facultatively eusocial bees Megalopta (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Journal of insect behavior 21(5): 394-406. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10905-008-9136-1].

Smith, A. W., R. E. Page Jr. & G. R. Needham, 1991. Vegetable oil disrupts the dispersal of tracheal mites, Acarapis woodi (Rennie), to young host bees. American Bee Journal 131(1): 44-46.

Smith, A., W. T. Wcislo & S. O’Donnel, 2003. Assured fitness returns favor sociality in a mass-provisioning sweat bee, Megalopta genalis (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology on-line 10.1007/s00265-003-0589-0  <<get PDF1>>.

Smith,  B.  H. 1988. Ethological aspects of olfactory learning and memory in the honey bee. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. Also in: Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 1990, 63: 179-186.

Smith, B. H. & R. Menzel, 1989a. An analysis of variability in the feeding motor program of the honey bee: the role of learning in releasing a modal action pattern. Ethology 82: 68-81.

Smith, B. H. & R. Menzel, 1989b. The use of electromygram recordings to quantify odourant discrimination in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. J. Insect Physiol. 35: 369-375.

Smith, B. H. &  M. Ayasse,  1987.  Kin-based male mating preferences in two species of halictine bees. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 20: 313-318.

Smith, B. H. & D. W. Roubik, 1983.  Mandibular glands of stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Chemical analysis of their contents and biological function in two species of MeliponaJournal of Chemical Ecology 9: 1465-1472.

Smith, C. 2001. The precautionary principle in pesticides management. Pesticides News No.51: 12-13.

Smith, D. R. 1988a. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms in five old world subspecies of honey bees and in new world hybrids. In: Needham, G. R., R.E. Page Jr., B. Delfinado, M. Baker & C.E. Bowman (eds.), Africanized Honey Bees and Bee Mites. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, UK.

Smith, D. R. 1990. Restriction endonuclease cleavage site and length polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA of Apis mellifera mellifera and A. m. carnica (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83(1): 81-88.  

Smith, D. R.  1991a. The african honey bee [With Spivak, M., D. J. C. Fletcher & M. D.  Breed]. Science 252 (5011): 1435-1436.

Smith, D. R. 1991b.  African bees in the americas - Insights from bio-geography and genetics. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 6 (1): 17-21.

Smith, D. R. & W. M. Brown, 1988.   Polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA of European and Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera). Experientia 44 (3): 257-260.

Smith, D. R. & W. M. Brown, 1990.  Restriction endonuclease cleavage site and length polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA of Apis mellifera mellifera and A. m. carnica (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83 (1): 81-88.

Smith, D. R., B. Crespi & F. Bookstein, 1997. The Procrustes method and fluctuating asymmetry in the honey bee, Apis mellifera: effects of ploidy and hybridization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 10: 551-574.

Smith, D. R. & T. Glenn, 1995. Allozyme polymorphisms in Spanish honey bees. Journal of Heredity 86: 12-16.

Smith, D. R. & R. H. Hagen, 1997. The biogeography of Apis cerana as revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 69(4) suppl.: 294-310.

Smith, D. R. & R. H. Hagen, 1999.  Phylogeny and biogeography of Apis cerana subspecies: testing alternative hypotheses.  pp. 60-68. In: R. Hoopingarner and L. Connor (eds.), Apiculture for the 21st Century.  Wicwas Press, Cheshire, CT.

Smith, D. R., M. R. Palmer, G. Otis & M. Damus, 2003. Mitochondrial DNA and AFLP markers support species status of Apis nigrocincta. Insectes Sociaux 50(2): 185-190.

Smith, D. R., M. F. Palopoli, B. R. Taylor, L. Garnery, J. M. Cornuet, M. Solignac & W. M. Brown, 1991. Geographical overlap of two mitochondrial genomes in Spanish honeybees (Apis mellifera iberica). Journal of Heredity 82 (2): 96-100.

Smith, D. R., A. Slaymaker, M. Palmer & O. Kaftanoglu, 1997. Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean mitochondrial lineage.Apidologie 28: 269-274.

Smith, D. R., O. R.Taylor & W. M. Brown, 1989.   Neotropical Africanized honey bees have African mitochondrial DNA.   Nature 339(6221): 213-215.

Smith, D. R., L. Villafuerte, G. Otis & M. R. Palmer, 2000. Biogeography of Apis cerana F. and A. nigrocincta Smith: insights from mtDNA studies. Apidologie 31(2): 265-279.

Smith, D. R., N. Warrit & H. R. Hepburn, 2003. Apis cerana from Myanmar (Burma): Unusual distribution of mitochondrial lineages. Apidologie [In Press].

Smith, E. L. 1970.  Evolutionary morphology of the external insect genitalia. 2. Hymenoptera.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 63: 1-27.

Smith, G. R. & G. E. Snow, 1976.  Pollination ecology of Platanthera (Habenaria) cilearis and P. blephariglottis (Orchidaceae). Bot. Gaz. 137: 133-140.

Smith, E. L.  1970.  Evolutionary morphology of the external insect genitalia. 2.  Hymenoptera.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 63: 1-27.

Smith, E. M. & G. W. Otis, 2006. Resolution of a controversy: functionality of the dance language of the honey bee. 2. Conclusion. American bee journal 146(4): 335-340.

Smith, F. 1844. Notes on the British humble-bees (Bombus of authors). Zoologist 2: 541-550.

Smith, F. 1846. Description of the British species of bees comprised in the genera Colletes of Latreille and Macropis of Klug; with observations on their economy. Zoologist 4: 1274-1281.

Smith, F. 1848. Descriptions of the British species of bees belonging to the genus Halictus of Latreille. Zoologist 6: 2037-2044.

Smith, F. 1849. [Notes on Hymenoptera]. Zoologist 7: ix.

Smith, F. 1851a. Notes on the habits of Australian Hymenoptera. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1: 179-181.

Smith, F. 1851b. List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. 6. Hymenoptera Aculeata. London. 134 pp.

Smith, F. 1852a. Descriptions of some new and apparently undescribed species of hymenopterous insects from north China, collected by Robert Fortune, Esq. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2: 33-45.

Smith, F. 1852b. Descriptions of some hymenopterous insects from northern India. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2: 45-48.

Smith, F. 1852c. Descriptions of some hymenopterous insects captured in India, with notes on their oeconomy, by Ezra T. Downes, Esq., who presented them to the Honourable the East India Company. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9)2: 44-50.

Smith, F. 1853.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part I. Andrenidae and Apidae. British Museum, Taylor & Francis, London. Pp. 1-197, Pls. i-vi.

Smith, F. 1854. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part II. Apidae. British Museum, London. Pp.198-465, pls. vii-xii.

Smith, F. 1856.  Lamprocolletes bipectinatusProceedings of the Entomological Society of London, p. 31.

Smith, F. 1857. Notes on aculeate Hymenoptera, with some observations on their economy. Entomol. Ann. 1858: 34-46.

Smith, F. 1857-1858.  Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore by A.R. Wallace.  Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 2: 42-88 & pls. 1,2 (1857); pp. 89-180 (1858).

Smith, F. 1859a.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected at Celebes by Mr.  A. R. Wallace. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 3: 4-27.

Smith, F. 1859b.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A.R. Wallace at the islands of Aru and Key. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 3: 132-178.

Smith, F. 1860a. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace at Celebes. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. London Zool. 5: 57-93.

Smith, F. 1861a. Descriptions of new genera and species of exotic Hymenoptera. Journal of Entomology 1: 146-155.

Smith, F. 1861b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A.R. Wallace in the islands of Batchian, Kaisaa, Amboyna, Gilolo and at Dory in New Guinea. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 5: 93-143.

Smith, F. 1861c.  Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace at Celebes. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. London Zool. 5: 57-93.

Smith, F. 1862a.  Descriptions of new species of Australian Hymenoptera, and of a species of Formica from New ZealandTransactions of the Entomological Society of london (3)1: 53-62.

Smith, F. 1862b.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A.R.Wallace in the islands of Ceram, Celebes, Ternate and Gilolo.  Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 6: 36-66.

Smith, F. 1862c. Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera, collected at Panama by R. W. Stretch, Esq, with a list of described species, and the various localities where they have previously occurred. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (3)1: 29-48.

Smith, F. 1863.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A.R. Wallace in the islands of Mysol, Ceram, Waigiou, Bouru and Timor. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 7: 5-66.

Smith, F. 1864a.  On the construction of hexagonal cells by bees and wasps.  Transactions of Entomological society of London Ser. 3, Vol. 2: 131-142, pl. 13.

Smith, F. 1864b.  On the sagacity exhibited by certain bees and ants.  Zoologist 1864: 9073-9077.

Smith, F. 1864c.  Notes on hymenoptera.  Entomologist’s Annual. 1864: 108-117.

Smith, F. 1864d.  Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from the islands of Sumatra, Sula, Gilolo, Salwatty, and New Guinea, collected by Mr. A.R. Wallace. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Botany & Zoology 8: 61-94.

Smith, F. 1864e. Notes on the geographical distribution of the aculeate Hymenoptera collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the Eastern Archipelago. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. London Zool. 7: 109-145.

Smith, F. 1865a.  Notes on Hymenoptera.  Entomologist’s Annual 1865: 81-96.

Smith, F. 1865b.  Descriptions of some new species of hymenopterous insects belonging to the families Thynnidae, Masaridae and Apidae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (3)2: 389-396, pl. 21.

Smith, F. 1865c. On some new Australian Hymenoptera.-Appendix. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (3)2: 396-399.

Smith, F. 1865d.  Notes on Hymenoptera.  Proceedings of the Linnean Society 8: 61-94.

Smith, F. 1865e.  On the species and varieties of the honey-bees belonging to the genus Apis. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (3)15: 372-380.

Smith, F. 1865f.  Observations on the genus Dorylus and upon a new genus of Apidae. Entomologist Monthly Magazine 2: 3-5.

Smith, F. 1865g. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from the Islands of Sumatra, Sula, Gilolo, Salwatty, and New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. London Zool. 8: 61-94.

Smith, F. 1866.  Notes on some hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. Peckolt at Catagallo, South BrazilTransactions of the Entomological Society of London (3)5: 323-327. 

Smith, F. 1867a.  Notes on aculeate Hymenoptera observed in 1866. Entomologist Monthly Magazine 3: 193-199.

Smith, F. 1867b.  A revision of the British species of the genus BombusEntomologist Monthly Magazine 3: 240-243, 255-260, 267-269, 281-288 & 293-298.

Smith, F. 1867c.  A revision of the characters and synonymes of British Bees.  Entomologist Monthly Magazine 3: 305, 320-325 & 336-338.

Smith, F. 1868a.  Descriptions of aculeate Hymenoptera from AustraliaTransactions of the Entomological Society of London 1868: 231-258.

Smith, F. 1868b. [A new name for Oestropsis].  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London, p. 39.

Smith, F. 1868c.  Notes on Hymenoptera.  Entomologists’ Annual 1868: 81-96.

Smith, F. 1868d.  A revision of the British species of bees.  Entomologist Monthly Magazine 4: 1-9.

Smith, F. 1868e.  Facundity of the queen bee.  Entomologist Monthly Magazine 5: 71-72.

Smith, F. 1868f.  Observations on the economy of Brazilian insects, chiefly Hymenoptera, from the notes of Mr. Peckolt.  Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1868: 133-135.

Smith, F. 1869a.  Descriptions of Hymenoptera from Japan. Entomologist Monthly Magazine 4:  205-208.

Smith, F. 1869b. Descriptions of Hymenoptera from Japan. Entomologist Monthly Magezine 4: 276-277.

Smith, F. 1870a.  Notes on British Hymenoptera.  Entomologist Monthly Magazine 5: 276-277.

Smith, F. 1870b.  Notes on Hymenoptera.  Entomologists’ Annual for 1870: 19-30; 65-82.

Smith, F. 1870c.  [Hymenoptera from Nagasaki] . Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1870, 1-19pp.

Smith, F. 1871a.  Notes on various species of Apidae, Formicidae, Fossores and Vespidae, with observations on some of the parasites of the latter. Entomologists’ Annual for 1871: 55-70.

Smith, F. 1871b. Descriptions of some new insects collected by Dr. Anderson during the expedition to Yunan [sic]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871: 244-249.

Smith, F. 1871c. A catalogue of British Hymenoptera; Aculeata. Entomological Society of London, 8 vol. 44 pp. [Summary by Dunning, 1871, Entomologist viii: 212.]

Smith, F. 1871d. Descriptions of the hermaphrodites of Anthophora, Apis, Nomada and Andrena. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1871, p.14.

Smith, F. 1871e. Notes on some aculeate Hymenoptera [Megachile species]. Transactions of the Zoological Society 7: 193.

Smith, F. 1872. Notes on the Aculeate Hymenoptera of South DevonEntomologists’ Annual for 1872: 93-106.

Smith, F. 1873a. Descriptions of aculeate Hymenoptera of Japan, collected by Mr. George Lewis at Nagasaki and Hiogo. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1873: 181-206.

Smith, F. 1873b. Seven new species of aculeate Hymenoptera, with notices and figures of a few other known species. In: J. L. Brenchley (ed.), Jottings during the Cruise of H. M. S. Curacoa among the South Sea Islands in 1865. London 1873, 8 vol, pls. xliii-l. [Captures at Velzen, by Everts; Tijdschr. Ent. (2)viii: 30, Versl.].

Smith, F. 1874.  Monograph of the genus Xylocopa Latr. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1874: 247-307.

Smith, F. 1875a.  Descriptions of new species of Indian aculeate Hymenoptera, collected by Mr. G.R. James Rothney, member of the Entomological Society. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1875: 33-50.

Smith, F. 1875b.  Descriptions of new species of bees belonging to the genus Nomia of Latreille.  Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1875: 53-70.

Smith, F. 1876a.  Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects of New Zealand, collected by C.M. Wakefield, Esq., principally in the neighbourhood of Canterbury. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1876: 473-487, pl.4.

Smith, F. 1876b. Preliminary notice of new species of Hymenoptera, Diptera, and Forficulidae collected in the Island of Rodriguez by the naturalists accompanying the Transit-of-Venus Expedition. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4)17: 447-451.

Smith, F. 1878a. List of the Hymenoptera obtained by Mr Ossian Limborg east of Maulmain, Tenasserim Provinces, during the months of December 1876, January, March and April 1877, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 47: 167-169.

Smith, F. 1878b.  Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from New Zealand, collected by Prof. Hutton, at Otago. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1878: 1-7.

Smith, F. 1878c.  Scientific results of the second Yarkland Mission: Based on the collections and notes of the late Ferdinand Stoliczka: Part 9. Hymenoptera.Government of India, Calcutta. Pp. 1-22.

Smith, F. 1879a. Descriptions of new species of Hymenoptera in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London xxi + 240 pp.

Smith, F. 1879b. Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by the Rev. Thos. Blackburn in the Sandwich Islands. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 14: 674-685.

Smith, F. 1961. Honey bee races in Africa. Bee World 42: 255-260.

Smith, F. F. & F. Weiss, 1942.  Relationship of insects to the spread of azalea flower spot. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. 798: 1-43.

Smith-Pardo, A.H. 2001. Distribution records for Trigona subgenus Duckeola outside of Brazil (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society  74(2): 115-117. [Also in Sociobiology 10(1): 105-119.]

Smith,  M. V. & C. P. Milne Jr.,  1981. Increasing the efficiency of queen mating nuclei. American Bee Journal 121(8): 570-571, 574.

Smith Pardo, A. H. 1999. The bees of Porce, Colletidae family (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): notes and keys for the genera present in the influence zone of the Porce II dam. Revista - Facultad Nacional de Agronomia Medellin 52(2): 599-610.

Smith-Pardo, A. H. 2003. A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76(2): 335-341.

Smith-Pardo, A. H. & M. S. Engel, 2001. Distribution records for Trigona subgenus Duckeola outside of Brazil (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 74(2): 115-117.

Smith-Pardo, A. H. & V. H. Gonzalez, 2008. Chilicola (Hylaeosoma) Ashmead bees (Colletidae, Xeromelissinae) of the megalostigma group: a new species from Colombia and a key to species.[Abejas Chilicola (Hylaeosoma) Ashmead (Colletidae: Xeromelissinae) del grupo megalostigma: una especie nueva de Colombia y clave para las especies.]. Neotropical entomology 36(6): 910-913.

Smith, R., M. Spivak, O. Taylor, C. Bennett & M. Smith, 1993. Maturation of tergal gland alkene profiles in European honey bee queens. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19(1): 133-142.

Smith, R. K. 1988. Identification of Africanization in honey bees based on extracted Hydrocarbons assay. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. Also in: Journal of Insect Behavior 1993, 6(2): 195-210.

Smith, R. K. & B. K. Lavine, 1987.  Computer modeling of hydrocarbon data toward detection of Africanization in honey bees.   American Bee Journal 127(12): 851-852.

Smith,  R.  K.,  J. F. Rossman,  H. F. York  Jr.  &  O. R. Taylor  Jr.,  1988.    Stock certification of European queens.   American Bee Journal 128(10): 676-678.

Smith, S. G. & D. R. Wallace, 1971. Allelic sex determination in a lower hymenopteran, Neodiprion nigroscutum Midd.  Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 13: 617-621.

Smith, W. E. & W. G. Whitford, 1978.  Factors affecting the nesting success of the large carpenter bee Xylocopa californica grizonensis. Environmental Entomology 7(4): 614-616.

Smith, R. K. & O. R. Taylor Jr., 1990.  Unsaturated extracted hydrocarbon caste differences between European queen and worker honey bees, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63 (3): 369-374.

Smithson, A. 2002. The consequences of rewardlessness in orchids: reward-supplementation experiments with Anacamptis morio (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany 89(10): 1579-1587.

        

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Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

                   

Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006

 

Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008

 

        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010

 

 

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