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File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

 

 

 

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Sneath, P. H. A. & R. R. Sokal, 1973.  Numerical Taxonomy – The principles and practice of numerical classification.  Freeman & Co., San Francisco.

Snelling, R. R.  1956. Bees of the genus Centris in CaliforniaPan-Pacific Entomologist 32: 1-8.

Snelling, R. R.  1966a.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 1. Distribution of the western species of the subgenus Prosopis with description of new forms.  Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 98: 1-18.

Snelling, R. R.  1966b.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 2.  Description of a new subgenus and species.  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 79: 139-144.

Snelling, R. R.  1966c.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 3. The nearctic subgenera.  Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 65: 164-175.

Snelling, R. R. 1966d. A new species of Heteranthidium from CaliforniaContributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 97: 1-8.

Snelling, R. R.  1967.  Description of a new subgenus of OsmiaBulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 66: 103-108.

Snelling, R. R.  1968.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 4.  The subgenera Cephahylaeus, Metziella and HylaeanaContributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 144: 1-6.

Snelling, R. R.  1969.  The Philippine subgenus Hoploprosopis of Hylaeus. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 171: 1-5.

Snelling, R. R.  1970a.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 5. The subgenera Hylaeus s.str. and ParaprosopisContributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 180: 1-59.

Snelling, R. R. 1970b. The Hylaeus of the Bonin Islands, western Pacific Ocean (Hymenoptera Colletidae). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Science 69(1): 1-19.

Snelling, R. R.  1974.  Notes on the distribution and taxonomy of some North American Centris (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no.259: 1-41.

Snelling, R. R.  1975a.  Taxonomic notes on some colletid bees of western North America with descriptions of new species. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 267: 1-9.

Snelling, R. R. 1975b. Range extension of two Heteranthidium, with description of Heteranthidium cordaticeps male (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 77(1): 87-90.

Snelling, R. R.  1980a.  New bees of the genus Hylaeus from Sri Lanka and IndiaContributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County no. 328: 1-18.

Snelling, R. R. 1980b. The bee genus Bicornelia (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). Contributions in Science, Publ. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles 327: 1-6.  

Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Social Insects 2: 369-453. 

Snelling, R. R.  1982.  The taxonomy of some neotropical Hylaeus and descriptions of new taxa (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 81(1): 1-25.

Snelling, R. R.  1983a.  Studies on North American bees of the genus Hylaeus, 6.  On adventive Palaearctic species in southern CaliforniaBulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 82: 12-16.

Snelling, R. R.  1983b.  North American species of the bee genus Lithurge. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 343: 1-11.

Snelling, R. R.  1984.  Studies on the taxonomy and distribution of American centridine bees.  Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no.347: 1-69.

Snelling, R. R.  1985.  The systematics of the hylaeine bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) of the Ethiopian zoological region: The genera and subgenera with revisions of the smaller groups. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no.361: 1-33.

Snelling, R. R.  1986a.  Contributions toward a revision of the new world nomadine bees: A partitioning of the genus Nomada. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no.376: 1-32.

Snelling, R. R.  1986b.  The taxonomic status of two North American LithurgeBulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 85: 29-34.

Snelling, R. R.  1987.  A revision of the bee genus AztecanthidiumPan-Pacific Entomologist 63: 165-171.

Snelling, R. R. 1988a. A new species of Centris (Melanocentris) from Cerro de la Neblina, Venezuela (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Entomological News 99(1): 13-16.

Snelling, R. R. 1988b. The generic placement of Prosopis? Allodape? mustela Vachal, 1895 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Entomological News 99(1): 10-12.

Snelling, R. R.  1990.  A review of the native North American bees of the genus Chalicodoma. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no. 421: 1-39.

Snelling, R. R.  1994.  Diadasia, subgenus Dasiapis, in North America. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 448: 1-8.

Snelling, R. R. 2003. Bees of the Hawaiian Islands, exclusive of Hylaeus (Nesoprosopis) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76(2): 342-356.

Snelling, R. R. & R. W. Brooks, 1985.  A review of the genera of cleptoparasitic bees of the tribe Ericrocini (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contribution in Science no.369: 1-34.

Snelling, R. R. & B. N. Danforth, 1992.  A review of Perdita, subgenus Macrotera (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae).  Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 436: 1-12.

Snelling, R. R. & J. G. Rozen Jr.,  1987.  Contributions toward a revision of the New World nomadine bees.  2:  The genus Melanomada (Hymenoptera:  Anthophoridae). Contributions in Science,  Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 384: 1-12.

Snelling, R. R. & G. I. Stage, 1955a.  Systematics and biology of the bee genus Xeralictus. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 451: 1-17.

Snelling, R. R. & G. I. Stage, 1955b. A revision of the nearctic Melittidae: The subfamily Melittinae.  Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County no. 451: 19-31.

Snelling, R. R. & T. J. Zavortink, 1984. A revision of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Ericrocis (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Wasmann Journal of Biology 42(1/2): 1-26.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1928. Morphology and evolution of the insect head and its appendages. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 81(3): 1-158.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of Insect Morphology. McGraw-Hill, N.York. 667 p.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1941. The male genitalia of Hymenoptera.  Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 99(14): 1-86, pls. 1-33.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1942. The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 103(2): 1-120.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1956. Anatomy of the Honey Bee. xiv + 334 pp. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca/NY.

Snow, A. A. & D. W. Roubik, 1987.  Pollen deposition and removal by bees visiting two tree species in PanamaBiotropica 19: 57-63.

Snyder, A. W. & R. Menzel, 1975. Photoreceptor Optics. Heidelberg, Berlin, New York: Springer Verlag.

Snyder, A. W., R. Menzel & S. B. Laughlin, 1973. Structure and function of the fused rhabdom. J. Comp. Physiol. 87: 99-135.

Snyder, T. P. 1977.  A new electrophoretic approach to bio-chemical systematics of bees.  Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 5: 133-150.

Snyder, T. P., E. M. Barrows & M. R. Chbot, 1976.  Nests of Diadasia afflicta Cresson.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49: 200-203.

Snow, A. A. & D. W. Roubik, 1987.  Pollen deposition and removal by bees visiting two tree species in PanamaBiotropica 19(1): 57-63.

Snow, D. W. 1997. Should the biological be superseded by the phylogenetic species concept? Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 117: 110-121.

Snyder, A. W. & R. Menzel, 1975. Photoreceptor Optics. Heidelberg, Berlin, New York: Springer Verlag.

Snyder, A. W., R. Menzel & S. B. Laughlin, 1973. Structure and function of the fused rhabdom. J. Comp. Physiol. 87: 99-135.

Soares, A. E. E.  1981. Chartreuse-limao: first eye mutation induced by gamma radiation with 60Co cobalt isotope in the honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii.   Journal of Apicultural Research 20 (3): 137-139.

Soares, M. P. M., M. Elias-Neto, Z. L. P. Simões & M. M. G. Bitondi, 2007. A cuticle protein gene in the honeybee: Expression during development and in relation to the ecdysteroid titer. Insect biochemistry and molecular biology 37(12): 1272-1282. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2007.07.014].

Sobakinskikh, V. I.  1986a. African honeybees on the American continent and in Africa. Pchelovodstvo 8 : 29-30.

Sobakinskikh, V. I. 1986b. African honeybees on the American continent and at home. Pchelovodstvo 9 : 25-26 (concluded).

Sobenko, J. 1997. Caixa prática para "jatai". Mensagem Doce 42: 12-13. Brasil. Societies monogynes et digynes. Insectes Sociaux 20: 297-320.

Sobonya, R. E., & J. O. Schmidt, 1997. Not a "Bee-zoar," but a wasp. N. Engl. J. Med. 337: 575.

Soderstrom, B., B. Svensson, K. Vessby & A. Glimskar, 2001. Plants, insects and birds in semi-natural pastures in relation to local habitat and landscape factors. Biodiversity and Conservation 10(11): 1839-1863.

Soderstrom, T. R. & C. E. Calderon, 1971.  Insect pollination in tropical rain forest grasses.  Biotropica 3: 1-16.

Sodre, G. da S., L. C. Marchini & C. A. L. de Carvalho, 2002. Honey physico-chemical characteristics - Apis mellifera L. 1758 – the northern coast of Bahia State. Revista de Agricultura (Piracicaba) 77(2): 243-256.

Soetardi, R. G. 1950.  The importance of insects in the pollination of Theobroma cacaoArch. Koffiecult. Indones. 17: 3-31.

Soika, A. G. 1932.  Études sur les larves des hyménoptères (l re note).  Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 101: 127-130.

Soika, A. G. 1933.  Studi sulle larve degli Imenotteri (3a nota). Bollettino della Societa Veneziana de Storia Naturale 1: 21-26.

Soika, A. G. 1934.  Etudes sur les larves des hyménoptères (2e note). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 103: 337-343.

Soika, A. G. 1936.  Etologia e larva primaria di Melecta luctuosa Scop. (Hym., Apidae). Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 68: 47-48.

Sokol, R. 2000. Diseases in selected apiaries in Poland. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 56(12): 785-787.

Sokal, R. R.  & F. J. Rohlf, 1981.  Biometry. 2nd  Edition. Freeman, New York, NY.

Sokal, R. R. & F. J. Rohlf, 1995. Biometry. 3rd Edition. W. H. Freeman, New York.

Sole, C. L., P. Kryger, A. Hefetz, T. Katzav-Gozansky, & R. M. Crewe, 2002. Mimicry of queen Dufour's gland secretions by workers of Apis mellifera scutellata and A. m. capensis. Naturwissenschaften 89(12): 561-564.

Solignac, M., J. M. Cornuet, D. Vautrin, Y. Le Conte, D. Anderson, J. Evans, S. Cros-Arteil, M. Navajas, 2005. The invasive Korea and Japan types of Varroa destructor, ectoparasitic mites of the Western honeybee (Apis mellifera), are two party isolated  clones. Proceedings Biological Sciences 272(1561): 411-419.

Solignac, M., D. Vautrin, A. Loiseau, F. Mougel, E. Baudry, A. Estoup, L. Garnery,  M. Haberl & J. M. Cornuet, 2003. Five hundred and fifty microsatellite markers for the study of the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) genome. Molecular Ecology Notes 3(2): 307-311.

Solinas, M. & F. Bin, 1965a.  Osservazioni sugli insetti impollinatori dell leguminose foraggere (Medicago sativa e Trifolium patense) nella pianura Padana. Parte I.  Sementi Elette 11(2): 50-61.

Solinas, M. & F. Bin, 1965b.  Osservazioni sugli insetti impollinatori dell leguminose foraggere (Medicago sativa e Trifolium patense) nella pianura Padana. Parte II.  Sementi Elette 11(2): 108-128.

Sollenberger, T. L. 2005b. Beedevilment. 2. Conclusion. American bee journal 145(1): 56-58. 

Sollenberger, T. 2005. Sol & waters adventures in beeland "Urban Safari". American bee journal 145(3): 225-228.

Sollenberger, T. 2005. Set the stage for a successful spring with fall requeening. American bee journal 145(8): 637-639.

Sollenberger, T. 2005a. The curious case of the intercaste queens. American bee journal 145(10): 808-810.

Sollenberger, T. 2006b. Antics. American bee journal 146(5): 401-402.

Sollenberger, T. 2006c. Fire antics. American bee journal 146(6): 501-503.

Sollenberger, T. 2006a. Ant-free certification for almond pollination. American bee journal 146(7): 581-583.

Sollenberger, T. 2007. The pollen party can -  make your own pollen-feeding stations. American bee journal 147(4): 309-310.

Solov'eva, L. F. 2001. Evaluation of the level of danger from Calypso to honey bees. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii No. 8: 26.

Soltesz, M., P. Benedek, J. Nyeki, Z. Szabo & T. Toth, 2001. Flower visiting activity of honeybees on fruit species blooming subsequently. International Journal of Horticultural Science 7(1): 12-16.

Solys, Z. 2000. Peculiarities of the occurence of American foulbrood. Zemdirbyste, Mokslo Darbai No. 72: 281-287.

Somanathan, H. & R. M. Borges, 2001. Nocturnal pollination by the carpenter bee Xylocopa tenuiscapa (Apidae) and the effect of floral display on fruit set of Heterophragma quadriloculare (Bignoniaceae) in India. Biotropica 33(1): 78-89.

Somanathan, H., R. M. Borges, E. J. Warrant, A. E. J. Kelber, 2008. Visual ecology of Indian carpenter bees I: Light intensities and flight activity. Journal of comparative physiology, A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 194(1): 97-107. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00359-007-0291-1].

Somerville,  D.  1995.  Pollination  of  faba  beans. Report to Honeybee Research Development Council,  D.A.N. 19H.

Somerville, D. 2000. Pollen trapping and storage. Agnote - NSW Agriculture DAI-207(1st Ed.): 1-4.

Sommeijer, M. J., L. L. M. de Bruijn & F. J. A. J. Meeuwsen, 2003. Reproductive behaviour of stingless bees: solitary gynes of Melipona favosa (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponini) can penetrate existing nests. Entomologische Berichten 63(2): 31-35.

Sommeijer, M. J., L. L. M. de Bruijn, F. J. A. J. Meeuwsen & E. P. Martens, 2003. Natural patterns of caste and sex allocation in the stingless bees Melipona favosa and M. trinitatis related to worker behaviour. Insectes Sociaux 50(1): 38-44.

Sommeijer, M. J., L. L. M. de Bruijn, F. J. A. J. Meeuwsen & E. J. Slaa, 2003. Reproductive behaviour of stingless bees: nest departures of non-accepted gynes and nuptial flights in Melipona favosa (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponini). Entomologische Bericheten 63(1): 7-13.

Sommer, P. G. 1979a. Behavior of Africanized honeybees in Parana State during observations made in the 1960-1970 period.  Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. [1978] 1979: 77-79.  

Sommer, P. G. 1979b. Behavior of Africanized honeybees [Apis mellifera adansonii] in Parana (Brazil) before the observations made during the 1960-1977 period.  Gac. Colmenar 41 (7): 342-343, 395. 

Sommers, C. E.  1987.  Africanized  'killer' bee:  ahead of schedule. Successful Farming 85(2): 18C.

Somerville, D. 1995. Pollination of faba beans. Report to Honeybee Research Development Council D.A.N. 19H. 

Sonderegger, E.  1973. Invasion of African bees in  South AmericaBienenvater   94 (12): 345-347.  

Sonderegger, E.  1976.  Experiences with African bees in Argentina. Bienenwelt 18 (7):151-153.

Sorkum, K., A. Guner & M. Vural, 1989.  Pollen analysis of honey from Rize (Turkey). Doga. Turk. Bot. Derg. 13(3): 547-554.

Sorkun, K. & A. Sahin, 2000. The source of starch grains from Turkish pine honey. Journal of Apicultural Research 39(1/2): 85-86.

Soro, A. & R. J. Paxton, 1999. The strawberry tree: a significant source of nectar around the Mediterranean basin. Bee World 80(3): 140-144.  

Soroka, J. J. & D. W. Goerzen, 2002. Alfalfa weevil and other legume weevils in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Alfalfa Seed Producers Association Extention Publication 2002-01 (ISBN 0-88656-715-7). May 2002:  1-2.

Soroka, J. J., D. W. Goerzen, K. C. Falk & K. E. Bett, 2001. Alfalfa leafcutting bee     (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) pollination of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) under Isolation tents for hybrid seed production. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81: 199-204.

Sosa, M. A. 1988. Hymenoptera pollinators of sunflower in North Dakota. M. S. Thesis. Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo.

Sosa-Najera, M. S., E. Martinez-Hernandez, M. D. S. Lozano-Garcia & J. I. Cuadriello-Aguilar, 1994. Nectaropolliniferous sources used by Trigona (Tetragonisca) angustula in Chiapas, southern Mexico. Grana 33(4-5): 225-230.

Soszek, Z. [Soczek, Z.] 1970.  Rola pszczół w zwiększaniu plonów porzeczki czarnej. 2. Nauk. Konf. Pszczel. Puławy, 14 pp.

Soucy, S. L. & B. N. Danforth, 2002. Phylogeography of the socially polymorphic sweat bee Halictus rubicundus (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Evolution 56(2): 330-341.

Sousa, L. A., T. de O. Pereira, F. Prezoto & . M. Faria-Mucci, 2002. Nest foundation and diversity of Meliponini (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in an urban area of the Municipality of Juiz de For a, MG, Brazil. Bioscience Journal 18(2): 59-65.

Southwick, E. E. 1987a. Apis mellifera scutellata: geographic variability and classification. American Bee Journal 127(3): 191-192.   

Southwick, E. E. 1987b. Bee research digest: toxicity of sting venom.  American Bee Journal 127 (6): 456-457.   

Southwick, E. E. 1988. Thermoregulation in honey-bee colonies. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. Also:  Suny Coll Brockport, Dept. Biol. Sci., Brockport, NY. (reprint).

Southwick, E. E. 1990a. The spread of Neotropical honey bees in the Americas by African swarms.   American Bee Journal 130(6 ): 413, 415.   

Southwick,  E.  E.  1990b.   How   will    Africanized   honey    bees   behave.    American Bee Journal   130 (3): 200-201.  

Southwick, E. E.  1990c.  Living  with  Africanized  honey  bees.  American Bee Journal 130 (2): 91-92 . 

Southwick, E. E. 1991a. Comparison of foraging patterns exhibited by Africanized and European honey bees.   American Bee Journal 131 (5): 309-310.  

Southwick, E. E. 1991b. Africanized honey bee scene.   American Bee Journal 131 (12): 761-762,  250-259.

Southwick, E. E.  1993. Trapping and releasing drones in areas of Africanized honey bees. American Bee Journal 133 (5): 355-356  .

Southwick, E. E. & S. L. Buchmann, 1995. Effects of horizon landmarks on homing success in honey bees. American Naturalist 146(5): 748 - 764.      

Southwick, E. E., D. W. Roubik & J. M. Williams, 1990.  Comparative energy balance in groups of Africanized and European honeybees: Ecological implications.  Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology A. Comp. Physiol. 97(1): 1-7.

Southwick, E. E. & L. Southwick Jr., 1992.  Estimating the economic value of honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) as agricultural  pollinators in the United StatesJournal of Economic Entomology 85(3): 621-633.

Southwick, L. Jr. & E. E. Southwick,  1989.  A comment on ‘value of honey bees as pollinators of U. S. Crops’. American Bee Journal  129: 805-807.

Souza, D. C., C. D. Cruz, L. A. de O. Campos & A. J. Regazzi, 2002. Correlation between honey production and some morphological traits in Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera). Ciencia Rural 32(5): 869-872

Souza, R. O., M. Cervini, M. A. del Lama & R. J. Paxton, 2007. Microsatellite loci for euglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Molecular ecology notes 7(6): 352-1356. [ER: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01878.x].

Sowa, S. 1973.  Z badań nad owadami zapylającymi lucerne w Polsce. Zesz. Probl. Postępów Nauk. Roln. zesz. 131: 145-152.

Sowa, S. & I. Mostowska,  1978.  Biology of Andrena labialis in Olsztyn Province, Poland (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Pol. Pismo Entomol. 48(3): 439-444.

Sowig, P. & H. F. Paulus, 1988a. Beobachtungen zu Artenzusammensetzung und Sammelstrategien in Hummelgemeinschaften an Beinwell (Symphytum officinale). Mitt. dtsch. Ges. allg. angew. Entomol. 6: 1-7.

Sowig, P. & H. F. Paulus, 1988b. Structure of two bumblebee communities with particular reference to size-variability in the worker caste. Proc. XVIII. Int. Congr. Entomol. Vancouver 1988: 247.

Spaethe, J., W. H. Moser & H. F. Paulus, 2007. Increase of pollinator attraction by means of a visual signal in the sexually deceptive orchid, Ophrys heldreichii (Orchidaceae). Plant systematics and evolution 264(1-2): 31-40. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0503-0].

Spaethe, J., J. Tautz & L. Chittka, 2001. Visual constraints in foraging bumblebees: flower size and color affect search time and flight behaviour. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98(7): 3898-3903.

Spangler, H. G. 1994. Are the wingbeat frequencies of honey bees an indicator of populations or behavior.  American Bee Journal 134 (1): 53-55.  

Spangler, H. G.  2000. Acoustic Component and Social Contest of the Wing Display of the Walnut Fly, Rhagoletis Juglandis. Journal of Insect Behavior 13(4): [Pages ?]

Spangler, H. G. & S. L. Buchmann, 1991. Effects of temperature on wing beat frequency in the solitary bee Centris caesalpiniae (Anthophoridae: Hymenoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 64(1):107 - 109.

Spangler, H. G. & E. H. Erickson, 1991. System for assessing bee temperament. United States Department of Agricultural Patents [May 14, 1991 Patent No. 5,015, 212. 1 page. Copies of USDA patents are available for a fee from the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks, U.S. Patents and Trademarks Office, Washington, D. C. 20231.].

Spangler, H. G. & J. O. Moffett, 1979. Pollination of melons in greenhouses. Gleanings in Bee Culture 107(1): 17-18.

Spangler, H. G., J. O. Schmidt, S. C. Thoenes & E. H. Erickson, 1990. Automated testing of the  temperament of  Africanized honey bees-a progress report.   American Bee Journal  130 (11): 731-733.  

Spangler, H. G. & D. J. Sprenkle, 1997. An instrument for quantifying honey bee defensiveness.  Appl. Acoust. 50: 325-332.

Spangler, H. G. & A. Takessian, 1984. Counting flying honeybees (Apis mellifera) by detecting wing reflectance.  Southwest. Entomol. 9(1): 35-40.

Spangler, H. G., S. C. Thoenes, E. A. Sugden,  J. O. Schmidt,  1992. A device for detecting honey bees in cavities.  American Bee Journal 132(12): 803-864. 

Sparnaaij, L. D. Y. O. Kho & J. Baer, 1968. Investigations on seed production in tetraploid Freesias. Euphytica 17(2): 289-297. 

Sparre-Schneider, J. 1909. Hymenoptera aculeata im arktischen Norwegen. Tromsø museums årshefter 29(1906): 81-160.

Sparre-Schneider, J. 1918. Die Hummeln der Kristiana-Gegend. Tromsø museums årshefter 40(1917): 1-45.

Speight, M. R. 2001. Insect diversity and livelihoods. Pp. 231-269. In: Living off biodiversity: exploring livelihoods and biodiversity issues in natural resources management.

Spencer, H. 2001.  "I'm looking for a bee yard". American Bee Journal  November, 2001: 783-786.

Spencer, H. 2001. The greatest hazard to honey bee colonies and beekeepers. American Bee Journal  April, 2001: 277- 278.

Spencer, H. 2007. The honeybee: The most profitable thing you can have. Small farm today 24(1): 39-40.

Spessa, A., M. P. Schwarz, M. P. & M. Adams, 2000.   Sociality in Amphylaeus morosus (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Hylaeinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(3): 684-692.

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Stelfeld-K, W. H. 1974.  Contribucion al conocimiento de las especies chilenas del genero Trichothurgus Moure, 1949 (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Mus. Nal. Hist. Nat. Not. Mens (SanTiago) 18(206/207): 1-10.

Stephanou, M., Y. Petropoulou, O. Georgiou & Y. Manetas, 2000. Enhanced UV-B radiation, flower attributes and pollinator behaviour in Cistus creticus: a Mediterranean field study. Plant Ecology 147(2): 165-171.

Stephen, W. A. 1968.  Mites: A beekeeping problem in Vietnam and IndiaBee World 49(3): 119-120.

Stephen, W. P. 1952. A new name for Colletes albescens Nosk. (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Canadian Entomologist 84: 355.

Stephen, W. P. 1954. A revision of the bee genus Colletes in America north of MexicoUniversity of Kansas Science Bulletin 36: 149-527.

Stephen, W. P. 1955. Alfalfa pollination in Manitoba. Journal of Economic Entomology 48: 543-548.

Stephen, W. P. 1957. Bumble bees of western America (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Oregon State College Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin  40: 1-163.

Stephen, W. P. 1958. Nomia melanderi  in Oregon. Bull. Oregon Ent. Soc. 15(3): 3.

Stephen, W. P. 1959. Maintaining alkali bees for alfalfa seed production. Bulletin of the Oregon Agriculture Experiment Station no. 568: 1-23.

Stephen, W. P. 1960a. Artificial bee beds for the propagation of the alkali bee, Nomia melanderiJournal of Economic Entomology 53: 1025-1030.

Stephen, W. P. 1960b. Studies in the alkali bee (Nomia melanderi Cockerell). II. Preliminary investigations on the effect of soluble salts on alkali bee nesting sites. Oregon State College Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 52: 15-26.

Stephen, W. P. 1960c.  Studies in the alkali bee (Nomia melanderi Cockerell).III. Management and renovation of native soils for alkali bee inhabitation. Oregon State College Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 52: 27-39.

Stephen, W. P. 1961a. Artificial nesting sites for the propagation of the leaf-cutter bees, Megachile (Eutricharaea) rotundata, for alfalfa pollination. Journal of Economic Entomology 54(5): 989-993.

Stephen, W. P. 1961b.  Biological observations on Emphoropsis miserabilis (Cresson), with comparative notes on other anthophorids.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 54: 687-692.

Stephen, W. P. 1962.  Propagation of the leaf-cutter bee for alfalfa seed production. Bulletin of the Oregon Agriculture Experiment Station  no. 586: 1-12.

Stephen, W. P. 1965a. Circadian rhythms in the leafcutter bee, Megachile rotundata (Fabr.). Proc. 12th Intern. Congr. Entomol. London, 8-16 July, 1964. Pp. 350. 

Stephen, W. P. 1965b. Artificial beds for alkali bee propagation. Bulletin of the Oregon Agriculture Experiment Station  No. 598: 1- 20 pp.

Stephen, W. P. 1965c. Effects of soil moisture on survival of prepupae of the alkali bee. Journal of Economic Entomology 58: 472-474.

Stephen, W. P. 1966a. Andrena (Cryptandrena) viburnella, I: Bionomics. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39: 42-51. 

Stephen, W. P. 1966b. Andrena (Cryptandrena) viburnella, II:  External morphology of the larva and pupa.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39: 51-53.

Stephen, W. P. 1968.  Bees for seed.  Animals 10(11): 518-520.

Stephen, W. P. 1970. Stone fruit pollination. Fact Sheet Oregon State University Extension Service No. 172: 1-2.

Stephen, W. P. 1973. Insects as natural resources and tools of management.  In: Insect-studies in population management [Collective papers, 14th International Congress, Canberra 1972.]. Ecological Society of Australia, Canberra. Pp. 31-44. (Mem.1). 

Stephen, W. P. 1979.  A natural light Sapyga and parasite emergence trap in leafcutting bee management (Megachile rotundata). Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis  Bulletin No. 636: 1-2.

Stephen, W. P. 1981a. The design and function of field domiciles and incubators for leafcutting bee management, Megachile rotundata (Fabricius). Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 654: 1-13.

Stephen, W. P. 1981b. Leafcutting bees for fun and profit. Agricultural Reviews and Manuals, USDA, Science and Education Administration. ARS North Central Region No. 19: 1-27. 

Stephen, W. P. 1987. Megachile (Eutricharea) apicalis, an introduced bee with potential as a domesticable alfalfa pollinator. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 60(4): 583-584.

Stephen, W. P. 1991. The design and function of field domiciles and incubators for leafcutting bee management [Megachile rotundata (Fabricius)]. WREP (Western Region Extension Publication -  Cooperative Extension Service)[In: Station Bulletin No. 654] 12 (rev.): 1-13.  

Stephen, W. P. 1996. The history of Megachile rotundata in the new world and its cosmopolitan redistribution. In: Proceedings 27th Ann. Winter Seed School. Jan. 28-30.

Stephen, W. P., G. E. Bohart & P. E. Torchio, 1969.  The biology and external morphology of bees with a synopsis of the genera of Northwestern AmericaAgricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis.  ii +140 pages.

Stephen, W. P., D. M. Burgett & J. Capizzi, 1977. Stone fruit pollination. Fact Sheet Oregon State University Extension Service No. 172: 1-2.

Stephen, W. P. & J. Capizzi, 1972. Stone fruit pollination. Fact Sheet Oregon State University Extension Service No. 172 (rev.): 1-2.

Stephen, W. P. &  D. D. Evans, 1960. Studies in the alkali bee (Nomia melanderi ckll.). Oreg. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bul. 52: 1-39.

Stephen, W. P. & R. W. Every, 1970. Nesting media for the propogation of leaf cutter bee. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis [Coop. Extension with U. S. Dep. Agric.] Fact Sheets No.175: 1-2.

Stephen, W. P., B. L. Fichter & J. D. Vandenburg, 1982. Efficacy of leafcutting bee body decontaminants. In: Proceedings First International Symposium on Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee Management. Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

Stephen, W.  P. & T. Koontz, 1973a.  The larvae of the Bombini, Part I: Interspecific variation in larval head characteristics of Bombus (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Melanderia 13: 1-12.

Stephen, W. P., C. C. Shock, J. Willnow, J. Swisher & T. Stieber, 1987. Management factor interactions on alfalfa seed production. Special report - Oregon State University, Agricultural Experiment Station  814: 25-30.  

Stephen, W. P. & T. Koontz, 1973b.  The larvae of the Bombini, Part II:  Developmental changes in the preadult stages of Bombus griseocollis (DeGeer). Melanderia 13: 13-29.

Stephen, W. P. & C. E. Osgood, 1965a. The induction of emergence in the leaf-cutter bee Megachile rotundata, an important pollinator of alfalfa. Journal of Economic Entomology 58(2): 284-286.

Stephen, W. P. & C. E. Osgood, 1965b.  Influence of tunnel size and nesting medium on sex ratios in a leaf-cutter bee, Megachile rotundata. Journal of Economic Entomology 58(5): 965-968.

Stephen, W. P. & B. Schricker, 1970. The effect of sublethal doses of parathion. II site of parathion activity, and signal integration. Journal of Apicultural Research 9(3): 155-164.

Stephen, W. P. & P. F. Torchio, 1961. Biological notes on the leafcutter bee, Megachile rotundata. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 37(2): 85-93.

Stephen, W. P. & J. M. Undurraga, 1976. X-radiography, an analytical tool in population studies of the leafcutter bee Megachile pacifica. Journal of Agricultural Research 15(2): 81-87.

Stephen, W. P. & J. M. Undurraga, 1977. Summary of alfalfa leafcutter bee research at OSU. In: 8th Annual Interstate Alfalfa Seed Growers Short Course. University of Nevada, Reno. Pages 11.1 – 11.11.

Stephen, W. P. & J. M. Undurraga, 1978. Chalk brood disease in the leafcutting bee.  Oregon State University, CorvallisAgric. Exper. Sta. Bull. No. 630: 1-7.

Stephen, W. P. & J. M. Undurraga, 1979. Field domicile and incubators for the leafcutting bee – their form and function in management. Oregon State University, Corvallis. Agric. Exper. Sta. Bull. No. 637: 1-6.

Stephen, W. P., J. D. Vandenberg & B. L. Fichter, 1981.  Etiology and epizootiology of chalkbrood in the leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata (Fabricius) with notes on Ascosphaera species. Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 653: 1-10.

Stephen, W. P., J. D. Vandenberg, B. L. Fichter & G. Lahm, 1982.  Inhibition of chalkbrood spore germination in vitro (Ascosphaera aggregata: Ascophaerales).  Oregon State University Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 656: 1-35.

Stephens, J. F. 1829. A systematic catalogue of British insects: being an attempt to arrange all the hitherto discovered indigenous insects in accordance with their natural affinities. xxxiv+388 pp. London.

Stephens, J. F. 1829. A systematic catalogue of British insects. Baldwin and Cradock, London. 388 pages.

Stephens, J. F. 1829. The nomenclature of British insects.... Baldwin and Cradock, London. 68 pp.

Stephens, J. F. 1846. Illustrations of British entomology; or a synopsis of indigenous insects: containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable. Supplement. vi+32 pp. London.

Stephens, P.  1973. Australian bee cager.  American Bee Journal 113(7): 259.

Stephens, P. E. 1942.  Pollination test on alfalfa.  Pa. Beekeeper 16(4): 6.

Stephens, P. E. & N. R. Crawford, 1962. The relation of location of honey bee colonies to alfalfa seed set.. In Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Pollination, Copenhagen, Aug.1960. Commun. 7, Swedish Seed Growers' Association, pp. 78-85.

Stephens, P. E. & C. B. Reed, 1970. Brood measurment as a valid index to the value of honey bees as pollinators. Journal of Economic Entomology 63: 148-149.

Stern, A., B. Wuthrich & G. Mullner, 2000. Successful treatment of occupational allergy to bumblebee venom after failure with honeybee venom extract. Allergy (Copenhagen) 55(1): 88-91.

Stern, R. A., D. Eisikowitch & A. Dag, 2001. Sequential introduction of honeybee colonies and doubling their density increases cross-pollination, fruit-set and yield in 'red delicious' apple. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 76(1): 17-23.

Stern, R. A., A. H. Zisovich, A. Dag, S. Shafir & M. Goldway, 2005. Increasing the yield of 'Spadona' pear (Pyrus communis L.) by appropriate utilization of beehives. Acta horticulturae no. 671: 143-150.

Steshenko, F. N.  1977.  Role of honey bees in the cross-pollination of grape.  Pp. 366-371.  In: A. N. Mel’nichenko (ed.), Pollination of agricultural crops by bees. Kul’tur. Publ. House, Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR, Moscow, 1960.  

Stevanovic, J. & Z. Stanimirovic, 2003. Biology of Varroa destructor. Pp. 1-9 In: Stanimirovic, Z. (Ed.). [Collection of the plenary papers from the 2nd conference about biology and health protection of honey bees, Belgrade [Serbia and Montenegro], November 22, 2003]. Zbornik plenarnih radova 2. savetovanja o biologiji i zdravstvenoj zastiti pcela, Beograd [Srbija i Crna Gora], 22.11.2003. Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro). Fakultet veterinarske medicine. 2003. 75 p. (In Serbian).

Stevens, O. A.  1920. Notes on species of Halictus visiting eveining flowers (Hym.).  Entomological News 31: 35-44.

Stevens, O. A. 1948. Native bees. Bumblebees. Bimonthly Bulletin, North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station 11: 49-54.

Stevenson, C. 2005. Chimney bee rescue. American bee journal 145(10): 814-818.

Stevenson, J. H., P. H. Needham & J. Walker, 1978.  Poisoning of honey bees by pesticides: Investigations of the changing patterns in Britain over 20 years. Rothamsted Exp. Stn. Rep. 2 [1977]: 55-72.

Stevenson, M. A., H. Benard, P. Bolger & R. S. Morris, 2005. Spatial epidemiology of the Asian honey bee mite (Varroa destructor) in the North Island of New Zealand. Preventive veterinary medicine 71(3-4): 241-252.

Stewart, J. D. & H. Shimanuki, 1970. Rapid-sample pollen trap for honey bees. Journal of Economic Entomology 63(4): 1350.

Stewart, M. A. 1930.  The insect visitants and inhabitants of Melilotus albaJournal of the New York Entomological Society 38: 43-46.

Stibich, A. S., P. A. Carbonaro & R. A. Schwartz, 2001. Insect bite reactions: an update. Dermatology 202(3): 193-197.

Stibick, J. N. L. 1984. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service strategy and the African honey bee. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 30 (4): 22-26.

Stiles, E. W. 1976. Comparison of male bumble bee flight paths: temperate and tropical (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49(2): 266-274.

Stirret, G.M. 1935.  A contribution to the knowledge of sugar beet insects in Ontario.  A historical review and preliminary survey of the insects associated with sugar-beets. Scientific Agriculture 16: 180-196.

Stirton, C. H. 1977a.  Broad-spectrum pollination of Plectranthus neochilusBothalia 12: 229-230.

Stirton, C. H. 1977b.  The pollination of Canavalia virosa by xylocopid and megachilid bees.  Bothalia 12: 225-227.

Stith, L. S.  1970. A bee in hybrid cotton production. In: The Indispensable Pollinators. Ark. Agr. Ext. Serv. Misc. Pub. 127: 28 - 32.

Stnimirovic, Z., J. Stevanovic & M. Andjelkovic, 2005. Chromosomal diversity in Apis mellifera carnica from Serbia. Apidologie 36: 31-42.

Stockhammer, K. A. 1966.  Nesting habits and life cycle of a sweat bee, Augochlora puraJournal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39: 157-192.

Stockhammer, K. A. 1967.  Some notes on the biology of the blue sweat bee, Lasioglossum coelruleumJournal of the Kansas Entomological Society 40: 177-189.

Stöckhert, E. 1933.  Die Bienen Frankens (Hym., Apidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1932: 1-294.

Stöckhert, E. 1941.  Über die Gruppe der Nomada zonata Panz. Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft 31: 1072-1122.

Stöckhert, E. 1943. Über die Gruppe der Nomada furva Panz. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1943: 89-126.

Stoeckhert, F. K. 1933. Die Bienen Frankens. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1933: 1-294.

Stoeckhert, F. K. 1954. Fauna Apoideorum Germaniae. Abhandulngen der Bayerishcen Akademie der Wissenschaften 65: 1-87.

Stockhouse, R. E. II. & H. Wells, 1978.  Pollination ecology of Chlorogalum pommeridianum, Liliaceae.  Bulletin of the South California Academy of Sciences 77: 124-129.

Stockwell, E. 1994. Africanized bees in arizona.   American Bee Journal 134(8): 507.

Stoeckhert, F. K.  1922.  Zur biologie von Prosopis variegata F.  (Hym.). Konowia 1: 39-58.

Stoeckhert, F. K.  1933.  Die Bienen Frankens (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Eine ökologischtiergeographische Untersuchung. Friedländer, Berlin. 294 pages. [Beihefte der Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrfit 1932: i-vii + 1-294.]

Stoeckhert, F. K.  1954.  Fauna Apoideorum Germaniae.  Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (n.f.) 65: 1-87.  (Anhang by H. Bischoff, pp. 70-73.) 

Stoilov, N., K. Spasov, T. Nencheva, V. Bashliiska & o. Petkova, 1990. A comparative study of queen bees produced in different bee gardens of the reserves for regional distribution of initial material.  Zhivoinov’s Nauki 27(1): 82-88.

Stolobov, N. M., Palevich, S. M., Titov, V. F., Grobov, O. F. & N. D. Dobrynin, 1989. The system of measures to control chalcidoid parasites of the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee (Methodical recommendations). Gosagroprom RSFSR. Moscow. 18 pages.

Stone, G. N. 1993. Endothermy in the solitary bee, Anthophora plumipes -  independent measures of thermoregulatory ability, costs of warm-up and the role of body size. Journal of Experimental Biology 174: 299-320.

Stone, G. N. 1994.  Patterns of evolution of warm-up rates and body  temperatures in-flight in solitary bees of the genus Anthophora. Functional Ecology 8: 324-335.

Stone, G. N. 1995.  Female foraging responses to sexual harassment in the solitary bee Anthophora plumipesBiological Journal of the Linnean Society 55: 405-412.

Stone G. N., F. S. Gilbert, P. G. Willmer, S. G. Potts, F. Semida & S. Zalat, 1999. Windows of opportunity and the temporal structuring of foraging activity in a desert solitary bee. Ecological Entomology 24: 208-221.

Stone, G. N. N. E. Raine, M. Prescott & P. G. Willmer, 2003. Pollination ecology of acacias (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Australian Systematic Botany 16(1): 103-118.

Stone, G. N. & P. G. Willmer, 1989. Warm-up rates and body temperature in bees, the importance of body size, thermal regime and phylogeny. Journal of Experimental Biology 147: 303-328.

Stoner, A., J. O. Moffett, A. L. Wardecker & H. A Rhodes, 1979. Benefit of the Wardecker waterer to colonies of honey bees during stress and nonstress situations. Environmental Entomology 8(3): 418-420.

Stoner, A. J. O. Moffett, W. T. Wilson & L. N. Standifer, 1981. Apis mellifera: effect of management of one-and  two-queen colonies on bee losses by spraying insecticides on cotton. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 16(3): 323-351.

Stoner, A., H. A. Rhodes & W. T. Wilson, 1979. Case histories of the effects of microencapsulated methyl parathion (Penncap-M) applied to fields near honeybee colonies. American Bee Journal 119(9): 648-649, 651-654.

Stoner, A. & W. T. Wilson, 1976. Selected references to the African/Brazilian honey bee. Gleanings in Bee Culture 104(9): 328-330.

Stoner, A. & W. T. Wilson, 1977. A review of the public's reaction to Africanized honeybees. Gleanings in Bee Culture 105(9): 405-408.

Stoner, A. & W. T. Wilson, 1985. Toxicity effects and chalkbrood incidence in honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies fed controlled dose of fuangicides. J. Entomol. Sci. 20(2): 172-178.

Stoner, A., W. T. Wilson & J. Harvey, 1984. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) exposure to bee wax foundation seeded with methyl parathion. Southerstern Entomologist 9(1): 22-27.

Stoner, A., W. T. Wilson & J. Harvey, 1985. Acephate (Orthene): effects on honey bee queen, brood and worker survival. American Bee Journal 125(6): 448-450.

Stoner, A., W. T. Wilson & H. A. Rhodes, 1982. Carbofuran: effect of long-term feeding of low doses in sucrose syrup on honeybees in stardard-size field colonies. Environmental Entomology 11(1): 53-59. 

Stoner, A., W. T. Wilson, H. A. Rhodes & R. R. Sackett, 1977. Compatibility of honey bees with a mosquito abatement program in the Little Laramie Valley, Wyoming. Environmental Entomology 6(4): 509-512.

Stoner, S., J. O. Moffett & A. L. Wardecker, 1979. The effect of the Todd dead bee trap, used alone and in combination with the Wardecker waterer, on colonies of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 52(3): 556-560.

Stoner, S., J. O. Moffett & A. L. Wardecker, 1980. Test of caging materials for the confinement of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in the hot, dry climate of the south-western USA. American Bee Journal 120(4): 297-298, 300.

Stoner, A., W. T. Wilson & J. O. Moffett, 1984. Effect of long-term feeding of low doses of fenvalerate or fluvalinate in sucrose syrup on honey bees in standard-size field colonies. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 19(4): 490-498.

Stort, A. C. 1974. Genetic study of aggressiveness of two subspecies of Apis mellifera in Brazil. 1. some tests to measure aggressiveness. Journal of Apicultural Research 13(1): 33-38.

Stort, A. C. 1975a. Genetic study of aggressiveness of two subspecies of Apis mellifera in Brazil. 2. Time at which the first sting reached a leather ball. Journal of Apicultural Research 14(3/4): 171-175.

Stort, A. C. 1975b. Genetical study of the aggressiveness of two subspecies of - Apis mellifera in Brasil. V. Number of stings in the leather ball. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48(3): 381-387.

Stort, A. C. 1976. Genetic study of the aggressiveness of two subspecies of Apis Mellifera in Brazil. III. time taken for the colony to become aggressive. Ciencia e Cultura -  Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciencia 28(10): 1182-1185.

Stort, A. C. 1978. Genetic study of the aggressiveness of two subspecies of Apis mellifera in Brazil. VII. Correlation of the various aggressiveness characters among each other and with the genes for abdominal color. Ciencia e Cultura -  Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciencia 30(4): 492-496.

Stort, A. C. 1979a. Aggressive behavior and sensory structures in Africanized and Italian honeybees Apis mellifera adensonii, Apis mellifera mellifera, effects of breeding, morphology, South AmericaApic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. [1978]1979 : 53-55.

Stort, A. C.  1979b. Selection of morphological characters in 3 subspecies of Apis mellifera: Apis mellifera adansonii, Apis mellifera ligustica, Apis mellifera mellifera, taxonomic aspects, Brazil. Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. [1978] 1979: 129-130.

Stort, A. C. & N. Barelli, 1981. Antennal sensory structures of Scaptotrigona postica (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(4): 751-756.

Stort, A. C. & N. Barelli, 1981. Genetic study of olfactory structures in the antennae of two Apis mellifera subspecies. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(2): 352-358.  

Stort, A. C. G. & J. Chaud-Netto, 1980. Sensorial structures and flight activity of Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera adansonii). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40(4): 717-720.  

Stort, A. C. & L. S. Goncalves, 1979a.   Africanized honeybee and the present situation of apiculture in Brazil.   Apic. Clim. Quente Api. Hot Clim. [1978]1979: 155-172.

Stort, A. C. & L. S. Goncalves,  1979b.   The African bee Apis mellifera adansonii and the current situation of apiculture in BrazilCienc. Cult. Soc. Bras. Progr. Cienc. 31 (1): 32-43.

Stort, A. C. & L. S. Goncalves, 1986. Storage of germplasm. Pp. 345-359. In: T. E. Rinderer (ed.), Bee genetics and breeding.

Stort, A. C., L. S. Goncalves, O. Malaspina & F. A. M. Duarte, 1981. Study on sineacar effectiveness in controlling Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 12(3): 289-297.

Stort, A. C., M. M. Bueno de Moraes & N. Barelli, 1986. Scanning electron microscopy observations of the mandibles of Scaptotrigona postica workers (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Journal of Apicultural Research 25(2): 65-70.

Stort, A. C., M. M. Bueno Moraes & N. Barelli, 1987. Scanning electron microscope observations on the head of Scaptotrigona postica workers (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 60(1): 162-166.

Stort, A. C., M. M. Bueno de Moraes & N. Barelli, 1988. Scanning electron microscope observations on the abdominal terga of Scaptotrigona postica workers (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 32(1): 63-68.  

Stort, A. C. & M. E. Rebustini, 1998. Differences in the number of some antennal sensilla of four honey bee (Apis mellifera) types and comparisons with the defensive behaviour. Journal of Apicultural Research 37(1): 3-10.

Stort, A. C. G. & N. J. Chaud, 1980.   Sensorial structures and flight activity of Africanized honey bees, Haploid and diploid drones.   Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40(4): 717-720.

Stort, A. C. G. & A. E. E. Soares, 1978. Occurrence of a new type of mosaicism in Apis mellifera. Experimentia 34(1): 31-32.

Stort, A. C. & A. E. E. Soares, 1980. Study of mosaicism in the antennae of Apis mellifera. Ciencia e Cultura -  Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciencia 32(11): 1552-1554.

Stosser, R. 2002. On the reproductive biology of the plum cultivar 'Valjevka'. Erwerbsobstbau 44(3): 71-75.

Stout, A. B. 1924. Studies of Lythrum salicaria. I. The efficiency of self-pollination. American Journal of Botany 10: 440 - 449.

Stout, J. C. 2000. Does size matter? Bumblebee behaviour and the pollination of Cytisus scoparius L. (Fabaceae) Apidologie 31(1): 129-140.

Stout, J. C. & D. Goulson, 2002. The influence of nectar secretion rates on the responses of bumblebees (Bombus spp.) to previously visited flowers. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 52(3): 239-246.

Stout, J. C., A. R. Kells & D. Goulson, 2002. Pollination of the invasive exotic shrub Lupinus arboreus (Fabaceae) by introduced bees in Tasmania. Biological Conservation 106(3): 425-434.

Stow, A., L. Silberbauer, A. J. Beattie & D. A. Briscoe, 2007. Fine-scale genetic structure and fire-created habitat patchiness in the Australian Allodapine bee, Exoneura nigrescens (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of heredity 98(1): 60-66. [Electronic Resource: http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/].

Strand, E. 1910. Apidologisches aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum zu WiesbadenJahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde 63: 37-45.

Strand, E. 1911a.  Eine neue Megachile von den Salomonen.  Wiener Entomologische Zeitschrift 30: 79.

Strand, E. 1911b.  Zur Kenntnis papuanischer und australischer Hymenoptera, insebesondere Schupfwespen.  Internatl. Entomologische Zeitschrift 5: 86-87.

Strand, E. 1913a.  Apidae von Ceylon, gesammelt 1899 von Herrn. Dr. W. Horn. Archiv für  Naturgeschichte, Abt A 79(2): 135-150.

Strand, E. 1913 b.  H. Sauter’s Formosa-Ausbeute, Apidae I.  Supplementa Entomologica no. 2: 23-67.

Strand, E. 1913c.  Bestimmungstabelle nebst weiteren Beiträgen zur Kenntnis afrikanisscher Nomia-Arten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abt. A 79(10): 121-144.

Strand, E. 1914a.  H. Sauter’s Formosa-Ausbeute, Apidae III.  Archiv für  Naturgeschichte, Abt A 80(1): 136-144.

Strand, E. 1914b.  Zur Kenntnis afrikanischer Arten der Bienengattung Allodape Lep. Archiv für  Naturgeschichte, Abt A 80(12): 34-60.

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Szabo, T. I.  1973.  Relationship between weight of honey-bee queens (Apis mellifera L.) at emergence and at the cessation of egg laying.  American Bee Journal 113(7): 250-251.

Szabo, T. I. 1977a. Overwintering of honey bee queens: 2. Maintenance of caged queens in queenless colonies. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(1): 41-46.

Szabo. T. I. 1977b. Behavioral studies of queen introduction in the honey bee: 6 Multiple queen introduction. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(2): 65-83.

Szabo, T. I. 1980.  Effect of weather factor on honey bee (Apis mellifera) flight activity and colony weight gain. Journal of Apicultural Rsearch 19(3): 164-171.

Szabo, T. I. 1989. The capping scratcher: A tool for detection and control of Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 129:402-403.

Szabo, T. [I.] 1995. Selective breeding of honey bees for resistance to Varroa jacobsoni in Ontario. American Bee Journal 135(12): 831.

Szabo, T. [I.] & L. Lefkovitch, 1987. Fourth generation of closed-population honeybee breeding 1. Comparison of selected and control strains. Journal of Apicultural Research 26(3):170-180.

Szabo, T. [I.], L. Lefkovitch & K. Clark, 1991. Comparative resistance of honey bees from a closed population to infestation by tracheal mites. American Bee Journal 131(10): 643-645.

Szabo, T. I. & M. V. Smith, 1970. The use of Megachile rotundata for the pollination of greenhouse cucumbers. In: Rep. 9th Pollination Conference, Univ. of Arkansas, Hot Springs, ArkansasAgricultural Extension Services Miscellaneous Papers No. 127: 95-103.

Szabo, T. I. & M. V. Smith, 1972. The influence of light intensity and temperature on the activity of the alfalfa leaf-cutter bee Megachile rotundata under field  conditions. Journal of Apicultural Research 11(3): 157-165.

Szabo, T. I. & D. C. Szabo, 2006. Honey bees in bear territory. American bee journal 146(6): 512-514.

Szabo, T. I. & D. C. Szabo, 2007. The comets. American bee journal 147(8): 705-706.

Szabo, T. I. & T. P. Szabo, 2001. Nectar plants suitable for country and city gardens. American Bee Journal  May, 2001: 351-353.

Szabo, Z., J. Nyeki, P. Benedek, Z. Erdos & M. Soltesz, 2000. Bee pollination and association of apricot varieties. International Journal of Horticultural Science 6(4): 20-24.

Szalai, Z. 2000. Application of pollen mixing device in front of the hive entrance. International Journal of Horticultural Science 6(3): 151-152.

Szalai, Z. 2001. Development of melliferous plant mixtures with long lasting flowering period. Acta Horticulturae No. 561: 185-190.

Szalai, Z., P. Benedek & K. W. Richards, 2001. Development of melliferous plant mixtures with long lasting flowering period. Acta Horticulturae No. 561: 185-190.

Szczepko, K., T. Pawlikowski & J. K. Kowalczyk, 2002. Apoidea (Hymenoptera) in habitats of former agriculture area in a renaturization stage of Kampinos National Park (Poland). Fragmenta Faunistica 45(2): 115-122.

Szent-Ivany. 1966.  Insects associated with Coffea and some other crops in the Wau-Bulolo area of New GuineaPapua New Guinea Agric. J.  18(3): 101-119. 

Szklanowska, K. & M. Strzalkowska, 2002. Some phenomena of flowering biology and pollen exposure of three Papaver L. species. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska. Sectio EEE, Horticultura 11: 135-142.

Szutowski Z., J. Bobrzecki & J. Wilde, 1983. Prototyp miodarki promienisto-tangensowej. [Prototype of the radial-tangential honey extractor]. Pszczelarstwo 34(2): 10-12.

Szymas, B. & A. Jedruszuk, 2003. The influence of different diets on haemocytes of adult worker honey bees, Apis mellifera. Apidologie 34(2): 97-102.

 

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Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

                   

Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006

 

Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008

 

        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010

 

 

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