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Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

 

 

 

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             Number of references in first edition   :  486

 

 

The references those have been included in Second to fourth issues of this updating book are black in colour.

Please note the change in colour of text of references from fifth issue onwards.

    

  • Suggestions: This is best to download all/desired files then open them in Microsoft Word where you can easily use "find" to search your desired field/author/journal etc. mentioning specific words to be searched out.

  • Please do not forget to send me the inclusions [use e-mail given at bottom of address below] of references on all/any field known to you - of any/all categories of bees. This databank is manually maintained therefore only your cooperation can update it perfectly, for the benefit of the whole World.

 

Taber, S. 1961. Successful shipments of honeybee semen. Bee World 42(70): 173-176.

Taber, S. 1977. The African bee in Louisiana. American Bee Journal  117(3):  152-153, 160.

Taber, S. 1982a.  Bee behavior:  African bees in the Americas. American Bee Journal  122(12): 801-803.

Taber, S. 1982b. Breeding for disease resistance. American Bee Journal 122(3):177-179.

Taber, S. 1982c. Determining resistance to brood disease. American Bee Journal 122(6): 422-425.

Taber, S.  1984. Bee behavior: yes, we can deal with the Africanized bee. American Bee Journal  124(3): 197-200. 

Taber, S. 1985a. Bee behavior: a testing procedure to breed gentle bees. American Bee Journal 125(6):  432-434. 

Taber, S. 1985b.  Government  plans to deal with the  Africanized  honey bee. American Bee Journal 125(3): 181-183. 

Taber, S. 1986.  How the  Africanized  honey bee is  identified. American Bee Journal 126(2): 106-107. 

Taber, S. 1987a. Reason and  logic in dealing with the  Africanized honey bee. American Bee Journal 127(2): 103-105, 223-236.

Taber, S. 1987b. Breeding Super Bees. A.I. Root Co. Medina OH.

Taber, S. 1991a. Breeding bees. American Bee Journal 131(11): 685-687. 

Taber, S. 1991b. Africanized honey bee. American Bee Journal 131(1): 16.

Taber, S. 1993. Varroa resistance-a summation. American Bee Journal 133 (3):194-195.

Taber, S. 2006a. Getting bees ready to pollinate almonds. American bee journal 146(1): 31-32.

Taber, S. 2006b. Biology of bee eggs - 3 days to hatch, adult bees to  
 emerge 21 days? American Bee Journal 146(11): 937-938.

Taber, S. & M. Gilliam, 1987. Breeding honey bees for resistance to diseases. USDA, Agricultural Research Service 12: 15-20.

Taber, S. & M. Gilliam, 1988. Breeding disease-and pest-resistant honeybees. USDA, Agricultural Research Service 193: 21-23, 25, 27.

Taber, S. & M. Gilliam, 1988. Breeding honey bees for resistance to diseases. Apiacta 23(1): 3-8.

Tabor, J. 1990. Combating tracheal mites. Maine Organic Farmer and Gardener, July-August. p. 22.

Tadauchi, O. 1976. Numerical phenetic relationship of the genus Andrena (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) of Japan with a new introduction of component pattern diagrams. Kontyű 43: 181-201.

Tadauchi, O. 1981.  Taxonomic working system by computer with application of Japanese andrenid bees.  Esakia 17: 161-182. 

Tadauchi, O.  1985.  Synopsis of Andrena (Micrandrena) of Japan.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 30(1): 59-76, 77-94. 

Tadauchi, O. 1989. Halictidae. pp. 680-682. In: Y. Hirashima (ed.),  A Check List of Japansese Insects. Entomol. Lab., Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka.

Tadauchi, O. 2005. Field studies on wild bee fauna and pollination biology for combating desertification and planting campaigns in Asian arid areas: a report for the year 2000 to 2004. Esakia No. 45: 1-8.

Tadauchi, O., A. Dawut & H. Inoue, 2001. On image database file HANABACHI based on the Japanese bees. Esakia No.41: 149-154.

Tadauchi, O. & Y. Hirashima, 1983.  New or little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), IV. Supplement to Andrena (Hoplandrena). Esakia 20: 81-92. 

Tadauchi, O. & Y. Hirashima, 1984a.  Synopsis of Andrena (Euandrena) of Japan.  Esakia 22: 107-113. 

Tadauchi, O. & Y. Hirashima, 1984b. New or little known bees of Japan (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), V. Supplement to Andrena (Hoplandrena). Kontyű 52: 278-285.

Tadauchi, O. & Y. Hirashima, 1987. Descriptions of two new species and one unrecorded female of the genus Andrena from Japan. Esakia 25: 133-139.

Tadauchi, O. & Y. Hirashima, 1988.  Synopsis of Andrena (Stenomelissa) with a new species from Japan.  Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 33(1/2): 67-76. 

Tadauchi, O.,  Y. Hirashima & T. Matsumura, 1987a. Synopsis of Andrena (Andrena) of Japan (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae), Part I.  J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ. 31(1/2): 11-35.

Tadauchi, O.,  Y. Hirashima & T. Matsumura, 1987b. Synopsis of Andrena (Andrena) of Japan (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) Part II.  J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ. 31(1/2): 37-54.

Tadauchi, O. & C. E. Lee, 1992. The family Andrenidae of Korea (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) I. Esakia 32: 47-58.

Tadauchi, O. &  Xu, H.-Li, 1995.  A revision of the subgens Simandrena of the genus Andrena of eastern Asia with a key to palearctic species.  Esakia 35: 201-222.

Tadauchi, O. & Xu, H.-Li,  1998.  A revison of the subgenus Holandrena of the genus Andrena of Eastern Asia (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Entomological Science 1(1): 137-143.

Tadauchi, O. & Xu, H.-Li,  2000. A revision of the subgenus Poecilandrena of the genus Andrena of eastern Asia (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Ins. Koreana 17(1/2): 79-90. 

Tadauchi, O., H. -Li. Xu & J. C. Paik,  1997. The family Andrenidae of Korea (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) II. Esakia 37: 187-202.

Tagane, S., M. Hiramatsu & H. Okubo, 2008. Hybridization and asymmetric introgression between Rhododendron eriocarpum and R. indicum onYakushima Island, southwest Japan. Journal of plant research 121(4): 387-395. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-008-0167-7].

Tahmasebi, G., R. Ebadi, N. Tajabadi, M. Akhondi & S. Faraji, 2002. The effects of geographical and climatic conditions on the morphological variation and separation of Iranian small honeybee (Apis florea F.) populations. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources 6(2): 169-176.

Takahashi, J. I. & S. Katada, 2002. Iriomote Island apiculture and naturalize of the European honeybees Apis mellifera. Honeybee Science 23(2): 71-74.

Takahashi, J.,  J. Nakamura, M. Sasaki, S. Tingek & S. Akimoto, 2002.  New haplotypes for the non-coding region of mitochondrial DNA in cavity-nesting honey bees Apis koschevnikovi and Apis nuluensis. Apidologie 33(1): 25-32.

Takahashi, J. & T. Yoshida, 2002. Phylogenetic position of Tsushima Island honeybee-multivariate analysis using wing morphological characters of the worker. Honeybee Science 23(3): 115-120.

Takahashi, N. C., R. C. Peruquetti, M. A. del Lama & L. A. de Campos, L. A. de O. 2001. A reanalysis of diploid male frequencies in euglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Evolution 55(9): 1897-1899.

Takahashi, T., A. Kataoka, M. Kamikawa, S. Nishimoto & F. Otagaki,  2001. Sporicidal activity of radiation on Paenibacillus larvae in beehives. Honeybee Science 22(4): 181-187.

Takeda, I. J. M. & P. V. Farago, 2001. Vegetaçăo do Parque Estadual de Vila Velha: Guia de Campo, Volume I. Curitiba, I. J. M. Takeda.

Takenaka, T.  1984.  Studies on protiens and carboxylic acid in royal jelly.  Bull. Fac. Agric. Tamagawa Univ. 24: 101-149.  [In Japanese with English summary.].

Takeshima, G. 1965. Mameekobachi (Osmia cornifrons) and apple pollination. Aamori Farmers’ Club 41 pages. [In Japanese].

Takeuchi, H., T. Fujiyuki, K. Shirai, Y. Matsuo, A. Kamikouchi, Y. Fujinawa, A. Kato & T. Kubo, 2002. Identification of genes expressed preferentially in the honeybee mushroom bodies by combination of differential display and cDNA microarray. FEBS Lett. 513: 230-234.

Takeuchi, H., E. Kage, M. Sawata, A. Kamikouchi, K. Ohashi, M. Ohara, T. Fujiyuki, T. Kunieda, K. Sekimizu, S. Natori & T. Kubo, 2001. Identification of a novel gene, Mblk-1, that encodes a putative transcription factor expressed preferentially in the large-type Kenyon cells of the honeybee brain. Insect Molecular Biology 10(5): 487-494.

Takeuchi, H., A. Kamikouchi, E. Kage & T. Kubo, 2001. Molecular mechanisms of the highly advanced behaviors in the honeybee. Honeybee Science 22(3): 113-120.

Takeuchi, H., T. Kunieda, M. T. Sawata, J. M. Park, T. Fujiyuki & T. Kubo, 2004. Molecular Ethology of the Honeybee. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso (review in Japanese) 49: 2542-2548.

Takeuchi, H., A. Yasuda, Y. Y. Kamatani, M. Sawata, Y. Matsuo, A. Kato, A. Tsujimoto, T. Nakajima, T. Kubo, 2004. Prepro-tachykinin gene expression in the honeybee Apis mellifera L. brain. Tissue Cell Res. 316: 281-293.

Takeuchi, H., A. Yasuda, Y. Yasuda-Kamatani, T. Kubo & T. Nakajima, 2003. Identification of a tachykinin-related neuropeptide from the honeybee brain using direct MALDI-TOF MS and its gene expression in worker, queen and drone heads. Insect Molecular Biology 12(3): 291-298.

Takeuchi, K. & T. Sakai,  1986.  Parasitic ecology of Varroa mite in honeybee colonies and its annual control scheme. Bull. Fac. Agric. Tamagawa Univ. 0(26): 75-88. [In Japanese with English summary.]. 

Takhtajan, A.  1969.  Flowering plants, origin and dispersal.  Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D. C. 310 pages.

Taki, H., P. G. Kevan & J. S. Ascher, 2007. Landscape effects of forest loss in a pollination system. Landscape ecology 22(10): 1575-1587. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10980-007-9153-z]. 

 

Taki, H., B. F. Viana, P. G. Kevan, F. O. Silva & M. Buck, 2008. Does forest loss affect the communities of trap-nesting wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) in forests? Landscape vs. local habitat conditions. Journal of insect conservation 12(1): 15-21. [Electronic Res.: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-006-9058-1].

Talebi, K., A. Ebadolahi, S. A. Mirhadi, R. Madani & B. E. Yeganeh, 2001. Determination of coumaphos residues in honey from some apiaries in Tehran Province. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 68(1/2): Pe73-Pe83, en31-32.

Tallis, G. 1966. Selection for "k" alleles. Biometrics 22: 121-127.

Tamasauskiene, D. 2001. The conservation of genetic resources of local bees (Apis mellifera mellifera L.) in Lithuania. Zemdirbyste, Mokslo Darbai 76: 164-172.

Tamasawa, S. & Y. Hirashima, 1984. A new species of Andrena from Japan (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae).  Esakia 22: 103-105. 

Tan, A. S., A. I. Ozturk & U. Karaca, 2002. Effects of honey bee pollination on seed yield and quality of sunflower. Anadolu 12(1): 1-26.

Tan, K., Y. H. Guo, S. W. Nicolson, S. E. Radloff, Q. S. Song & H. R. Hepburn, 2007. Honeybee (Apis cerana) foraging responses to the toxic honey of Tripterygium hypoglaucum (Celastraceae): Changing threshold of nectar acceptability. Journal of chemical ecology 33(12): 2209-2217. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10886-007-9384-0].  

Tan, K., S. E. Radloff, J. J. Li, H. R. Hepburn, M. X. Yang, L. J. Zhang & P. Neumann, 2007. Bee-hawking by the wasp, Vespa velutina, on the honeybees Apis cerana and A. mellifera. Naturwissenschaften 94(6): 469-472. [Electronic Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-006-0210-2].

Tanacs, L. 1974.  The flower-visiting activity of Apoidea on lucerne (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Acta Biol. Szeged (N.S.) 20(1/4): 179-182. 

Tanada-Palmu, P. S. & C. R. F. Grosso, 2005. Effect of edible wheat gluten-based films and coatings on refrigerated strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) quality. Postharvest biology and technology 36(2): 199-208.

Tanaka, C. 2000. Mixed infection of sacbrood virus and nosema in honey bees. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Japan 53(10): 822-825.

Tanaka, H. 2000. Color and odor of Japanese wild flowers in relation to pollinators. Honeybee Science 21(3): 107-113.

Tanaka, H., D.W. Roubik, M. Kato, F. Liew & G. Gunsalam, 2001.  Phylogenetic position of Apis nuluensis of northern Borneo and phylogeography of A. cerana as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Insectes Sociaux 48: 44-51. 

Tanaka, H., T. Suka & D.W. Roubik,  [In Press].  Genetic differentiation among geographic groups of three honey bee species, Apis cerana, A. koschenvnikovi and A. dorsata, in Borneo.  Nature and Human Activities

Tanda, A. S. & N. P. Goyal, 1979a. Insect pollination in Asiatic cotton (Gossypium arboreum). Journal of Apicultural Research 18(1): 64-72.

Tanda, A. S. & N. P. Goyal, 1979b. Preliminary observation on the effect of intervarietal bee pollination of desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum Linn.). Indian Journal of Entomology 41(3): 281-282.

Tanda, A. S. & N. P. Goyal, 1979c. Some observations on the behavior of Apis mellifera Linn. and Apis cerana indica Fabr. workers in a field of desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum Linn.).  American Bee Journal 119(2): 106.  

Tangkanasing, P., S. Wongsiri  & S. Vongsamanode, 1988. Integrated control of Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae in bee hives in Thailand. Pp. 409-412. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Taniguchi, S.  1954.  Biological studies on Japanese bees. I. Comparative study of glossa.  Sci. Repts. Hyogo Univ. Agr., Ser. Agr. Biol. 1: 81-89.

Taniguchi, S.  1956. Biological studies on Japanese bees. III. Sci. Repts. Hyogo Univ. Agr., Ser. Agr. Biol. 2: 37-51.

Tanno, K., S. F. Sakagami, S. Salmah & N. Nukmal, 1984. Discovery of successful absconding in the stingless bee Trigona (Tetregonula) laeviceps [Stingless honeybees]. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(3): 136-142.   

Tansley, A. G. 1939. The British Islands and their vegetation. Cambridge.

Tares, S., J. B. Berge & M. Amichot,  2000. Cloning and expression of cytochrome P450 genes belonging to the CYP4 family and to a novel family, CYP48, in two hymenopteran insects, Trichogramma cacoeciae and Apis mellifera. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 268(3): 677-682.

Tares, S., J. M. Cornuet  & P. Abad, 1993. Characterization of an unusually conserved AluI highly  reiterated  DNA  sequence  family from the  honeybee, Apis mellifera. Genetics 134(4):  1195-1204.

Tarpy, D. R. 2003. Genetic diversity within honeybee colonies prevents severe infections and promotes colony growth. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 270(1510): 99-103.

Tarpy, D. R. & D. C. Gilley, 2004. Group decision making during queen production in colonies of highly eusocial bees. Apidologie 35: 207-216.

Tarpy, D. R., D. C. Gilley & T. D. Seeley, 2004. Levels of selection in a social insect: a review of conflict and cooperation during honey bee (Apis mellifera) queen replacement. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 55(6): 513- 523.

Tarpy, D. R. & D. I. Nielsen, 2002. Sampling error, effective paternity, and estimating the genetic structure of honey bee colonies (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 95(4): 513-528.

Tarpy, D. R., R. Nielsen & D. I. Nielsen, 2004. A scientific note on the revised estimates of effective paternity frequency in Apis. Insectes Sociaux 51(2): 203-204.

Tarpy, D. R. & R. E. Page, Jr., 2001. The curious promiscuity of queen honey bees (Apis mellifera): evolutionary and behavioral mechanisms. Annales Botanici Fennici 38(3/4): 255-265.

Tarpy, D. R., J. Summers, J. J. Keller & W. Hensey, 2007. Comparing pairs of Russian and Italian colonies by new beekeepers in North Carolina. American bee journal 147(2): 149-152.

Taschenberg, E.  1879. Die arten der Gattung Xylocopa Latr. Des Halle’schen Zoologischen Museums.  Zeitschrift für de Gesammte Naturwisschaft 52: 563-599. 

Taschenberg, E.  1883.  Die Gattungen der Bienen (Anthophila).  Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 27: 37-100.

Tasei, J.–N. 1971.  Influence de la date de la précoupe de la luzerne (Medicago sativa Z.) sur sa pollinisation.  Apidologie 2(2): 173-195.  

Tasei, J.–N. 1972. Observations préliminaires sur la biologie d’Osmia (Chalcosmia) coelrulescens L. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae), pollinisatrice de la luzerne (Medicago sativa L.).  Apidologie 3: 149-165. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1973a.  Le comportement de nidification chez Osmia (Osmia) cornuta Latr. et Osmia (Osmia) rufa Latr.  Apidologie 4: 195-225. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1973b.  Observations sur le développement d’Osmia cornuta et Osmia rufa L. (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Apidologie 4: 295-315.

Tasei, J.–N. 1975a.  Probléme de l’adaptation de Megachile pacifica Panzer (Megachile rotundata F.) américain en France. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International symposium on Pollination 1974, Prague : 275-278. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1975b.  Le probléme de l’adaptation de Megachile (Eutricharaea) pacifica Panzer (Megachilidae) américain en France.  Apidologie 6: 1-57. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1977a.  Possibilité de multiplication du pollinisateur de la luzerne Megachile pacifica Panz. en France.  Apidologie 8(1): 61-81.

Tasei, J.–N. 1977b. Méthode de test de toxicité des insecticides applicable aux abeilles solitaires et plus particuličrment a Megachile pacifica Panz. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Apidologie 8(2): 129-139. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1977c. Élevage d’une abeille solitaire pollinisatrice de la luzerne: Megachile pacifica Pz. ( = rotundata F.). Nouv. Fourages l’INRA. Pp. 228-230. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1977d. Élevage d’un insecte pollinisateur de la luzerne dans le Midi de la France: Megachile pacifica Panz. ( = Megachile rotundata F.) (Hym., Megachilidae). Cinq. J. Phytiatr. et Phytapharm. Circum-Méditerr. 15-20. 

Tasei, J.–N. 1978a. Action de deux insecticides sur Melittobia acasta Walk., et son hote: Megachile pacifica Pz. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae, Megachilidae). Méthode de prévention du parasitisme. Apidologie 9(2): 101-110.

Tasei, J.–N. 1978b. Les insectes pollinisateurs de la lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) en France. Apidologie 9(3): 175-194.   

Tasei, J.–N. 2001.  Effects of insect growth regulators on honey bees and non-Apis bees.  A review. Apidologie 32(6): 527-545.

Tasei, J.–N., J. Capou &  D. Michaud, 1977. Action de quelques insecticides sur une abeille solitaire: Megachile pacifica Panz. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae).  Apidologie 8(2): 111-127. 

Tasei, J.-N. & A. Delaude, 1984.  Efficacité pollinisatrice de Megachile rotundata F. (Hym., Megachilidae) utilisée sur luzerne (Medicago sativa L.). Agronomie 4: 653-662.

Tasei, J. –N. & P. Dinet, 1981.  Effects comparés de deux pyréthrinoides de synthése et de trois insecticides organosphosphorés sur les Mégachiles (Megachile rotundata F. = pacifica Pz.). Apidologie 12(4): 363-376.

Tasei, J. –N. & M. M. Masure, 1978. Sur quelques facteurs influençant le développement de Megachile pacifica Panz. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Apidologie 9(4): 273-290.

Tasei, J. N., G. Ripault & E. Rivault, 2001. Hazards of imidacloprid seed coating to Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae) when applied to sunflower. Journal of Economic Entomology 94(3): 623-627.

Tasumatsu, K. & Y. Hirashima, 1950. Revision of the genus Osmia of Japan and Korea (Hym., Megachilidae). Mushi 21(1): 1-18, 3 pls.

Taunzend, G. F. 1968.  Processing and conditioning bees wax. Apiakta 4: 2-9.

Taura, H. M. & S. Laroca, 2001. The assemblage of wild bees of an urban biotope of Curitiba (Brazil), with spatio-temporal comparations: relative abundance, diversity, phenology and exploitation of resources (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Acta Biologica Paranaense 30(1/4): 35-137.

Tautz, J., J. Casas & D. Sandeman, 2001. Phase reversal of vibratory signals in honeycomb may assist dancing honeybees to attract their audience. Journal of Experimental Biology 204(21): 3737-3746.

Taylor, D. J., G. E. Robinson, B. J. Logan, R. Laverty & A. R. Mercer, 1992. Changes in brain amine levels associated with the morphological and behavioural development of the worker honey bee. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 170: 715-721.

Taylor, J. S. 1931. A note on the fauna of mangrove. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 43: 41-42. 

Taylor, J. S. 1962a.  Notes on Heriades freygessneri Schletterer.  Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 25: 133-139.

Taylor, J. S. 1962b.  A note on Nothylaeus heraldicus (Smith), the membrane bee.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 38: 244-248. 

Taylor, O.  1985. Let's keep our facts straight about the African bees. American Bee Journal 125(8): 586-587.

Taylor, O., G. Rowell, G. Otis, S. Locke,  P. Kukuk, M. Spivak,  M. Long, J. Kaprowski, G. Loper,  & W. Wolf,  1987. Further  observations  on  mating  flights  by  drone  honey bees.  American Bee Journal 127(12): 852. 

Taylor, O. R. Jr. 1977. The past and possible future spread of Africanized honeybees in the Americas. Bee World 58(1): 19-30.

Taylor, O. R. Jr.  1984a.  An aerial trap for collecting drone honey bees in congregation areas. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(1): 18-20.

Taylor, O. R. Jr. 1984b.  A mating tube for studying attractiveness of queen honey bees and mating behaviour of drones. Journal of Apicultural Research 23(1): 21-24.

Taylor, O. R.  Jr. 1985. African bees:  potential  impact in the  United  States. Bulletin of the  Entomological  Society of America 31(4): 14-24. 

Taylor, O. R. Jr. 1988. Ecology and economic impact of African and Africanized honey bees. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England. 

Taylor, O. R. Jr. & M. D. Levin, 1978. Observations on Africanized honey bees reported  to  South  and  Central  American  government  agencies. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 24(4): 412-414.   

Taylor, O. R. Jr. & G. W. Otis,  1978. Swarm boxes and Africanized honeybees: some preliminary observations. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 51(4):  807-817. 

Taylor, O. R. Jr. & G. A. Rowell, 1988. Drone abundance, queen flight distance, and the neutral mating model for the honey bee, Apis mellifera. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.   

Taylor, O. R. Jr. & M. Spivak, 1984. Climatic limits of tropical African honeybees in the Americas. [Apis mellifera scutellata]. Bee World 65(1): 38-47. 

Taylor, O. R. &  G. B. Williamson,  1975. Current status of the Africanized honeybee in northern South America. American Bee Journal 115(3): 92-93, 98-99. 

Taylor, T. N. & E. L. Taylor, 1993.  The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants. xxii + 982 pp. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Tchoumboue, J., I. R. Tchouamo, J. Y. Pinta & M. N. Njia, 2001. Socio-economic and technical characteristics of beekeeping in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. Tropicultura 19(3): 141-146.

Tchuenguem Fohouo, F. N., J. Messi & A. Pauly, 2001. The activity of Meliponula erythra on the flowers of Dacryodes edulis and its effect on fructification. Fruits (Paris) 56(3): 179-188.

Tchuenguem Fohouo, F. N., J. Messi & A. Pauly, 2002. The gathering activity of wild bees on flowers of maize at Yaounde (Cameroon) and further considerations on pollination of the tropical Gramineae. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement 6(2): 87-97.

Tegetmeier, __. 1864.  Proceedings of the Entomological society of London, 1864: 33 (Cells of the hive-bee).

Teixeira, A. C. P., M. M. Marini, J. R. Nicoli, Y. Antonini, R. P. Martins, M. A. Lachance & C. A. Rosa, 2003. Starmerella meliponinorum sp. nov., a novel ascomycetous yeast species associated with stingless bees. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53(1): 339-343.

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Thompson, V. 1964. Behaviour genetics of nest cleaning in honeybees. III. Effect of age of bees of a resistant line on their response to disease killed brood. Journal of Apicultural Research 3(1): 25-30.

Thompson, V. & W. Rothenbuhler, 1957. Resistance to American foulbrood in honey bees.II. Differential protection of larvae by adults of different genetic lines. Journal of Economic Entomology 50: 731-737.

Thomson, C. G. 1870.  [Hymenoptera of Sweden]. Opusc. Entomol. (i)3: 41-43.; (ii)6: 90-100; (ii)10: 140-156; (ii)13: 202-251; (ii)14: 251-261; (iii)16: 305-316. 

Thomson, C. G. 1872. Hymenoptera Scandinaviae. (Apis Lin.). 2: 1-285, pl.1. Berling, Lund. 

Thomson, G. M. 1891. The humble bee in New Zealand.  New Zealand Journal of Science (n.s.) 1: 16-26.

Thomson, G. M. 1927.  The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects. Proc. New Zealand Inst. Trans. 57:  106-125.

Thomson, J. D. 1978a. A local replacement of Bombus ternarius by Bombus terricola in northern Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Great Lakes Entomologist 11(2): 101-103.  

Thomson, J. D. 1978b. Effects of stand composition on insect visitation in two-species mixtures of Hieracium. American Midland Naturalist 100(2): 431-440.

Thomson, J. D.  1981. Field measures of flower constancy in bumblebees.  Am. Midl. Nat. 105: 377-380. 

Thomson, J. D. 1986. Pollen transport and deposition by bumble bees in Erythronium: influences of floral nectar and bee grooming. Journal of Ecology 74(2): 329-341. 

Thomson, J. D. 2001. Using pollination deficits to infer pollinator declines: can theory guide us? Conservation Ecology 5(1): ZZ [online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss1/art6.  

Thomson, J. D., W. P. Maddison & R. C. Plowright, 1982. Behavior of bumble bee pollinators of Aralia hispida Vent.( Araliaceae). Oecologia 54(3): 326-336.  

Thomson, J. D., S. C. Peterson & L. D. Harder, 1987. Response of traplining bumble bees to competition experiments: shifts in feeding location and efficiency. Oecologia 71(2): 295-300.  

Thomson, J. D., R. C. Plowright & G. R. Thaler, 1985. Matacil insecticide spraying, pollinator mortality, and plant fecundity in New Brunswick forests. Canadiaj Journal of Botany 63(11): 2056-2061.  

Thomson, J. D., M. V. Price, N. M. Waser & D. A. Stratton, 1986. Comparative studies of pollen and fluorescent dye transport by bumble bees visiting Erythronium grandiflorum. Oecologia 69(4): 561-566.  

Thomson, J. D. & D. A. Stratton, 1985. Floral morphology and cross-pollination in Erythronium grandiflorum (Liliaceae). American Journal of Botany 72(3): 433-437.  

Thomson, J. D. & B. A. Thomson, 1992. Pollen presentation and viability schedules in animal-pollinated plants: consequences for reproductive success. Pp. 1-24. In: R. Wyatt (ed.), Ecology and evolution of plant reproduction: new approaches. Chapman and Hall, New York, New York, USA.

Thomson, J. D., P. Wilson, M. Valenzuela & M. Malzone, 2000. Pollen presentation and pollination syndromes, with special reference to Penstemon. Plant species Biology 15(1): 11-29. 

Thomson, S. V., D. R. Hansen & K. M. Flint, 1993. Dissemination  of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora by honeybees.  Plant Dis. 76: 1052-1056. 

Thomson, S. V., D. R. Hansen, K. M. Flint & J. D. Vandenberg, 1992. Dissemination of bacteria antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora by honey bees. Plant Disease 76(10): 1052-1056.   

Thorp, R. W. 1962. Notes on the distributions of some bumblebees of western North America (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 38: 21-28. 

Thorp, R. W. 1963.  A new species of the genus Trachusa from California with a key to the known species.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 39: 56-58. 

Throp, R. W.  1965.  The development of commercial wild bee pollination in the west.  7th Bee Pollination conference, Texas College Station p. 1-3. [Abstract].

Throp, R. W. 1966a.  Alfalfa pollination with honey bees, leaf-cutting bees and alkali bees.  In: Proceedings of the Seed Industry Conference, Davis 1966: 1-8. 

Thorp, R. W. 1966b. Synopsis of the genus Heterostelis Timberlake (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39:  131-146. 

Thorp, R. W. 1967. Labotratory methods for biological studies on Monodontomerus obscurus Westwood.  Proceedings Pacific Coast Entomological Society, Pan-Pacific Entomologist 43: 95-96.

Thorp, R. W. 1968a.  Ecology of a Proteriades and its Chrysura parasite, with larval descriptions (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae, Chrysididae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 41: 324-331.

Thorp, R. W. 1968b. Mortality factors in the population dynamics of the alfalfa leafcutting bee. I. Biotic factors. In: Abstracts Idaho Seedman’s Short Course, p. 24-25.  

Thorp, R. W. 1968c. Mortality factors in the population dynamics of the alfalfa leafcutting bee. II. Physical and cultural factors. In: Abstracts Idaho Seedman’s Short Course, p. 26.

Thorp, R. W. 1968d.  Larval mortality in wild bee population management.  In: Proceedings of the 14th forage Insects Res. Conf. Reno (Nevada), p. 21. 

Thorp, R. W. 1969a. The identity of Bombus vandykei (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 45: 87-96. 

Thorp, R. W. 1969b.  Systematics and ecology of bees of the subgenus Diandrena (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 52: 1-146. 

Thorp, R. W. 1969c.  Ecology and behavior of Melecta separata calluraAmerican Midland Naturalist 82: 338-345. 

Thorp, R. W. 1969d.  Ecology and behavior of Anthophora edwardsiiAmerican Midland Naturalist 82(2): 321-337. 

Thorp, R. W. 1970. The type locality of Bombus franklini and notes on putative Arizona records of other Bombini (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 46(3): 177-180. 

Thorp, R. W. 1976. Insect pollination of vernal pool flowers.  Pp. 36-40.  In Jain, S.(ed.), Vernal Pools, Their Ecology and Conservation. Symposium Institure of Ecology, University of California Davis  Publication No. 9,  1-93 pp.

Thorp, R. W. 1978. Bee management for almond pollination. Pp. 56-61. In: W. Micke & D. Kester (eds.), Almond Orchard Management.  Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. Calif., Priced Publ. No. 4092: 150 pages.

Thorp, R. W. 1979a. Honey bee foraging behavior in California almond orchards.  Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Pollination. Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station, Special Miscellaneous Pulbication 1: 385-392.

Thorp, R. W. 1979b.  Structural, behavioral and physiological adaptations of bees (Apoidea) for collecting pollen.  Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 66: 788-812. 

Thorp,   R.  W. 1981. Bee   management  for   prune   pollination.      Prune orchard management. Technical Editor: D. E. Ramos,     p. 53-55.

Thorp, R. W. 1983a. Pollination of fruit crops. Australasian Beekeeper 84(9): 186-188.

Thorp, R. W. 1983b. Australian pollination reviewed.  Recommendations for honey bee pollination services in Australia.  Australian Bee J. 64(4): 16-21.

Thorp, R. W. 1983c. Australian pollination reviewed.  II.  General recommendations on commercial pollination in Australia. Australian Bee J. 64(5): 11-15.

Thorp, R. W. 1984a. Bees--Orchard VIP’s: recommendations for almond pollination in Australia.  W. Austr. Nut & Tree Crop Assoc. Yearbook No.9: 5-15.

Thorp, R. W. 1984b. Pollen foraging, pollen trapping and almond pollination.  Calif. Bee Times (March): 1pp.

Thorp, R. W. 1984c. Honeybees in almond pollination. Almond Facts 49(1): 30-32.

Thorp, R. W.  1986a. How many honeybees do you need for almond pollination?  Almond Facts (Nov/Dec), p. 15.

Thorp, R. W. 1986b. Pollination contract.  Almond Facts (Nov/Dec),  p. 15.

Thorp, R. W. 1987a.   A new species of Andrena (Onagrandrena) from Utah's San Rafael Desert (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 63(2): 194-198.

Thorp, R. W.  1987b. The Africanized honey bee. Almond Facts 52(1): 31. 

Thorp, R. W.  1987c.  Almond Pollination.  Proc. West. Apic. Soc.  10th Ann. Conf., Reno, NV (27-31 July), pp. 17-19.

Thorp, R. W. 1990. Vernal pool flowers and host specific bees. Pp. 109-122. In: Ikeda, D. H. and R. A. Schlising (eds.), Vernal Pool Plants: Their Habitat and Biology. Studies from the Herbarium, No. 8. California State University at Chico,  178 pp.

Thorp, R. W.  1994. Pollination. Pp. 53-57. In: Hasey, J. K., R. S. Johnson, J. A. Grant & W. O. Reil (eds., Kiwifruit Growing and Handling. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Publication No. 3344: 134 pages.

Thorp, R. W. 1996. Resource overlap among native and introduced bees in California. pp. 143-151.  In:  Matheson, A., S. L. Buchmann, C. O’Toole, P. Westrich, and I. H. Williams, eds.  The Conservation of Bees.  Linnean Society Symposium Series No.18. Academic Press, 252 pages.

Thorp, R. W. 1997. Research Project: Almond Pollination. Pp.171-173. In: Monastra, F. & E. Raparelli (eds.),  Inventory of almond research, germplasm and references. FAO REUR Tech. Ser. 51: 232 pp. 

Thorp, R. W. 1997. Vernal pool specialists: bees.  P. 113. In: Faber, P. M. (ed.), California’s Wild Gardens:  A Living Legend. California Native Plant Society for California Department of Fish and Game.  236 pages.

Thorp, R. W. 2000. The collection of pollen by bees. Plant Systematics and Evolution 222: 211-223.

Thorp, R. W. & D. L. Briggs, 1972.  Mortality in immature alfalfa leafcutter bees in relation of alfalfa saponins. Envitonmental Entomology 1(4): 399-401.

Thorp, R. W. & D. L. Briggs, 1980. Bees collecting pollen from other bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society  53(1): 166-170.

Thorp, R. W. & D. L. Briggs, 1986a. Rapid honeybee colony strength evaluation with cluster size measurements. Almond Facts 51(5): 30-31.

Thorp,  R. W. &  D. L. Briggs,  1986b. Sugar syrup feeding and pollen traps increase bee pollen foraging for almond pollination.  Almond Facts 51(6): 16-17. 

Thorp, R. W., D. L. Briggs, J. R. Estes & E. H. Erickson, 1975.  Nectar flouorescence under ultra-violet irradiation.  Science 189(4201): 476-477.  

Thorp, R. W., D. L. Briggs, J. R. Estes & E. H. Erickson, 1976. Fluorescent nectar. Science 194: 341-342. (Reply to P. H. Kevan).

Thorp,  R. W., D. L. Briggs & J. White, 1986. Survey of factors affecting pollination and yield in almonds. Almond Facts 51(1): 17,19.   

Thorp, R. W. & R. W. Brooks, 1994.  A revision of new world Trachusa, subgenera Ulanthidium and Trachusomimus (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  University of Kansas Science Bulletin 55(8): 271-297. 

Thorp, R. W. & A. Chemsak, 1964.  Biological observations on Melissodes (Eumelissodes) pallidisignataPan-Pacific Entomologist 40: 75-83. 

Thorp, R. W. & B. Curtis,  1986.  Tracheal mites of honeybees.  Almond Facts (Sep/Oct),  p. 29.

Thorp, R. W., E. H. Erickson, F. E. Moeller, M. D. Levin, W. Stranger & D. L. Briggs,  1973. Flight activity and uniformity comparisons between honey bees in disposable pollination units (DPU's) and overwintered colonies. (Apis mellifera). Environmental Entomology 2(4): 525-529.  

Thorp, R. W., E. H. Erickson, F. E. Moeller, M. D. Levin, W. Stranger & D. L. Briggs, 1974. Disposable pollination units tested for almond pollination in California. American Bee Journal 114(2): 58-60. 

Thorp, R. W. & J. R. Estes, 1975. Infrafloral behavior of bees (Hymenoptera) on flowers of Cassia fasciculata (Leguminosae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48(2): 175-184. 

Thorp, R. W., G. W. Frankie, J. Barthell, D. G. Gordon, L. Newstrom, T. Griswold, J. Schmidt &  S. Thoenes, 1992.  Long-term studies to gauge effects of invading bees. California Agriculture 46(1):  20-23.   

Thorp, R. W. & D. M. Gordon,  1992.  Biodiversity and pollination biology of bees in coastal nature preserves.  Pp. 105-111.  In: Kerner, H. M. (ed.),  Proceedings of a Symposium on the Biodiversity of Northwestern California. 28-30 October 1991, Santa Rosa, CA.  University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Wildland Resource Center, Berkeley, CA. Report 29. 283 pp.

Thorp, R. W., D. S. Horning Jr. & L. L. Dunning, 1983. Bumblebees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23: viii + 79 pp. 

Thorp, R. W. & J. M. Leong, 1995. Native bee pollinators of vernal pool plants. Fremontia 23(2): 3-7.

Thorp, R. W. & J. M. Leong,  1998.  Specialist bee pollinators of showy vernal pool flowers. Pp. 169-179. In:  C. W.  Witham, E. T. Bauder, D. Belk, W. R. Ferren Jr. & R. Ornduff (Eds.), Ecology, Conservation and Management of Vernal Pool Ecosystems. Proceedings of the conference of the California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, CA. 1996: 285 pp.

Thorp, R. W. & G. M. Loper, 1984. Bee colony management techniques for improved pollination.   Almond Facts 49(1): 33-34.

Thorp, R. W. & E. Mussen,  1977. Honey bees in almond pollination.  Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. Calif. Leaf. 2465, 3 pp., (Revised Dec. 1977).

Thorp, R. W. & E. Mussen, 1984. Honey bees in almond pollination.  Almond Facts 49(1): 30-32. (Reprint of 1979 Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. Calif. Leaflet 2465).

Thorp, R. W. & G. I. Stage, 1968.  Ecology of Andrena placida with descriptions of the larva and pupa.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 61: 1580-1586.

Thorp, R. W., W. Stanger & T. Aldrich, 1967. Effects of artificial pollination on yield of Nonpareil almond trees.  California Agriculture  21:14-15 (Sept. 1967).

Thorp, R. W.  & E. A. Sugden,  1990.  Extrafloral nectaries producing rewards for pollinator attraction in Acacia longifoliaIsrael Journal of Botany 39: 177-186.

Thorp, R. W., A. M. Wenner & J. F. Barthell,  1994. Flowers visited by honey bees and native bees on Santa Cruz Island. Pp. 351-365. In: W. L. Halvorson & G. J. Maender (eds.), The Fourth California Islands Symposium: Update on the Status of Resources. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, CA.

Thorp, R. W., A. M. Wenner & J. F. Barthell, 2000. Pollen and nectar resource overlap among bees on Santa Cruz Island. Pp. 261-268. In: D. R. Browne, K. L. Mitchell & H. W. Chaney (eds.), 5th Channel Islands Symposium.  MBC Applied Environmental Sciences, Costa Mesa, California, USA. [on CD Feb. 2000].

Thrybom, B. & I. Fries, 1991. Development of infestations by Varroa jacobsoni in hybrid colonies  of  Apis  mellifera  monticola  and  Apis  mellifera  ligustica. Journal of Apicultural Research [1992] 30(4): 151-155    

Thurston, H. D. 1969. Tropical agriculture-a key to the world food crisis. Bioscience 19: 29-34. 

Tibor, I. Szabo, T. I. & D. C. Szabo, 2001. Varroa jacobsoni infestation levels of honey bee colonies in the fourth year of a breeding program: report for 2000. American Bee Journal  June, 2001: 437-440.

Tichy, J. & J. Novak, 2000. Detection of antimicrobials in bee products with activity against viridans streptococci. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 6(5): 383-389.

Tierney, S. M., M. P. Schwarz, T. Neville & P. M. Schwarz, 2002,  Sociality in the phylogenetically basal allodapine bee genus Macrogalea (Apidae: Xylocopinae): implications for social evolution in the tribe Allodapini. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76(2): 211-224. 

Tilde, A. C., S. Fuchs, N. Koeniger & C. R. Cervancia, 2000. Morphometric diversity of Apis cerana Fabr. within the Philippines. Apidologie 31(2): 249-264. 

Tilde, A. C., P. C. Payawal & C. R. Cervancia, 2003. Pollen spectra among natural populations of Apis cerana Fabricius in the Philippines. Philippine Agricultural Scientist (Philippines) 86(1): 27-37.

Tilley, C.  A. &  B.  P. Oldroyd, 1997. Unequal subfamily proportions among honey bee queen and worker brood. Animal Behaviour 54(6): 1483-1490. 

Tillyard, R. J. 1924a.  Some remarks on the eolution of bees. 2. Fruit grower and apiarist, Auckland, 2 pages.

Tillyard, R. J. 1924b. Kansas Permian Insects. Part 3. The new order Protohymenoptera.  American Journal of Science 5th Ser. 8, 44: 111-122.

Tillyard, R. J.  1926. Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Angus and Robertson, Sydney. 560 pages.  

Tilmon, K. J., B. N. Danforth, W. H. Day & M. P. Hoffmann, 2000. Determining parasitoid species composition in a host population: a molecular approach. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(3): 640-647.  

Timberlake, P. H. 1921. Notes on the Hawaiian bees of the genus Megachile. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 4: 551-562. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1937. New anthophorid bees from California (Hymenoptera). American Museum Novitates 958: 1-17. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1939a.  New species of bees of the genus Dufourea from California (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32: 395-414. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1939b.  New species of bees of the genus Diadasia from California (Hym., Apoidea). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 34: 11-16. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1941a.  Ten new species of Stelis from California.  Journal of the New York entomological Society 49: 123-137. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1941b.  Synoptic table of North American species of DiadasiaBulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 36: 1-11. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1943a. Bees of the genus Colletes chiefly from Colorado.  Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 81: 3850410. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1943b.  Racial differentiation in nearctic species of DianthidiumJournal of the New York Entomological Society 51: 71-109. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1947a.  A revision of the species of Exomalopsis inhabiting the United States.  Journal of the New York Entomological Society 55: 85-106.

Timberlake, P. H. 1947b. New species of Perdita from the southern states (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 49: 81-84.   

Timberlake, P. H. 1952a.  Descriptions of new species of Nomadopsis from California and Texas, and of a new allied genus from South America.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 45: 104-118. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1952b.  A new name for the bee genus Ruiziella Annals of the Entomological Society of America 45: 528.

Timberlake, P. H. 1952c. New records of Perdita from the eastern United States (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 54: 199-204. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1953a.  Erratum.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 46: 598.

Timberlake, P. H. 1953b.  Bees of the genus Perdita in the collection of the University of Kansas.  University of Kansas Science Bulletin 35: 961-985. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1954.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part I.  University of California Publications in Entomology no. 9: 345-432. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1955a.  A new genus for two new species of dufoureine bees from California.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 31: 105-108. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1955b.  Notes on the species of Psaenythia of North America.  Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria “Filippo Silvestri”[Portici] 33: 398-409. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1956.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part II.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.11: 247-350. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1958.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part III.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.14: 303-410. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1960a.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part IV.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.17: 1-156.

Timberlake, P. H. 1960b.  A peculiar new Halicitine bee from California (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 62: 105-106. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1961.  A review of the genus Conanthalictus Pan-Pacific Entomologist 37: 145-160. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1962. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part V.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.28: 1-124. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1964a. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part VI.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.28: 125-388. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1964b.  Some new species of Pseudopanurgus of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson.  American Museum Novitates 2298: 1-23. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1967.  New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona.  Amrican Museum Novitates no. 2298: 1-23. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1968.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the  Pacific coast, Part VII (including index to parts I to VII).  University of California Publications in Entomology no.49: 1-196.  

Timberlake, P. H. 1969a.  Metapsaenythia, a new panurgine bee genus.  Entomological News 80: 89-92. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1969b.  A contribution to the systematics of North American species of Synhalonia. University of California Publications in Entomology no.57: i-vi +1-76. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1971.  Supplementary studies on the systematics of the genus PerditaUniversity of California Publications in Entomology no.66: 1-63. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1973.  Revision of the genus Pseudopanurgus of North America.  University of California Publications in Entomology no. 72: 1-58. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1975.  The North American species of Heterosarus Robertson.  University of California Publications in Entomology no. 77: 1-56, pls. 1-8. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1976. Revision of the North American bees of the genus Protandrena Cockerell.  Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 133-227.

Timberlake, P. H. 1977. Two new species of  Perdita from Arizona and Utah (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae).  Journal of New York Entomological Society 85(1): 18-20. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1980a.  Review of North American Exomalopsis, Part I-IV.  University of California Publications in Entomology no.86: i-vi + 1-158. 

Timberlake, P. H. 1980b.  Supplementary studies on the systematics of the genus Perdita, Part II.  University of California Publications in Entomology 85: i-vii + 1-65. 

Timberlake, P. H. & C. D. Michener, 1950.  The bees of the genus ProteriadesUniversity of Kansas Science Bulletin 33: 387-440.

Timbers, G. E., G. D. Robertson & T. A. Gochnauer, 1977.  Thermal properties of beewax and beewax-paraffin mixtures.  Journal of Apicultural Research 16(1): 49-55. 

Tingek, S. & N. Koeniger, 2002. Exploring the centre of honeybee diversity. Honeybee Science 23(4): 145-152.

Tingek, S., G. Koeniger & N. Koeniger, 1996.  Description of a new cavity nesting species of Apis (Apis nuluensis n.sp.) from Sabah, Borneo, with notes on its occurrence and reproductive biology.  Senkenbergiana Biologica 76: 115-119. 

Tingek, S., M. Mardan, T. E. Rinderer, N. Koeniger & G. Koeniger,  1988.  Rediscovery of Apis vechti (Maa, 1953): The Saban honey bee.  Apidologie 19: 97-102.

Tingry, A. & P. Briand, 2001. Entomological pollination of strawberry flowers. Fruit Belge 69(489): 22-27.

Tirgari, J. S. 1963.  The biology and management of the alfalfa leafcutter bee Megachile rotundata.  M. S. Thesis. Utah State University, Logan. 130 pages.

Tirgari, S. 1965.  Observations sur un site de nidification de Melitturga clavicornis Latr. (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Ann. Abeille 8(2): 109-111.

Tirgari, S. 1968.  Le choix du site de nidification par Melitta leporina  (Panz.) (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) et Melitturga clavicornis (Latr.) (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae).  Ann. Abeille 11(2): 79-103.

Tirgari, S. 1969.  Exchange and introduction of alfalfa-bee pollinators between Iran and the United States: and the biology of these bees.  In: National congress on Entomology and Pest control of Man, Pp. 1-11. 

Tirgari, S.  1972.  Preliminary attempt and prospects for the establishment of nesting site of Melitta leporina (Panz.) and other group-nesting solitary wild-bees.  In: Proc. XIIIth Intern. Congr. Entomol., Moscow 1968. Leningrad, 1972, 3: 325-326.

Tischler, W. 1973.  Ecology of arthropod fauna in manmade habitats: The problem of synanthropy.  Zool. Anz. 191(3/4): 157-161.

Titus, E. S. G. 1900. Notes on Colorado bees.  Canadian Entomologist 32: 303-305. 

Titus, E. S. G. 1901a. A new genus in the Coelixinae.  Canadian Entomologist 33: 256.

Titus, E. S. G. 1901b. On some bees of the genus Augochlorola Candian Entomologist 33: 133-137.

Titus, E. S. G. 1901c. Notes on the genus OsmiaCanadian Entomologist 33: 257-258.

Titus, E. S. G. 1902. Colorado Bombidae.  Canadian Entomologist 34: 37-44.

Titus, E. S. G. 1903. Preoccupied names.  Canadian Entomologist 35: 213. 

Titus, E. S. G. 1904a. Notes on Osmiinae with descriptions of new genera and species.  Journal of the New York Entomological Society 12: 22-27.

Titus, E. S. G. 1904b. Some new Osmiinae in the United States National Museum.  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 6: 98-102. 

Titus, E. S. G. 1906. Some notes on the Provancher Megachilidae.  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 7: 149-167. 

Tkalců, B. 1959. Eine neue Art der Gattung Psithyrus Lep. aus Korea (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 56: 251-254. 

Tkalců, B. 1960. Remerques sur quelques espčces de bourdons de Chine (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1960: 66-71. 

Tkalců, B. 1961a. Zwei chinesische Hummel-Arten (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 58: 45-59. 

Tkalců, B. 1961b. Zur Hummelfauna der Umgebung Kuku-Nors (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 58: 344-379. 

Tkalců, B. 1962. Contribution ŕ l’étude des bourdons du Japon (I) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1962: 81-100. 

Tkalců, B. 1963. Eine neue Hummel-Art der Gattung Agrobombus Vogt aus dem Alpengebiet (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 60: 183-196. 

Tkalců, B. 1965.  Contribution ŕ l’étude des bourdons du Japon (II) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1965: 1-14. 

Tkalců, B. 1966a. Metallinella gen.n. der Familie Megachilidae.  Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 63: 200-202. 

Tkalců, B. 1966b. Megabombus (Fervidobombus) abditus sp. n. aus äquatorial-Afrika. Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 51: 271-274. 

Tkalců, B. 1966c.  Revision of some Latreille’s European species of the tribe Anthidiini with the description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 63: 62-66. 

Tkalců, B. 1967. Bemerkungen zur Taxonomie einiger Paläarktischer Arten der Familie Megachilidae.  Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 64: 91-104. 

Tkalců, B. 1968a. Neue Arten der Unterfamilie Bombinae der paläarktischen Region (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Sborník Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze 65: 21-51. 

Tkalců, B. 1968b. Revision der vier sympatrischen, homochrome geographische Rassen bildenden Hummelarten SO-Asiens (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava 52: 1-31. 

Tkalců, B. 1968c. Revision der Arten der Untergattung Tricornibombus Skorikov.  Zborník Slovenského Národného Muzea, Prírodné Vedy [Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Slovaci, Bratislava] 14: 79-94. 

Tkalců, B. 1969a.  Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans-Chalicodoma Lep., Megachilidae, Apoidea. Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 54: 347-384, [6 unnumbered plates]. 

Tkalců, B. 1969b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans. (Osmiini, Megachilidae, Apoidea, Hym.).  Acta Musei Morav. Bruno 54(Suppl.): 327-346. 

Tkalců, B. 1969c. Sur la position systématique du sous-genre Metamegachile. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse July-August 1969: 65-67. 

Tkalců, B. 1969d. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes. 78. Beiträg. Hymenoptera: Apidae IV (Bombinae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 19: 887-916. 

Tkalců, B. 1970a.  Stelis moravica sp.n. aus der Tscheckoslovakei, samt Bemerkungen zu den verwandten Arten (Megachilidae, Apoidea, Hym.) Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 55: 195-208. 

Tkalců, B. 1970b. Typenrevision der von J.C. Fabricius beschriebenen paläarktischen Arten der Tribus Osmiini (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae Bratislava 62: 1-15. 

Tkalců, B. 1971a. Xenochalicodoma, nomen novum.  Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1971: 34. 

Tkalců, B. 1971b. Zur identiät zweier Osmia-Arten (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 68: 220-230. 

Tkalců, B. 1972, 1974a. Arguments contre l'interprétation traditionelle de la phylogénie des abeilles (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Premičre partie, introduction et exposés fondamentaux. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse April-June 1972: 17-28; April-June 1974: 17-40. 

Tkalců, B. 1973. Taxonomie von Pyrobombus brodmannicus (Vogt) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 70: 259-268. 

Tkalců, B. 1974a. Revision und Klassifikation der bisher zur Untergattung Hoplosmia Thomson gestellten Anthocopa-Arten.  Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 71: 114-135. 

Tkalců, B. 1974b. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des “Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes,” Hymenoptera: Apoidea V (Megachilidae).  Beiträge zur Entomologie, Berlin 24: 323-348. 

Tkalců, B. 1974c. Ergebnisse der 1. und 2. mongolisch-tschechoslowakischen entomologisch-botanischen Expedition in der Mongolei Nr. 28: Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Melitturga Latr. Acta Faun. Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 15(172): 21-24. 

Tkalců, B. 1974d. Ergebnisse der 1. und 2. mongolisch-tschechoslowakischen entomologisch-botanischen Expedition in der Mongolei. Nr. 29: Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae. Sborník Faunistickych prací Entomologického Oddelení Národního Musea v Praze 15(173): 25-57. 

Tkalců, B. 1974e. Eine Hummel-Ausbeute aus dem Nepal-Himalaya (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 55: 311- 349. 

Tkalců, B. 1975a. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Hummelfauna der französischen Basses-Alpes (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Sborník Slovenského Narodného Muzea 20(1974): 167-186. 

Tkalců, B. 1975b. Die Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Hemiosmia subgen.n. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 72: 34-49. 

Tkalců, B. 1975c. Sammerlergebnisse der von RN Dr. A. Hoffer geleiteten Algerien-Expeditionen in den Jahren 1971 und 1972 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). 1. Teil: Megachilidae. Sborník  Slovenskeho Národního Muzea, Prirodne Vedy [Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Sovaci Bratislava] 21: 165-190. 

Tkalců, B. 1975d. Revision der europäischen Osmia (Chalcosmia)-Arten der fulviventris-gruppe. Vestník Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Zoologické 39: 297-317. 

Tkalců, B. 1975e.  Hoplitis (Tridentosmia) tridentata asensoi subsp. Nov. de Espana.  Archos Inst. Aclim, Almeria 20: 17-18. 

Tkalců, B. 1977a. Taxonomisches Notizen zu einigen paläarktischen Bienenarten (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Vestník Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Zoologické 41: 223-239. 

Tkalců, B. 1977b. Die Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Neosmia Tkalců.  Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 74: 85-102. 

Tkalců, B. 1978a. Fünf neue paläarktische Arten der familie Megachilidae. Časopis Moravského Musea Opava  27: 153-169. 

Tkalců, B. 1978b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans: Melitturga Latr., Eucera Scop., Apidae; Lithurge Latr., Stelis Pz., Creightonella Cockll., Megachilidae. Časopis Moravského Musea 63: 153-181. 

Tkalců, B. 1979a. Neue paläarktische taxa der Familie Megachilidae.  Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 76(5): 318-329. 

Tkalců, B. 1979b. Revision der europäischen Vertreter der Artengruppe von Tetralonia ruficornis (Fabricius). Časopis Moravského Musea 64: 127-152, 2 pls. 

Tkalců, B. 1980a. Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Wainia gen.n. aus Vorderindian.  Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 135: 1-20. 

Tkalců, B. 1980b. Quatre sous-espéces nouvelles de Megachilidae de Turquie orientale (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1980: 38-40.

Tkalcu, B. 1980c.  Melitturga clavicornis and Melitturga taurico revocata, new record (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).  Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov 77(4): 236-241. 

Tkalců, B. 1983. Die europäischen Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Melanosmia. Vestník Československé Spolecnosti Zoologické 47(2): 140-159. 

Tkalců, B. 1984a.  Neue paläarktische Arten der Gattungen Pseudoheriades und Archeriades mit Beschreibung von Hofferia gen.n. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 158: 1-22.

Tkalců, B. 1984b.  Systematisches Verzeichnis der west paläarktische Tetralonia- und Eucera- Arten, deren Männchen als Blütenbesucher verschiedener Ophrys-Arten festgestellt wurden; mit Beschreibung neuer Taxa.  Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (Ser. V:C) 3: 57-77. 

Tkalců, B. 1984c. Revision der gattung Cubitalia Friese, 1911. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 161: 1-15.  

Tkalců, B. 1986.  The identity of Osmia mea Strand (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Beitr. Entomol.36(2): 231-232. [In German.].

Tkalců, B. 1987. Nouveaux synonymes chez les Bombinae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1987: 59-64. 

Tkalců, B. 1988. Neue paläarktische Arten und Unterarten der gattungeb Chalicodoma und Megachile (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Vestník Československé Spolecnosti Zoologické 52: 48-62. 

Tkalců, B. 1989. Neue Taxa asiatischer Hummeln (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 86: 39-60. 

Tkalců, B. 1992.  Quatre taxa paléarctiques nouveaux de la famille des Megachilidae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse. 1992: 47-53. 

Tkalců, B. 1993a.  Quatre nouveaux sous-genres paléarctiques de la tribu des Osmiini. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse. July-September 1993: 55-56. 

Tkalců, B. 1993b.  Neue taxa der Bienen von der Kanarischen Inseln. Pp. 791-858. In H. Hohmann, F. Laroche, G. Ortega & J. Barquin (eds.), Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Ubersee-Museum Bremen, Naturwissenschaften 12. 

Tkalců, B. 1994. Comment on the supraspecific taxon Tergosmia and redescription of Osmia agilis. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 58: 217-220.  

Tkalců, B. 1995.  Die Bienen der Tribus Osmiini der Mongolei. Ergebnisse der Mongolisch-Deutschen Biologischen  Expeditionen seit 1962, Nr. 213. Entomologische Abhandlungen 57: 109-147. 

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Todd, F. E. & S. E. Mcgregor, 1960. The use of honey bees in the production of crops. Annual Review of  Entomology 5: 265-278. 

Todd, F. E.,  S. E. McGregor & F. G. Werner, 1960. Melissodes bees in Arizona cotton fields. Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 139: 1-11.

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Tomozei, I. B. 2002. Nest architecture and external morphological description of pupa of the sweat bee Halictus quadricinctus F. (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Scientific Annals of University “Al. I.Cuza” Iaşi 48: 271-276 (?).

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Tonhasca Jr., A., G. S. Albuquerque & J. L. Blackmer,2003. Dispersal of euglossine bees between fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19(1): 99-102.

Tonhasca Jr., A., J. L. Blackmer, G. S. Albuquerque, 2002. Within-habitat heterogeneity of euglossine bee populations: a re-evaluation of the evidence. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18(6): 929-933.

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Topolska, G. & A. Hartwig, 2003b. Honey bee diseases included in OIE directives. Part III. Varroosis. Zycie Weterynaryjne 78(4): 201-206.

Topolska, G. & A. Hartwig, 2003c. Honey bee diseases included in OIE directives, Part IV. Acariosis. Zycie Weterynaryjne 78(5): 259-262.

Topolska, G. & A. Hartwig, 2003d. Honey bee diseases included in OIE directives. Part V. Nosemosis. Zycie Weterynaryjne 78(6): 335-339.

Toporcak, J., J. Blecha & A. Kocisova, 2002. Bee foetus plague and international trade. Slovensky Veterinarsky Casopis 27(1): 18-20.

Torchio, P. F. 1963. A chalcid wasp parasite of the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee. Utah Agr. Expt. Sta., Farm and Home Sci. 24(1): 70-71.

Torchio, P. F. 1965.  Observations on the biology of Colletes ciliatoides.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 38: 182-187.

Torchio, P. F. 1966.  A survey of alfalfa pollinators and pollination in the San Joaquin Valley of California with emphasis on establishement of the alkali bee. Unpublished thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 106 pages. 

Torchio, P. F. 1970. The biology of Sapyga pumila cresson and its importance as a parasite of the alfalfa leafcutter bee Megachile rotundata (Fabricius). In: The Indispensable Pollinators, Ark. Agr. Ext. Serv. Misc. Pub. No. 127: 84-88. 

Torchio, P. F. 1971. The biology of Anthophora (Micranthophora) peritomae Cockerell.  Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 206: 1-14.

Torchio, P. F. 1972a. Sapyga pumila Cresson, a parasite of Megachile rotundata F. (Hymenoptera, Sapygidae: Megachilidae): I. Biology and description of immature stages.  Melanderia 10: 1-22. 

Torchio, P. F. 1972b. Sapyga pumila Cresson, a parasite of Megachile rotundata F. (Hymenoptera, Sapygidae: Megachilidae): II. Methods for control.  Melanderia 10: 23-30.

Torchio, P. F. 1973.  Relative toxicity of insecticides to the honey bee, alkali bee and alfalfa leafcutting bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Halictidae, Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 46(4): 446-453.

Torchio, P. F. 1974a.  Control of the wasp, Sapyga pumila Cresson. In: Proc. Annu. Northwest Legume Seed Growers Short Course 1973,  5: 60-62. 

Torchio, P. F. 1974b.  Biology and control of Sapyga pumila, a parasite of the alfalfa leafcutting bee. Utah State University, Logan.  Agric. Exper. Station Research Report No. 16: 1-13. 

Torchio, P. F. 1974c.  Notes on the biology of Ancyloscelis armata Smith and comparison with other anthophorine bees.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 47: 54-63. 

Torchio, P. F. 1975.  The biology of Perdita nuda and description of its immature forms and those of its Sphecodes parasite (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48: 257-279. 

Torchio, P. F. 1976. Use of Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a pollinator in an apple and prune orchard. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49(4): 475-482. 

Torchio, P. F. 1979a. Use of Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a pollinator of caged almond in California. Proc. IV Internationa Symposium on Pollination. Md. Agricultural Experiment Station Special Miscellaneous Publication 1: 285-293.

Torchio, P. F. 1979b.  An eight-year field study involving control of Sapyga pumila Cresson (Hymenoptera: Sapygidae), a wasp parasite of the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile pacifica Panzer. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 52(2): 412-419. 

Torchio, P. F. 1980. Factors affecting cocoon orientation in Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 53(2): 386-400. 

Torchio, P. F. 1981a. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. I. 1975 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(4): 815-823.

Torchio, P. F. 1981b. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. II. 1976 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(4): 824-836.  

Torchio, P. F. 1982a. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. III. 1977 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 101-116.  

Torchio, P. F. 1982b. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. I. 1975 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). [Ecological aspects, Utah]. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 136-144.   

Torchio, P. F. 1982c. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. II. 1976 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(4): 759-778.   

Torchio, P. F. 1984. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in apple orchards. III. 1977 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(3): 517-521.

Torchio, P. F.  1984b. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. IV. 1978 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(4): 689-694.  

Torchio, P. F. 1984c.  The nesting biology of Hylaeus bisinuatus Forster and development of its immature forms (Hymenoptera: Colletidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(2): 276-297. 

Torchio, P. F. 1984d. Discovery of Osmia tanneri Sandhouse (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) nesting in drilled wood trap nests. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(2): 350-352.

Torchio, P. F.  1985.   Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. V. (1979-1980), methods of introducing bees, nesting success, seed counts, fruit yields (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(3): 448-464.  

Torchio, P. F. 1986.  Late embryogenesis and egg eclosion in Triepeolus and Anthophora with a prospectus of nomadine classification.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79: 588-596. 

Torchio, P. F. 1987. Use of non-honey bee species as pollinators of crops. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 118: 111-124. 

Torchio, P. F. 1989a. The in-nest biologies and immature development of three Osmia species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82(5): 599-615. 

Torchio, P. F. 1989b. Biology, immature development and adaptive behavior of Stelis montana, a cleptoparasite of Osmia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82(5): 616-632. 

Torchio, P. F. 1990a. Diversification of pollination strategies for U.S. crops. Environmental Entomology 19: 1649-1656. 

Torchio, P. F. 1990b. Osmia ribifloris (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae), a native bee species developed as a commercially managed pollinator of highbush blueberry. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63(3): 427-436. 

Torchio, P. F. 1991a. Use of Osmia lignaria propinqua (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a mobile pollinator of orchard crops. Environmental Entomology 20(2): 590-596. 

Torchio, P. F. 1991b. Bees as crop pollinators and the role of solitary species in changing environments.  Acta Horticulturae 288: 49-61. 

Torchio, P. F. 1992. Effects of spore dosage and temperature on pathogenic expressions of chalkbrood syndrome caused by Ascosphaera (Ascomycetes: Ascosphaerales) infections in field populations of Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology 21: 1086-1091. 

Torchio, P. F. & E. Asensio, 1985.  The introduction of the European bee, Osmia cornuta Latr. into the US as a potential pollinator of orchard crops and a comparison of its manageability with Osmia lignaria propingua Cresson.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(1): 42-52.

Torchio, P. F., E. Asensio & R. W. Thorp, 1987.  The introduction of the European bee, Osmia cornuta, into California almond orchards (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).  Environmental Entomology 16(3): 664-667. 

Torchio, P. F. & J. Bosch, 1992. Biology of Tricrania stansburyi, a meloid beetle cleptoparasite of the bee Osmia lignaria propinqua (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals Entomological Society of America 85: 713-721. 

Torchio, P. F. & D. J. Burdick, 1988.  Comparative notes on the biology and development of Epeolus compactus Cresson, a cleptoparasite of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 626-636. 

Torchio, P. F. & B. Burwell, 1987. Notes on the biology of Cadeguala occidentlis (Hymenoptera: Colltidae), and a review of colletid pupae.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80(6): 781-789. 

Torchio, P. F. & F. D. Parker, 1975. First get the seeds (Bees as pollinators of alfalfa). Utah Science [Utah Agricultural Experiment Station]  36(1): 26-30.   

Torchio, P. F., J. G. Rozen Jr., G. E. Bohart & M. S. Favreau,  1967.  Biology of Dufourea and of its cleptoparasite, Neopasites (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Journal of the New York Entomological Society 75: 132-146. 

Torchio, P. F. & W. P. Stephen, 1961.  Description of the larva and pupa of Emphoropsis miserabilis (Cresson) and comparisons with other anthophorids (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 54: 683-692. 

Torchio, P. F. & V. J. Tepedino, 1980. Sex ratio, body size, and seasonality in a solitary bee, Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Evolution 34(5): 993-1003. 

Torchio, P. F. & V. J. Tepedino, 1982. Parsivoltinism in three species of Osmia bees. Psyche 89(3/4): 221-238.  

Torchio, P. F. & D. M. Torchio, 1975.  Larvae of the Apidae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), Part I: Apini, Apis Agricultural Experiment Station, Utah State University, Research Report 20a: 1-36. 

Torchio, P. F. & G.E. Trostle, 1986.  Biological notes on Anthophora urbana urbana and its parasite, Xeromelecta californica (Hymenoptera Anthophoridae), including descriptions of late embryogenesis and hatching.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(3): 434-447. 

Torchio, P. F., G. E. Trostle & D. J. Burdick, 1988. The nesting biology of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) and development of its immature forms.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 605-625. 

Torchio, P. F. & N. N. Youssef, 1968.  The biology of Anthophora (Micranthophora) flexipes and its cleptoparasite, Zacosmia maculata, including a description of the immature stages of the parasite (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Anthophoridae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 41: 289-302. 

Torikata, T.  1931.  Ueber Anthophora villosula Smith.  Mushi 4: 92-96.

Tormos, J., J. D. Asís,  S. F. Gayubo & F. Torres, 1997. Description of the mature larvae of Symmorphus bifasciatus (L., 1758) and S. crassicornis crassicornis (Panzer, 1798). Mitt. Münch. Entomol. Ges. 87: 23-27.

Torneiros, L. M, E. K. Farinha, C. da Cruz-Landim & R. L. M. Silva de Moraes,  1988. Hormonal influence on the DNA content of larval salivary gland cells from Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides Lep. (Apidae, Meliponinae). II. Ecdysone. Naturalia 13: 85-90. 

Toro, H. 1973a.  Contribucion al estudio de las especies chilenas del género LeioproctusRevista Chilena de Entomologia 7: 145-172. 

Toro, H. 1973b.  Tres neuvas especies chilenas del género Leioproctus. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 6: 205-212. 

Toro, H. 1976.  Chilimalopsis, nuevo género chileno de Exomalopsini. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 9: 73-76. 

Toro, H. 1980.  Austropanurgus nuevo género de Panurginae chileno. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 13: 209-212. 

Toro, H. 1981. Contribucion al conocimiento de los Xeromelissinae chilenos (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 14: 217-224. 

Toro, H. 1985. Ajuste mecanico para la copula de Callonychium chilenseRevista Chilena de Entomologia 12: 153-158. 

Toro, H. 1989.  Contribución al conocimienot de los Panurginae chilenos.  Acta Entomologica Chilena 15: 229-232. 

Toro, H. 1997. Nuevas especies chilenas de Xeromelissinae.  Acta Entomologica Chilena 21: 7-12. 

Toro, H. & V. Cabezas,  1977.  Nuevo géneros y especies de Colletini sudamericanos, primera parte. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 10: 45-64. 

Toro, H. & V. Cabezas,  1978.  Nuevos géneros y especies de Colletini sudamericanos, Segunda parte.  Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 11: 131-148. 

Toro, H., Y. Frederick & A. Henry, 1989.  Hylaeinae (Hymenoptera, Colletidae), nueva subfamilia para la fauna Chilena.  Acta Entomological Chilena 15: 201-204. 

Toro, H. & M. Fritz, 1991.  Contribucion al conocimiento de Dasycoelioxys Mitchell.  Acta Entomologica Chilena 16: 69-80. 

Toro, H. & M. Fritz, 1993. Las especies argentinas del genero Coelioxys (Cyrtocoelioxys)Acta Entomologica Chilena 18: 147-161. 

Toro, H. & M. Herrera,  1980.  Las especies chilenas del género Callonychium (Andrenidae-Apoidea) y descripción de un nuevo género. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 13: 213-225. 

Toro, H. & E. de la Hoz. 1976.  Factores mecanicos en la aislacion reproductiva de Apoidea. Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina 35: 193-202.  

Toro, H. & J. C. Magunacelaya, 1987.  Estructura muscular femoral de Xeromelissinae. Acta Entomologica Chilena 14: 13-24. 

Toro, H. & C. D. Michener, 1975.  The subfamily Xeromelissinae and its occurrence in Mexico.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48: 351-357. 

Toro, H. & A. Moldenke,  1979.  Revisión de los Xeromelissinae chilenos.  Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 12: 95-182.

Toro, H. & L. Packer, 2001. Nuevas especies chilenas de Xeromelissinae (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). Acta Entomologica Chilena 25: 47-50.

Toro, H.  & S. Rodríguez, 1998. Los Anthidiini de Chile: Clave para especies (Himenoptera: Megachilidae). Acta Entomologica Chilena 22: 63-78. [in Spanish]. 

Toro, H. & F. Rojas A., 1968.  Dos nuevas especies de Isepeolus con clave de las especies chilenas.  Revista Chilena de Entomologia 6: 55-60. 

Toro, H. & F. Rojas A., 1970a.  Contribucion al estudio de las especies del genero Leioproctus (Biocolletes) en Chile. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 3: 85-109. 

Toro, H. & F. Rojas A., 1970b. Los Anthidiinae (Hymenoptera – Apoidea) de la provincia de Valpraíso.  Buletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural [Chile] 31: 125-184. 

Toro, H. & L. Ruz,  1969.  Contribucion al conocimiento del genero DiadasiaAnales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 2: 117-134, 2 pls. 

Toro, H. & L. Ruz,  1972.  Revisión del género Spinoliella Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso 5: 137-171, 293-295.

Torres, B. A. 1950.  Harmful and beneficial insects of potato fields in Argentina.  Argen. Min. Agric., Dir. Ganad., Inst. Sanid. Veg., Ser. B.  4(17): 1-37. 

Torres, F. & S. F. Gayubo, 1996. Description of mature larva of Osmia (Acathosmioides) nigrobarbata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Entomol. News 107: 186-192.

Torres, F. & S. F. Gayubo, 2001. Description of the mature larvae of Megachile rotundata (F.), M. apicalis Spin., and of their parasite Coelioxys rufocaudata Sm. (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Entomol. News 112(2): 73-84.

Torres, F., S. F. Gayubo & E. Asensio, 1989. Efecto de la presión urbana sobre abejas y avispas (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) en Salamanca. V: Superfamilia Apoidea. Comunicaciones INIA. Ser. Recursos Naturales 52: 1-49.

Torres, F., S. F. Gayubo, J. Tormos & J. D. Asís, 1998.  Description of the mature larvae of three Hoplitis (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Can. Entomol. 129: 1067-1078.

Torres, F., C. G. Maza & S. F. Gayubo, 2002. Description of mature larva of Osmia (Helicosmia) fulviventris (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). J. Kansas Ent. Soc. [in press].

Torres, F. & M. Ramos, 1999. Abejas de los Monegros (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Bol. Soc. Arag. Entomol. 24: 162.

Torres, F. & M. Ramos, 2000. Teratologías en apoideos ibéricos (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Bol. Asoc. Esp. Entomol. 24: 25-31.

Torto, B., D. G. Boucias, R. T. Arbogast, J. H. T. Tumlinson , E. A. Peter, 2007. Multitrophic interaction facilitates parasite-host relationship between an invasive beetle and the honey bee. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(20): 8374-8378. [Electronic Resource: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/2626].

Torto, B., A. Suazo, H. Alborn, J. H. Tumlinson & P. E. A. Teal, 2005. Response of the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida) to a blend of chemicals identified from honeybee (Apis mellifera) volatiles. Apidologie 36(4): 523-532.

Toschkov, A., T. Vallerianov & A. Tomov,  1970. Die immunofluoreszenzmethode und die schnelle und spezifische diagnotik der amerikanischen Faulbrut bei der Bienenbrut. Bulletin Apicole de Documentation et d'Inforrnation 13: 13-18. 

Tosi, A. 1896.  Di nuovo genere di Apiaria fossile nell’ambra di Sicilia (Meliponorytes succini, - M. Sicula)Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia 2: 352-356.

Toth, E.,  D. C. Queller, V. L.  Imperatriz-Fonseca & J. E. Strassmann,  2002. Genetic and behavioral conflict over male production between workers and queens in the stingless bee Paratrigona subnuda. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 53(1): 1-8.

Toth, E., J. E. Strassmann, P. Nogueira Neto, V. L. Imperatriz-Fonseca & D. C. Queller, 2002. Male production in stingless bees: variable outcomes of queen-worker conflict. Molecular Ecology 11(12): 2661-2667.

Totland, O. & M. Sottocornola, 2001. Pollen limitation of reproductive success in two sympatric alpine willows (Salicaceae) with contrasting pollination strategies. American Journal of Botany 88(6): 1011-1015.

Toumanoff, C. 1930.  Les maladies des abeiles.  Vigot Frčres, Paris, France.

Toumanoff, C. 1939. Les ennemis des abeilles.  Hanoi, Indo-China. 178 pages. 

Towne, W. F. 1985.  Acoustic and visual cues in the dances of four honey bee species.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 16: 185-187. 

Townsend, C. H. T. 1892. Insects frequenting Yucca blooms. Zoe 3(2): 113-115.

Townsend, G. F. 1969. Optical density as a means of color classification of honey.  Journal of Apicultural Research 8(1): 29-36. 

Townsend, G. F. 1973. The African honeybee (Apis mellifera adansonii). Apiacta   8(3): 105 -106.

Townsend, G. F. 1977. Transitional hives for use with the tropical African bee Apis mellifera adansonii [Beehives].  Apiacta 12(1):  42-48.   

Townsend, G. F., A. Pezzi & G. H. Cale, 1956. Charles B. Reed, Master Pollinator. American Bee Journal 96: 139-143. 

Traynor, K. 2007. A closer look at deformed wing virus. American bee journal 147(11): 962-964.

Traynor, K. 2008. Bee breeding around the world. American bee journal 148(3): 253-255.

Traynor, K. 2008. Bee breeding around the world. Germany. Part II. American bee journal 148(4): 341-345.

 

Traynor, K. 2008. Bee breeding around the world --breeding for varroa tolerance in Germany. American bee journal 148(5): 445-449.

 

Traynor, K. 2008. Bee breeding around the world: Bee breeding in Germany-conclusion. American bee journal 148(6): 545-548.

 

Traynor, K. 2008. Bee breeding around the world --Austria. American bee journal 148(7): 646-650.

 

Traynor, K. & M. Traynor, 2008. Bee breeding around the world. American bee journal 148(2): 135-139.

Traynor, J. 2001.  Evaluating pollen production of plants. American Bee Journal  April, 2001: 287-288.

Tremblay, A. & M. Burgett, 1979. Controlled release fumigation of the greater wax moth. Journal of Economic Entomology 72(4): 616-617. 

Tremblay, A., D. M. Burgett & G. C. Fisher, 1978. Controlling wax moths in honeycombs. Fact Sheet Oreg. State Univ. Ext. Serv. No. 240: 1-2. 

Tremblay,  E. &  A. J. Halane, 1993.  On an unusual nesting case of Hypotrigona gribodoi Magretti (Hymenoptera Apidae) in Somalia. Apicoltore Moderno 84(2):  47-54.

Trenczek, T. & W. Engels, 1986. Occurrence of vitellogenin in drone honeybees (Apis mellifica). International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 10(3): 307-311.

Trenczek, T., A. Zillikens & W. Engels, 1989. Developmental patterns of vitellogenin haemolymph titre and rate of synthesis in adult drone honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Insect Physiology 35(6): 475-481.  

Tribe, G. D.  1978. Drone congregation areas [Apis mellifera, Apis mellifera adansonii]. South African Bee Journal 50(3): 8-9, 11-13.

Tribe, G. D. & D. J. C. Fletcher, 1977. A propolized nest [of Apis mellifera adansonii] in the open [South Africa].  South African Bee Journal 49(4): 5-8.  

Triplett, D. C. & A. R. Gittins, 1988.  Nesting, mating and foraging habits of Melissodes (Melissodes) tepida tepida Cresson in Idaho.  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 90: 462-470.

Trivers, R. L. & H. Hare, 1976.  Haplodiploidy and the evolution of the social insects.  Science, Washington, D. C. 191: 249-263. 

Trizna, A. 2003. Honeybees and electricity. Biskopis (Latvia). No.2: 47-49. (In Latvian).

Trostle, G. & P. F. Torchio, 1994.  Comparative nesting behavior and immature development of Megachile rotundata (Fabricius) and Megachile apicalis Spinola.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 67: 53-72.

Trumbo, S. T., Z. –Y. Huang & G. E. Robinson, 1997. Division of labor between undertaker specialists and other middle age workers in honey bee colonies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 41(3): 151-163.

Trumbo, S. T. & G. E. Robinson, 1997. Learning and task interference by corpse-removal specialists in honey bee colonies. Ethology 103(11): 966-975.

Trump, R., V. Thompson & W. Rothenbuhler, 1967. Behaviour genetics of nest cleaning in honeybees. V. Effect of previous experience and composition of mixed colonies on response to disease killed brood. Journal of Apicultural Research 6(3): 127-131.

Truxal, F. S. 1962.  Observations of nest of Oxaea (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 35(4): 432. 

Truylio, B., B. Harter-Marques & W. Engels, 2002. Floral biology and pollination of Sisyrinchium micranthum (Iridaceae). Biocięncias  10(1): 11-24.

Tsigouri, A. & M. Passaloglou-Katrali, 2000.  A scientific note on the characteristics of thyme honey from the greek island of Kithira. Apidologie 31(3): 457-458.   

Tsou, C. H. & S. A. Mori, 2007. Floral organogenesis and floral evolution of the Lecythidoideae (Lecythidaceae). American journal of botany 94(5): 716-736. [Electronic Resource: http://www.amjbot.org/].

Tsuneki, K. 1970. Bionomics of some species of Megachile, Dasypoda, Colletes and BombusEtizenia no. 48: 1-20. 

Tsuneki, K. 1973.  Studies on Nomada of Japan. Etizenia no. 66 (I & II): 1-141.

Tsuneki, K. 1975.  A partial gynandromorph appeared in the cuckoo bee Nomada sp. (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Kontyű 43: 173-180. 

Tsuneki, K. 1976.  New species of the genus Nomada Scopoli (Hym., Apoidea) in Japan. Kontyű 44(1): 49-64. 

Tsuneki, K. 1983.  A contribution to the knowledge of Sphecodes Latreille of Japan. Special Publications of the Japan Hymenopterists Association no. 26: 1-72. 

Tsuruta, T., M. Matsuka &  M. Sasaki, 1989.  Temperature as a causative factor in the seasonal color dimorphism of Apis cerana japonica workers. Apidologie 20(2): 149-156.

Tth, E., D. C. Queller, A. Dollin & J. E. Strassmann, 2004. Conflict over male parentage in stingless bees. Insectes Sociaux 51(1): 1-11.

Tubelis, D. P. & A. Tubelis, 2000. Occupation of nesting boxes in a secondary growth forest in an abandoned eucalyptus plantation in the state of Sao Paulo. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (Sao Paulo) 41(12): 187-196.

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Additions: Twelfth Issue

File "Additions: Twelfth Issue" contain references published between 01 Jan 2010 to 30 Oct 2010

                   

Initial release 19 November, 2002.                                                                                                                                         Second issue 31 July, 2003

Third issue 15 April, 2004                                                                                                                                                          Fourth issue 15 Sept. 2004

Fifth issue 20 Feb., 2005.                                                                                                                                                            Sixth issue 5 August 2005

Seventh issue 17 Feb., 2006                                                                                                                                                        Eighth issue 11 Oct. 2006

 

Ninth issue 07 August 2007                                                                                                                                                          Tenth issue 07 Sept. 2008

 

        Eleventh issue 11 Oct. 2009                                                                                                                                                      Twelfth issue 20 Nov. 2010

 

 

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